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Case Name Jenkins v. Kansas City Missouri School District SD-MO-0004
Docket / Court No. 77-0420-CV-W-1 ( W.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Education
School Desegregation
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
In 1977, the Kansas City, Missouri School District (KCMSD) and four members of the school board and their children (KCMSD students), brought this school desegregation lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the States of Kansas and Missouri, three federal agencies, and several suburban school ... read more >
In 1977, the Kansas City, Missouri School District (KCMSD) and four members of the school board and their children (KCMSD students), brought this school desegregation lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the States of Kansas and Missouri, three federal agencies, and several suburban school districts in Kansas and Missouri. The Kansas-Missouri state border forms the western boundary of the KCMSD, so the districts surrounding KCMSD were in both states. The plaintiffs alleged that the defendants had created and perpetuated a system of racial segregation in the Kansas City metropolitan area schools, and sought declaratory and injunctive relief.

The case was assigned to Chief Judge John W. Oliver of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, then transferred to Judge Russell G. Clark after the defendants challenged Judge Oliver’s impartiality (due to his representation of KCMSD prior to his appointment to the bench fifteen years earlier). Sch. Dist. v. Missouri, 438 F. Supp. 830, 832, 839 (W.D. Mo. 1977). The district court certified a plaintiff class of present and future KCMSD students, and the plaintiff class was represented by Arthur Benson and the NAACP Legal Defense Fund. In 1978, the district court dismissed the claims against the State of Kansas and the Kansas suburban districts for want of personal jurisdiction, and “realigned” the school district as a defendant. Sch. Dist. v. Missouri, 460 F. Supp. 421, 427–28 (W.D. Mo. 1978).

Until Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), the Missouri Constitution mandated racially segregated schools. The plaintiffs argued that after 1954, Missouri failed to take the required affirmative steps to eliminate the vestiges of its prior racially segregated dual school system, and in fact perpetuated racial segregation through discriminatory housing practices. Jenkins v. Missouri, 593 F. Supp. 1485, 1488 (W.D. Mo. 1984).

After a seven-month trial on liability, on Sept. 17, 1984, the district court found that the State of Missouri and KCMSD had unconstitutionally failed to eliminate the vestiges of the prior dual school system and thus had joint and several liability for desegregation expenses. Id. at 1493. The court made findings, in its liability decision and in a series of subsequent orders, that unlike most other desegregation cases, the most notable effect of KCMSD’s segregation was not racial imbalances in areas such as student and faculty assignments, rather, it was that “segregation had caused a system wide reduction in student achievement in the schools of the KCMSD.” Jenkins v. Missouri, 639 F. Supp. 19, 24 (W.D. Mo. 1985). The court had also dismissed the claims against the suburban school districts and two of the federal defendants (Department of Transportation and Department of Health, Education, and Welfare) during the trial, finding that none of those defendants had acted in a racially discriminatory manner that "substantially" caused racial segregation in KCMSD. Jenkins v. Missouri, 593 F. Supp. at 1490, 1495. The claims against the third federal agency, Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), went to trial, after which the court found that HUD was not liable. Id. at 1506. The defendants were ordered to submit a proposed plan to remove the vestiges of the dual school system to the court. Id.

On June 14, 1985, the district court held that past segregation and need to attract and maintain white enrollment justified a remedy that included reduction in class sizes, implementation of summer school program, full-day kindergarten, before and after school tutoring, early childhood development programs, magnet school program, staff development program, volunteer interdistrict transfer program, and capital improvements. Jenkins v. Missouri, 639 F. Supp. 19, 26, 32–41 (W.D. Mo. 1985). The court also ordered the formation of a monitoring committee to oversee the plan’s implementation. Id. at 41–42.

This was the first court-ordered intradistrict remedy to be paid for by the State and KCMSD. Over the next several years, the district court ordered various other remedies, some of which were modified or vacated by the Eighth Circuit or Supreme Court. In total, the plans included $260 million in capital improvements and a magnet school plan costing over $200 million.  See Jenkins v. Missouri, 807 F.2d 657 (8th Cir. 1986) (en banc), cert. denied, 484 U.S. 816 (1987); Jenkins v. Missouri, 855 F.2d 1295 (8th Cir. 1988), cert. granted, 490 U.S. 1034 (1989).

One of the district court’s orders that was challenged had established a desegregation plan and the methods by which the plan would be funded. Jenkins v. State of Missouri, 672 F.Supp 400 (1987). The state, county, and taxpayers appealed, and the Eighth Circuit affirmed in part and reversed in part. 855 F.2d 1295 (1988). The Eighth Circuit held, among other things, that the use of magnet schools to attract minority students was proper, and that the increase of property tax levy was appropriate; however, it reversed the state income tax surcharge, finding that the district court had exceeded its authority in ordering one. Id. at 1301–03, 1308–11, 1315–16. In 1990, the Supreme Court, in an opinion written by Justice White, affirmed in part and reversed in part. Missouri v. Jenkins, 495 U.S. 33 (1990). The court held that the order imposing an increase in property taxes levied by school district to insure funding for desegregation plan violated principles of federal and state comity, and that courts could require the school district to levy taxes above the limits set by state statute in order to fund the desegregation plan. Id.

Litigation continued for several years on various other issues, including attorneys’ fees, the voluntary interdistrict transfer plan, and the State’s obligation to pay for salary increases and remedial education programs, among other costs.

For services provided from 1979 to 1986, the district court awarded the plaintiffs’ attorneys’ fees in the amount of $4 million. The Eighth Circuit affirmed. Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 838 F.2d 260 (8th Cir. 1988). On appeal, the Supreme Court also affirmed. Missouri v. Jenkins, 491 U.S. 274 (1989). First, the Court affirmed the district court’s calculation of attorneys’ fees, which used current market rates—rather than those applicable at the time the services were rendered—in order to account for the years-long delay in payment. Id. at 274. The Court held that the Eleventh Amendment does not prohibit enhancement of a fee award under § 1988 against a State to compensate for a delay in payment. Id. Second, the Court upheld the district court’s compensation for the work of paralegals, law clerks, and recent law school graduates at the market rate for their services, rather than their cost to the plaintiffs’ attorneys. Id.

The first remedy order provided for a voluntary interdistrict transfer plan, though the design and implementation of the plan was a “long, laborious process.” Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 981 F.2d 1009, 1011 (8th Cir. 1992). Funding over the plan was disputed, and black KCMSD students unsuccessfully trying to enroll as non-residents in nearby suburban school districts, then sued those districts. Id.; see Naylor v. Lee's Summit Reorganized School District R–VII, 703 F. Supp. 803 (W.D. Mo. 1989).

In 1993, the Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court’s orders for the State to fund salary increases and remedial education programs. Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 11 F.3d 755 (8th Cir. 1993). However, the Supreme Court granted review and reversed in a 5-4 decision, finding that the orders sought goals which were beyond the scope of the constitutional violation and beyond the scope of the court’s remedial authority. Missouri v. Jenkins, 515 U.S. 70 (1995). The Court also held that whether students’ performance was at or below national norms was not the appropriate test to determine whether the district had achieved partially unitary status. Id.

In 1996, the State of Missouri moved for a determination of unitary status and approval of a transition plan and settlement with KCMSD that would result in the State’s dismissal from the case. The plaintiffs were opposed. On Mar. 25, 1997, the district court denied the motion to declare the district unitary as to assignment of students and faculty, facilities, and transportation, but granted the motion as to extracurricular activities. Jenkins v. Missouri, 959 F. Supp. 1151, 1179–80 (W.D. Mo. 1997). The court nevertheless approved the settlement agreement permitting the State to satisfy any further obligations to the KCMSD by the payment of $320 million.  Id. The Eighth Circuit affirmed.  Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 122 F.3d 588 (8th Cir. 1997).

Most recently, the district, students, and teachers’ union obtained an injunction against the state’s requirement that the district use property tax levy proceeds to fund charter schools. 516 F.3d 1074 (8th Cir. 2008).

The most recent activity on the docket was in 2008, so the case appears to be closed, or at least long-dormant.

Available Opinions
Sch. Dist. of Kansas City, Missouri v. Missouri, 438 F. Supp. 830 (W.D. Mo. 1977).
Sch. Dist. of Kansas City, Missouri v. Missouri, 460 F. Supp. 421 (W.D. Mo. 1978).
Sch. Dist. of Kansas City, Missouri v. Missouri, 592 F.2d 493 (8th Cir. 1979).
Black v. Missouri, 492 F. Supp. 848 (W.D. Mo. 1980).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 593 F. Supp. 1485 (W.D. Mo. 1984).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 639 F. Supp. 19 (W.D. Mo. 1985).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 807 F.2d 657 (8th Cir. 1986).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 672 F. Supp. 400 (W.D. Mo. 1987).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 484 U.S. 816 (1987) (denying certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 838 F.2d 260 (8th Cir. 1988).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 855 F.2d 1295 (8th Cir. 1988).
Missouri v. Jenkins by Agyei, 488 U.S. 888 (1988) (granting certiorari).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 488 U.S. 889 (1988) (denying certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 862 F.2d 677 (8th Cir. 1988).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77-0420-CV-W-4, 1989 WL 299246 (W.D. Mo. Jan. 3, 1989).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 864 F.2d 1454 (8th Cir. 1989).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 490 U.S. 1034 (1989) (denying certiorari).
Missouri v. Jenkins by Agyei, 491 U.S. 274 (1989).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 890 F.2d 65 (8th Cir. 1989).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 731 F. Supp. 1437 (W.D. Mo. 1990).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 495 U.S. 33 (1990).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 904 F.2d 415 (8th Cir. 1990).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77-0420-CV-W-4, 1990 WL 515176 (W.D. Mo. June 26, 1990).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77-0420-CV-W-4, 1990 WL 362044 (W.D. Mo. Oct. 29, 1990).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 931 F.2d 470 (8th Cir. 1991).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 931 F.2d 1273 (8th Cir. 1991).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77-0420-CV-W-4, 1991 WL 346392 (W.D. Mo. May 28, 1991).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77-0420-CV-W-4, 1991 WL 538841 (W.D. Mo. July 5, 1991).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 942 F.2d 487 (8th Cir. 1991).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 943 F.2d 840 (8th Cir. 1991).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 502 U.S. 925 (1991) (denying certiorari).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 502 U.S. 967 (1991) (denying certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 981 F.2d 1009 (8th Cir. 1992).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 965 F.2d 654 (8th Cir. 1992).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77–0420–CV–W–4, 1992 WL 551569 (W.D. Mo. June 17, 1992).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77–0420–CV–W–4, 1992 WL 551568 (W.D. Mo. June 25, 1992).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 967 F.2d 1245 (8th Cir. 1992).
Clark v. Jenkins, 506 U.S. 915 (1992) (denying certiorari).
Clark v. Jenkins, 506 U.S. 1033 (1992) (denying certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 981 F.2d 1009 (8th Cir. 1992).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77–0420–CV–W–4, 1993 WL 546576 (W.D. Mo. June 30, 1993).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77–0420–CV–W–4, 1993 WL 566488 (W.D. Mo. July 30, 1993).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 11 F.3d 755 (8th Cir. 1993).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 13 F.3d 1170 (8th Cir. 1993).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 19 F.3d 393 (8th Cir. 1994) (denying rehearing en banc).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 23 F.3d 1297 (8th Cir. 1994).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 512 U.S. 1287 (1994) (granting certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 38 F.3d 960 (8th Cir. 1994).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 515 U.S. 70 (1995).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 515 U.S. 1139 (1995) (granting certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 73 F.3d 201 (8th Cir. 1996).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 78 F.3d 1270 (8th Cir. 1996).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 103 F.3d 731 (8th Cir. 1997).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 959 F. Supp. 1151 (W.D. Mo. 1997).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 965 F. Supp. 1295 (W.D. Mo. 1997).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 122 F.3d 588 (8th Cir. 1997).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 97-2626, 1997 WL 464173 (8th Cir. Aug. 14, 1997).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 124 F.3d 1310 (8th Cir. 1997) (granting petition for rehearing en banc).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 133 F.3d 559 (8th Cir. 1997) (granting petition for rehearing en banc).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 127 F.3d 709 (8th Cir. 1997).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 131 F.3d 716 (8th Cir. 1997).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 133 F.3d 560 (8th Cir. 1997).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 158 F.3d 980 (8th Cir. 1998).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 158 F.3d 984 (8th Cir. 1998).
Jenkins ex rel. Jenkins v. Missouri, 170 F.3d 846 (8th Cir. 1999).
Jenkins v. Sch. Dist. of Kansas City, Missouri, 73 F. Supp. 2d 1058 (W.D. Mo. 1999).
Jenkins ex rel. Jenkins v. Missouri, 205 F.3d 361 (8th Cir. 2000).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 216 F.3d 720 (8th Cir. 2000).
Jenkins v. Kansas City Missouri Sch. Dist., No. 77-0420-CV-W-DW, 2006 WL 3386563 (W.D. Mo. Nov. 21, 2006).
Jenkins v. Kansas City Missouri Sch. Dist., 516 F.3d 1074 (8th Cir. 2008).
Jenkins v. Kansas City Missouri Sch. Dist., 525 F.3d 682 (8th Cir. 2008).

Elizabeth Greiter - 06/10/2018


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Magnet school
Monitoring
Remedial education
Student assignment
Defendant-type
Elementary/Secondary School
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Buildings
Classification / placement
Disparate Treatment
Education
Language/ethnic/minority needs
Racial segregation
School/University Facilities
School/University policies
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Transportation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Kansas City Missouri School District
State of Kansas
State of Missouri
U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of Transportation
Plaintiff Description Present and future students in the Kansas City, Missouri School District.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1985 - 2008
Case Closing Year 2008
Case Ongoing Perhaps, but long-dormant
Case Listing SD-KS-0001 : Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (D. Kan.)
Additional Resources
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  Complex Justice: The Case of Missouri v. Jenkins
Date: 2008
By: Joshua M. Dunn (University of Colorado-Colorado Springs Faculty)
Citation: (U.N.C. Press 2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Breaking Up is Hard to Do: The Dissolution of Judicial Supervision of Public Services
Date: March - April 2003
By: Charles R. Wise & Rosemary O'Leary (Indiana University Faculty)
Citation: Public Administration Review, Vol. 63, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 2003), pp. 177-191
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Money and School Performance: Lessons from the Kansas City School Desegregation Experiment
Cato Institute
Date: Mar. 16, 1998
By: Paul Ciotti (Cato Institute)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Missouri v. Jenkins and the De Facto Abandonment of Court-Enforced Desegregation
Santa Clara Law Digital Commons
Date: Jan. 1, 1996
By: Bradley W. Joondeph (Santa Clara University School of Law)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Public Managers, Judges, and Legislators: Redefining the "New Partnership"
Date: July-August 1991
By: Rosemary O'Leary & Charles R. Wise (Syracuse University Faculty)
Citation: Public Administration Review, Vol. 51, No. 4 (Jul. - Aug., 1991), pp. 316-327
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  The Oyez Project, Missouri v. Jenkins
www.oyez.org
Date: Apr. 19, 1990
By: Oyez Project
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
4:77-cv-00420-DW (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/02/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum Submitted by Missouri School District Defendant, Showing that under Missouri Law School District (1)
SD-MO-0004-0029.pdf | Detail
Date:
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Voluntary Interdistrict Transfer Plan
SD-MO-0004-0053.pdf | Detail
Date:
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Kansas City Missouri School District Organizational Chart
SD-MO-0004-0055.pdf | Detail
Date:
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Resolution in Opposition to Expansion of the Long Range Magnet Plan
SD-MO-0004-0062.pdf | Detail
Date:
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Agenda
SD-MO-0004-0064.pdf | Detail
Date:
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Press Release - system of apartheid
SD-MO-0004-0067.pdf | Detail
Date:
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Integration Data (1)
SD-MO-0004-0035.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/08/1955
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Kansas City, Missouri, Public Schools (1)
SD-MO-0004-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/18/1957
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Complaint for Injunctive Relief and Damages
SD-MO-0004-0038.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/26/1973
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Memo - Office for Civil Rights' request for explanation of changes in minority and non-minority group enrollments in selected District schools
SD-MO-0004-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/04/1974
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Department of Health, Education and Welfare Draft Letter to Robert Wheeler
SD-MO-0004-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/05/1977
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Complaint
SD-MO-0004-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/26/1977
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Memorandum and Orders in Regard to Motion to Disqualify (438 F.Supp. 830) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0070.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/04/1977
Source: Westlaw
Re: Application for ESAA Waiver by the School District of Kansas City, Missouri
SD-MO-0004-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/12/1978
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Letter to Samuel Carpenter from David Tatel received 22 February 1978
SD-MO-0004-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/22/1978
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Letter to Samuel Carpenter from David Tatel
SD-MO-0004-0057.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/22/1978
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Letter to David Tatel from Samuel J. Carpenter dated 27 February 1978 (1)
SD-MO-0004-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/27/1978
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Letter to Robert Wheeler from Joseph Califano dated 24 March 1978
SD-MO-0004-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/24/1978
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Memorandum and Order (460 F.Supp. 421) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0071.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/06/1978
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (592 F.2d 493)
SD-MO-0004-0072.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/16/1979
Source: Westlaw
The ST. Louis Desegregation Plan
SD-MO-0004-0054.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/02/1980
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Memorandum and Order (492 F.Supp. 848) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0073.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/19/1980
Source: Westlaw
LDF Letter to Benson (1)
SD-MO-0004-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/22/1984
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Order (593 F.Supp. 1485) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0074.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/17/1984
Source: Westlaw
Intradistrict Plan Submitted by School District of Kansas City, Missouri in Response to Court Order of January 25, 1985 (1)
SD-MO-0004-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/25/1985
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Kansas City Missouri School District Desegregation Implementation Plan (1)
SD-MO-0004-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/29/1985
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Memorandum Opinion (639 F.Supp. 19) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0075.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/14/1985
Source: Westlaw
A Qualitative Report on Attitudes Toward Magnet Schools
SD-MO-0004-0052.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/03/1986
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
KCMSD Motion for Approval of Long-range Magnet School Plan (1)
SD-MO-0004-0031.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/13/1986
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Opinion (807 F.2d 657)
SD-MO-0004-0076.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/05/1987
Source: Westlaw
Opposition of the State of Missouri to KCMSD Motion for Approval of Long Range Capital Improvement Plan (1)
SD-MO-0004-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/06/1987
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Recommended Revisions in the Facilities Renovation Requirements for the Long-Range Magnet School Plan
SD-MO-0004-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/02/1987
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Order (672 F.Supp. 400) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0077.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/15/1987
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (838 F.2d 260)
SD-MO-0004-0078.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/13/1988
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (855 F.2d 1295)
SD-MO-0004-0079.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/14/1988
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (862 F.2d 677)
SD-MO-0004-0080.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/01/1988
Source: Westlaw
Order (1989 WL 299246) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0081.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 01/03/1989
Source: Westlaw
Order (864 F.2d 1454)
SD-MO-0004-0082.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/10/1989
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (109 S.Ct. 2463)
SD-MO-0004-0083.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/19/1989
Source: Westlaw
Report of the Desegregation Monitoring Committee for the Period July 1, 1988 - June 30, 1989
SD-MO-0004-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/01/1989
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Mark Anthony Nevels, et al.'s Motion to Modify Long Range Magnet School Plan (1)
SD-MO-0004-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/21/1989
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Amici Curiae Greater Kansas City Chapter of the SCLC, Memorandum (1)
SD-MO-0004-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/21/1989
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Opinion (890 F.2d 65)
SD-MO-0004-0084.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/20/1989
Source: Westlaw
Order (731 F.Supp. 1437) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0085.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/26/1990
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (110 S.Ct. 1651)
SD-MO-0004-0086.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/18/1990
Source: Westlaw
Order on Denial of Rehearing and Rehearing En Banc (904 F.2d 415)
SD-MO-0004-0087.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/23/1990
Source: Westlaw
Order (1990 WL 515176) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0088.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/26/1990
Source: Westlaw
Order (1990 WL 362044) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0089.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 10/29/1990
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (931 F.2d 470)
SD-MO-0004-0090.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/22/1991
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (931 F.2d 1273)
SD-MO-0004-0091.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/29/1991
Source: Westlaw
Order (1991 WL 346392) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0092.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 05/28/1991
Source: Westlaw
Report of the Desegregation Monitoring Committee for the Period July 1, 1990 - June 30, 1991
SD-MO-0004-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/30/1991
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Order (1991 WL 538841) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0093.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 07/05/1991
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (942 F.2d 487)
SD-MO-0004-0094.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/14/1991
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (943 F.2d 840)
SD-MO-0004-0095.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/30/1991
Source: Westlaw
Order (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/07/1992
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Opinion (965 F.2d 654)
SD-MO-0004-0097.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/02/1992
Source: Westlaw
Order (1992 WL 551569) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0098.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/17/1992
Source: Westlaw
Order (1992 WL 551568) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0099.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/25/1992
Source: Westlaw
Report of the Desegregation Monitoring Committee for the period July 1, 1991 - June 30, 1992
SD-MO-0004-0037.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/30/1992
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Opinion (967 F.2d 1245)
SD-MO-0004-0100.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/30/1992
Source: Westlaw
This chart clearly establishes that Dr. Walter Marks is unfair and discriminatory toward his African-American Director level employees
SD-MO-0004-0063.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/13/1992
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Dr. Walter Marks Calls Jim Crow Practices Progress
SD-MO-0004-0066.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/04/1992
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
SD-MO-0004-0047.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/01/1992
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Joint Brief in Opposition of Respondents Kansas City
SD-MO-0004-0048.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/01/1992
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Brief of Respondents State of Missouri in Opposition to Petition for Writ of Certiorari
SD-MO-0004-0049.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/01/1992
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Opinion (981 F.2d 1009)
SD-MO-0004-0096.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/31/1992
Source: Westlaw
State of Missouri Post-Hearing Memorandum in Opposition to Joint Motion of KCMSD and Plaintiffs for Approval of Long-Range Magnet Renewal Plan
SD-MO-0004-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/13/1993
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Order (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/16/1993
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Report of the Desegregation Monitoring Committee for the period July 1, 1992 - June 30, 1993
SD-MO-0004-0036.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/30/1993
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Order (1993 WL 546576) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0101.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/30/1993
Source: Westlaw
Order (1993 WL 566488) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0102.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/30/1993
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (13 F.3d 1170)
SD-MO-0004-0104.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/08/1993
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (11 F.3d 755)
SD-MO-0004-0103.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/15/1994
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (23 F.3d 1297)
SD-MO-0004-0105.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/03/1994
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (38 F.3d 960)
SD-MO-0004-0106.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/13/1994
Source: Westlaw
Suggestions in Support of Motion to Intervene
SD-MO-0004-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/01/1994
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Complaint in Intervention
SD-MO-0004-0033.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/18/1994
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Prosepctive Plaintiff-Intervenors' Consolidated Reply to the Parties' Suggestions in Opposition to Motion to Intervene (1)
SD-MO-0004-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/18/1995
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Opinion (115 S.Ct. 2038)
SD-MO-0004-0107.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/12/1995
Source: Westlaw
Kansas City School District Awareness and Attitudes Survey (1)
SD-MO-0004-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/01/1996
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Letter to Dr. Ramsey from Edward Newsome
SD-MO-0004-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/03/1996
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Opinion (73 F.3d 201)
SD-MO-0004-0108.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/04/1996
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (78 F.3d 1270)
SD-MO-0004-0109.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/24/1996
Source: Westlaw
Board Adops Principles Signaling New Direction
SD-MO-0004-0050.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/08/1996
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Opinion and Order (959 F.Supp. 1151) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0111.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/25/1997
Source: Westlaw
Order (965 F.Supp. 1295) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0112.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/22/1997
Source: Westlaw
Letter to Judge Whipple July 9, 1997
SD-MO-0004-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/09/1997
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
Opinion (122 F.3d 588)
SD-MO-0004-0113.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/12/1997
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (1997 WL 464173)
SD-MO-0004-0114.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 08/14/1997
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (124 F.3d 1310)
SD-MO-0004-0115.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/10/1997
Source: Westlaw
Amended Order (133 F.3d 559)
SD-MO-0004-0116.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/10/1997
Source: Westlaw
Order (127 F.3d 709)
SD-MO-0004-0117.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/14/1997
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (103 F.3d 731)
SD-MO-0004-0110.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/01/1997
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (131 F.3d 716)
SD-MO-0004-0118.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/01/1997
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (133 F.3d 560)
SD-MO-0004-0119.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/01/1997
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (158 F.3d 980)
SD-MO-0004-0120.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/19/1998
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (158 F.3d 984)
SD-MO-0004-0121.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/19/1998
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (170 F.3d 846)
SD-MO-0004-0122.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/15/1999
Source: Westlaw
Order (73 F.Supp.2d 1058) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0123.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/17/1999
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (205 F.3d 361)
SD-MO-0004-0124.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/29/2000
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (216 F.3d 720)
SD-MO-0004-0125.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/15/2000
Source: Westlaw
Amended Order (2006 WL 3386563) (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0126.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 11/21/2006
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (516 F.3d 1074)
SD-MO-0004-0127.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/21/2008
Source: Westlaw
Order (525 F.3d 682)
SD-MO-0004-0128.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/05/2008
Source: Westlaw
Judges Bowman, Pasco Middleton II (Eighth Circuit)
SD-MO-0004-0127
Brennan, William Joseph Jr. (SCOTUS)
SD-MO-0004-0083
Clark, Russell Gentry (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0026 | SD-MO-0004-0027 | SD-MO-0004-0071 | SD-MO-0004-0072 | SD-MO-0004-0073 | SD-MO-0004-0074 | SD-MO-0004-0075 | SD-MO-0004-0077 | SD-MO-0004-0081 | SD-MO-0004-0082 | SD-MO-0004-0085 | SD-MO-0004-0088 | SD-MO-0004-0089 | SD-MO-0004-0092 | SD-MO-0004-0093 | SD-MO-0004-0098 | SD-MO-0004-0099 | SD-MO-0004-0101 | SD-MO-0004-0102 | SD-MO-0004-0111
Gibson, John R. (W.D. Mo., Eighth Circuit)
SD-MO-0004-0076 | SD-MO-0004-0078 | SD-MO-0004-0079 | SD-MO-0004-0080 | SD-MO-0004-0084 | SD-MO-0004-0090 | SD-MO-0004-0091 | SD-MO-0004-0094 | SD-MO-0004-0095 | SD-MO-0004-0096 | SD-MO-0004-0097 | SD-MO-0004-0100 | SD-MO-0004-0103 | SD-MO-0004-0104 | SD-MO-0004-0105 | SD-MO-0004-0106 | SD-MO-0004-0108 | SD-MO-0004-0109 | SD-MO-0004-0110 | SD-MO-0004-0113 | SD-MO-0004-0114 | SD-MO-0004-0117 | SD-MO-0004-0118 | SD-MO-0004-0120 | SD-MO-0004-0121 | SD-MO-0004-0122 | SD-MO-0004-0124 | SD-MO-0004-0125
Heaney, Gerald William (Eighth Circuit)
SD-MO-0004-0087 | SD-MO-0004-0114 | SD-MO-0004-0117
McMillian, Theodore (Eighth Circuit)
SD-MO-0004-0114 | SD-MO-0004-0117
Oliver, John Watkins (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0070
Rehnquist, William Hubbs (SCOTUS)
SD-MO-0004-0107
Whipple, Dean (W.D. Mo.)
SD-MO-0004-0112 | SD-MO-0004-0123 | SD-MO-0004-0126 | SD-MO-0004-9000
White, Byron Raymond (SCOTUS)
SD-MO-0004-0086
Monitors/Masters Eubanks, Eugene (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0016 | SD-MO-0004-0017 | SD-MO-0004-0024 | SD-MO-0004-0036 | SD-MO-0004-0037
McClain, Charles J. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Wheeler, Robert R. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0010
Plaintiff's Lawyers Adams, Clinton Jr. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0023 | SD-MO-0004-0025 | SD-MO-0004-0033 | SD-MO-0004-0066
Benson, Arthur A. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0048 | SD-MO-0004-9000
Boyd, David R. (District of Columbia)
SD-MO-0004-0028
Coleman, Larry D (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Farr, H. Bartow III (District of Columbia)
SD-MO-0004-0028
Heifetz, Beth (District of Columbia)
SD-MO-0004-0028
Lansford, Jamie Kathryn (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Pendleton, Edward L. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0023 | SD-MO-0004-0025 | SD-MO-0004-0033
Reed, James M. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0038
Shaw, Theodore M. (New York)
SD-MO-0004-0019
Slough, Fred (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Tatel, David S. (District of Columbia)
SD-MO-0004-0014 | SD-MO-0004-0015 | SD-MO-0004-0031 | SD-MO-0004-0048 | SD-MO-0004-0057
Defendant's Lawyers Borkowski, John W. (District of Columbia)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Brannan, Patricia A. (District of Columbia)
SD-MO-0004-0031 | SD-MO-0004-0048 | SD-MO-0004-9000
Brown, Charles R. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Byrd, Kristen Anne (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Crabtree, Daniel D (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0029
Delaney, Michael F. (Kansas)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Feldmiller, George Eric (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0029
Fields, Michael J. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0049
Fields, Taylor (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0007 | SD-MO-0004-9000
German, Charles W. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0029
Hanson, Hayley Elizabeth (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Hatfield, Charles W. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Lanigan, Kevin J. (District of Columbia)
SD-MO-0004-0031 | SD-MO-0004-9000
Leitch, Michael C. (Kansas)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Matanic, Bart A. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0049
May, Kirk T. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0029
McClain, Kenneth B. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0029
O'Bleness, Brian K. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Roher, Walter R. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Snyder, Allen R. (District of Columbia)
SD-MO-0004-0031 | SD-MO-0004-0048 | SD-MO-0004-9000
Thornhill, Mark A (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Watson, Maurice A. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Webster, William L. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0049
Wood, Brian Paul (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Other Lawyers Barragan-Scott, Alana M. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Beekley, Maureen C. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Bredemeier, Mark J. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0034 | SD-MO-0004-0047
Hall, Daniel Yves (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000
Hill, Jerald L. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0034 | SD-MO-0004-0047
Hutchison, Richard P. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-0034 | SD-MO-0004-0047
McAdams, James R. (Missouri)
SD-MO-0004-9000

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