University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name Tikalski v. City of Chicago JC-IL-0012
Docket / Court 78 C 3260 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Special Collection Strip Search Cases
Case Summary
Three women who had been subjected to strip and cavity searches in accordance with a blanket policy to strip search all female arrestees regardless of the charges or the likelihood that they are concealing contraband were part of a class action to challenge the constitutionality of the policy, ... read more >
Three women who had been subjected to strip and cavity searches in accordance with a blanket policy to strip search all female arrestees regardless of the charges or the likelihood that they are concealing contraband were part of a class action to challenge the constitutionality of the policy, filed on March 1, 1979. Jane Does v. City of Chicago, No. 79 C 789 (N.D. Ill. Jan. 12, 1982) That case resulted in a settlement in which the City of Chicago was permanently enjoined from instituting strip searches or body cavity searches on women and not on similarly situated men and from performing strip searches of any person charged with a traffic, regulatory, or misdemeanor offense unless police reasonably believed that the arrestee was concealing weapons or contraband.

The three women were selected by the parties as typical cases to separate out for trial on the issue of damages. Jury trials were held and the women were awarded damages in the amounts of $25,000 and $60,000.

The City appealed, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit upheld the awards and the finding that the policy was unconstitutional.

Denise Heberle - 03/20/2012


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
General
Strip search policy
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) City of Chicago
Plaintiff Description Four women who were arrested for misdemeanor offenses and were strip searched by matrons while awaiting arrival of bond money.
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Unknown
Nature of Relief Damages
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 1983 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1984
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing JC-IL-0011 : Jane Does v. City of Chicago (N.D. Ill.)
JC-IL-0018 : Hoffman v. City of Chicago (N.D. Ill.)
Additional Resources
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Links Jail Strip-Search Cases: Patterns and Participants
http://law.duke.edu/journals/lcp
Written: Apr. 01, 2008
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University in St. Louis)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Bravo v. Board of Commissioners of Dona Ana County
http://www.bazelon.org/
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Opinion [USCA] (687 F.2d 175)
JC-IL-0012-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/02/1982
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion [USCA] (723 F.2d 1263)
JC-IL-0012-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/29/1983
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (585 F.Supp. 813) (N.D. Ill.)
JC-IL-0012-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/06/1984
Source: Google Scholar
Judges Aspen, Marvin E. Court not on record
JC-IL-0012-0002
Bauer, William Joseph Court not on record
JC-IL-0012-0003
Cudahy, Richard Dickson Court not on record
JC-IL-0012-0001
Cummings, Walter Joseph Court not on record
JC-IL-0012-0001
Gibson, Floyd Robert Court not on record
JC-IL-0012-0001
Neaher, Edward Raymond Court not on record
JC-IL-0012-0003
Wood, Diane Pamela Court not on record
JC-IL-0012-0003
Plaintiff's Lawyers Clayton, Fay (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Luecke, Mary Rita (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0001
Stein, Edward T. (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0002 | JC-IL-0012-0003
Taylor, G. Flint (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Defendant's Lawyers Montgomery, James D. (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Rochford, Mary K. (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Siegan, Jerome A (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0001 | JC-IL-0012-0003

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