University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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S P E C I A L   C O L L E C T I O N
Disability Rights Education & Defense Fund (DREDF)
The Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund (DREDF), founded in 1979, is a leading national civil rights law and policy center directed by individuals with disabilities and parents who have children with disabilities. Americans with disabilities make up one of the United States’ largest minorities. More than 25% live in poverty and only about 20% have gone to college. Seventy–five percent are unemployed. Such economic and social disenfranchisement is not an inevitable consequence of the physical and mental limitations imposed by disability; it is the result of society’s historic response to those limitations: lack of accessibility in the built environment and policies that encourage or even require exclusion, segregation, and institutionalization. The result is a legacy of prejudice and paternalism that is deeply embedded in the social consciousness. Our Mission: To advance the civil and human rights of people with disabilities through legal advocacy, training, education, and public policy and legislative development.
The below cases represent a special subset of the full Clearinghouse collection.
Your search returned 16 results Save Search As:       
1 NC NAACP v. Cooper
20CVS500110 (State Court)
Filed 04/20/2020 - Case Ongoing
North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper
North Carolina Governor
Prison Conditions
PC-NC-0019
Coding Complete
COVID-19 Summary: This is a state prison case filed in light of COVID-19, alleging that the failure to protect inmates from COVID-19 amounted to cruel and unusual punishment. The court granted a preliminary injunction on June 16, requiring the defendants to begin making plans for the release of inmates and to improve conditions in the prison by ... [view]
2 Fraihat v. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
5:19-cv-01546 (C.D. Cal.)
Filed 08/19/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Immigration and/or the Border
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
IM-CA-0147
Coding Complete
COVID-19 Summary: This is a preexisting class action addressing conditions of confinement in ICE custody, particularly for noncitizen detainees with medical or mental health needs, or other disabilities. On March 24, 2020, plaintiffs sought an emergency order addressing the COVID-19 infection risks of detainees with special risk factors, or ... [view]
3 National Association of the Deaf v. Harvard University
3:15-cv-30023 (D. Mass.)
Filed 02/12/2015 - Case Ongoing
Harvard University
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
DR-MA-0006
Middlesex County
Coding Complete
On February 12, 2015, the National Association of the Deaf (NAD), on behalf of its members (including four named in the complaint) and a proposed class, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The plaintiffs sued Harvard University under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and Title III of the Americans ... [view]
4 National Association of the Deaf v. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
3:15-cv-30024 (D. Mass.)
Filed 02/12/2015 - Case Ongoing
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
DR-MA-0007
Middlesex County
Coding Complete
On February 12, 2015, the National Association of the Deaf (NAD), on behalf of its members (including three named in the complaint) and a proposed class, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the plaintiffs ... [view]
5 Center for Independent Living v. Wal-Mart Stores
3:12-cv-03885-CRB (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 07/25/2012 - Closed
Wal-Mart
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
DR-CA-0038
Coding Complete
On July 25, 2012, the Center for Independent Living (a nonprofit disability advocacy and support organization) along with several named individual plaintiffs with disabilities necessitating the use of wheelchairs or scooters filed this class-action lawsuit against Wal-Mart in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The ... [view]
6 National Association of the Deaf v. Netflix
11-CV-30168-MAP (D. Mass.)
Filed 06/16/2011 - Closed 2016
Netflix, Inc.
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
DR-MA-0005
Coding Complete
The National Association of the Deaf, Western Massachusetts Association of the Deaf and Hearing Impaired, and a deaf Massachusetts resident belonging to both organizations, brought this case under the Americans with Disabilities Act against Netflix. The plaintiffs alleged that by failing to provide closed captioned text to its on-demand movie and ... [view]
7 American Council of the Blind v. Astrue
3:05-cv-04696 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 11/16/2005 - Closed 2012
Social Security Administration
Public Benefits / Government Services
DR-CA-0003
Coding Complete
On November 16, 2005, a group of visually impaired recipients of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and/or Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), along with a national nonprofit comprised of the visually impaired, filed this class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, under the Rehabilitation Act ... [view]
8 K.C. v. O'Connell
3:05-cv-04077-MMC (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 10/11/2005 - Closed 2015
California Department of Education
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Education
ED-CA-0010
Coding Complete
On October 11, 2005, students from various district of California public schools filed this class action suit, in conjunction with the American Diabetes Association, in the United States District Court of the Northern District of California. The suit was filed under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Title II of the Americans with ... [view]
9 Sanchez v. Johnson
4:00-cv-01593 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 05/04/2000 - Closed 2004
California Department of Health and Human Services
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-CA-0011
Sacramento County
Coding Complete
On May 4, 2000, a group of individuals with developmental disabilities (each through a parent as next friend), together with several interested advocacy organizations and service providers, filed this suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California against the state of California. The plaintiffs, represented by the ... [view]
10 Bank of America California and Florida Agreement
NA (No Court)
Filed 2000 - Closed 2000
Bank of America
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
DR-CA-0014
Coding Complete
In 2000, attorneys representing blind and visually impaired persons entered into structured negotiations with Bank of America. On March 14, 2000, the parties entered into a settlement agreement. Under the terms of the agreement, Bank of America agreed to make its ATMs in California and Florida talk so that blind people could use them. The bank ... [view]
11 Davis v. California HHS
4:00-cv-02532 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 2000 - Closed 2007
San Francisco City and County
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Public Benefits / Government Services
PB-CA-0013
San Francisco
Coding Complete
On July 13, 2000 plaintiffs, a group of nursing care patients at the Laguna Honda Hospital and Rehabilitation Center in San Francisco, filed suit against San Francisco City and County, the California Health and Human Services Agency, the California Department of Social Services, the California Department of Mental Health, the California Department ... [view]
12 Citibank Preliminary Talking ATM agreement (California Council of the Blind)
NA (No Court)
Filed 1999 - Closed 2001
Citibank
Citibank
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
DR-CA-0004
Coding Complete
In the late 1990's, the claimant parties--various vision-impaired customers of Citibank as well as the California Council of the Blind--sent a letter to Citibank in which they claimed that the bank had failed to adequately accommodate the needs of vision-impaired customers with respect to automatic teller machines (ATM). In response, Citibank ... [view]
13 Padilla v. Ryan
5:98-cv-20309 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 04/07/1998 - Closed 1999
County of Santa Clara
Department of Correction
Jail Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
JC-CA-0096
Santa Clara County
Coding Complete
On April 7, 1998, several past and present prisoners at and visitors to Santa Clara County jail facilities who are deaf and rely on sign language for effective communication filed a class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, San Jose Division, against the Santa Clara Department of Corrections. The ... [view]
14 Emma C. v. Eastin
3:96-cv-04179-TEH (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 11/18/1996 - Case Ongoing
Ravenswood City Elementary School District
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Education
ED-CA-0001
Ravenswood
Coding Complete
On November 18, 1996, a group of students with disabilities filed this class-action lawsuit against the Ravenswood City School District and the state education department in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The eight named plaintiffs were school-aged children with disabilities who then attended, or had in the past ... [view]
15 Clark v. California
3:96-cv-01486-CRB (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 04/22/1996 - Case Ongoing
State of California
Prison Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
PC-CA-0005
Coding Complete
On April 22, 1996, two prisoners with developmental disabilities, incarcerated within facilities run by the California Department of Corrections (CDC), filed a class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and the Rehabilitation Act (RA), ... [view]
16 Armstrong v. Newsom
4:94-cv-02307-CW (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 06/29/1994 - Case Ongoing
California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
Prison Conditions
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
PC-CA-0001
Coding Complete
On June 29, 1994, disabled prisoners and parolees in California filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court of the Northern District of California, charging that, on account of their disabilities, the two divisions of the California Youth and Adult Corrections Authority California, Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation ("CDCR") and Board ... [view]
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