University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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1 Doyle v. Allegheny County Salary Board
GD-96-13606 (State Court)
Filed 09/18/1996 - Closed 2005
Allegheny County Salary Board
Indigent Defense
PD-PA-0001
Allegheny County
Coding Complete
On September 18, 1996, the National and Pittsburgh chapters of the ACLU in conjunction with a private attorney, filed a 42 U.S.C. §1983 class-action lawsuit in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. The suit was filed on behalf of three named indigent defendants who sought to represent all present and future indigent ... [view]
2 Rivera v. Rowland
CV950545629 (State Court)
Filed 01/05/1995 - Closed 1999
Public Defender Services Commission
Indigent Defense
PD-CT-0001
Coding Complete
On January 5, 1995, a group of indigent criminal defendants filed a class action lawsuit against the State of Connecticut and its Public Defender Services Commission under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, the Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments, the state constitution, and a state statute (C.G.S. 51-289 et seq.), in the Superior Court of Connecticut, Judicial ... [view]
3 Best v. Grant County
04-2-00189-0 (State Court)
Filed 12/21/2004 - Closed 2013
Grant County, Washington
Indigent Defense
PD-WA-0001
Coding Complete
On December 21, 2004, three indigent criminal defendants with felony cases pending in the Grant County, Washington Superior Court, along with an individual taxpaying resident of Grant County, filed a class action lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the Superior Court of Kittitas County, challenging the constitutionality of the public defense ... [view]
4 Stinson v. Fulton County
1-94-CV-240-GET (N.D. Ga.)
Filed 01/28/1994 - Closed 2005
Fulton County
Indigent Defense
PD-GA-0001
Fulton County
Coding Complete
On January 28, 1994, a man incarcerated at the Fulton County Jail filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the Fulton County public defender program, in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia. The plaintiff, represented by court-appointed counsel and attorneys from the Southern Center for Human Rights, ... [view]
5 Quitman County v. State of Mississippi
99-0126 (State Court)
Filed 12/17/1999 - Closed 2005
State of Mississippi
Indigent Defense
PD-MS-0001
Coding Complete
On December 17, 1999, Quitman County, Mississippi filed a lawsuit against the State of Mississippi under Article 3, Section 26 of the Mississippi Constitution, in the Circuit Court of Quitman County, Mississippi. The County claimed that the State of Mississippi's statutes requiring that the counties provide legal services for indigent defendants ... [view]
6 Wayne County Criminal Defense Assn. v. Wayne Circuit Court
Docket No. Not Available (State Court)
Filed 11/12/2002 - Closed 2003
Wayne Circuit Court Judges
Indigent Defense
PD-MI-0001
Wayne County
Coding Complete
On November 12, 2002, the Wayne County Criminal Defense Bar Association and the Criminal Defense Attorneys of Michigan filed a lawsuit against the Chief Judges of Wayne County Circuit Court, in the Supreme Court of Michigan. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, sought declaratory and injunctive relief from alleged systemic violations of ... [view]
7 Luckey v. Miller
4:86-CV-00297 (N.D. Ga.)
Filed 1986 - Closed 1991
State of Georgia
Indigent Defense
PD-GA-0002
Coding Complete
In 1986, a group of criminal defense attorneys and indigent criminal defendants filed a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 class action lawsuit against Georgia state officials (including the governor and all state court judges responsible for appointing attorneys to indigent criminal defendants) in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia. The ... [view]
8 Anderson v. State
2004-5405 (State Court)
Filed 09/23/2004 - Closed
State of Louisiana
Indigent Defense
PD-LA-0001
Coding Complete
On September 23, 2004, nine clients of the Calcasieu Parish Public Defender's Office (PDO) filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against both the governor of Louisiana and the State Legislature, in the Fourteenth Judicial District Court in Calcasieu Parish, LA. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, sought injunctive and ... [view]
9 Walker v. State
481701 (State Court)
Filed 2004 - Closed
State of Louisiana
Indigent Defense
PD-LA-0002
Coding Complete
In 2004, Henry C. Walker, a Shreveport attorney and former member of the local Indigent Defender Board (IDB), filed a lawsuit against the State of Louisiana, through its legislature and judges of its First Judicial District, in the First Judicial District Court for the District of Caddo, LA. The plaintiff, represented by private counsel, sought ... [view]
10 White v. Martz
C DV-2002-133 (State Court)
Filed 2002 - Closed 2006
State of Minnesota
Indigent Defense
PD-MT-0001
Coding Complete
In February 2002, indigent defendants with criminal cases pending in Montana state courts in Butte-Silver Bow, Missoula, Glacier, Teton, Flathead, Lake, and Ravalli Counties filed a class action lawsuit against these counties and the state pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU, the ACLU of Montana, and a private ... [view]
11 Gilliard v. Carson
71-28-Civ-J (M.D. Fla.)
Filed 1971 - Closed
City of Jacksonville Florida
Indigent Defense
PD-FL-0001
Coding Complete
These consolidated cases in the United States District Court, Middle District of Florida began sometime before 1971 when several indigent defendants, convicted in the Municipal Court of Jacksonville of offenses punishable by imprisonment for less than six months, filed petitions for writs of habeas corpus. They alleged that they had been tried ... [view]
12 In the Matter of the Review of Issues Concerning Representation of Indigent Defendants in Criminal and Juvenile Delinquency Cases
ADKT No. 411 (State Court)
Filed 2007 - Closed
indigent defense services in Nevada
indigent defense services in Nevada
Indigent Defense
PD-NV-0001
Coding Complete
In 2007, the Supreme Court of Nevada became concerned that the provision of indigent defense in the state was deficient and required reform. On April 26, 2007, the Supreme Court of Nevada ordered that an Indigent Defense Commission be created for the purpose of studying issues relating to selection, appointment, compensation, qualifications, ... [view]
13 Florida Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (FACDL) v. Florida
2007 CA 2898 (State Court)
Filed 05/24/2007 - Closed
State of Florida
Florida Governer, Senate, and Secretary of State
Indigent Defense
PD-FL-0002
Coding Complete
On May 24, 2007, the Governor of Florida signed into law the Act set forth in CS/SB 1088, Ch. 2007-62, Laws of Fla. ("the Act"). The Act provided for the establishment of five Offices of Criminal Conflict and Civil Regional Counsel (OCCCRCs) which would be responsible for handling a majority of criminal conflict cases as well as certain civil ... [view]
14 New York County Lawyers' Association v. State of New York
2000-102987 (State Court)
Filed 04/03/2000 - Closed
State of New York
Indigent Defense
PD-NY-0001
Coding Complete
On April 3, 2000, the New York County Lawyers' Association (NYCLA) filed a 42 U.S.C. §1983 action in the Supreme Court for New York County against the city and state of New York and Governor George E. Pataki. Plaintiff alleged that Defendants' failure to increase compensation rates from 1986 levels for assigned indigent defense counsel in New ... [view]
15 Tesmer v. Granholm
00-10082 (E.D. Mich.)
Filed 2000 - Closed 2005
State of Michigan
State Attorney General and Three State Judges
Indigent Defense
PD-MI-0002
Coding Complete
In 1994, the Michigan State Constitution was amended to provide that a defendant who pled guilty would be allowed to appeal only by leave of court and not by right or as a matter of course. Following the amendment, some state judges engaged in the practice of denying the appointment of appellate counsel to indigent defendants who pled guilty. In ... [view]
16 Duncan v. State of Michigan
LC No. 07-000242-CZ (State Court)
Filed 02/22/2007 - Closed
State of Michigan
Indigent Defense
PD-MI-0003
Coding Complete
On February 22, 2007, eight indigent felony defendants filed a 42 U.S.C. §1983 lawsuit against the State of Michigan and its governor, Jennifer M. Granholm, in a Michigan state court, specifically, the Circuit Court for Ingham County, Michigan. The plaintiffs, represented by the American Civil Liberties Union of Michigan and private counsel, ... [view]
17 Thorpe v. State of Indiana
45C01-9507-CT-01339 (State Court)
Filed 1995 - Closed
no defendants on record
Indigent Defense
PD-IN-0001
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
18 Lavallee v. Justices in Hampden Superior Court
SJ-2004-0198,199 (State Court)
Filed 05/06/2004 - Closed 2004
Justices in the Hampden Superior Court
Indigent Defense
PD-MA-0001
Suffolk County
Coding Complete
On May 6, 2004, nineteen indigent criminal defendants with cases pending in Hampden County, Massachusetts, filed a lawsuit in the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, pursuant to state law, claiming that they didn't have attorneys due to a shortage of lawyers in the Hampden County bar advocates program. The shortage was caused by the low rate of ... [view]
19 Arianna S. v. Commonwealth of Massachusetts
SJ-2004-0282 (State Court)
Filed 06/28/2004 - Closed 2007
Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Indigent Defense
PD-MA-0002
Coding Complete
On June 28, 2004, indigent criminal defendants as well as minors involved in child welfare cases filed a lawsuit in the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court alleging that Massachusetts' system of indigent defense was unconstitutional due to the exceptionally low compensation rates of appointed counsel. Plaintiffs were represented by a private law ... [view]
20 Hurrell-Harring v. State of New York
8866-07 (State Court)
Filed 11/08/2007 - Case Ongoing
State of New York
Indigent Defense
PD-NY-0002
Coding Complete
On November 8, 2007, 20 named plaintiffs--criminal defendants with cases pending in New York state courts--filed this class action lawsuit in the Supreme Court of the State of New York in Albany County. The plaintiffs sued the State under 42 U.S.C. §1983 for violations of the Sixth and the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and ... [view]
21 Gadson v. Crawford
2008CV151884 (State Court)
Filed 2008 - Closed 2009
Mack Crawford
Georgia Public Defender Standards Council
Indigent Defense
PD-GA-0003
Coding Complete
On June 11, 2008 plaintiffs filed a class action complaint in the Superior Court for Fulton County, Georgia pursuant to state law and 42 U.S.C. §1983. Plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief to protect their rights as clients represented by Metro Conflict Defender Office to continued representation by counsel, access to judicial ... [view]
22 Lewis v. Hollenbach
08-CI-1094 (State Court)
Filed 06/30/2008 - Closed 2009
State of Kentucky
Department of the Treasury
Indigent Defense
PD-KY-0001
Coding Complete
On June 30, 2008, the plaintiffs, a group of public defenders and similarly interested organizations, filed a petition for declaratory judgment in the Franklin County Circuit Court for Kentucky's failure to provide sufficient funding to the public defender system. The plaintiffs alleged that the lack of funds would cause an insufficient number of ... [view]
23 State v. Peart
No. 346-331 (State Court)
Filed 1992 - Closed 1993
State of Louisiana
Indigent Defense
PD-LA-0003
Coding Complete
In 1992, Defendant was charged with various criminal offenses and brought a suit in the Criminal District Court, Parish of Orleans, pursuant to state law, for relief to provide constitutionally mandated protections and support. Defendant argues that the public defender system is overburdened adn that each attorney cannot effectively represent ... [view]
24 Kennedy v. Carlson
NA (State Court)
Filed 1992 - Closed 1996
Commissioner of Hennepin County
Indigent Defense
PD-MN-0001
Coding Complete
In April 1992, Plaintiff, the chief public defender for the Fourth Judicial District instituted a declaratory judgment action in the Hennepin County District Court pursuant to state law. Plaintiff alleged that the Minnesota statute establishing the funding system for the public defender's office does not provide sufficient funds for its operation ... [view]
25 Phillips v. State of California
15 CE CG 02201 (State Court)
Filed 07/14/2015 - Case Ongoing
State of California
Indigent Defense
PD-CA-0001
Coding Complete
On July 14, 2015, three residents of Fresno County, one of whom was a former indigent defendant, filed this lawsuit in Fresno County Superior Court. The plaintiffs sued the state of California and Fresno County under 42 §U.S.C 1983 and the California Penal Code 987, 1382, 859B. The plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU of Northern California asked ... [view]
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