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Case Name Latif v. U.S. Department of Justice NS-OR-0001
Docket / Court 3:10-cv-00750-BR ( D. Or. )
Additional Docket(s) 11-35407  [ 11-35407 ]  Federal Court of Appeals
14-36027  [ 14-36027 ]  Federal Court of Appeals
17-35634  [ 17-35634 ]  Federal Court of Appeals
State/Territory Oregon
Case Type(s) National Security
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU of Northern California
ACLU of Southern California
Case Summary
On June 30, 2010, this suit was filed by a group of Americans denied boarding onto international flights into the United States because of their inclusion on the "No Fly List." The suit was filed in U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon. The complaint named as defendants the U.S ... read more >
On June 30, 2010, this suit was filed by a group of Americans denied boarding onto international flights into the United States because of their inclusion on the "No Fly List." The suit was filed in U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon. The complaint named as defendants the U.S. Department of Justice, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Terrorist Screening Center, which created the list. Represented by the American Civil Liberties Union, the plaintiffs alleged violations of their constitutional rights to due process, as well as violations of the Immigration and Nationality Act and the Administrative Procedure Act. The plaintiffs sought clearance to return to the United States and injunctions requiring the defendants to adopt procedures for notice and opportunity to challenge inclusion on the list. The case was assigned to U.S. District Judge Anna J. Brown.

The plaintiffs immediately sought a preliminary injunction requiring the defendants to allow them to return from locations abroad where they had been stranded by their inclusion on the list. On October 20, 2010, without a response to this motion from the defendants or an injunction from the court, the defendants apparently allowed the plaintiffs to return to the U.S. The plaintiffs withdrew their motion for preliminary injunction, but they remained on the list, and the suit continued with respect to notice for the reasons of their inclusion and a meaningful process for challenging their inclusion.

The defendants then filed motions to dismiss on the grounds that the District Court lacked jurisdiction, and that the plaintiffs had failed to include as a defendant the Transportation Security Administration, which administers the Traveler Redress Inquiry Program (TRIP), the statutory redress process for individuals wrongfully denied boarding. On May 3, 2011, Judge Brown granted the government's motion to dismiss. 2011 WL 1667471. Judge Brown held that because the internal orders of the TSA denying removal from the list were reviewable only in federal courts of appeals, the District Court lacked jurisdiction.

The plaintiffs appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which reversed the District Court's decision on July 26, 2012. 686 F.3d 1122. Writing for a unanimous panel, U.S. Circuit Judge Richard C. Tallman held that the District Court had jurisdiction to review the plaintiff's procedural challenge because the plaintiffs did not request review of a TSA order, but rather challenged the adequacy of the redress process itself. The case was remanded to the lower court.

The parties then filed cross-motions for summary judgment in the District Court. Ruling on these motions on August 28, 2013, the court held that the plaintiffs' due process rights were potentially implicated by the denial of their ability to fly. But the court lacked a sufficient factual record to determine whether the defendants' policies actually violated the plaintiffs' due process rights. It requested that the parties submit further information regarding the defendants' existing policies. 969 F.Supp.2d 1293.

Following these submissions, on June 24, 2014, Judge Brown issued an opinion holding unconstitutional the No Fly List redress procedures. 28 F.Supp.3d 1134. The court held that the procedures did not sufficiently apprise the plaintiffs of the reasons for their inclusion or allow meaningful administrative challenges. The result was an unfair and stigmatizing deprivation of the liberty interest in international travel. However, Judge Brown declined to issue an injunction, instead requiring that the government propose new procedures. The defendants initially appealed this decision but quickly withdrew their appeal.

On December 19, 2015, the government notified the court that seven of the plaintiffs had been removed from the list, and that the remaining plaintiffs had been provided letters of explanation for their continued inclusion. The court entered non-final judgment in favor of these plaintiffs. 2015 WL 1883890. The court asked the parties to brief on the details and adequacy of the new review procedure used by the defendants. Accordingly, the parties submitted stipulated facts and cross-motions for summary judgment. The defendants argued that they had instituted new procedures which allowed the plaintiffs to receive written explanations for their inclusion on the list and to submit a written response or other evidence contesting the decision. The plaintiffs argued that this new process was still insufficient because it did not allow the plaintiffs to contest their inclusion in front of a neutral fact finder or provide other due process safeguards.

On March 28, 2016, Judge Brown denied the plaintiffs’ motion for summary judgement and granted the defendant’s motion for summary judgement in part. 2016 WL 1239925. The court held that due process did not require the defendant to allow the plaintiffs to challenge their inclusion on the list before a neutral fact finder. However, the court asked the defendant to develop the record as to whether some of the plaintiffs had received full notice regarding the reasons for their inclusion. The court allowed the defendants to submit this additional information under seal due to its classified status. After they submitted, the court granted the defendants' remaining motions for summary judgment as to the plaintiffs’ claims that they had not received adequate notice from the court's earlier March 2016 order.

The court asked the parties to submit a status report with respect to the remaining issue of whether the District Court retained jurisdiction to review substantive challenges to the plaintiffs’ inclusion on the No Fly List in light of the adopted redress and review process. The parties stipulated to the outlines of the new review process, and the defendant filed a motion to dismiss for lack of jurisdiction on January 18, 2017, arguing that decisions under the new process were final administrative decisions unreviewable by the District Court under the Administrative Procedure Act.

On April 21, 2017, Judge Brown granted the defendant’s motion to dismiss for lack of jurisdiction, agreeing that the new TRIP procedures made the defendant’s No Fly List determinations final and unreviewable by the District Court. 2017 WL 1434648.

On August 7, 2017, the plaintiffs appealed to the Ninth Circuit. The plaintiffs argued the revised review procedures still failed to provide adequate due process protections. The case was argued before a Ninth Circuit panel on October 9, 2018, and was pending as of October 17, 2018. The appeal is captioned Kariye v. Sessions.

Elizabeth Homan - 09/30/2013
Michael Mirdamadi - 04/01/2014
John He - 02/20/2016
Nathaniel Flack - 10/17/2018


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Right to travel
Content of Injunction
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Inadequate citizen complaint investigations and procedures
International law
Over/Unlawful Detention
Terrorism/Post 9-11 issues
Watchlist
Immigration/Border
Admission - procedure
Constitutional rights
Status/Classification
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Defendant(s) Federal Bureau of Investigation
Terrorist Screening Center
United States Department of Justice
Plaintiff Description Plaintiffs are citizens and lawful permanent residents of the United States who have been denied boarding on flights originating in or destined for the United States because they were included on a "No Fly List," as established by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and U.S. Transportation and Security Administration (TSA).
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU of Northern California
ACLU of Southern California
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Declaratory Judgment
Source of Relief Litigation
Filing Year 2010
Case Ongoing Yes
Docket(s)
3:10−cv−00750 (D. Or.)
NS-OR-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/22/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief
NS-OR-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/29/2010
Source: ACLU
First Amended Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief
NS-OR-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/05/2010
Source: ACLU
Opinion and Order [ECF# 69] (2011 WL 1667471) (D. Or.)
NS-OR-0001-0004.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 05/03/2011
Source: ACLU
Opinion [Ct. of App. ECF# 32-1] (686 F.3d 1122)
NS-OR-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/26/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Third Amended and Supplemental Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief [ECF# 83]
NS-OR-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/11/2013
Source: ACLU
Opinion and Order (969 F.Supp.2d 1293) (D. Or.)
NS-OR-0001-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/28/2013
Source: Westlaw
Opinion and Order [ECF# 136] (28 F.Supp.3d 1134) (D. Or.)
NS-OR-0001-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/24/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Status Report [ECF# 144]
NS-OR-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/04/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Re: Latif v. Holder, 3:10-cv-00750-BR (D. Oregon)
NS-OR-0001-0009.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 10/10/2014
Source: Plaintiffs' counsel
Defendants' Status Report [ECF# 157]
NS-OR-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/19/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Case-Management Order [ECF# 168] (D. Or.)
NS-OR-0001-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/13/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notice Regarding Revisions to DHS TRIP Procedures [ECF# 197]
NS-OR-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/13/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (2015 WL 1883890) (D. Or.)
NS-OR-0001-0010.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/24/2015
Source: Bloomberg Law
Opinion and Order [ECF# 321] (2016 WL 1239925) (D. Or.)
NS-OR-0001-0015.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 03/28/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 337] (D. Or.)
NS-OR-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/06/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Stipulations Regarding Jurisdiction [ECF# 347]
NS-OR-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/20/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order [ECF# 356] (2017 WL 1434648) (D. Or.)
NS-OR-0001-0017.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/21/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Brown, Anna J. (D. Or.)
NS-OR-0001-0004 | NS-OR-0001-0007 | NS-OR-0001-0008 | NS-OR-0001-0010 | NS-OR-0001-0013 | NS-OR-0001-0015 | NS-OR-0001-0016 | NS-OR-0001-0017 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Kozinski, Alex (Ninth Circuit)
NS-OR-0001-0005
Tallman, Richard C. (FISCR, Ninth Circuit)
NS-OR-0001-0005
Tashima, Atsushi Wallace (C.D. Cal., Ninth Circuit)
NS-OR-0001-0005
Plaintiff's Lawyers Arulanantham, Ahilan T (California)
NS-OR-0001-0001 | NS-OR-0001-0002 | NS-OR-0001-0006 | NS-OR-0001-0011 | NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Bell, Justin H. (New York)
NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Choudhury, Nusrat Jahan (New York)
NS-OR-0001-9000
Diaz, Kevin (Oregon)
NS-OR-0001-0001 | NS-OR-0001-0002 | NS-OR-0001-0006 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Egleson, Christopher M. (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-9000
Fischer, Justine (Oregon)
NS-OR-0001-9000
Genego, William J. (California)
NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Handeyside, Hugh (New York)
NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Hurley, Mitchell P (New York)
NS-OR-0001-0006 | NS-OR-0001-0011 | NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Ives, Laura Schauer (New Mexico)
NS-OR-0001-0001 | NS-OR-0001-0002 | NS-OR-0001-0006 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Leonard, Joel P. (Oregon)
NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Mass, Julia Harumi (California)
NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Pasquarella, Jennifer (California)
NS-OR-0001-9000
Salahi, Reem (California)
NS-OR-0001-0001 | NS-OR-0001-0002 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Schlosser, Alan Lawrence (California)
NS-OR-0001-0001 | NS-OR-0001-0002 | NS-OR-0001-0006 | NS-OR-0001-0011 | NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Shamsi, Hina (New York)
NS-OR-0001-0006 | NS-OR-0001-0011 | NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Smith, Alexandra Freedman (New Mexico)
NS-OR-0001-0011 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Wagner, Catherine A. (California)
NS-OR-0001-9000
Wilker, Steven M. (Oregon)
NS-OR-0001-0001 | NS-OR-0001-0002 | NS-OR-0001-0006 | NS-OR-0001-0011 | NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Wizner, Ben (New York)
NS-OR-0001-0001 | NS-OR-0001-0002 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Bowen, Brigham J. (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-0012 | NS-OR-0001-0014 | NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Branda, Joyce R. (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-0012
Coppolino, Anthony J. (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-0018
Cox, James E. Jr. (Oregon)
NS-OR-0001-9000
Delery, Stuart F. (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-0011
Farel, Lily Sara (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-9000
Kelleher, Diane (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-0011 | NS-OR-0001-0012 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Kirschner, Adam D. (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-0014 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Mizer, Benjamin C. (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-0018
Powell, Amy E. (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-0009 | NS-OR-0001-0011 | NS-OR-0001-0012 | NS-OR-0001-0014 | NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Risner, Scott (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-9000
Singer, Samuel M (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-0018 | NS-OR-0001-9000
Other Lawyers Robinson, Devin N. (Oregon)
NS-OR-0001-9000
Siemion, Rita M. (District of Columbia)
NS-OR-0001-9000

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