University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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S P E C I A L   C O L L E C T I O N
Post-PLRA enforceable consent decrees

Under the Prison Litigation Reform Act, 18 U.S.C. § 3626(a)(1)(A)(a), enacted in 1996, federal courts may enter an enforceable consent decree in prison or jail conditions cases only if "the court finds that such relief is narrowly drawn, extends no further than necessary to correct the violation of the Federal right, and is the least intrusive means necessary to correct the violation of the Federal right." This special collection brings together cases in which the remedies have been ratified under this standard.
The below cases represent a special subset of the full Clearinghouse collection.
Your search returned 44 results Save Search As:       
1 J.J. v. Litscher
3:17-cv-00047 (W.D. Wis.)
Filed 2017 - Case Ongoing
Wisconsin Department of Correction
Lincoln Hills School for Boys & Copper Lake School for Girls
Juvenile Institution
JI-WI-0004
Coding Complete
On January 23, 2017, four minor children confined to the state juvenile facilities Copper Lake School for Girls and the Lincoln Hills School for Boys filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin. The plaintiffs sued various state officials responsible for the facility under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The ... [view]
2 United States v. Hinds County
3:16-cv-00489-WHB-JCG (S.D. Miss.)
Filed 2016 - Case Ongoing
Hinds County
Hinds County Adult Detention Center
Jail Conditions
JC-MS-0021
Hinds County
Coding Complete
3 V.W. v. Conway
9:16-cv-01150-DNH-DEP (N.D.N.Y.)
Filed 2016 - Closed 2019
Onondaga County
Sherriff, Justice Center
Jail Conditions
Juvenile Institution
JI-NY-0010
Onondaga County
Coding Complete
On September 21, 2016, six named plaintiffs filed this class action lawsuit against Onondaga County in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York. Represented by the New York Civil Liberties Union Foundation and Legal Services of Central New York, the plaintiffs challenged the isolation of juveniles in solitary confinement at ... [view]
4 U.S. v. Alabama
2:15-cv-00368-MHT-TFM (M.D. Ala.)
Filed 2015 - Case Ongoing
Alabama Department of Corrections
Alabama Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
PC-AL-0034
Coding Complete
On February 26, 2013, the Department of Justice Civil Rights Division sent notice to the Alabama Department of Corrections that it would be conducting an investigation of the Julia Tutwiler Prison. The investigation sought to address allegations that prisoners were subjected to sexual abuse by prison staff in violation of their constitutional ... [view]
5 Copeland v. Jones
4:15-cv-00452 (N.D. Fla.)
Filed 2015 - Case Ongoing
Florida Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
PC-FL-0024
Coding Complete
On September 16, 2015, the Florida Justice Institute filed this class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on behalf of 2,000 inmates in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Florida. The complaint alleged that the Florida Department of Corrections, and their medical services contractor Corizon LLC, had denied hernia surgeries to ... [view]
6 Braggs v. Dunn
2:14-cv-00601 (M.D. Ala.)
Filed 2014 - Case Ongoing
Alabama Department of Corrections
Alabama Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
PC-AL-0035
Coding Complete
7 Rudisill v. Ryan
4:13-cv-01149 (D. Ariz.)
Filed 2013 - Case Ongoing
Arizona Department of Corrections
Arizona Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
PC-AZ-0020
Coding Complete
On September 13, 2013, an African American prisoner in the Arizona State Prison Complex in Tucson filed this lawsuit, pro se, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona (Tucson Division). The plaintiff filed under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the State of Arizona and the Arizona Department of Corrections. He alleged that the prison ... [view]
8 Morales v. Findley
1:13-cv-07572 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 2013 - Closed 2019
Illinois
Illinois Prisoner Review Board
Prison Conditions
PC-IL-0039
Coding Complete
On October 22, 2013, five parolees in custody or under supervision of the Illinois Department of Corrections filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. Represented by the Uptown People's Law Center and the MacArthur Justice Center at the Northwestern Pritzker School of Law, the plaintiffs sued the ... [view]
9 U.S. v. Robertson County (TN)
3:13-cv-00392 (M.D. Tenn.)
Filed 2013 - Closed 2018
Robertson County
Robertson County
Jail Conditions
JC-TN-0007
Robertson County
Coding Complete
On July 13, 2010, the Department of Justice Civil Rights Division notified Robertson County of its intent to open an investigation of conditions at the Robertson County Detention Center ("RCDF"). On August 26, 2011, the DOJ issued a letter finding that Robertson County failed to protect prisoners from harm due to inadequate suicide prevention ... [view]
10 Parsons v. Ryan
2:12-cv-00601 (D. Ariz.)
Filed 03/22/2012 - Case Ongoing
Arizona Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
PC-AZ-0018
Coding Complete
COVID-19 summary: In this preexisting class action addressing medical care in Arizona's prisons, the district court denied COVID-19 emergency relief on March 23, 2020. Notwithstanding the grave threats posed by congregate imprisonment during the pandemic, the court held that the emergency measures sought by the plaintiffs were outside of its ... [view]
11 Rosas v. Baca
2:12-cv-00428-DDP-SH (C.D. Cal.)
Filed 2012 - Case Ongoing
Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department
Jail Conditions
JC-CA-0073
Los Angeles County
Coding Complete
On January 18, 2012, prisoners at the Los Angeles County Jail filed this class action in the United States Court for the Central District of California. The prisoners sued the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department (LASD) under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The prisoners, represented by the ACLU of Southern California, asked the Court for declaratory and ... [view]
12 Scott v. Clarke
3:12-cv-00036 (W.D. Va.)
Filed 2012 - Case Ongoing
Virginia Department of Corrections
Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women
Prison Conditions
PC-VA-0017
Coding Complete
On July 24, 2012, prisoners detained at the Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women ("FCCW") filed this class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Virginia, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and 28 U.S.C. § 2201, against the Virginia Department of Corrections ("DOC") and Armor Correctional Health Services, Inc. ("Armor") ... [view]
13 Brizuela v. Feliciano
3:12-cv-00226-JBA (D. Conn.)
Filed 2012 - Case Ongoing
Connecticut Department of Corrections
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CT-0009
New Haven County
Coding Complete
On February 13, 2012, the plaintiff filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus in this §1983 class habeas action against the Connecticut Department of Corrections. The petition was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Connecticut and assigned to Judge Janet Bond Arteton. The plaintiffs were detainees in Connecticut Department of ... [view]
14 R.J. v. Bishop
1:12-cv-07289 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 2012 - Case Ongoing
Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Institution
JI-IL-0004
Coding Complete
On September 12, 2012, youth confined in facilities operated by the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice (IDJJ) filed this class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court against the IDJJ. The plaintiffs, represented by counsel from the Roger Baldwin Foundation of the ... [view]
15 Johnson v. Shaffer
2:12-cv-01059-KJM-AC (E.D. Cal.)
Filed 2012 - Closed 2019
California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
Board of Parole Hearings
Criminal Justice (Other)
CJ-CA-0017
Coding Complete
On April 20, 2012, a state prisoner filed this class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California. The plaintiff sued the California Department of Corrections under §1983 and California state administrative law. Represented by UnCommon Law, he asked the Court for declaratory and injunctive relief. Specifically, ... [view]
16 Hall v. Mims
1:11-cv-02047-LJO-BAM (E.D. Cal.)
Filed 2011 - Case Ongoing
Fresno County Sheriff's Office
Jail Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
JC-CA-0069
Fresno County
Coding Complete
On December 13, 2011, four inmates of the Fresno County Adult Detention Facilities filed a class action complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California. The plaintiffs sued the Fresno County Sheriff's Office under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. 2011 WL 11557976. The plaintiffs, represented by the Prison Law Office, Disability ... [view]
17 Holmes v. Godinez
1:11-cv-02961 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 2011 - Case Ongoing
Illinois
Illinois Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
PC-IL-0028
Coding Complete
On May 04, 2011, deaf and hard of hearing prisoners filed a class action in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against the officials at the Illinois Department of Corrections (IDOC) under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Represented by a group of public and private lawyers, the plaintiffs alleged that, while in IDOC custody, they were ... [view]
18 J.H. v. Hinds County
3:11-cv-00327-DPJ-FKB (S.D. Miss.)
Filed 2011 - Case Ongoing
Hinds County
Henly-Young Juvenile Justice Center
Juvenile Institution
JI-MS-0008
Hinds County
Coding Complete
On June 1, 2011, a child imprisoned at the Henley-Young Juvenile Justice Center filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi against Hinds County, Mississippi under 42 U.S.C § 1983. The plaintiff, represented by attorneys from the Southern Poverty Law Center, alleged that the county's confinement ... [view]
19 Henderson v. Thomas
2:11-cv-00224-MHT-WC (M.D. Ala.)
Filed 2011 - Closed 2016
Alabama Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
PC-AL-0033
Coding Complete
On March 28, 2011, a class of HIV-positive men and women imprisoned by the Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC) filed this lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, under the American with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Rehabilitation Act. The plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU of Alabama, the national ... [view]
20 DePriest ex rel. C.B. v. Walnut Grove Correctional Authority
3:10-cv-00663-CWR-FKB (S.D. Miss.)
Filed 2010 - Closed 2018
Walnut Grove Correctional Authority
Prison Conditions
Juvenile Institution
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
JI-MS-0007
Leake County
Coding Complete
On November 16, 2010, thirteen boys and young men incarcerated at the Walnut Grove Youth Correctional Facility ("WGYCF") in Leakes County, Mississippi, filed this class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi, against the city entity responsible for operating WGYCF (the Walnut Grove Correctional Authority) ... [view]
21 United States v. Cook County
1:10-cv-02946 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 05/13/2010 - Closed 2018
Cook County
Jail Conditions
JC-IL-0048
Cook County
Coding Complete
On February 17, 2007, the United States Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division (DOJ), opened an investigation of the Cook County Jail, under the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA). In July 2007, the DOJ conducted on-site inspections of the jail, interviewing staff and inmates, and on August 3, 2007, the DOJ notified jail ... [view]
22 Prison Legal News v. Berkeley County Sheriff
2:10-cv-02594-MBS (D.S.C.)
Filed 2010 - Closed 2014
Berkeley County
Jail Conditions
JC-SC-0003
Berkeley County
Coding Complete
On October 6, 2010, the Prison Legal News filed this class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for South Carolina under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against Berkeley County. The plaintiffs, represented by public interest counsel, asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as damages, claiming that the defendants' unlawfully censored ... [view]
23 Davis v. Canyon County
09-0107 (D. Idaho)
Filed 2009 - Closed 2013
Canyon County
Sheriff / Commissioners
Jail Conditions
JC-ID-0005
Canyon County
Coding Complete
On January 9, 2009, six inmates of the Canyon County Jail filed a class action lawsuit against the jail under the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments and 42 U.S.C. §1983. Represented by the ACLU, the plaintiffs filed for declaratory and injunctive relief claiming their confinement was indecent, cruel and, inhumane due to overcrowding, inadequate ... [view]
24 Johnson v. Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department
2:08-cv-03515-DDP-JTL (C.D. Cal.)
Filed 2008 - Case Ongoing
County of Los Angeles
Jail Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
JC-CA-0059
Los Angeles County
Coding Complete
On May 29, 2008, three prisoners with mobility impairments housed in Los Angeles County jail facilities filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. The plaintiffs sued the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department under the Americans with Disabilities Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 ... [view]
25 Colon v. Passaic County
2:08-cv-4439 (D.N.J.)
Filed 2008 - Closed
Passaic County
Passaic County Jail
Jail Conditions
JC-NJ-0023
Passaic County
Coding Complete
On September 3, 2008, inmates at the Passaic County Jail (PCJ) filed a class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey against Passaic County, Passaic County Jail and its various officers, and the Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Corrections (DOC), under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiffs, represented by ... [view]
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