University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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S P E C I A L   C O L L E C T I O N
Post-PLRA enforceable consent decrees

Under the Prison Litigation Reform Act, 18 U.S.C. § 3626(a)(1)(A)(a), enacted in 1996, federal courts may enter an enforceable consent decree in prison or jail conditions cases only if "the court finds that such relief is narrowly drawn, extends no further than necessary to correct the violation of the Federal right, and is the least intrusive means necessary to correct the violation of the Federal right." This special collection brings together cases in which the remedies have been ratified under this standard.
The below cases represent a special subset of the full Clearinghouse collection.
Your search returned 53 results Save Search As:       
1 U.S. v. Hampton Roads Regional Jail Authority
2:20-cv-00410 (E.D. Va.)
Filed 08/05/2020 - Case Ongoing
Hampton Roads Regional Jail Authority
Prison Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
PC-VA-0027
Portsmouth (independent) city
Coding Complete
After a two-year investigation initiated in December 2016 under CRIPA and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Department of Justice (DOJ) issued a Notice on December 19, 2018 concluding that the Hampton Roads Regional Jail Authority (“HRRJ”) failed to provide constitutionally adequate medical and mental health care to ... [view]
2 J.J. v. Litscher
3:17-cv-00047 (W.D. Wis.)
Filed 01/23/2017 - Case Ongoing
Wisconsin Department of Correction
Lincoln Hills School for Boys & Copper Lake School for Girls
Juvenile Institution
JI-WI-0004
Coding Complete
On January 23, 2017, four minor children confined to the state juvenile facilities Copper Lake School for Girls and the Lincoln Hills School for Boys filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin. The plaintiffs sued various state officials responsible for the facility under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The ... [view]
3 Hunter v. Beshear
2:16-cv-00798-MHT-CSC (M.D. Ala.)
Filed 09/30/2016 - Case Ongoing
Alabama
Alabama Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Criminal Justice (Other)
CJ-AL-0017
Montgomery County
Coding Complete
On September 30, 2016, three individuals with severe mental illness deemed incompetent to stand trial in criminal proceedings against them filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. The plaintiffs sued the Alabama Department of Mental Health under the Fourteenth Amendment and Title II of the Americans with ... [view]
4 V.W. v. Conway
9:16-cv-01150-DNH-DEP (N.D.N.Y.)
Filed 09/21/2016 - Closed 2019
Onondaga County
Sherriff, Justice Center
Jail Conditions
Juvenile Institution
JI-NY-0010
Onondaga County
Coding Complete
On September 21, 2016, six named plaintiffs filed this class action lawsuit against Onondaga County in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York. Represented by the New York Civil Liberties Union Foundation and Legal Services of Central New York, the plaintiffs challenged the isolation of juveniles in solitary confinement at ... [view]
5 United States v. Hinds County
3:16-cv-00489-WHB-JCG (S.D. Miss.)
Filed 06/23/2016 - Case Ongoing
Hinds County
Hinds County Adult Detention Center
Jail Conditions
JC-MS-0021
Hinds County
Coding Complete
On May 21, 2015, the United State Department of Justice (DOJ), Civil Rights Division, completed an investigation into Hinds County, Mississippi, over conditions in various detention facilities operated by the county: The Hinds County Adult Detention Facility and Work Center in Raymond, and the Jackson Detention Center in Jackson. The DOJ found ... [view]
6 Topete v. County of San Bernardino
5:16-cv-00355 (C.D. Cal.)
Filed 02/29/2016 - Case Ongoing
County of San Bernardino
Jail facilities
Jail Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
JC-CA-0125
San Bernardino County
Coding Complete
On February 29th, 2016, a convicted prisoner filed this class-action lawsuit against San Bernardino County in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. The lawsuit was filed under 42 U.S.C.§1983, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and the Rehabilitation Act. Represented by the Prison Law Office and private counsel, ... [view]
7 J.H. v. Dallas
1:15-cv-02057 (M.D. Pa.)
Filed 10/22/2015 - Case Ongoing
Pennsylvania Department of Human Services
Mental Health (Facility)
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Criminal Justice (Other)
MH-PA-0001
Coding Complete
On October 22, 2015, individuals who had been found incompetent to stand trial on criminal charges filed this lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania. The plaintiffs sued the Pennsylvania Department of Human Services, Norristown State Hospital, and Torrance State Hospital under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and 42 U ... [view]
8 Copeland v. Jones
4:15-cv-00452 (N.D. Fla.)
Filed 09/16/2015 - Case Ongoing
Florida Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
PC-FL-0024
Coding Complete
Summary not yet on record [view]
9 U.S. v. Alabama
2:15-cv-00368-MHT-TFM (M.D. Ala.)
Filed 05/28/2015 - Case Ongoing
Alabama Department of Corrections
Alabama Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
PC-AL-0034
Coding Complete
On February 26, 2013, the Department of Justice Civil Rights Division sent notice to the Alabama Department of Corrections that it would be conducting an investigation of the Julia Tutwiler Prison. The investigation sought to address allegations that prisoners were subjected to sexual abuse by prison staff in violation of their constitutional ... [view]
10 Braggs v. Dunn
2:14-cv-00601 (M.D. Ala.)
Filed 06/17/2014 - Case Ongoing
Alabama Department of Corrections
Alabama Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
PC-AL-0035
Coding Complete
On June 17, 2014, prisoners and the Alabama Disabilities Advocacy Program (ADAP) filed this class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. The plaintiffs sued the Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC) under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, and 42 U.S.C. § 1983 ... [view]
11 Adams & Knights v. Kentucky
3:14-cv-00001-GFVT (E.D. Ky.)
Filed 01/01/2014 - Case Ongoing
Kentucky Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
DR-KY-0001
Coding Complete
On January 1, 2014, deaf and hard of hearing prisoners in the Kentucky prison system filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky on behalf of themselves and those similarly situated against the Commonwealth of Kentucky, the Kentucky Department of Corrections, several other departments of the Commonwealth of ... [view]
12 Morales v. Findley
1:13-cv-07572 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 10/22/2013 - Closed 2019
Illinois
Illinois Prisoner Review Board
Prison Conditions
PC-IL-0039
Coding Complete
On October 22, 2013, five parolees in custody or under supervision of the Illinois Department of Corrections filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. Represented by the Uptown People's Law Center and the MacArthur Justice Center at the Northwestern Pritzker School of Law, the plaintiffs sued the ... [view]
13 Rudisill v. Ryan
4:13-cv-01149 (D. Ariz.)
Filed 09/13/2013 - Case Ongoing
Arizona Department of Corrections
Arizona Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
PC-AZ-0020
Coding Complete
On September 13, 2013, an African American prisoner in the Arizona State Prison Complex in Tucson filed this lawsuit, pro se, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona. The plaintiff filed under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the State of Arizona and the Arizona Department of Corrections. He alleged that the prison assigned him to a ... [view]
14 U.S. v. Robertson County (TN)
3:13-cv-00392 (M.D. Tenn.)
Filed 04/26/2013 - Closed 2018
Robertson County
Robertson County
Jail Conditions
JC-TN-0007
Robertson County
Coding Complete
On July 13, 2010, the Department of Justice Civil Rights Division notified Robertson County of its intent to open an investigation of conditions at the Robertson County Detention Center ("RCDF"). On August 26, 2011, the DOJ issued a letter finding that Robertson County failed to protect prisoners from harm due to inadequate suicide prevention ... [view]
15 Hernandez v. County of Monterey
5:13-cv-02354-PSG (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 03/23/2013 - Case Ongoing
County of Monterey, Monterey County Sheriff's Office
Monteray County Jail
Jail Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
JC-CA-0107
Monterey County
Coding Complete
On May 23, 2013, prisoners and recently released prisoners from Monterey County Jail filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The plaintiffs sued the County of Monterey and the California Forensic Medical Group (CFMG) under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and state law. The plaintiffs, represented by attorneys from ... [view]
16 R.J. v. Bishop
1:12-cv-07289 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 09/12/2012 - Case Ongoing
Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Institution
JI-IL-0004
Coding Complete
On September 12, 2012, youth confined in facilities operated by the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice (IDJJ) filed this class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court against the IDJJ. The plaintiffs, represented by counsel from the Roger Baldwin Foundation of the ... [view]
17 Scott v. Clarke
3:12-cv-00036 (W.D. Va.)
Filed 07/24/2012 - Case Ongoing
Virginia Department of Corrections
Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women
Prison Conditions
PC-VA-0017
Coding Complete
Prisoners detained at the Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women filed this class-action lawsuit against Armor Correctional Health Services and the Virginia Department of Corrections on July 24, 2012. Brought under 42 U.S.C. §1983 and 28 U.S.C. §2201, the suit was filed in the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia and ... [view]
18 Johnson v. Shaffer
2:12-cv-01059-KJM-AC (E.D. Cal.)
Filed 04/20/2012 - Closed 2019
California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
Board of Parole Hearings
Criminal Justice (Other)
CJ-CA-0017
Coding Complete
On April 20, 2012, a state prisoner filed this class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California. The plaintiff sued the California Department of Corrections under §1983 and California state administrative law. Represented by UnCommon Law, he asked the Court for declaratory and injunctive relief. Specifically, ... [view]
19 Parsons v. Ryan
2:12-cv-00601 (D. Ariz.)
Filed 03/22/2012 - Case Ongoing
Arizona Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
PC-AZ-0018
Coding Complete
COVID-19 Summary: In this preexisting class action addressing medical care in Arizona's prisons, the district court denied COVID-19 emergency relief on March 23, 2020. Notwithstanding the grave threats posed by congregate imprisonment during the pandemic, the court held that the emergency measures sought by the plaintiffs were outside of its ... [view]
20 Brizuela v. Feliciano
3:12-cv-00226-JBA (D. Conn.)
Filed 02/13/2012 - Closed
Connecticut Department of Corrections
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CT-0009
New Haven County
Coding Complete
On February 13, 2012, the plaintiff filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus in this §1983 class habeas action against the Connecticut Department of Corrections. The petition was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Connecticut and assigned to Judge Janet Bond Arteton. The plaintiffs were detainees in Connecticut Department of ... [view]
21 Rosas v. Baca
2:12-cv-00428-DDP-SH (C.D. Cal.)
Filed 01/18/2012 - Case Ongoing
Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department
Jail Conditions
JC-CA-0073
Los Angeles County
Coding Complete
On January 18, 2012, prisoners at the Los Angeles County Jail filed this class action in the United States Court for the Central District of California. The prisoners sued the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department (LASD) under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The prisoners, represented by the ACLU of Southern California, asked the Court for declaratory and ... [view]
22 Hall v. Mims
1:11-cv-02047-LJO-BAM (E.D. Cal.)
Filed 12/13/2011 - Case Ongoing
Fresno County Sheriff's Office
Jail Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
JC-CA-0069
Fresno County
Coding Complete
On December 13, 2011, four inmates of the Fresno County Adult Detention Facilities filed a class action complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California. The plaintiffs sued the Fresno County Sheriff's Office under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. 2011 WL 11557976. The plaintiffs, represented by the Prison Law Office, Disability ... [view]
23 Center for Legal Advocacy v. Marshall
1:11-cv-02285 (D. Colo.)
Filed 08/31/2011 - Case Ongoing
Colorado Department of Human Services
Jail Conditions
Mental Health (Facility)
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Criminal Justice (Other)
JC-CO-0011
Coding Complete
The Center for Legal Advocacy brought this lawsuit on behalf of criminal defendants with mental illnesses who had been held for months in Colorado jails awaiting placement in a competency restoration program after having been found incompetent to stand trial. The suit was brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and filed on August 31, 2011 in the U.S ... [view]
24 J.H. v. Hinds County
3:11-cv-00327-DPJ-FKB (S.D. Miss.)
Filed 06/01/2011 - Case Ongoing
Hinds County
Henly-Young Juvenile Justice Center
Juvenile Institution
JI-MS-0008
Hinds County
Coding Complete
On June 1, 2011, a child imprisoned at the Henley-Young Juvenile Justice Center filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi against Hinds County, Mississippi under 42 U.S.C § 1983. The plaintiff, represented by attorneys from the Southern Poverty Law Center, alleged that the county's confinement ... [view]
25 Holmes v. Godinez
1:11-cv-02961 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 05/04/2011 - Case Ongoing
Illinois
Illinois Department of Corrections
Prison Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
PC-IL-0028
Coding Complete
Summary not yet on record [view]
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