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Case Name City of Philadelphia v. Sessions IM-PA-0015
Docket / Court 2:17-cv-03894-MMB ( E.D. Pa. )
Additional Docket(s) 18−01103  [ 18-1103 ]
State/Territory Pennsylvania
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Special Collection Civil Rights Challenges to Trump Immigration Enforcement Orders
Case Summary
This lawsuit, filed by the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on Aug. 30, 2017, challenged U.S. Attorney General Sessions' imposition of immigration-related conditions on federal funding to the city. Philadelphia, represented by private counsel, filed its complaint in the U.S. District Court for ... read more >
This lawsuit, filed by the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on Aug. 30, 2017, challenged U.S. Attorney General Sessions' imposition of immigration-related conditions on federal funding to the city. Philadelphia, represented by private counsel, filed its complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

In its complaint, Philadelphia alleged that the Department of Justice (DOJ) was pursuing the federal government's anti-"sanctuary city" policy by new but still unlawful means. Since the narrowing (in Santa Clara) of President Trump’s Jan. 25, 2017 Executive Order 13768, the President's ability to place new immigration-related conditions on federal funds was now more limited. Subsequently, DOJ threatened to withhold critical federal law enforcement funding, the Byrne JAG Program, from cities, including Philadelphia, that would not certify compliance with 8 U.S.C. § 1373. (This section provided that a local government entity could not prohibit or restrict communication between government entities or officials and federal immigration authorities.)

Philadelphia alleged its own compliance with § 1373, explaining that its agents did not collect immigration status information in the first place, and as a result, the city was in no position to share or restrict the sharing of information it simply did not have. However, Philadelphia's policies allowed local law enforcement to cooperate with federal authorities and to share identifying information about criminal suspects in the city. Philadelphia further noted that its policies sought to foster trust between the city's vibrant immigrant population and the city's officials and employees. Philadelphia contended that it had, for years, prohibited its officers from asking individuals about their immigration status, and that its community policing and safe city standards functioned best "without the city's active involvement in the enforcement of federal immigration law." Philadelphia further noted that it relied upon the funding supplied by the Byrne JAG program to support critical criminal justice programming in the city, including funding the Philadelphia Police Department, District Attorney's Office, and local court system.

Philadelphia contended that in DOJ's July 25, 2017 press release, as Philadelphia interpreted it, DOJ placed three conditions upon the receipt of any Byrne JAG funds in FY 2017: Philadelphia must 1) certify that the City complied with § 1373; 2) permit Department of Homeland Security (DHS) officials to access "any detention facility" in Philadelphia in order to meet with any persons of interest to DHS; and 3) provide at least 48 hours' advance notice to DHS regarding the "scheduled release date and time" of an inmate for whom DHS requests such advance notice.

Philadelphia alleged that DOJ lacked constitutional or statutory authority to place the above conditions on the Byrne JAG program. Statutorily, Philadelphia argued that the Byrnes JAG statute did not grant DOJ the authority to impose these conditions. Constitutionally, Philadelphia argued that DOJ was usurping the authority both of Congress to spend funds, and of state and local governments to administer their own law enforcement.

The complaint sought declaratory and injunctive relief. Specifically, Philadelphia asked for a declaration that it complied with § 1373 and that DOJ's immigration-related conditions on Byrne JAG funding were unconstitutional. Philadelphia sought an injunction enjoining DOJ from imposing these conditions.

On Sept. 12, the Court (Judge Michael M. Baylson) ordered DOJ to answer, plead, or otherwise move in response to the complaint by no later than Oct. 13.

On Sept. 28, Philadelphia moved for a preliminary injunction. Philadelphia sought a declaration that DOJ's imposition of the new conditions on Byrne JAG funding was unlawful, that the action was contrary to the federal statute and to the Constitution's separation of powers, that Congress would have violated the Spending Clause in permitting the AG's action, and that Philadelphia was in full compliance with § 1373 (to the extent that compliance could be made an applicable condition to the receipt of Byrne JAG funds). Philadelphia also requested that the Court permanently enjoin DOJ from imposing the aforementioned three conditions in conjunction with the Byrne JAG application, as well as any future grants under the Byrne JAG program.

On Oct. 12, DOJ filed its opposition to the preliminary injunction motion. DOJ argued that Philadelphia's policies were frustrating the federal government's ability to remove immigrants with criminal records from the country. DOJ also maintained that it had long imposed conditions on federal grant funds to aid law enforcement, including on the Byrne JAG program, and that Philadelphia's position would allow the City, not DOJ, to determine the conditions associated with a federal grant that Congress had authorized the DOJ to award. The City replied on Oct. 19.

On Oct. 19, a number of cities, legal scholars, and social/legal service organizations filed amicus briefs in support of the preliminary injunction motion.

The Court heard oral argument on the preliminary injunction motion on Nov. 2. The parties filed their memos in support and in opposition on Nov. 9. On Nov. 15, the Court, in finding that Philadelphia demonstrated a likelihood of success on its claim that it substantially complied with § 1373 and enjoining the DOJ from rejecting Philadelphia's FY 2017 application for Byrne JAG funding, issued an opinion finding that Philadelphia "is not a 'sanctuary city' - if that term means that there are any policies that would prevent or inhibit the investigation, arrest, prosecution, and sentencing of aliens." 2017 WL 5489476 (E.D. Pa. Nov. 15, 2017).

On Jan. 8, 2018, Philadelphia filed an amended complaint. Noting the Nov. 15 preliminary injunction order, Philadelphia alleged that DOJ had still failed to disburse the City's FY 2017 Byrne JAG grant, and sought mandamus.

DOJ, however, appealed the District Court's preliminary injunction order to the Third Circuit Court of Appeals on Jan. 16. The Third Circuit opened a new docket (No. 18-1103) on Jan. 18. DOJ filed its opening brief on Mar. 26. In the brief, DOJ argued that the District Court erred in evaluating Philadelphia's compliance with § 1373 in advance of any final agency action supported by the record. Further, according to DOJ, the District Court did not explain how Philadelphia was in substantial compliance with § 1373, over DOJ's objection that Philadelphia deliberately refused to comply.

In the District Court, DOJ moved to dismiss Philadelphia's amended complaint on Feb. 1. DOJ argued that the challenged conditions were not unlawful under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), Administrative Procedure Act (APA), or Constitution. Philadelphia responded on Feb. 16, and DOJ replied on Feb. 28. On Feb. 22, fifteen states and the District of Columbia filed an amicus brief supporting Philadelphia.

On Mar. 13, Judge Baylson denied DOJ's motion to dismiss. First, Judge Baylson held that Philadelphia's claims were ripe as challenges to final agency action under the APA. Next, Judge Baylson held that Philadelphia had advanced plausible arguments that the Byrne JAG statute did not authorize DOJ to impose the challenged conditions, and that DOJ had violated the APA, separation of powers doctrine, Spending Clause, and/or Tenth Amendment. Additionally, Philadelphia had made out a proper claim for a declaratory judgment that it complied with § 1373.

The parties filed summary judgment motions on Apr. 13. Judge Baylson held a three-day bench trial from Apr. 20 to May 2. Meanwhile, a series of cities and scholars filed amicus briefs in support of Philadelphia.

On June 6, 2018, the court (Judge Baylson), granted the city equitable relief, holding it was entitled to receive its JAG funding (2018 WL 2725503). The court found that Philadelphia generally had "no knowledge whether a person is or is not a citizen...[and a] non-citizens’ immigration status." Because the government presented little evidence that ICE could discern this information either, the court held that the JAG funding conditions were not useful. The court found that Philadelphia's policies were adopted in good faith and so as to protect individual civil rights. Indeed, the court found that "[t]he City assumes great risk if it violates individuals’ civil rights, which would, inter alia, subject the City to endless litigation and very expensive damage claims for violating civil rights of prisoners." Thus the court found that even if the funding conditions were valid, Philadelphia was in compliance or substantial compliance with the conditions.

The case is ongoing.

Ava Morgenstern - 05/05/2018
Virginia Weeks - 06/10/2018


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Federalism
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-basis
Immigration status
General
Funding
Government Services (specify)
Public assistance grants
Records Disclosure
Search policies
Immigration/Border
Deportation - procedure
Detention - procedures
ICE/DHS/INS raid
Sanctuary city/state
Undocumented immigrants - rights and duties
Undocumented immigrants - state and local regulation
Plaintiff Type
City/County Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Mandamus, 28 U.S.C. § 1361
Defendant(s) United States Attorney General
Plaintiff Description The City of Philadelphia
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  City of Philadelphia Action Guide: Immigration policies: Federal funding and local immigration-related policies
www.phila.gov
Date: Jan. 8, 2018
By: City of Philadelphia
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Memorandum on Rescission Of Deferred Action For Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
www.dhs.gov
Date: Sep. 5, 2017
By: Department of Homeland Security
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Implementation of Executive Order 13768, "Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
The Washington Post
Date: May 22, 2017
By: Jefferson Sessions (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Implementing the President's Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements Policies (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Date: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Enforcement of the Immigration Laws to Serve the National Interest (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Date: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Executive Order 13767: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 27, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
Citation: 82 Fed. Reg. Presidential Documents 8793 (Jan. 27, 2017)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Executive Order 13768: Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 25, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:17-cv-3894 (E.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0015-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/06/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint For Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 1]
IM-PA-0015-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/30/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Motion For Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 21]
IM-PA-0015-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/28/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum In Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion For Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 28]
IM-PA-0015-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/12/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Reply in Support of Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 46]
IM-PA-0015-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/19/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Philadelphia Social and Legal Services Organizations as Amici Curiae in Support of Plaintiff's Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 49]
IM-PA-0015-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/19/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion of Administrative Law, Constitutional Law, and Immigration Law Scholars for Leave to File an Amici Curiae Brief IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR A PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION [ECF# 50]
IM-PA-0015-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/19/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Exhibit Attachment Letter [ECF# 61-1]
IM-PA-0015-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/27/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Proposed Findings of Fact In Support of Motion For Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 65]
IM-PA-0015-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/01/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Supplemental Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion For Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 70]
IM-PA-0015-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Supplemental Brief In Support of Motion For Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 71]
IM-PA-0015-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum RE: Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 74]
IM-PA-0015-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/15/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum RE: Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 74] (2017 WL 5489476 / 2017 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 188954) (E.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0015-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/15/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Re: Pending Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 75] (E.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0015-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/15/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 76] (E.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0015-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/15/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief Amici Curiae of Administrative Law, et al. in Support of Plaintiff's Motion For a Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 77]
IM-PA-0015-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/15/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Amici Curiae the American Civil Liberties Union, et al. in Support of Plaintiff's Motion For Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 78]
IM-PA-0015-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/15/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint for Declaratory, Injunctive, and Mandamus Relief [ECF# 84]
IM-PA-0015-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/08/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum in Support of Motion to Dismiss [ECF# 102-1]
IM-PA-0015-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/02/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion to Compel Responses to Plaintiff's Interrogatories 18 and 19 [ECF# 114]
IM-PA-0015-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/15/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum RE: Motion to Dismiss [ECF# 138] (E.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0015-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/13/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief for Appellant [Ct. of App. ECF# 18]
IM-PA-0015-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/26/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF# 155]
IM-PA-0015-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/13/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
City of Philadelphia's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment [ECF# 157]
IM-PA-0015-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/13/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amici Curiae Brief of Immigration Law Scholars in Support of Plaintiff The City of Philadelphia [ECF# 222]
IM-PA-0015-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/05/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Amici Curiae City of New York, 20 Additional Cities and Counties, and the United States Conference of Mayors in Support of the City of Philadelphia [ECF# 223]
IM-PA-0015-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/05/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum [ECF# 224] (E.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0015-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/06/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Baylson, Michael M. (E.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0015-0011 | IM-PA-0015-0012 | IM-PA-0015-0018 | IM-PA-0015-0020 | IM-PA-0015-0026 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Strawbridge, David R. (E.D. Pa.) [Magistrate]
IM-PA-0015-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Ahuja, Jasmeet K. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0001 | IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0019 | IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Bowerman, Alexander B. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0001 | IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0019 | IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Datla, Kirti (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Gibson, Virginia A. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0001 | IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0019 | IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Heim, Robert C. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0001 | IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Katyal, Neal Kumar (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0019 | IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Leone, Judy Lee (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0001 | IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Pratt, Marcel S. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0001 | IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Rosman, Lewis (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0001 | IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Sachse, Will W. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Schuker, Daniel J.T. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0019 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Solow, Sara (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0001 | IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-0019 | IM-PA-0015-0023 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Swanson, Reedy C. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Tulante, Sozi Pedro (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0001 | IM-PA-0015-0002 | IM-PA-0015-0004 | IM-PA-0015-0007 | IM-PA-0015-0008 | IM-PA-0015-0010 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Garg, Arjun (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0003 | IM-PA-0015-0009 | IM-PA-0015-0016 | IM-PA-0015-0017 | IM-PA-0015-0022 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Hinshelwood, Brad (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0021
Lappen, Louis D. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0003 | IM-PA-0015-0009 | IM-PA-0015-0016 | IM-PA-0015-0017 | IM-PA-0015-0021
McSwain, William M. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0022
Percival, James H. II (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Readler, Chad A. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0003 | IM-PA-0015-0009 | IM-PA-0015-0016 | IM-PA-0015-0017 | IM-PA-0015-0021 | IM-PA-0015-0022 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Rosenberg, Brad P. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0022 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Schwei, Daniel (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-9001
St. Joseph, Anthony (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Stern, Mark B. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0021
Tenny, Daniel (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0021
Tyler, John Russell (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0003 | IM-PA-0015-0009 | IM-PA-0015-0016 | IM-PA-0015-0017 | IM-PA-0015-0022
Westmoreland, Rachel Lynn (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0022 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Other Lawyers Amdur, Spencer (New York)
IM-PA-0015-0014
Balderas, Hector (New Mexico)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Becerra, Xavier (California)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Carter, Zachary W. (New York)
IM-PA-0015-0025
Davies, Jamison (New York)
IM-PA-0015-0006 | IM-PA-0015-0013 | IM-PA-0015-0024 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Dearing, Richard (New York)
IM-PA-0015-0025
Denn, Matthew P. (Delaware)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Donovan, Thomas J. Jr. (Vermont)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Eisenstein, Ilana H. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0005 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Ferguson, Robert W. (Washington)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Fleming, Mark (Illinois)
IM-PA-0015-0014
Frosh, Brian E. (Maryland)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Grewal, Gurbir (New York)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Grugan, John C. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0025 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Healey, Maura T. (Massachusetts)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Jepsen, George (Connecticut)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Kasten, Mark A. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0005 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Kramer, Gilda L. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Leckerman, Jason A. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0025 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Madigan, Lisa (Illinois)
IM-PA-0015-9001
McKee Vassallo, Emilia L. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0025 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Melloy Goettel, Katherine E. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-0014
Miller, Thomas J. (Iowa)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Mills, Janet T. (Maine)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Narayan, Kavita Kandala (California)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Neff, Kristina (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0005 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Olsen, Caroline A. (New York)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Racine, Karl A. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Richards, Ira N. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0006 | IM-PA-0015-0013 | IM-PA-0015-0024 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Rosenblum, Ellen F. (Oregon)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Sandick, Harry (New York)
IM-PA-0015-0006 | IM-PA-0015-0013 | IM-PA-0015-0024 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Schwartz, Michael D. (New York)
IM-PA-0015-0006 | IM-PA-0015-0013 | IM-PA-0015-0024 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Suzuki, Russell A. (Hawaii)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Tack-Hooper, Molly M. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-0014 | IM-PA-0015-9001
Trice, Laura Susan (California)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Walther, James T. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0015-9001
Wofsy, Cody H. (California)
IM-PA-0015-0014

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