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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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S P E C I A L   C O L L E C T I O N
Same-Sex Marriage

This collection brings together cases that sought to legalize same-sex marriage, or to invalidate refusals to recognize state-law same-sex marriages. It includes the two cases that the Supreme Court decided in June 2013, the four decided in June 2015, and many more.

The four cases before the Supreme Court in 2015 were Obergefell v. Kasich (OH), Love v. Beshear (KY), Tanco v. Haslam (TN), and DeBoer v. Snyder (MI). In each the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals had held that the state's ban on same-sex marriage was constitutional. The Supreme Court reversed on June 26, 2015.
The two cases before the Supreme Court in 2013 were the California Prop. 8 case (PB-CA-0029 in this Clearinghouse) and Windsor, the DOMA case from the Second Circuit (PB-NY-0017 in this Clearinghouse). In the California case, the Court found that nobody had standing to appeal, and therefore vacated the 9th Circuit's opinion, leaving in place the District Court's injunction requiring same-sex marriage in California. In the DOMA case, the Court found that DOMA's Section 3, barring federal recognition of same-sex marriages lawful under state law, was unconstitutional.
The below cases represent a special subset of the full Clearinghouse collection.
Your search returned 168 results Save Search As:       
1 Alford v. Moulder
3:16-cv-00350-DPJ-FKB (S.D. Miss.)
Filed 05/09/2016 - Closed 2018
State of Mississippi
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-MS-0006
Coding Complete
On May 9, 2016, the Mississippi chapter of the ACLU and two gay individuals who were engaged filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi. The plaintiffs sued the state of Mississippi under 42 U.S.C § 1983, alleging that the state’s Protecting Freedom of Conscience from Government Discrimination Act, ... [view]
2 Carson v. Heigel
3:16-cv-00045-MGL (D.S.C.)
Filed 01/07/2016 - Closed 2017
State of South Carolina
State Registrar of Vital Statistics
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-SC-0005
Coding Complete
The Plaintiffs, same-sex parents filing on behalf of their minor twins, filed this lawsuit in the District Court of South Carolina (Columbia Division) on January 7, 2016. The Plaintiffs sued the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control/State Registrar of Vital Statistics under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The Plaintiffs, represented by ... [view]
3 Cherokee Nation Attorney General Opinion
No Docket (No Court)
Filed 2016 - Closed 2017
no defendants on record
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-OK-0003
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
4 Campaign for Southern Equality v. Mississippi Department of Human Services
3:15-cv-00578-DPJ-FKB (S.D. Miss.)
Filed 08/08/2015 - Closed 2016
State of Mississippi
Mississippi Department of Human Services
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-MS-0005
Coding Complete
On August 8, 2015, same-sex couples seeking to adopt in Mississippi and civil rights organizations filed this lawsuit in the U.S District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi. The plaintiffs sued, at various times, the Mississippi Department of Human Services, the Governor of Mississippi, the Mississippi DOJ, and the Mississippi ... [view]
5 Miller v. Davis
0:15-cv-00044-DLB (E.D. Ky.)
Filed 07/02/2015 - Case Ongoing
Kim Davis
County Clerk
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-KY-0006
Rowan County
Coding Complete
On July 2, 2015, plaintiffs -- two same sex couples -- filed this lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against Rowan County Clerk Kim Davis, in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky. The plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU of Kentucky, asked the court for both injunctive and declaratory relief, alleging that Davis's refusal to ... [view]
6 Roe v. Patton
2:15-cv-00253-DB (D. Utah)
Filed 04/13/2015 - Closed
Utah
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-UT-0003
Coding Complete
On April 13, 2015, a same-sex married couple filed this lawsuit against Utah in the District Court of the District of Utah. Suing under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, the plaintiffs asked for a preliminary injunction requiring the defendant to apply the relevant sections of the Utah Uniform Parentage Act to female spouses of women who give birth through ... [view]
7 Texas v. United States
7:15-cv-00056-O (N.D. Tex.)
Filed 03/18/2015 - Closed
U.S. Department of Labor
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-TX-0010
Coding Complete
On March 18, 2015, Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton, along with the Attorneys General from the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Nebraska, filed this federal lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas. The case, brought against the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), asked the court to strike down the DOL final rule ... [view]
8 Searcy v. Davis
1:15-cv-00104 (S.D. Ala.)
Filed 02/24/2015 - Closed 2015
Mobile County Probate Judge Don Davis
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-AL-0011
Mobile County
Coding Complete
This lawsuit stems from Searcy v. Strange, (PB-AL-0005 in this Clearinghouse), in which a federal district court held that Alabama's same-sex marriage ban violated the U.S. Constitution. That case involved a same-sex couple, legally married in California, whose adoption petition was ... [view]
9 In Re: King
n/a (State Court)
Filed 02/09/2015 - Case Ongoing
Alabama Probate Judges
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-AL-0009
Coding Complete
On February 9, 2015, the federal court orders in Searcy v. Strange (PB-AL-0005 in this Clearinghouse) and Strawser v. Strange (PB-AL-0010 in this Clearinghouse) took effect: Alabama's ban on same-sex marriage was now ... [view]
10 Hedgepeth v. Davis
1:15-cv-00067-CG-C (S.D. Ala.)
Filed 02/09/2015 - Closed 2015
State of Alabama
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-AL-0010
Coding Complete
On February 9, 2015, the orders in Searcy v. Strange (PB-AL-0005 in this Clearinghouse) and Strawser v. Strange (PB-AL-0010 in this Clearinghouse), took effect: the ban on same-sex marriage was now illegal in Alabama, ... [view]
11 Hathcote v. Green
2:15-cv-00273-WMA (N.D. Ala.)
Filed 02/09/2015 - Closed 2015
Blount County, Alabama Probate Court
Blount County, Alabama Probate Court
PB-AL-0012
Blount County
Coding Complete
On February 9, 2015, the federal court orders in Searcy v. Strange (PB-AL-0005 in this Clearinghouse) and Strawser v. Strange (PB-AL-0010 in this Clearinghouse) took effect: the ban on same-sex marriage was now illegal in ... [view]
12 Waters v. Heineman
8:14-cv-00356 (D. Neb.)
Filed 12/02/2014 - Closed 2019
Nebraska
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-NE-0004
Coding Complete
On December 2, 2014, seven same-sex couples seeking to marry or have their out-of-state marriage recognized in Nebraska filed this lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the District of Nebraska. The plaintiffs, represented by lawyers from the ACLU and private counsel, sued the state of Nebraska and sought declaratory and ... [view]
13 Campaign for Southern Equality v. Bryant
3:14-cv-00818 (S.D. Miss.)
Filed 10/20/2014 - Closed
State of Mississippi
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-MS-0004
Coding Complete
On October 20, 2014, the Campaign for Southern Equality and two same-sex couples filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi under 42 U.S.C § 1983 against the State of Mississippi. The Campaign for Southern Equality is a non-profit organization based in North Carolina that works to promote the ... [view]
14 Knapp v. City of Coeur D'Alene
2:14-cv-00441-REB (D. Idaho)
Filed 10/17/2014 - Closed 2016
City of Coeur d'Alene
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-ID-0004
Coeur d'Alene
Coding Complete
On October 17, 2014, a Christian couple who are ordained ministers and run a wedding chapel in Idaho filed a lawsuit in U.S. District Court for the District of Idaho under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and state law against the City of Coeur d'Alene. The plaintiffs, represented by Alliance Defending Freedom, asked the court to prohibit the city from enforcing ... [view]
15 Condon v. Haley
2:14-cv-04010-RMG (D.S.C.)
Filed 10/15/2014 - Closed 2015
State of South Carolina
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-SC-0004
Coding Complete
This case was initiated by two female South Carolina residents who wanted to marry. On October 15, 2014, they brought this claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the District of South Carolina, represented by attorneys from Lambda Legal and a private firm. The plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief against the ... [view]
16 Guzzo v. Mead
14-cv-00200-SWS (D. Wyo.)
Filed 10/07/2014 - Closed 2015
State of Wyoming
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-WY-0002
Coding Complete
On October 7, 2014, four same-sex couples and Wyoming Equality filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Wyoming under 42 U.S.C § 1983 against the State of Wyoming. The four couples live in Wyoming, two seek to get married in the state and the others seek to have their marriages, performed in other jurisdictions, ... [view]
17 Tevyaw v. Colvin
1:14-cv-00425 (D.R.I.)
Filed 09/29/2014 - Closed 2014
Social Security Administration
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-RI-0001
Coding Complete
On September 29, 2014, the surviving widow of a same-sex marriage filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Rhode Island against the Social Security Administration (SSA). The plaintiff, represented by the Gay & Lesbian Advocates and Defenders, asked the court to declare that several SSA regulations were invalid and contrary ... [view]
18 Strawser v. Strange
1:14-cv-00424 (S.D. Ala.)
Filed 09/11/2014 - Closed 2017
State of Alabama
State of Alabama
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-AL-0008
Coding Complete
On September 11, 2014, two men, married in their church but not allowed to marry under Alabama law, filed this § 1983 lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Alabama against the State of Alabama. The plaintiffs had applied, unsuccessfully, for a marriage license in Mobile County, Alabama. They initially represented ... [view]
19 Romero v. Brown
2:14-cv-00325-JVB-PRC (N.D. Ind.)
Filed 09/08/2014 - Closed 2014
Lake County Clerk
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-IN-0009
Lake County
Coding Complete
On September 8, 2014, a same-sex couple filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against a county clerk and the Indiana Department of Health. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel and the Lambda Legal Defense & Education Fund, asked the court for declaratory and injunctive ... [view]
20 Taylor v. Brasuell
1:14-cv-273 (D. Idaho)
Filed 07/07/2014 - Closed 2015
State of Idaho
Idaho Division of Veterans Services
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-ID-0003
Coding Complete
On July 7, 2014, plaintiff filed an action in the U.S. District Court for the District of Idaho, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, against the Idaho Division of Veterans Services. The plaintiff, represented by private counsel and the National Center for Lesbian Rights, alleged that defendant had violated her Fourteenth Amendment rights by refusing to ... [view]
21 Burns v. Hickenlooper
1:14-cv-01817-RM-KLM (D. Colo.)
Filed 07/01/2014 - Closed 2015
State of Colorado
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-CO-0006
Coding Complete
On July 1, 2014, several same-sex couples living in Colorado filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, against state and county officials. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, claimed that Colorado's same-sex marriage ban violated their constitutional rights under the Due ... [view]
22 Lawson v. Jackson County Department of Recorder of Deeds
4:14-cv-00622-ODS (W.D. Mo.)
Filed 06/24/2014 - Closed 2015
Jackson County Department of Recorder of Deeds
Jackson County Department of Recorder of Deeds
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-MO-0006
Jackson County
Coding Complete
On June 24, 2014, plaintiffs, two same-sex couples living in Missouri, filed a lawsuit in the Circuit Court of Jackson County, Missouri Sixteenth Judicial Circuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Director of Jackson County Department of Recorder of Deeds in his official capacity. The plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU of Missouri Foundation, ... [view]
23 Morgan v. Snyder
1:14-cv-00632 (W.D. Mich.)
Filed 06/11/2014 - Closed 2016
State of Michigan
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-MI-0008
Coding Complete
On June 11, 2014, plaintiffs, a gay couple, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan, under 42 U.S.C. 1983, against the State of Michigan and Kent County, Michigan. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief, claiming that State's refusal to ... [view]
24 Aaron-Brush v. Bentley
2:14-cv-01091 (N.D. Ala.)
Filed 06/10/2014 - Closed 2017
State of Alabama
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-AL-0006
Coding Complete
On June 10, 2014, a same-sex couple who had been legally married outside the State of Alabama filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, against the State of Alabama. The plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU and private counsel, asked the Court for declaratory and injunctive relief, ... [view]
25 Ramsey v. Dalrymple
3:14-cv-00057 (D.N.D.)
Filed 06/06/2014 - Closed 2015
State of North Dakota
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-ND-0001
Coding Complete
This federal lawsuit challenges North Dakota's refusal to allow same-sex marriages or recognize those celebrated in other states. It was filed on June 6, 2014 in the U.S. District Court for the District of North Dakota, by seven same-sex couples. (Prior to this lawsuit, it seems that North Dakota was the only state that bans same-sex marriage ... [view]
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