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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name County of Santa Clara v. Trump IM-CA-0089
Docket / Court 3:17-cv-00574 ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Immigration
Presidential Authority
Special Collection Civil Rights Challenges to Trump Immigration Enforcement Orders
Case Summary
This action, filed Feb. 3, 2017 by the County of Santa Clara, challenges President Trump’s Jan. 25, 2017 Executive Order on immigration enforcement, which, the plaintiff alleges, "direct[s] reprisals against state, local, and municipal governments that he deems to be so-called 'sanctuary ... read more >
This action, filed Feb. 3, 2017 by the County of Santa Clara, challenges President Trump’s Jan. 25, 2017 Executive Order on immigration enforcement, which, the plaintiff alleges, "direct[s] reprisals against state, local, and municipal governments that he deems to be so-called 'sanctuary jurisdictions.'" The complaint was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California; Santa Clara is represented by John Keker, of Keker & Van Nest. The case was randomly assigned to Judge Lucy H. Koh.

According to the complaint, the EO allows the federal government to deny these localities federal funding without stipulating qualifications for the federal government to use in designating a jurisdiction as being a "sanctuary." Further, the EO does not grant the right for judicial review or require the federal government to issue notice to such jurisdiction. The complaint alleges that the EO is a "grab for power that never has, does not, and cannot belong to the President or the executive branch" and as such it violates constitutional separation of powers, the Fifth Amendment due process right, and the Tenth Amendment. The complaint seeks declaratory and injunctive relief.

The case was reassigned on Feb. 8 to Magistrate Judge Nathanael M. Cousins. However, on Feb. 10, Judge William H. Orrick signed a related case order, connecting this case with a similar one brought by the County and City of San Francisco, IM-CA-0085 in this Clearinghouse; both were assigned to him going forward.

Santa Clara moved on Feb. 23, with accompanying declarations, that the court enter a nationwide preliminary injunction prohibiting the government from: 1) enforcing Section 9 of the Jan. 25 Executive Order; 2) taking any action in furtherance of any withholding or conditioning of federal funds pursuant to the EO; and 3) taking any action pursuant to the EO to declare any jurisdiction ineligible for federal funds or deprive any jurisdiction of funds already appropriated or allocated by Congress. The motion hearing was set for Apr. 5 before Judge Orrick, with responses due by Mar. 9.

Next, on Mar. 1, the YWCA of Silicon Valley filed a motion to intervene. Represented by the ACLU Foundation of Southern California and the national ACLU Foundation's Immigrants' Rights Project, the YWCA argued that a loss of federal funds would harm its work.

The court on Mar. 7 set a case management conference for May 2, 2017, with a statement due by Apr. 25.

Defendants then, on Mar. 9, filed their opposition to plaintiff's motion for preliminary injunction. Defendants argued that plaintiff could not show immediate, concrete irreparable harm, because it had no evidence of any imminent threat to its federal funding. Next, defendants argued that plaintiff could not show a likelihood of success on the merits because its pre-enforcement challenge was non-justiciable. Furthermore, defendants argued that the public interest weighed against an injunction. Finally, according to defendants, no injunction should issue against the President and even if there were an injunction it should be limited to the plaintiff.

Defendants also moved, on Mar. 15, to oppose the the YWCA's Mar. 1 motion to intervene.

Plaintiff replied on Mar. 16 to defendants' Mar. 9 opposition to plaintiff's motion for preliminary injunction. In this reply, plaintiff argued that it had established irreparable harm even prior to the implementation of the Executive Order, because the Executive Order was coercive and unconstitutional, and plaintiff had already suffered financial harm in preparing for its effect. Furthermore, plaintiff alleged that the balance of harms and the public interest weighed in its favor, and that its claims were judiciable because it was currently suffering real and immediate injury-in-fact and its claims were prudentially ripe. Plaintiff repeated its request for a nationwide preliminary injunction, and argued that this injunction could issue against the President.

On Mar. 22, many entities moved to file amici briefs in support of plaintiff. These included the State of California; cities and counties in California and nationwide; individual sheriffs and police chiefs nationwide; technology companies in California; social service, labor, and civil rights organizations including the Southern Poverty Law Center, the Anti-Defamation League, and local organizations in Santa Clara County; and legal scholars. The superintendent of California's public schools also filed an amicus brief.

Also on Mar. 22, the YWCA of Silicon Valley responded to defendants' Mar. 15 motion to oppose the YWCA's intervention.

Defendants on Mar. 23 moved to combine oral arguments on the preliminary injunction motions in this case and in the related case City and County of San Francisco v. Trump, requesting an Apr. 12 combined hearing. Plaintiffs opposed this motion on Mar. 24.

Plaintiff then on Mar. 28 asked the court for permission to attach four exhibits to its Feb. 23 motion for preliminary injunction. These exhibits included recent comments by the White House Press Secretary and recently published detainer reports from ICE, all of which plaintiff argued contained threats and current policies penalizing sanctuary cities. Because of this threat, plaintiff alleged it had standing and its case was ripe.

A motion hearing is set for Apr. 14, 2017. This case is ongoing.

Virginia Weeks - 02/04/2017
Julie Aust - 02/24/2017
Ava Morgenstern - 03/29/2017


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Federalism
General
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Immigration
Undocumented immigrants - rights and duties
Undocumented immigrants - state and local regulation
Plaintiff Type
City/County Plaintiff
Causes of Action Bivens
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Ex parte Young (federal or state officials)
Defendant(s) United States
Plaintiff Description County of Santa Clara
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing IM-CA-0085 : City and County of San Francisco v. Trump (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0090 : City of Richmond v. Trump (N.D. Cal.)
Additional Resources
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Links Executive Order 13767: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements
Federal Register
Written: Jan. 27, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Executive Order 13768: Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
Federal Register
Written: Jan. 25, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Federal Defunding Lawsuit
Written: Feb. 23, 2017
By: County of Santa Clara, Office of the County Counsel (County of Santa Clara, Office of the County Counsel)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Enforcement of the Immigration Laws to Serve the National Interest (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Written: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Implementing the President's Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements Policies (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Written: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
5:17-cv-574 (N.D. Cal.) 03/24/2017
IM-CA-0089-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
[ECF#1] Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 02/03/2017
IM-CA-0089-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #10] Order Setting Initial Case Management Conference and ADR Deadlines 02/06/2017 (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0089-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #33] Declaration of Santa Clara County District Attorney Jeffrey F. Rosen 02/15/2017
IM-CA-0089-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF#30] Declaration of Robert Menicocci, Director of Santa Clara Social Services Agency 02/17/2017
IM-CA-0089-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #31] Declaration of Carl Neusel, Undersheriff of Santa Clara County 02/17/2017
IM-CA-0089-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #35] Declaration of Laurie Smith, Sheriff of Santa Clara County 02/17/2017
IM-CA-0089-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #32] Declaration of Dana Reed, Director of Emergency Management for the County of Santa Clara 02/21/2017
IM-CA-0089-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #34] Declaration of Santa Clara County Executive Jeffrey V. Smith 02/21/2017
IM-CA-0089-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #27] Declaration of Sara H. Cody M.D., Director of Santa Clara County Public Health Department 02/22/2017
IM-CA-0089-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #26] County of Santa Clara's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 02/23/2017
IM-CA-0089-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #28] Declaration of Paul E. Lorenz, Chief Executive Officer of Santa Clara Valley Medical Center 02/23/2017
IM-CA-0089-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #29] Declaration of Santa Clara County Chief Operating Officer Miguel Marquez 02/23/2017
IM-CA-0089-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #36] Declaration of Cody S. Harris in Support of County of Santa Clara's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 02/23/2017
IM-CA-0089-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
FAQs on County of Santa Clara Lawsuit Challenging Executive Order on "Sanctuary Jursidictions" 02/23/2017
IM-CA-0089-0016.pdf | Detail
[ECF #43] Notice of Motion and Motion for Permissive Intervention of Young Women's Christian Association of Silicon Valley; Memorandum of Points and Authorities 03/01/2017
IM-CA-0089-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #46] Defendants' Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 03/09/2017
IM-CA-0089-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #52] Plaintiff County of Santa Clara's Reply Brief in Support of Motion for Preliminary Injunction 03/16/2017
IM-CA-0089-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #62] Plaintiff-Intervenor Young Women’s Christian Association of Silicon Valley’s Reply in Support of Motion for Permissive Intervention 03/22/2017
IM-CA-0089-0018.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #75] Brief of Amicus Curiae State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson 03/22/2017
IM-CA-0089-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Cousins, Nathanael M. (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Orrick, William Horsley III (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Amdur, Spencer (New York)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Bayley, Edward Andrew (California)
IM-CA-0089-0003 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Benedict, Adriana Lee (California)
IM-CA-0089-0003 | IM-CA-0089-0004 | IM-CA-0089-0005 | IM-CA-0089-0006 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Dineva, Ralitza (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-0018 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Eliasberg, Peter J. (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014
Freeman, William S. (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-0018 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Goldberg, Nicholas Samuel (California)
IM-CA-0089-0004 | IM-CA-0089-0005 | IM-CA-0089-0006 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Goldstein, Danielle Luce (California)
IM-CA-0089-0003 | IM-CA-0089-0004 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Hansen, Greta Suzanne (California)
IM-CA-0089-0003 | IM-CA-0089-0004 | IM-CA-0089-0005 | IM-CA-0089-0006 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Harris, Cody Shawn (California)
IM-CA-0089-0005 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Jadwat, Omar C. (New York)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Keker, John Watkins (California)
IM-CA-0089-0001 | IM-CA-0089-0003 | IM-CA-0089-0004 | IM-CA-0089-0005 | IM-CA-0089-0006 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-0017 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Loy, David (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Mass, Julia Harumi (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-0018 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Miller, Ava R. (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-0018 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Moreno, Catherine Eugenia (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-0018 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Narayan, Kavita Kandala (California)
IM-CA-0089-0003 | IM-CA-0089-0004 | IM-CA-0089-0006 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Pasquarella, Jennifer (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014
Purcell, Daniel Edward (California)
IM-CA-0089-0003 | IM-CA-0089-0004 | IM-CA-0089-0005 | IM-CA-0089-0006 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Salceda, Angelica H. (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-0018 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Segura, Andre Ivan (New York)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Serrano, Lawrence Javier (California)
IM-CA-0089-0003 | IM-CA-0089-0004 | IM-CA-0089-0005 | IM-CA-0089-0006 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Spiegel, Julia Blau (California)
IM-CA-0089-0003 | IM-CA-0089-0004 | IM-CA-0089-0005 | IM-CA-0089-0006 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Van Nest, Robert A. (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
White, Lauren Gallo (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-0018 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Wilensky, Julie H. (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Williams, James R. (California)
IM-CA-0089-0001 | IM-CA-0089-0003 | IM-CA-0089-0004 | IM-CA-0089-0005 | IM-CA-0089-0006 | IM-CA-0089-0007 | IM-CA-0089-0008 | IM-CA-0089-0009 | IM-CA-0089-0010 | IM-CA-0089-0011 | IM-CA-0089-0012 | IM-CA-0089-0013 | IM-CA-0089-0017 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Wofsy, Cody H. (California)
IM-CA-0089-0014 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Simpson, W. Scott (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0089-0015 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Other Lawyers Aguilar, Edmundo (California)
IM-CA-0089-0019
Alger, Maureen P. (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Berner, Nicole (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Burrichter, Christopher S. (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Dermody, Kelly M. (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Ehrlich, Lisa Catherine (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Fritz, Kathryn J. (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Gertner, Leo (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Gewertz, Nevin M (Illinois)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Gorelick, Jamie S. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Holloway, Amy Bisson (California)
IM-CA-0089-0019
Magaziner, Fred T. (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
McClellan, Nathan M. (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Perrin, Robert Ward (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Piers, Matthew J. (Illinois)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Prestel, Claire (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Ross, Linda Margaret (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Smith, Todd Michael (California)
IM-CA-0089-0019 | IM-CA-0089-9000
Smith, Deborah L. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Srikantiah, Jayashri (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Teshima, Darren S. (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000
Winner, Sonya (California)
IM-CA-0089-9000

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