University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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S P E C I A L   C O L L E C T I O N
Civil Rights Division Archival Collection

With the generous assistance of a number of lawyers who previously worked for the U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division, and of the Civil Rights Division Alumni Association, the Clearinghouse has acquired and scanned case documents from hundreds of cases litigated by the Division from the 1960s through the 1990s. (This is by no means a complete collection; fuller, but undigitized, Division records are available from the National Archive.) The project of fully coding these cases is ongoing, but we have decided to make the documents themselves available as we upload them, rather than waiting till the cases are entirely coded and incorporated. In order by start year at the Division, the papers are from the files of:
  • David Norman, who served in the Division from its founding in 1957 to 1972, including as Deputy Assistant Attorney General and Assistant Attorney General
  • David Marlin, a Division trial attorney from 1961 to 1965.
  • Brian Landsberg, who served in the Division from 1964 to 1986, first as a trial attorney, next supervising the Division’s Education Section, and then leading its Appellate Section. (He also served for six months in 1993 as an Acting Deputy Assistant Attorney General.
  • Chad Quaintance, a Division trial lawyer from 1964 to 1970, who opened the Division's first field office, in Selma
  • Jim Turner, who worked at the Division from 1965 to 1994, as Deputy Assistant Attorney General beginning in 1969
  • Owen Fiss, special assistant to Assistant Attorney Generals John Doar and Stephen Pollak from 1966 to 1968
  • Reuben Ortenberg, Division trial attorney from 1965 through 1967
  • Alexander (Sandy) Ross, who worked at the Division from 1962 to 2001 on voting, education, employment, housing, and fair lending, serving as a trial attorney, special litigation counsel, and section chief.
  • Jack Ruzicho, who served in several capacities in the Division between 1967 and 1973 (he was a trial lawyer in the Employment Section, Attorney-In-Charge of the St. Louis Field Office, and Deputy Chief of the Education Section).
  • Melissa Marshall, Division trial attorney from 1982 to 1987
  • Margo Schlanger, Division trial attorney from 1995 to 1998 (and founder and director of the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse)

In addition, with the assistance of the Division's Special Litigation Section, the Clearinghouse was able to scan documents from many of the cases brought under the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act in the 1980s and 1990s; these are included in this collection. So too are case documents for a number of other Division cases brought before the 1990s, obtained in various ways.

The Clearinghouse incorporates hundreds of other Civil Rights Division cases that are more recent; to see these, search under "U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division" as the attorney organization, or click here.

We are very much interested in expanding this Civil Rights Division archive. If you have papers that might be of interest, please contact us.
The below cases represent a special subset of the full Clearinghouse collection.
Your search returned 219 results Save Search As:       
1 U.S. v. Alabama
2:15-cv-00368-MHT-TFM (M.D. Ala.)
Filed 2015 - Case Ongoing
Alabama Department of Corrections
Alabama Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
PC-AL-0034
Coding Complete
On February 26, 2013, the Department of Justice Civil Rights Division sent notice to the Alabama Department of Corrections that it would be conducting an investigation of the Julia Tutwiler Prison. The investigation sought to address allegations that prisoners were subjected to sexual abuse by prison staff in violation of their constitutional ... [view]
2 Coleman v. General Motors Acceptance Corp.
3:98-cv-00211 (M.D. Tenn.)
Filed 1998 - Closed 2007
General Motors Acceptance Corporation
Fair Housing/Lending/Insurance
FH-TN-0005
Coding Complete
In 1998, a car buyer complaining about the terms of her car loan brought this case as a proposed class-action lawsuit against General Motors Acceptance Corporation (GMAC) in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee. The plaintiff alleged that GMAC violated the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) by charging African-American ... [view]
3 United States v. Baird
94-10494 (E.D. Cal.)
Filed 1994 - Closed
no defendants on record
Public Accomm./Contracting
PA-CA-0001
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
4 U.S. v. Montana
94-90 (D. Mont.)
Filed 1994 - Closed
Montana State Prison
Deer Lodge
Prison Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
PC-MT-0003
Coding Complete
In November of 1993, the United States government initiated an investigation of the Montana State Prison ("MSP") pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act ("CRIPA"), 42 U.S.C. § 1997. The government recommended that reform be made in the areas of medical, dental, and psychiatric care, particularly with respect to ... [view]
5 DOJ CRIPA Investigation of the Norfolk City Jail (VA)
No Court Case (No Court)
Filed 10/27/1993 - Closed
Norfolk City Jail
Jail Conditions
JC-VA-0001
Norfolk
Coding Complete
On October 27, 1993, the U.S. Department of Justice commenced an investigation of the conditions at the Norfolk City Jail (NCJ) pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act ("CRIPA"), 42 U.S.C. §1997 et. seq. Based its investigation, the DOJ concluded that conditions at the NCJ were grossly deficient and violated the ... [view]
6 In Re: DOJ CRIPA Investigation of Chicago-Read Mental Health Center
Never Filed (No Court)
Filed 05/26/1993 - Closed
Chicago-Read Mental Health Center
Intellectual Disability (Facility)
ID-IL-0003
Chicago
Coding Complete
On May 26, 1993, the Department of Justice sent a letter to the Governor of Illinois detailing findings from an investigation of conditions in the Chicago-Read Mental Health Center pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutional Persons Act (CRIPA). The investigation was conducted in November of 1992. The findings letter indicated that conditions ... [view]
7 CRIPA Investigation, Harrison County (MS)
No Court Case (No Court)
Filed 05/03/1993 - Closed
Harrison County
Juvenile Institution
JI-MS-0001
Coding Complete
On May 3, 1993, the U.S. Department of Justice opened an investigation of conditions at the Harrison County Youth Detention Center pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1997 (CRIPA). The investigation was prompted by complaints of unsafe conditions at the detention center including physical abuse of the ... [view]
8 CRIPA Investigation, Jackson (MS)
docket unknown (No Court)
Filed 1993 - Closed
Jackson, Mississippi
Juvenile Institution
JI-MS-0002
Coding Complete
From June 30 - July 2, 1993, the U.S. Department of Justice conducted an investigation of the Hinds County Youth Detention Center in Jackson, Mississippi pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq. The Justice Department issued its findings on November 17, 1993, which uncovered the following ... [view]
9 CRIPA Investigation-Central Alabama Youth Services
No Court Case (No Court)
Filed 08/06/1992 - Closed
State of Alabama
Central Alabama Youth Services Facility
Juvenile Institution
JI-AL-0001
Dallas County
Coding Complete
On August 6, 1992, the United States Justice Department issued the findings of its investigation conducted at the Central Alabama Youth Services Facility (CAYS) pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997. The investigation revealed several conditions at CAYS that amounted to constitutional ... [view]
10 CRIPA Investigation, Helena (MT)
No Court Case (No Court)
Filed 06/30/1992 - Closed
State of Montana
Juvenile Institution
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
JI-MT-0002
Coding Complete
On June 30, 1992, the U.S. Department of Justice initiated an investigation of the Mountain View School for Girls pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997. The investigation occurred on November 9-10, 1992 and the Justice Department issued its findings letter on February 26, 1993. The Department of ... [view]
11 CRIPA Investigation, Fircrest (WA)
N/A (No Court)
Filed 02/06/1992 - Closed
Washington Department of Social and Health Services
Intellectual Disability (Facility)
ID-WA-0001
Coding Complete
On February 6, 1992, the U.S. Department of Justice issued a report to the State of Washington on the findings of its investigation, pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997, of the Fircrest Residential Habilitation Center in Shoreline, Washington. The investigation, conducted throughout 1991, ... [view]
12 U.S. v. San Diego
91-0764 (S.D. Cal.)
Filed 06/05/1991 - Closed 1996
San Diego County
San Diego County Jail System
Jail Conditions
JC-CA-0004
San Diego County
Coding Complete
On June 5, 1991, the Department of Justice (DOJ) filed suit in the District Court for the Southern District of California, seeking an injunction barring San Diego County from denying the DOJ full access to the San Diego jail system. The DOJ sought to conduct a preliminary investigation for violations of constitutional rights under the Civil ... [view]
13 CRIPA Investigation, Miles City (MT)
No Court Case (No Court)
Filed 1991 - Closed
State of Montana
Juvenile Institution
JI-MT-0001
Coding Complete
In 1991 the U.S. Department of Justice opened an investigation of the Pine Hills School for Boys pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act 42 U.S. § 1997 et seq. Following two site visits in December 1991 and January 1992, the Justice Department issued a findings letter on September 28, 1992, which concluded that the ... [view]
14 Massaro v. Mainlands Section 1 and 2 Civic Ass'n, Inc.
90-6297-CIV (M.D. Fla.)
Filed 1990 - Closed
no defendants on record
Fair Housing/Lending/Insurance
FH-FL-0004
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
15 CRIPA Investigation of Arizona State Hospital (ASH)
Not applicable (No Court)
Filed 09/25/1989 - Closed 1995
Arizona State Hospital
Intellectual Disability (Facility)
ID-AZ-0001
Phoenix
Coding Complete
On September 25, 1989, the Department of Justice (DOJ) sent a letter to the Governor of Arizona, informing him of its intention to investigate conditions at Arizona State Hospital (ASH) pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997. DOJ subsequently toured ASH in November 1989 and again in January 1990 ... [view]
16 Crawford v. Honig
3:89-cv-00014-DLJ (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 1989 - Closed
no defendants on record
Education
ED-CA-0020
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
17 Johnson & U.S. v. Florida
8:87-cv-00369-SCB (M.D. Fla.)
Filed 03/11/1987 - Closed 2010
State of Florida
G. Pierce Wood Memorial Hospital
Mental Health (Facility)
MH-FL-0001
De Soto County
Coding Complete
On March 11, 1987, mentally ill patients at G. Pierce Wood Memorial Hospital (GPW), filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the State of Florida in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida, Tampa Division. The plaintiffs, represented by Florida Rural Legal Services, Advocacy Center, Southern Legal Counsel, ... [view]
18 United States v. Board of Education for the School District of Philadelphia and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
CIV. A. No. 87–2842. (E.D. Pa.)
Filed 1987 - Closed
no defendants on record
Equal Employment
EE-PA-0247
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
19 United States v. City of Warren
2:86-cv-75435-PJD (E.D. Mich.)
Filed 10/31/1986 - Closed 2003
City of Warren
City of Warren Police and Firefighters Civil Service Commission
Equal Employment
EE-MI-0187
Warren
Coding Complete
On October 31, 1986, the U.S. Department of Justice ("D.O.J.") filed a lawsuit under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000e, against the City of Warren, Michigan and the City of Warren Police and Firefighter Civil Service Commission, in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. The D.O.J. sought injunctive ... [view]
20 DOJ CRIPA Investigation of Broadview, Cleveland, and Warrensville Developmental Centers
docket unknown (No Court)
Filed 04/01/1986 - Closed
Warrensville Developmental Centers
Intellectual Disability (Facility)
ID-OH-0002
Coding Complete
On April 1, 1986, the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) commenced an investigation Broadview, Cleveland, and Warrensville Developmental Centers in Ohio, pursuant to the Civil Rights of Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. §1997. The investigation included tours of each facility by DOJ hired consultations who specialized in ... [view]
21 U.S. v. Connecticut
86-252 (D. Conn.)
Filed 1986 - Closed 2009
State of Connecticut
Southbury Training School
Intellectual Disability (Facility)
ID-CT-0005
Coding Complete
On May 1, 1984, the United States Department of Justice Civil Rights Division informed the Governor of Connecticut that it would investigate the living conditions at Southbury Training School, an institutional care facility for people with intellectual disabilities (ICF/MR) in Southbury, Connecticut, pursuant to the Civil Rights of ... [view]
22 U.S. v. New Castle County
85-692 (D. Del.)
Filed 11/27/1985 - Closed
New Castle County
New Castle County
Equal Employment
EE-DE-0040
New Castle County
Coding Complete
On November 27, 1985, the United States filed this lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware. It sued New Castle County and its Public Safety, Police, and Personnel Departments under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e. Represented by the Department of Justice, the United States sought an ... [view]
23 DOJ CRIPA Investigation of the Montgomery Developmental Center [MDC] in Huber Heights, Ohio
docket unknown (No Court)
Filed 1985 - Closed
Montgomery Developmental Center
Intellectual Disability (Facility)
ID-OH-0001
Huber Heights
Coding Complete
In September 1985, the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) commenced an investigation of the Montgomery Developmental Center [MDC] in Huber Heights, Ohio, pursuant to the Civil Rights of Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. §1997. The investigation included a two day tour of the MDC by an independent medical expert who ... [view]
24 United States v. Indiana
IP84-C-0411-N/A (S.D. Ind.)
Filed 03/16/1984 - Closed 1984
Indiana
Mental Health (Facility)
MH-IN-0001
Coding Complete
On March 16, 1984, the United States filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq, against the State of Indiana, the Indiana Department of Mental Health (IDMH), and officers of various state agencies, in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana ... [view]
25 U.S. v. The County of Lancaster
84-L-58 (D. Neb.)
Filed 1984 - Closed
no defendants on record
Equal Employment
EE-NE-0019
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
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