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Case Name Andrews v. City of Monroe (La.) SD-LA-0005
Docket / Court 3:65-cv-11297-RGJ-KLH ( W.D. La. )
State/Territory Louisiana
Case Type(s) School Desegregation
Case Summary
On August 5, 1965, students of the Monroe City School System (MCSS), on behalf of black students and parents in the City of Monroe, filed a suit in the United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana alleging racial segregation and discrimination in the operation of the schools ... read more >
On August 5, 1965, students of the Monroe City School System (MCSS), on behalf of black students and parents in the City of Monroe, filed a suit in the United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana alleging racial segregation and discrimination in the operation of the schools. On September 17, 1965, a permanent injunction prohibiting the continued operation of a segregated school system was signed. After another decree was signed on February 11, 1970, the United States joined the action. In February of 1970, the Court also vacated the previous order and adopted a new plan that was eventually overturned by the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit for failure to establish a unitary system. On August 5th, 1970, the Court entered a decree in accordance with the Fifth Circuit mandate that was approved on June 30, 1971. This decree established a neighborhood school plan and oversight committee.

There was subsequent litigation in the 1970s and 1980s brought by intervenors who challenged the validity of the plan, resulting in an appeal consolidating the intervention connected with this case with an appeal of another school desegregation case, Taylor v. Ouachita Parish School Board, 513 F. Supp. 375 (SD-LA-0021). The appeal attempted to consolidate the geographically overlapping school districts and relieve the MCSS of its desegregation plan. This litigation resulted in an order to eliminate the overlapping area between the two school districts and that MCSS devise a new desegregation plan that would ensure there was no discrimination in reassigning students to one of the two school systems (MCSS or Ouachita Parish schools).

On July 6, 1992, the Court granted, in part, a motion for unitary status (that is, a motion declaring that vestiges of past segregation had been eliminated), stating that the MCSS was unitary in the area of facilities, extracurricular activities, and hiring and retention of teachers and administrators, but was not unitary in the area of teacher and principal assignments, student assignments, and transportation.

On August 14, 2008, the District Court (Judge Robert G. James) issued an order clarifying the reporting requirements of the decree and amending it to state that the school district must report on its enrollment by grade and race for each school for the current year and the name and race of each teacher employed for the current year by October 15th of each year.

On March 26, 2010, the Court amended the decree to allow the district to offer, in good faith, certain AP and honors courses and continue magnet, scholarship, and research programs, reporting the enrollment numbers of those courses and programs by race at the end of each year, with the rest of the decree remaining in effect. The Court also stated that the decree would be in force for five years, and that on June 30, 2014, the district would undergo a full evaluation and be given the chance to be declared a unitary district.

On June 20th, 2012, the Court approved a change in attendance zones in the school district, saying that it would not affect the ongoing desegregation efforts.

On August 15, 2014, the School Board submitted a status report stating that it has not communicated a desire to its legal counsel to have the Court declare the district unitary. Thus the litigation continues.

Claire Lally - 11/05/2014

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Content of Injunction
Elementary/Secondary School
Race discrimination
Disparate Treatment
Racial segregation
Plaintiff Type
City/County Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Causes of Action Title IV, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. ยง 2000c et seq.
Defendant(s) City of Monroe
Plaintiff Description A class of Black students of Monroe City public schools.
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Unknown
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1971 - n/a
Filing Year 1965
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing SD-LA-0021 : Taylor v. Ouachita Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037 : 29 Related School Desegregation Cases in the Western District of Louisiana (W.D. La.)
3:65-cv-11297 (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0005-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/25/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Decree [Concerning School Attendance] [ECF# 18] (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0005-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/04/1969
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [Abolishing Overlapping School Attendance Zones] (513 F.Supp. 375) (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0005-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/19/1980
Source: Westlaw
Opinion [Affirming District Court's Judgment] (730 F.2d 1050)
SD-LA-0005-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/30/1984
Source: Westlaw
Consent Decree [Concerning School Desegregation Obligations] [ECF# 15]
SD-LA-0005-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/26/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order [Granting Motion for Relief from Judgment or to Clarify Obligations] [ECF# 28] (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0005-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/15/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Minutes of Proceeding [With Judge Robert G. James] [ECF# 55]
SD-LA-0005-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/18/2012
Source: Pro Publica
Ruling [Granting School Board's Motion for Partial Relief from Judgment] [ECF# 57] (2012 WL 2357310) (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0005-0007.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/20/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Status Report [ECF# 80]
SD-LA-0005-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/15/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Dawkins, Benjamin Cornwell Jr. (W.D. La.)
Gee, Thomas Gibbs (Fifth Circuit)
Hayes, Karen L. (W.D. La.) [Magistrate]
James, Robert Gillespie (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0005-0001 | SD-LA-0005-0006 | SD-LA-0005-0007 | SD-LA-0005-9000
Stagg, Thomas E. Jr. (W.D. La.)
Plaintiff's Lawyers Brown, Allison R. (District of Columbia)
SD-LA-0005-0005 | SD-LA-0005-9000
Flanagan, William J. (Louisiana)
Gardner, Kelly D. (District of Columbia)
Keene, J. Ransdell (Louisiana)
Kincade, Charles L. (Louisiana)
Marshall, Franz (District of Columbia)
SD-LA-0005-0005 | SD-LA-0005-9000
Michaud, Melissa Julia (District of Columbia)
Mudrick, Mary J. (Louisiana)
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
Vincent, Katherine (Louisiana)
SD-LA-0005-0005 | SD-LA-0005-9000
Yeh, Teresa (District of Columbia)
Defendant's Lawyers Freel, Angelique Duhon (Louisiana)
Katz, Stephen J. (Louisiana)
Langston, Beth Conrad (Louisiana)
Lato, Cherie Andries (Louisiana)
Lawrence, Leo Douglas (Louisiana)
SD-LA-0005-0005 | SD-LA-0005-0008 | SD-LA-0005-9000
Taylor, Nelson Dan Sr (Louisiana)

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