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Case Name Doe v. Trump IM-WA-0030
Docket / Court 2:17-cv-00178 ( W.D. Wash. )
State/Territory Washington
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Presidential Authority
Special Collection Civil Rights Challenges to Trump Refugee/Visa Order
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Case Summary
This class action challenged President Trump’s January 27, 2017 Executive Order (EO) ban on admission to the U.S. of nationals of Iraq, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. The complaint was filed on Feb. 7, 2017 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington. Counsel ... read more >
This class action challenged President Trump’s January 27, 2017 Executive Order (EO) ban on admission to the U.S. of nationals of Iraq, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. The complaint was filed on Feb. 7, 2017 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington. Counsel for the plaintiffs are the American Civil Liberties Union and private attorneys. On Nov. 29, 2017, this case was consolidated with Jewish Family Service of Seattle v. Trump, No. C17-1707JLR (W.D. Wash.).

Although another suit challenging the EO was filed in Washington on Jan. 30, 2017, this claim specifically sought to protect non-immigrant visa holders - primarily students - who were either trapped inside the United States unable to leave with assurance they can return, or stuck abroad. The complaint acknowledged that the Temporary Restraining Order granted by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington in States of Washington & Minnesota v. Trump provided plaintiffs temporary relief, but argued that the chaotic rollout of the EO along with the temporary nature of the extant order left the plaintiffs in limbo.

The complaint alleged that the EO violated the Fifth Amendment equal protection and due process rights, First Amendment Establishment Clause, the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, and the Administrative Procedure Act. The complaint sought class certification and an injunction order barring the government from enforcing the order against non-immigrant visa holders.

On Feb. 10, the case was assigned to Judge James Robart, who is also the judge for States of Washington and Minnesota v. Trump.

Prompted by adverse developments in the 9th Circuit in that Washington v. Trump case, on Mar. 6, 2017, the President rescinded the Jan. 27 EO and replaced it with a narrower one, Executive Order 13780.

On Mar. 14, the plaintiffs filed an Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief, asserting a class-action claim on behalf of Washington residents who are 1) nationals of the Designated Countries with 2) non-immigrant visas who 3) do not have unexpired multiple-entry visas. The amended complaint also asserted a claim on behalf of refugees and asylees who 1) now reside in Washington and who have 2) filed derivative applications for 3) family members who have "completed and cleared their final security screenings as of the effective date of the Revised Order." The amended complaint challenged the new EO on First Amendment, Fifth Amendment, RFRA, INA, and APA grounds. The plaintiffs requested declaratory and injunctive relief.

On Apr. 6, the parties filed a stipulation and proposed order to allow the plaintiffs to proceed anonymously. The court granted the order the following day.

On Apr. 10, the parties filed a stipulation and proposed order to extend deadlines. On Apr. 11, the individual plaintiffs filed a series of declarations and a motion for class certification.

Another lawsuit challenging the revised EO, Hawaii v. Trump, had led on March 15 to a preliminary injunction against its operation; the U.S. appealed the injunction on March 30, and the Ninth Circuit scheduled expedited briefing, with argument to take place on May 15. In this case, on Apr. 11, the court adjusted the deadlines in light of that other case. It set the U.S. deadline to file a response to the amended complaint on Apr. 28, and its time to respond to the plaintiffs' forthcoming motion for class certification within fourteen days of the Ninth Circuit's ruling in Hawaii v. Trump; the plaintiffs' reply was due seven days later.

On Apr. 26, the court entered the parties' joint stipulation that the defendants need not respond to the plaintiffs' First Amended Complaint and that the plaintiffs will file a Second Amended Complaint before May 8, with the defendants' response due by May 22. On May 8, the plaintiffs filed their Second Amended Complaint.

On May 22, Judge Robart directed the parties to file separate memoranda discussing any reason why this case should not be stayed pending the outcome of the appeal in Hawaii v. Trump. On May 26, the parties filed a joint stipulation agreeing that a stay is appropriate in this case pending the Ninth Circuit's resolution of the appeal in Hawaii v. Trump. The parties agreed that all deadlines, including the Defendants' deadlines to respond to the Second Amended Complaint and class certification moment, should be so stayed. On May 30, Judge Robart directed that all proceedings in the case should be stayed pending the Ninth Circuit's resolution of the Hawaii v. Trump appeal. The parties will file a joint status report by Jul. 14.

On Jul. 13, the parties filed a joint status report agreeing that the stay should remain in place until the conclusion of the SCOTUS proceedings in Trump v. Hawaii and Trump v. IRAP.

On Nov. 2, the parties filed a stipulation and proposed order to lift the stay of proceedings, which the court granted that day.

On Nov. 6, the plaintiffs filed their Third Amended Complaint and accompanying motion for a preliminary injunction. Amended plaintiffs are refugees and asylees in Washington who've filed petitions to reunify with their family members; the Episcopal Diocese of Olympia, a religious entity which supports refugee resettlement in Washington; and the Council on American-Islamic Relations-Washington ("CAIR-WA"), a non-profit that promotes community understanding of Islam through dialogue, education, civil liberties protection, and coalition-building. The Department of Justice ("DOJ") responded on Nov. 16, and the plaintiffs replied on Nov. 22.

On Nov. 21, the court ordered the plaintiffs to show cause as to why the current case should not be consolidated with a case filed on related grounds, Jewish Family Service of Seattle v. Trump. On Nov. 29, the parties agreed that the cases may be consolidated so long as the actions retain their separate character, the parties to one action will not be designated as parties to the other, the parties may continue to file separate briefing so long as it is not duplicative, and consolidation will not affect the parties' page limits. That same day, the court consolidated the two cases and the Doe plaintiffs joined the Jewish Family Service ("JFS") plaintiffs' preliminary injunction motion.

On Dec. 5, the court directed the parties to provide supplemental briefing concerning what impact, if any, the Supreme Court's Dec. 4 order lifting the district courts' injunction against EO-3 will have concerning the plaintiffs' pending motions for preliminary injunction. The plaintiffs filed their supplemental briefs on Dec. 7, arguing that the Supreme Court's order did not opine on the merits of the case, making it impossible to discern the bases on which the stay was granted. Further, the plaintiffs conclude that because the IRAP/Hawaii challenges involve different policies than those raised in the instant case, the Supreme Court's stay should have no bearing on Doe's case. Defendants filed their supplemental brief that same day, arguing that the instant court would be likely to conclude, as the Supreme Court did, that the DOJ may enforce the challenged provisions of EO-3.

This case is ongoing.

Jamie Kessler - 02/10/2017
Julie Aust - 12/11/2017


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Establishment Clause
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
National origin discrimination
Religion discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Family reunification
Terrorism/Post 9-11 issues
Immigration/Border
Admission - criteria
Admission - procedure
Constitutional rights
Status/Classification
Visas - criteria
Visas - procedures
National Origin/Ethnicity
Arab/Afgani/Middle Eastern
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit religious organization
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Bivens
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Religious Freedom Rest. Act/Religious Land Use and Inst. Persons Act (RFRA/RLUIPA)
Defendant(s) United States
Plaintiff Description Plaintiffs are non-immigrant visa holders currently in the United States or traveling abroad who are affected by President Trump's Jan. 27 Executive Order.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Pending
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing IM-WA-0036 : Jewish Family Service of Seattle v. Trump (W.D. Wash.)
Additional Resources
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  Presidential Executive Order on Resuming the United States Refugee Admissions Program with Enhanced Vetting Capabilities
White House
Date: Oct. 24, 2017
By: United States (United States)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Presidential Proclamation Enhancing Vetting Capabilities and Processes for Detecting Attempted Entry Into the United States by Terrorists or Other Public-Safety Threats
www.whitehouse.gov
Date: Sep. 24, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Does v. Trump
Date: Jul. 14, 2017
By: American Civil Liberties Union of Washington (American Civil Liberties Union of Washington)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Implementing Executive Order 13780 Following Supreme Court Ruling -- Guidance to Visa-Adjudicating Posts
Reuters
Date: Jun. 28, 2017
By: U.S. Department of State
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Presidential Memorandum for the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Director of National Intelligence
The White House
Date: Jun. 14, 2017
By: Donald Trump (White House)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Executive Order Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States
Date: Mar. 6, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (President of the United States)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Memorandum to the Acting Secretary of State, the Acting Attorney General, and the Secretary of Homeland Security
The White House
Date: Feb. 1, 2017
By: Donald F. McGahn II, Counsel to the President (The White House)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Statement by Acting Attorney General Sally Yates
https://www.nytimes.com/
Date: 1/30/2017
By: Acting Attorney General Sally Yates (Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Statement By Secretary John Kelly on the Entry of Lawful Permanent Residents into the United States
https://www.dhs.gov/
Date: 1/29/2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (Department of Homeland Security)
Citation: https://www.dhs.gov/news/2017/01/29/statement-secretary-john-kelly-entry-lawful-permanent-residents-united-states
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  OLC Memo Re: Proposed Executive Order Entitled "Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States"
Date: Jan. 27, 2017
By: Curtis Gannon (U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Legal Counsel)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Executive Order: Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 27, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:17-cv-00178 (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0030-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/14/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Class Action Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 1]
IM-WA-0030-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/07/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Class Action Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 10]
IM-WA-0030-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/14/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Second Amended Class Action Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 30]
IM-WA-0030-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/08/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation and (Proposed) Order to Stay Proceedings [ECF# 33]
IM-WA-0030-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/26/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Status Report [ECF# 38]
IM-WA-0030-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/14/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Third Amended Class Action Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 42]
IM-WA-0030-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/06/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 45]
IM-WA-0030-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/06/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Opposition to Plaintiff Joseph Doe's Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 51]
IM-WA-0030-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/16/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order to Show Cause Regarding Consolidation [ECF# 52] (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0030-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/21/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Reply in Support of Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 54]
IM-WA-0030-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/22/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Supplemental Declaration of Tana Lin in Support of Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 55]
IM-WA-0030-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/22/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Supplemental Declaration of Joseph Doe in Support of Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 56]
IM-WA-0030-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/22/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of Lisa Nowlin in Support of Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 57]
IM-WA-0030-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/22/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation and Order Regarding Consolidation and Scheduling for Further Proceedings [ECF# 60] (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0030-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/29/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Minute Order [ECF# 61] (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0030-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/29/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Doe Plaintiffs' Notice Joining the Motion for Preliminary Injunction in Jewish Family Service of Seattle v. Trump [ECF# 62]
IM-WA-0030-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/29/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amici Curiae Brief [ECF# 64-1]
IM-WA-0030-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/04/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Amici Curiae Muslim Advocates and the Roderick & Solange MacArthur Justice Center in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 66-1]
IM-WA-0030-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/04/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Directing Supplemental Briefing [ECF# 68] (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0030-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/05/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Jewish Family Service Plaintiffs' Supplemental Briefing on the Inapplicability of Supreme Court Stay Orders to the Pending Preliminary Injunction Motions [ECF# 73]
IM-WA-0030-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/07/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff Doe's Supplemental Brief in Support of Motion for Preliminary Injunction in Case No. C17-0178JLR [ECF# 76]
IM-WA-0030-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/07/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Opposition to Jewish Family Service Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction and Response to Supplemental Statements Filed in Both Cases [ECF# 77]
IM-WA-0030-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/07/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Robart, James L. (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0030-0009 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0015 | IM-WA-0030-0018 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Ashton, Laurie B. (Arizona)
IM-WA-0030-0002 | IM-WA-0030-0003 | IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0006 | IM-WA-0030-0007 | IM-WA-0030-0010 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0016 | IM-WA-0030-0021 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Baker, La Rond (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-0003 | IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Chase, Alison (California)
IM-WA-0030-0002 | IM-WA-0030-0003 | IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0006 | IM-WA-0030-0007 | IM-WA-0030-0010 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0016 | IM-WA-0030-0021 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Chiang, Emily (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-0001 | IM-WA-0030-0002 | IM-WA-0030-0003 | IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0006 | IM-WA-0030-0007 | IM-WA-0030-0010 | IM-WA-0030-0016 | IM-WA-0030-0021 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Gaffney, Alison (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-0002 | IM-WA-0030-0003 | IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0006 | IM-WA-0030-0007 | IM-WA-0030-0010 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0016 | IM-WA-0030-0021 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Lin, Tana (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0001 | IM-WA-0030-0002 | IM-WA-0030-0003 | IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0006 | IM-WA-0030-0007 | IM-WA-0030-0010 | IM-WA-0030-0011 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0016 | IM-WA-0030-0021 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Loeser, Derek W. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0001 | IM-WA-0030-0002 | IM-WA-0030-0003 | IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0006 | IM-WA-0030-0007 | IM-WA-0030-0010 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0016 | IM-WA-0030-0021 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Nowlin, Lisa (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-0006 | IM-WA-0030-0007 | IM-WA-0030-0010 | IM-WA-0030-0013 | IM-WA-0030-0016 | IM-WA-0030-0021 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Sarko, Lynn Lincoln (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-0001 | IM-WA-0030-0002 | IM-WA-0030-0003 | IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0006 | IM-WA-0030-0007 | IM-WA-0030-0010 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0016 | IM-WA-0030-0021 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Williams-Derry, Amy C. (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-0001 | IM-WA-0030-0002 | IM-WA-0030-0003 | IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0006 | IM-WA-0030-0007 | IM-WA-0030-0010 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0016 | IM-WA-0030-0021 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Bennett, Michelle Renee (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0008 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Dugan, Joseph C.
IM-WA-0030-0008 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0022 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Garg, Arjun (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-9000
Readler, Chad A. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0008 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0022
Ricketts, Jennifer (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0008 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0022
Schwei, Daniel (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0008 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0022
Snell, Kevin Matthew (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0008 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0022
Tyler, John Russell (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0004 | IM-WA-0030-0005 | IM-WA-0030-0008 | IM-WA-0030-0014 | IM-WA-0030-0022
Other Lawyers Aguiar, Lauren E. (New York)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Alagesan, Deepa (New York)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Ali, Amir H. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0019 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Bernabei, Lynne (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0017
Burman, David J. (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Callahan, Matthew W. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0019 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Cox, Justin Bryan (Georgia)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Davis, Abigail E. (New York)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Evarts, Linda (New York)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Hetfield, Mark J. (Maryland)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Hirose, Mariko (New York)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Hoag, Joseph P. (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-9000
Huq, Aziz (Illinois)
IM-WA-0030-0019 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Kabat, Alan R. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0017 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Keaney, Melissa S. (California)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Kornreich, Mollie M. (New York)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Meyer, Kathryn Claire (New York)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Roberts, Tyler S. (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Shebaya, Sirine (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0019 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Smith, Johnathan James (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0030-0019 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Staniar, Lauren Watts (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Subit, Michael C. (Washington)
IM-WA-0030-0017 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Sung, Esther (California)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Sweet, Elizabeth G. (Maryland)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000
Tumlin, Karen C. (California)
IM-WA-0030-0020 | IM-WA-0030-9000

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