University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
Title "Ending Sex and Race Discrimination in the Workplace: Legal Interventions That Push the Envelope"
Date Mar 1, 2011
Author Ariane Hegewisch, Cynthia Deitch, Evelyn Murphy
Author Institution Institute for Women's Policy Research & The Wage Project
Author Role Faculty
External Link http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/ending-sex-and-race-discrimination-in-theworkplace-l...
Abstract Race and sex discrimination in employment, covering recruitment, pay and compensation, training and promotion, was made illegal by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Successful employment discrimination lawsuits may result in individual relief, such as monetary compensation for individual victims of discrimination and injunctive relief, such as changes to the employer’s human resource management policies and practices aimed at creating a workplace free of discrimination for all workers. Very few employment discrimination lawsuits, however, actually result in injunctive relief. Those that include injunctive relief most commonly are court-supervised pre-trial settlements called consent decrees.

This report draws on the IWPR/WAGE Consent Decree Database to analyze the injunctive relief awarded in 502 sex and/or race discrimination settlements that became effective between 2000 and 2008. We find that some consent decrees provide innovative and far-reaching remedies to counter previous sources of inequality, whereas others require little more than posting notices and conducting diversity awareness training. The Database includes a sample of U.S. Equal Employment Opportunities Commission (EEOC) consent decrees, and all publicly accessible U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and privately litigated class-action consent decrees. In addition, the report examines detailed case studies to show how injunctive relief was negotiated and implemented in particularly innovative consent decrees.

All the cases are also incorporated into the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse, which assisted in generating the consent decree sample, and hosts the legal documents for the consent decrees examined in this research.
Source Institute for Women's Policy Research
Citation (Institute for Women's Policy Research, March 2011)


This Resource Relates To
case Neal v. Director, DC Department of Corrections (EE-DC-0061)
case Kosen v. American Express Financial Advisors, Inc. (EE-DC-0062)
case EEOC v. AUSTIN J. DECOSTER (d/b/a DECOSTER FARMS OF IA) and IOWA AG LLC (EE-IA-0003)
case EEOC v. DIAL CORPORATION (EE-IL-0075)
case EEOC v. Mitsubishi Motor Manufacturing of America, Inc (EE-IL-0259)
case United States of America v. Prince George's County, Maryland (EE-MD-0134)
case Beck v. Boeing Company (EE-WA-0113)

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