University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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S P E C I A L   C O L L E C T I O N
Civil Rights Challenges to Trump Immigration Enforcement Orders

President Trump has issued a series of Executive Orders relating to immigration and refugee policy. Two immigration orders issued in January 2017, available here and here, addressed sanctuary cities and directed much heavier use of detention for those seeking lawful status, an increase to the number of deportation officers, and the building of a border wall. Then, on September 5, 2017, the administration announced its plan to repeal an Obama administration Executive Order expanding the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. The announcement is available here.

Legal challenges ensued immediately following each action. This page collects challenges to the immigration enforcement orders, including litigation related to:
(1) Sanctuary cities/states
(2) DACA
(3) Deportations under the Trump administration
(4) Border wall construction

For cases challenging the refugee/visa order, go to this page. And for Freedom of Information Act litigation against the Trump administration, including a great deal of litigation relating to immigration and border enforcement, go to this page.
The below cases represent a special subset of the full Clearinghouse collection.
Your search returned 77 results Save Search As:       
1 U.T. v. Barr
1:20-cv-00116-EGS (D.D.C.)
Filed 01/15/2020 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Justice
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0068
Coding Complete
On January 15, 2020, six individual plaintiffs, along with the Tahirih Justice Center and Las Americas Immigrant Advocacy Center, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, challenging the Trump Administration’s new policy of removing asylum seekers to Guatemala pursuant to an “asylum cooperative agreement” ( ... [view]
2 Make the Road New York v. Pompeo
1:19-cv-11633 (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 12/19/2019 - Case Ongoing
United States
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-NY-0070
Coding Complete
This is a challenge to the Trump Administration's changes to the immigration "Public Charge" Rules. On December 19, 2019, individuals facing deportation, their United States citizen relatives, and nonprofit organizations that assist noncitizens filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Plaintiffs sued ... [view]
3 Doe v. Trump
3:19-cv-01743-SB (D. Or.)
Filed 10/30/2019 - Case Ongoing
Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
Public Benefits / Government Services
IM-OR-0009
Coding Complete
On October 30, 2019, seven individual plaintiffs and Latino Network filed this putative class-action complaint in the U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon, challenging President Trump’s October 4, 2019 “Presidential Proclamation on the Suspension of Entry of Immigrants Who Will Financially Burden the United States Healthcare System” ... [view]
4 Las Americas Immigrant Advocacy Center v. Wolf
1:19-cv-03640 (D.D.C.)
Filed 10/07/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0067
District of Columbia County
Coding Complete
On October 7, 2019, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security implemented two new asylum processes to expedite applicants’ credible fear interviews, the Prompt Asylum Claim Review program and the Humanitarian Asylum Review Process. Under these programs, asylum seekers subject to credible fear interviews would be kept in U.S. Customs and Border ... [view]
5 Mayor and City Council of Baltimore v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security
8:19-cv-02851 (D. Md.)
Filed 09/27/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-MD-0015
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by States, counties, and nonprofit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
6 Centro Presente, Inc. v. McAleenan
1:19-cv-02840 (D.D.C.)
Filed 09/20/2019 - Case Ongoing
Attorney General William Barr
U.S. Attorney General
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0064
District of Columbia County
Coding Complete
On September 20, 2019, two nonprofit organizations, alongside nine individuals, six of whom were also representing their minor children, filed a lawsuit against the secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the director and commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, ... [view]
7 Irish International Immigrant Center, Inc. v. Cuccinelli
1:19-cv-11880-IT (D. Mass.)
Filed 09/05/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-MA-0018
Coding Complete
On September 5, 2019, the Irish International Immigrant Center filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The plaintiff sued U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services (USCIS) and the President of the United States under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and the Declaratory Judgment Act. The plaintiff, ... [view]
8 State of New York v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security
1:19-cv-07777 (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 08/21/2019 - Case Ongoing
United States Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-NY-0069
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by States, counties, and nonprofit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
9 La Clinica de la Raza v. Trump
4:19-cv-04980-PJH (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 08/16/2019 - Case Ongoing
Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0149
Washington, DC
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by States, counties, and nonprofit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
10 State of California v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security
19-cv-04975 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 08/16/2019 - Case Ongoing
United States Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0157
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by States, counties, and nonprofit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
11 State of Washington v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security
4:19-cv-05210-RMP (E.D. Wash.)
Filed 08/14/2019 - Case Ongoing
United States Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-WA-0043
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by States, counties, and non-profit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
12 Capital Area Immigrants' Rights (CAIR) Coalition v. Trump; I.A. v. Barr
1:19-cv-02117 (D.D.C.)
Filed 07/16/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0063
Coding Complete
This Clearinghouse entry describes two consolidated lawsuits challenging the Trump Administration's new asylum rule, which reversed longstanding asylum laws that allow individuals to seek asylum in the U.S. regardless of how they arrive in the country. The first one was filed in July 2019 by Capital Area Immigrants’ Rights Coalition (CAIR) and ... [view]
13 Asylum Seeker Advocacy Project v. Barr
1:19-cv-06443-JMF (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 07/11/2019 - Case Ongoing
Attorney General of the United States
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-NY-0068
Coding Complete
On July 11, 2019, a group of organizations dedicated to helping immigrant families and children including Asylum Seeker Advocacy Project, Central American Resource Center – LA, Immigrant Defenders Law Center, and Public Counsel filed this lawsuit, pro se, in United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiffs, sued ... [view]
14 Kiakombua v. McAleenan
1:19-cv-01872 (D.D.C.)
Filed 06/25/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0062
Coding Complete
Summary not yet on record [view]
15 Ryan v. ICE
1:19-cv-11003 (D. Mass.)
Filed 04/29/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-MA-0017
Coding Complete
On April 29, 2019, the Middlesex County District Attorney, Suffolk County District Attorney, Committee for Public Counsel Services (“CPCS”), and the Chelsea Collaborative, Inc., filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The plaintiffs sued U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”), U.S ... [view]
16 El Paso County v. Trump
3:19-cv-00066-DB (W.D. Tex.)
Filed 02/20/2019 - Case Ongoing
Department of Defense
Immigration and/or the Border
Presidential/Gubernatorial Authority
IM-TX-0052
Coding Complete
This case challenged President Trump's use of presidential emergency powers to allocate funds to build a wall on the U.S.-Mexico border. On February 20, 2019, El Paso County of Texas and Border Network for Human Rights, Inc. filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas. The plaintiffs sued President Trump and ... [view]
17 Innovation Law Lab v. Nielsen
3:19-cv-00807 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 02/14/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0144
Washington, D.C.
Coding Complete
On February 14, 2019, a group of asylum seekers from Central America and several legal organizations filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The plaintiffs sued the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) ... [view]
18 P.L v. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
1:19-cv-01336-ALC (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 02/12/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-NY-0067
Coding Complete
On February 12, 2019, seven immigrants, Brooklyn Defender Services, and Legal Aid filed this class action lawsuit in the Southern District of New York alleging they had a constitutional and statutory right to attend immigration court and removal proceedings in person, instead of by video teleconference hearings (VTC). The plaintiffs sued ... [view]
19 Bhattarai v. Nielsen
3:19-cv-00731 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 02/10/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0145
Washington, D.C.
Coding Complete
On February 10, 2019, a group of beneficiaries of Temporary Protected Status (“TPS”) from Honduras and Nepal and their U.S.-citizen children filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU Foundation of Southern California, the National Day Laborer Organizing ... [view]
20 O.A. v. Trump
1:18-cv-02718-RDM (D.D.C.)
Filed 11/20/2018 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0059
Coding Complete
On November 20, 2018, a group of asylum seekers challenged the federal government’s latest asylum policy, which prohibited people who enter the United States along the southern border somewhere other than a designated port of entry from obtaining asylum. Specifically, the plaintiffs challenged an interim final rule promulgated on November 9, 2018 ... [view]
21 Oregon v. Trump
6:18-cv-01959-MC (D. Or.)
Filed 11/09/2018 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Justice
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-OR-0008
Washington
Coding Complete
This case is a response to efforts by the Trump administration to strip law enforcement funding from “sanctuary” cities and states. The State of Oregon and the City of Portland filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon on November 9, 2018. Represented by the Oregon Attorney General and the Portland City ... [view]
22 Pineda v. Trump
1:18-cv-02534 (D.D.C.)
Filed 11/01/2018 - Closed 2019
Donald Trump
President of the United States
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0058
Coding Complete
On November 1, 2018, a group of citizens from Honduras who had been traveling with their children to the United States to seek asylum filed this putative class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, on behalf of themselves and their children. The case was assigned to Judge Christopher R. Cooper. The plaintiffs, ... [view]
23 City of Chicago v. Sessions III
1:18-cv-06859 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 10/12/2018 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Justice
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-IL-0023
Washington, D.C.
Coding Complete
This case is a response to efforts by the Trump Administration to strip law enforcement funding from “sanctuary” cities and states unless their governments agree to participate in federal immigration enforcement. The City of Chicago previously sued the Department of Justice over these conditions in 2017; details of that ongoing case can be ... [view]
24 State of California v. Sessions
3:18-cv-05169-KAW (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 08/23/2018 - Case Ongoing
US Department of Justice
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0133
Washington, D.C.
Coding Complete
This case is another response to efforts by the Trump Administration to strip law enforcement funding from states and certain local jurisdictions unless their governments agree to participate in federal immigration enforcement. On August 23, 2018, the State of California filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of ... [view]
25 City of Los Angeles v. Sessions III
2:18-cv-07347 (C.D. Cal.)
Filed 08/22/2018 - Case Ongoing
US Department of Justice
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0131
Washington
Coding Complete
This case is a response to actions taken by the Department of Justice (DOJ) following litigation in the 2017 case, City of Los Angeles v. Sessions (IM-CA-0104). On August 22, 2018, the City of Los Angeles filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of ... [view]
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