University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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1 Cooksey v. Caddo Parish School Board
5:17-cv-00607 (W.D. La.)
Filed 05/05/2017 - Closed 2018
Caddo Parish School Board
School Desegregation
SD-LA-0049
Caddo Parish
Coding Complete
This case involved a challenge to Caddo Parish School Board's decision to merge two all-black high schools: Booker T. Washington and Fair Park. Cooksey marks one challenge in a long history of school desegregation litigation efforts in the Caddo Parish School District, captured in ... [view]
2 Cruz-Guzman v. Minnesota
(2015) (State Court)
Filed 11/05/2015 - Case Ongoing
State of Minnesota
School Desegregation
SD-MN-0002
Coding Complete
On November 5, 2015, seven families and a non-profit organization (One Family One Community) filed this class-action suit on behalf of students enrolled or to be enrolled in the Minneapolis and Saint Paul Public Schools against the State of Minnesota in the the ... [view]
3 Lyons-Felton v. Edenton-Chowan Board of Education
2:12-CV-00016-F (E.D.N.C.)
Filed 04/04/2012 - Closed 2013
Edenton-Chowan Schools
School Desegregation
SD-NC-0009
Chowan County
Coding Complete
On April 4, 2012, an African-American woman filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for Eastern District of North Carolina, under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq. against her employer, the Edenton-Chowan school district. The plaintiff, who filed the initial complaint as a pro se litigant and later obtained ... [view]
4 United States of America v. Tatum Independence School District
6:08-cv-00192-LED (E.D. Tex.)
Filed 2008 - Closed 2008
Tatum County Independent School District
Tatum County Independent School District
School Desegregation
SD-TX-0012
Tatum
Coding Complete
On September 10, 1969, the United States filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas against the Tatum County Independent School District. The U.S. sued under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The U.S. sought to fully desegregate the Tatum Independent School District which operated two campuses, Tatum ( ... [view]
5 U.S. v. Matthews
6:04-cv-00291-LED (E.D. Tex.)
Filed 2004 - Closed 2018
City of Longview
Longview Independent School District
School Desegregation
SD-TX-0008
Longview
Coding Complete
In 1962, a lawsuit was filed against the Longview Independent School District (LISD) in the the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. The suit later resulted in a 1970 desegregation order, which created attendance zones and provided for transportation of students to schools to achieve racial balancing as well as a ... [view]
6 Meredith, Custodial Parent and Next Friend of McDonald v. Jefferson County Bd. of Ed
3:02-cv-00620-JGH (W.D. Ky.)
Filed 2002 - Closed
Jefferson County Public Schools
School Desegregation
Education
SD-KY-0001
Jefferson County
Coding Complete
For twenty-five years, the Jefferson County Public Schools (JCPS) maintained an integrated school system in and near Louisville, Kentucky, under a 1975 federal court decree. After release from that decree, the JCPS elected to continue its integrated schools through a "managed choice plan" that included broad racial guidelines (the 2001 Plan) ... [view]
7 Johnson v. Champaign Community Schools
1:00-cv-01349-JBM-JAG (C.D. Ill.)
Filed 10/04/2000 - Closed 2012
Champaign County School District
Champaign County Unit School District #4
School Desegregation
SD-IL-0005
Champaign County
Coding Complete
On October 4, 2000, African American students of Champaign County Unit School District #4 filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court of the Central District of Illinois against the School District. The lawsuit, based on complaints of racial segregation in schools, arose under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 ("Title VI"), and other state and federal law ... [view]
8 Parents Involved In Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1
2:00-cv-01205-BJR (W.D. Wash.)
Filed 2000 - Closed 2009
Seattle School District No. 1
School Desegregation
Education
SD-WA-0001
Seattle
Coding Complete
In the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington, a nonprofit corporation formed by a group of parents whose children were not, or may not be, assigned to a high school of their choice under the Seattle school district's assignment plan (which used a racial integration tiebreaker, described below) filed a civil lawsuit on July 18, ... [view]
9 Grutter v. Bollinger
2:97-cv-75928 (E.D. Mich.)
Filed 1997 - Closed 2004
University of Michigan Law School
School Desegregation
Education
SD-MI-0002
Coding Complete
On Dec. 3, 1997, an applicant to the University of Michigan Law School brought this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the University of Michigan Law School. The plaintiff, represented by private counsel, claimed that, in denying her admission, the school discriminated ... [view]
10 Gratz v. Bollinger
2:97-cv-75231 (E.D. Mich.)
Filed 1997 - Closed 2007
University of Michigan
School Desegregation
Education
SD-MI-0003
Coding Complete
On Oct. 14, 1997, two applicants who had been denied admission to the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor brought this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the university. The plaintiffs, represented by public interest counsel, claimed that the university's admissions policy ... [view]
11 Congress of Hispanic Educators v. School District No. 1
1:95-cv-02313-RPM (D. Colo.)
Filed 06/12/1995 - Case Ongoing
Denver Public School System
School Desegregation
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Education
ED-CO-0001
Denver County
Coding Complete
In 1969, this lawsuit was brought in the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado seeking desegregation of the Denver Public Schools. The Congress of Hispanic Educators and individually named Mexican American parents of minor children attending the Denver Public Schools intervened in 1974. Keyes v. School District No. 1, 576 F. Supp. 1503 ( ... [view]
12 Ho v. San Francisco Unified School District
94-2418 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 1994 - Closed 2005
San Francisco Unified School District
School Desegregation
Education
SD-CA-0001
San Francisco
Coding Complete
By their parents and next friends, and represented by private counsel, three named children of Chinese ancestry brought an action in 1994 against the San Francisco Unified School District (the School District) and other local and state defendants. Seeking class action status for their 42 U.S.C. § 1983-based case, the plaintiffs sought ... [view]
13 People Who Care v. Rockford Board of Education
89 C 20168 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 05/11/1989 - Closed 2002
Rockford Board of Education
School Desegregation
Education
SD-IL-0001
Coding Complete
On May 11, 1989, black and Hispanic public school students from Winnebago County, Illinois filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the Rockford Board of Education in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The plaintiffs, represented by People Who Care, asked the court for declaratory and injunctive ... [view]
14 Sheff v. O'Neill
HHD-X07-CV89-4026240-S (State Court)
Filed 1989 - Case Ongoing
Governor of Connecticut
School Desegregation
Education
SD-CT-0002
Coding Complete
Background and Complaint In 1988, the Connecticut Education Commissioner published a report showing that school segregation by race was worsening in his state; 80 percent of the state’s minority students were concentrated within 14 of its 165 school districts. The problem was even more pronounced in Hartford where minority students made ... [view]
15 Knight v. Alabama
2:83-cv-01676 (N.D. Ala.)
Filed 1983 - Closed 2008
State of Alabama
School Desegregation
Education
SD-AL-0004
Coding Complete
This case record includes two originally separate, but then consolidated cases: The first was a class action filed in 1981, by plaintiffs--African-American students, alumni, faculty, and staff of state universities, along with now-Alabama state Senator John F. Knight--who sought injunctive and declaratory relief based on violations of the ... [view]
16 United States v. Yonkers
No. 80 Civ. 6761 (LBS) (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 12/01/1980 - Case Ongoing
City of Yonkers
Public Housing
School Desegregation
Education
SD-NY-0001
Yonkers
Coding Complete
This is a school and housing desegregation case in Yonkers, New York. The initial complaint was filed by the U.S. Department of Justice in 1980, and the Yonkers branch of the NAACP intervened in 1981 to make the case a class action. After 27 years, the parties settled in 2007, with Yonkers agreeing to build 800 units of public housing in ... [view]
17 United States v. Board of Education of City of Chicago
NO. 80 C 5124 (N.D. Ill.)
Filed 1980 - Closed
no defendants on record
School Desegregation
Education
SD-IL-0004
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
18 San Francisco NAACP v. San Francisco Unified School District
C-78 1445 WHA (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 1978 - Closed 2005
San Francisco Unified School District
School Desegregation
Education
SD-CA-0002
San Francisco
Coding Complete
In 1978, the San Francisco branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ("SFNAACP") and a group of black parents filed a class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. They charged the San Francisco Unified School District, its board members and its superintendent, the ... [view]
19 Jenkins v. Kansas City Missouri School District
No. 77-0420-CV-W-1 (W.D. Mo.)
Filed 1977 - Closed 2008
Kansas City Missouri School District
Kansas City Missouri School District
School Desegregation
Education
SD-MO-0004
Jackson County
Coding Complete
In 1977, the Kansas City, Missouri School District (KCMSD) and four members of the school board and their children (KCMSD students), brought this school desegregation lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the States of Kansas and Missouri, three federal agencies, and several suburban school districts in Kansas and Missouri. The Kansas-Missouri ... [view]
20 Roe v. Board of Directors of Seattle School District
No. 839530 (State Court)
Filed 1977 - Closed
no defendants on record
School Desegregation
SD-WA-0002
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
21 Wright v. Allen
No. 76-1426 (D.D.C.)
Filed 1976 - Closed
no defendants on record
School Desegregation
SD-DC-0004
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
22 U.S. v. Hinds County School District
No. 76-4436 (S.D. Miss.)
Filed 1976 - Closed
no defendants on record
School Desegregation
SD-MS-0032
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
23 United States v. Fordice
No. GC75–9–NB (N.D. Miss.)
Filed 1975 - Closed 2004
Governor of Mississippi, Kirk Fordice
Governor of Mississippi
School Desegregation
Education
SD-MS-0004
Coding Complete
This is a school desegregation case originating in Mississippi and concerning the desegregation process of the Mississippi public university system. This summary is based on information from historical sources and judicial opinions. After the integration mandate of Brown v. Board of Education, Mississippi maintained its dual education ... [view]
24 Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission v. School District of Philadelphia
1056 CD 1973 (State Court)
Filed 1973 - Case Ongoing
School District of Philadelphia
School Desegregation
Education
SD-PA-0001
Philadelphia
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
25 USA v. School District of Omaha
Civ. No. 73-0-320 (D. Neb.)
Filed 1973 - Closed
no defendants on record
School Desegregation
SD-NE-0001
Coding In Process
Summary not yet on record [view]
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