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S P E C I A L   C O L L E C T I O N
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act -- Internet Metadata

This category brings together litigation addressing the NSA collection of U.S. email metadata. That collection began in 2001, as part of the “President’s Surveillance Program.” In 2004, the Attorney General sought and obtained judicial ratification of the internet metadata program under Section 402 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 ("FISA"), commonly referred to as the Pen Register and Trap and Trace (PR/TT) provision, or Section 214 of the USA PATRIOT Act. The Obama administration discontinued the program in 2011.

Under the program, the NSA collected records from large telecommunication companies about electronic communications metadata. These records included the “to,” “from,” “cc,” and “bcc” lines of an email and the email’s time and date. The program did not authorize the collection of content of any electronic communications. Once collected, the records were stored for several years and were authorized to be queried, used, and disseminated only in accordance with “minimization rules” proposed by the government and approved by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court.
The below cases represent a special subset of the full Clearinghouse collection.
Your search returned 30 results Save Search As:       
1 [Caption Redacted] DNI/AG 702(h) Cerifications 2018 (July 2019) (702, Cabranes, J.; Tallman, J.; Sentelle, J.)
[redacted] (FISC)
Filed 2018 - Closed 2019
Federal Bureau of Investigation
National Security
NS-DC-0133
Coding Complete
Section 702 of the FISA Amendments Act of 2008, 50 U.S.C. § 1881a, permits the Attorney General (AG) and the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) to conduct foreign intelligence surveillance targeting the communications of non-U.S. persons located abroad. The government need not establish probable cause that the target of electronic ... [view]
2 In re Opinions and Orders of this Court Containing Novel or Significant Interpretations of Law
Misc. 16-01 (FISC)
Filed 10/19/2016 - Case Ongoing
United States
National Security
NS-DC-0117
District of Columbia County
Coding Complete
For the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse collection of Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) matters, see our special collection. On October 19, 2016, the American Civil Liberties Union and the Media Freedom and Information Access Clinic of Yale Law ... [view]
3 In re Carter W. Page: A U.S. Person [FISA dockets 16-1182, 17-52, 17-375, 17-679]
16-1182 (FISC)
Filed 10/01/2016 - Closed 2017
Carter W. Page
National Security
NS-DC-0127
Coding Complete
In 2016, the FBI sought and obtained a Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) warrant against Trump 2016 campaign foreign policy advisor Carter Page. The warrant applications against Page alleged that he had contact with Russian officials to collect compromising information on Trump's 2016 opponent, Hillary Clinton. After substantial ... [view]
4 The New York Times Company v. United States Department of Justice
1:16-cv-07020 (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 09/08/2016 - Closed 2017
The Department of Justice
The Department of Justice
National Security
NS-NY-0026
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
5 The New York Times Company v. National Security Agency
1:15-cv-02383-KBF (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 01/12/2015 - Closed 2016
National Security Agency
National Security Agency
National Security
NS-NY-0016
Washington
Coding Complete
On January 12, 2015, the New York Times (“the Times”) submitted a Freedom of Information Act (“FOIA”) request to the National Security Agency (“NSA”) pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. § 552. The Times sought copies of all NSA Inspector General Reports related to three topics: the NSA’s content collection ... [view]
6 Twitter v. Barr
4:14-cv-04480 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 10/07/2014 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Justice
FBI
National Security
NS-CA-0013
Coding Complete
[Note: This case was previously known as Twitter v. Holder, then Twitter v. Lynch, then Twitter v. Sessions] On October 7, 2014, Twitter -- an online social networking service -- filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation ( ... [view]
7 Schuchardt v. Obama
2:14-cv-00705-CB (W.D. Pa.)
Filed 06/02/2014 - Case Ongoing
National Security Agency
National Security
NS-PA-0003
Washington
Coding Complete
On June 2, 2014, a private individual filed this class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania. The plaintiff sued the National Security Agency under the Declaratory Judgment Act and FISA Title V. The plaintiff alleged violations of his First and Fourth Amendment rights and requested declaratory, ... [view]
8 In re Opinions & Orders of this Court Addressing Bulk Collection of Data under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act [FISA Docket Misc. 13-08, FISCR docket 20-1]
Misc. 13-08 (FISC)
Filed 11/07/2013 - Case Ongoing
Department of Justice
National Security Agency
National Security
NS-DC-0026
Coding Complete
For the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse collection of FISA matters, see our special collection. On January 17, 2014, following the disclosure of various dragnet National Security Agency (NSA) surveillance programs by Edward Snowden, the Director of National ... [view]
9 First Unitarian Church of Los Angeles v. National Security Agency
4:13-cv-03287 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 09/10/2013 - Case Ongoing
National Security Agency
Speech and Religious Freedom
National Security
NS-CA-0003
Washington
Coding Complete
On September 10, 2013, organizations, associations, and advocacy groups, their staffs, and their members who subscribed to major American telecommunication companies filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against the National Security Agency ("NSA"), the Department of Justice, and the United States of ... [view]
10 In re: National Security Letter, Under Seal v. Holder (Sealed)
3:13-cv-01165-SI (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 01/01/2011 - Closed 2017
Federal Bureau of Investigation
National Security
NS-CA-0014
Coding Complete
For the complete Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse collection of FISA Matters, see our special collection. This Clearinghouse entry combines several cases in which recipients of administrative subpoenas known as a National Security Letters (NSLs) challenged the ... [view]
11 In re Motion for Declaratory Judgment of a First Amendment Right to Publish Aggregate Information about FISA Orders [FISA Docket Misc. 13-03 (Google)]
Misc. 13-03 (FISC)
Filed 2013 - Closed 2014
United States Department of Justice
Federal Bureau of Investigation
National Security
NS-DC-0021
Coding Complete
For the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse collection of FISA Matters, see our special collection. In June 2013, several major newspapers, including the Guardian (London) and the Washington Post, reported on the National Security Agency's intelligence collection ... [view]
12 U.S. v. Daoud
1:12-cr-00723 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 09/15/2012 - Case Ongoing
Adel Daoud
National Security
NS-IL-0002
Coding Complete
On September 15, 2012, the government initiated criminal prosecution of the defendant in the U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon after arresting the defendant the day before. The government charged the defendant with attempting to damage and destroy a building by means of explosion, in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 2332a(a)(2)(D) and 844( ... [view]
13 ACLU v. FBI
1:11-cv-07562-WHP (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 10/26/2011 - Closed 2015
Federal Bureau of Investigation
National Security
NS-NY-0008
Coding Complete
On October 26, 2011, the ACLU filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York against the Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Investigation to compel the defendants to comply with its request for documents under the Freedom of Information Act ("FOIA"), 5 U. S. C. § 552. The plaintiff sought the release ... [view]
14 United States v. Mohamud
3:10-CR-00475-KI-1 (D. Or.)
Filed 11/29/2010 - Case Ongoing
Mohamed Osman Mohamud
National Security
NS-OR-0003
Coding Complete
On November 19, 2013, the Department of Justice notified Mohamed Osman Mohamud, the criminal defendant in this case, that it had used evidence from a FISA warrantless wiretap in the proceedings leading to Mr. Mohamud's conviction. This was the second time the DOJ notified a criminal defendant of this information, following a new, broader ... [view]
15 FISA Docket PR-TT ---- (Bates, J.) (July 2010)
PR-TT [Redacted] (FISC)
Filed 2010 - Closed 2010
no defendants on record
National Security
NS-DC-0030
Coding Complete
For the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse collection of FISA matters, see our special collection. On November 18, 2013, the Director of National Intelligence authorized the declassification and public release of numerous orders approving the National Security ... [view]
16 FISA Docket PR-TT ---- (Walton, J.) (February 2009)
PR-TT [Redacted] (FISC)
Filed 2009 - Closed 2009
no defendants on record
National Security
NS-DC-0063
Coding Complete
For the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse collection of FISA matters, see our special collection. On November 18, 2013, the Director of National Intelligence authorized the declassification and public release of numerous orders approving the National Security ... [view]
17 FISA Docket PR-TT ---- (Walton, J.) (May 2009)
PR-TT [Redacted] (FISC)
Filed 2009 - Closed 2009
no defendants on record
National Security
NS-DC-0064
Coding Complete
For the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse collection of FISA matters, see our special collection. On November 18, 2013, the Director of National Intelligence authorized the declassification and public release of numerous orders approving the National Security ... [view]
18 FISA Docket PR-TT ---- (Walton, J.) (October 2009)
PR-TT [Redacted] (FISC)
Filed 2009 - Closed 2009
no defendants on record
National Security
NS-DC-0065
Coding Complete
For the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse collection of FISA matters, see our special collection. On November 18, 2013, the Director of National Intelligence authorized the declassification and public release of numerous orders approving the National Security ... [view]
19 FISA Docket PR-TT ---- (Walton, J.) (June 2009)
PR-TT [Redacted] (FISC)
Filed 2009 - Closed 2009
no defendants on record
National Security
NS-DC-0029
Coding Complete
For the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse collection of FISA matters, see our special collection. On November 18, 2013, the Director of National Intelligence authorized the declassification and public release of numerous orders approving the National Security ... [view]
20 Jewel v. National Security Agency
4:08-cv-04373-JSW (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 09/18/2008 - Case Ongoing
United States
National Security Agency
National Security
NS-CA-0002
Coding Complete
On September 18, 2008, AT&T customers filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against the United States. The plaintiffs, represented by the Electronic Frontier Foundation and private counsel, claimed that the federal government's electronic surveillance program violated the Fourth Amendment, First ... [view]
21 In re Directives to Yahoo Pursuant to Section 105B of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. [105B(g) 07-01]
105B(g) 07-01 (FISC)
Filed 2007 - Closed 2016
no defendants on record
National Security
NS-DC-0008
Coding Complete
In 2012, leaks by Edward Snowden revealed many details about NSA surveillance programs that had been going on for many years. In the aftermath of those leaks, the government declassified many previously secret details regarding these programs. Among the declassified documents were those in this case, in which the internet company Yahoo!, Inc ... [view]
22 Al-Haramain Islamic Foundation v. Bush
3:07-cv-00109-VRW (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 2007 - Closed 2012
President of the United States
National Security
NS-CA-0008
Coding Complete
On February 28, 2006, Al-Haramain Oregon (a non-profit organization) and two of its attorneys filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, 50 U.S.C. §§ 1801-1812 against the U.S. Government. The plaintiffs asked the court for injunctive relief and damages, claiming that ... [view]
23 In re National Security Agency Telecommunications Records Litigation
3:06-md-01791-VRW (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 05/26/2006 - Closed
Verizon Communications, Inc.
National Security
NS-CA-0011
Coding Complete
The Consolidation of Cases into 06-MD-1791 On August 9, 2006, the Judicial Panel on Multi District Litigation (MDL Panel) created this matter, MDL No. 06-1791, and set its venue in the Northern District of California. Ultimately, the case consolidated approximately 40 total cases, including consumer class actions against telecom companies, ... [view]
24 Shubert v. Obama
4:07-cv-00693 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 05/17/2006 - Closed 2015
United States of America
National Security
NS-CA-0006
Washington
Coding Complete
On May 17, 2006, American citizens who use the telephone and internet filed a class action lawsuit on behalf of themselves and others similarly situated in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York. The plaintiffs sued the President of the United States of America, the National Security Agency and the Attorney General ... [view]
25 Hepting v. AT&T
3:06-cv-00672-VRW (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 01/31/2006 - Closed 2012
AT&T Inc.
National Security
NS-CA-0004
Coding Complete
On January 31, 2006, AT&T telephone and internet customers filed a class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against AT&T Corp. and AT&T Inc. The plaintiffs, represented by public interest and private counsel, asked the court to declare as unlawful the defendants' participation in the federal ... [view]
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