University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Trustees of Princeton University v. U.S.A. IM-DC-0038
Docket / Court 1:17-cv-02325 ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Special Collection Civil Rights Challenges to Trump Immigration Enforcement Orders
Case Summary
This suit, brought on November 3, 2017, challenged President Trump's revocation of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). The plaintiffs were the Trustees of Princeton University, Microsoft Corporation, and a DACA recipient attending Princeton University as an undergraduate. The ... read more >
This suit, brought on November 3, 2017, challenged President Trump's revocation of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). The plaintiffs were the Trustees of Princeton University, Microsoft Corporation, and a DACA recipient attending Princeton University as an undergraduate. The plaintiffs benefited from and relied upon DACA in various ways, and they argued that its termination violated the Administrative Procedure Act, as well as Fifth Amendment equal protection and due process. The plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief. This suit was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of D.C.

In 2012, the Obama administration created the DACA program by DHS policy statements. The program offered work permits and temporary protection from deportation to undocumented immigrants who had been brought to the United States as children. As of 2017, there were an estimated 800,000 DACA recipients. On September 5, 2017, President Trump announced that he was ending the program in March unless Congress acted within the following six months. As the complaint highlights, in promoting DACA, the Obama administration made key promises to immigrants: that any information they provided in the application process would not be used for immigration enforcement, and that barring criminal activity or fraud in their DACA applications, DACA recipients would be able to renew their status and keep their benefits.

In addition to the individual plaintiff's reliance on DACA, the complaint argued that Princeton and Microsoft benefited from and relied upon the contributions DACA recipients made as students and employees. They argued that the termination of the DACA program would put DACA recipients at risk for deportation, loss of benefits, and having the information they used to enroll in DACA against them. The rescission would also cost Princeton and Microsoft the contributions of students and employees who had been able to join those communities because of DACA. Moreover, Princeton and Microsoft would lose the return on their investment given the resources put into students and employees, diversity in their communities, and competitive edge in the world. Ultimately, the plaintiffs argued, the DACA rescission would lead to "the loss of opportunity in the United States." Further, the complaint indicated that the rationale for terminating the program was confusing and at odds with other administration policies and views.

The case was assigned to Judge Christopher R. Cooper and marked as related to NAACP v. Trump on Nov. 3, 2017.

On Nov. 22, 2017, the defendants moved to dismiss the case, or in the alternative get summary judgment. They argued that the case was not justiciable because "[t]he Rescission Policy is a classic exercise of enforcement discretion 'presumed immune from judicial review.'" Further, they argued that the complaint failed on the merits because DACA is "indistinguishable" from DAPA, which the Fifth Circuit has already enjoined. The defendants argued they provided rational basis for their policy change, the rescission did not require notice-and-comment, and the rescission did not implicate a fundamental right.

The case is ongoing.

Virginia Weeks - 11/07/2017
Virginia Weeks - 11/22/2017


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals)
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Discrimination-basis
National origin discrimination
Immigration/Border
Deportation - criteria
Deportation - procedure
Temporary protected status
Work authorization - criteria
Work authorization - procedures
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. ยงยง 551 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) Department of Homeland Security
Plaintiff Description Individual DACA recipient, Princeton University, and Microsoft Corporation
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing IM-DC-0032 : National Association for the Advancement of Colored People v. Trump (D.D.C.)
Additional Resources
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  Memorandum on Rescission Of Deferred Action For Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
www.dhs.gov
Date: Sep. 5, 2017
By: Department of Homeland Security (Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Implementation of Executive Order 13768, "Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
The Washington Post
Date: May 22, 2017
By: Jefferson Sessions (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Implementing the President's Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements Policies (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Date: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Enforcement of the Immigration Laws to Serve the National Interest (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Date: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Executive Order 13767: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 27, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
Citation: 82 Fed. Reg. Presidential Documents 8793 (Jan. 27, 2017)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Executive Order 13768: Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 25, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:17-cv-02325-CRC (D.D.C.)
IM-DC-0038-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/06/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 1]
IM-DC-0038-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/03/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Cooper, Christopher Reid (D.D.C.)
IM-DC-0038-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Perrelli, Thomas J. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0038-0001 | IM-DC-0038-9000

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