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Case Name Caspar v. Snyder PB-MI-0005
Docket / Court 4:14-cv-11499-MAG-MKM ( E.D. Mich. )
State/Territory Michigan
Case Type(s) Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Same-Sex Marriage
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Case Summary
On April 14, 2014, several same-sex couples married in Michigan on March 22, 2014 filed this § 1983 civil rights action against the State in the US District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. The plaintiffs, represented by the American Civil Liberties Union and private counsel, asked the ... read more >
On April 14, 2014, several same-sex couples married in Michigan on March 22, 2014 filed this § 1983 civil rights action against the State in the US District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. The plaintiffs, represented by the American Civil Liberties Union and private counsel, asked the court to declare that the same-sex marriage ban was unconstitutional when applied to Michigan's same-sex couples, to enjoin the State of Michigan from refusing to recognize those marriages, and to award attorney's fees and costs. The complaint named the governor, and the directors of the Department of Human Services, the Office of Retirement Services, and the Department of Community Health as defendants in their official capacities. The case was assigned to District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith and referred to Magistrate Judge Mona K. Majzoub.

The plaintiffs had all been married in Michigan on March 22nd, 2014, during the window of time between the decision in DeBoer v. Snyder, which overturned the ban on same-sex marriage, and the stay issued by the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals, which had enjoined the state from enforcing the ban on same-sex marriage. The plaintiffs' marriages were legal at the time they were solemnized. After the stay, the governor of Michigan suspended the benefits and rights associated with the plaintiffs' marriages. The plaintiffs alleged the suspension put their marriages in a state of legal limbo and violated their rights to due process and equal protection.

The plaintiffs filed a motion for preliminary injunction on May 29, 2014, and the defendants filed motions to stay, to dismiss, and to consolidate cases. On January 15, 2015, Judge Goldsmith ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, granting their motion for a preliminary injunction enjoining the State of Michigan from refusing to recognize the marriages of all same-sex couples lawfully married in the state between the district court's decision in DeBoer v. Snyder and before the issuance of the stay by the Sixth Circuit. The judge also denied the defendants' motions to stay, to dismiss, and to consolidate cases.

A final declaratory judgment permanently enjoining the defendants was issued on February 24, 2015. It is unclear from the docket whether the plaintiffs were awarded attorneys' fees in this case. The case is now closed.

Megan Dolan - 07/01/2014
Thomas Topping - 03/02/2015
Esther Vinarov - 11/19/2018


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Preliminary relief granted
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
Sexual orientatation
General
Gay/lesbian/transgender
Marriage
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) Department of Community Health
Department of Human Services
Office of Retirement Services
Rick Snyder
State of Michigan
Plaintiff Description The plaintiffs are several same-sex couples that were married in Michigan on March 22nd, 2014.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Declaratory Judgment
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 2015 - n/a
Filing Year 2014
Case Closing Year 2015
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing PB-MI-0004 : DeBoer v. Snyder (E.D. Mich.)
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
Docket(s)
4:14−cv−11499 (E.D. Mich.)
PB-MI-0005-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/20/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 1]
PB-MI-0005-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/14/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order (1) Granting Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction (Dkt. 17), And (2) Denying Defendants' Motions For a Stay (Dkt. 20), To Dismiss (Dkt. 21), And to Consolidate Cases (Dkt. 27) [ECF# 46] (2015 WL 224741) (E.D. Mich.)
PB-MI-0005-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 01/15/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaratory Judgment and Permanent Injunction [ECF# 50] (E.D. Mich.)
PB-MI-0005-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/24/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Goldsmith, Mark Allan (E.D. Mich.) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-0003 | PB-MI-0005-0004 | PB-MI-0005-9000
Majzoub, Mona K. (E.D. Mich.) [Magistrate] show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Kaplan, Jay (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-0001 | PB-MI-0005-9000
Knight, John A. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-0001 | PB-MI-0005-9000
Korobkin, Daniel S. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-9000
Merriweather-Tucker, Brooke A. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-9000
Mortenson, Julian Davis (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-0001 | PB-MI-0005-9000
Nickelhoff, Andrew A. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-0001 | PB-MI-0005-9000
Steinberg, Michael J. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Booth, Joshua O. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-9000
Grossi, Christina M. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-9000
Murphy, Michael F (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-9000
Other Lawyers Gibbs, Alec S. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0005-9000

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