University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name U.S. v. Wyandotte County JC-KS-0001
Docket / Court KC-3163 ( D. Kan. )
State/Territory Kansas
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
The Attorney General of the United States filed a lawsuit on June 5, 1970, under Sections 301(a) and (b) of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000b, in the United States District Court for the District of Kansas. The Attorney General was seeking an injunction against the Wyandotte County ... read more >
The Attorney General of the United States filed a lawsuit on June 5, 1970, under Sections 301(a) and (b) of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000b, in the United States District Court for the District of Kansas. The Attorney General was seeking an injunction against the Wyandotte County Jail regarding an alleged policy of racial segregation within the jail. On May 9, 1972, the district court (Chief Judge Wesley E. Brown) found that there was segregation within the jail but dismissed the complaint and denied relief because it found that the segregation was not intentional and was part of an effort to protect inmates. United States v. Wyandotte County, 343 F.Supp. 1189 (D. Kan. 1972). On appeal, the Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit (per curiam) reversed and remanded for further proceedings because conditions in the jail did not warrant segregation. United States v. Wyandotte County, 480 F.2d 969 (10th Cir. 1973). The court stated that segregation is permissible for the protection of inmates in situations of unusual stress but that the record in this case did not justify segregation in Wyandotte County. The case was remanded for further proceedings.

On January 29, 1974, Judge Brown ordered the defendants permanently enjoined from discriminating against any prisoner in the operation of the Wyandotte County Jail or any other penal facility. He ordered the defendants to implement a standard system of prisoner classification not related to race, religion, or national origin and required defendants to submit a report to the court within thirty days of the complete desegregation of the Wyandotte County Jail. The court retained jurisdiction of the case.

Angela Heverling - 04/10/2006

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Race discrimination
Racial segregation
Defendant(s) Wyandotte County Jail
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 1974 - n/a
Filing Year 1970
Case Ongoing No
KC-3163 (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/01/1997
General Documents
Resolution of the Ad Hoc Committee of Citizens for the Improvement of the County Jail
JC-KS-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/16/1968
Proposed Title III Litigation Against Wyandotte County, Kansas Regarding the Segregated Wyandotte County Jail
JC-KS-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/24/1970
JC-KS-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/05/1970
Correspondence to Attorney General
JC-KS-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/25/1970
Legal Memo on Caselaw Relative to Prisoners' Rights
JC-KS-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/15/1970
JC-KS-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/16/1970
JC-KS-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/27/1970
DOJ File Memorandum
JC-KS-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/26/1971
LEAA Assistance with Respect to Pending Suit Against Wyandotte County, Kansas, Jail
JC-KS-0001-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/12/1971
Pre-Trial Memorandum of the United States
JC-KS-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/30/1971
Correspondence re: U.S. v. Wyandotte County
JC-KS-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/19/1971
Memo re: U.S. v. Wyandotte County
JC-KS-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/11/1971
Request to Testify
JC-KS-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/01/1971
Pre-Trial Order (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/14/1971
Correspondence re: U.S. v. Wyandotte County
JC-KS-0001-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/30/1971
Memorandum for the Attorney General Re: U.S. v. Wyandotte County
JC-KS-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/22/1971
Appearance as Witness
JC-KS-0001-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/27/1971
Report of Steven H. Heubeck
JC-KS-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/30/1971
FBI Memo re: U.S. v. Wyandotte County
JC-KS-0001-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/02/1971
Letter from Howard Birrell
JC-KS-0001-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/01/1972
Re: Letter from Howard M. Birrell
JC-KS-0001-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/02/1972
Memorandum Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law (343 F.Supp. 1189) (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0028.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/09/1972
Source: Google Scholar
FBI Report of Harold E. Duncan
JC-KS-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/10/1972
Memorandum for the Solicitor General
JC-KS-0001-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/05/1972
Opinion (480 F.2d 969)
JC-KS-0001-0027.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/21/1973
Source: Google Scholar
Proposed Order (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/29/1973
Opinion [denying petition for writ of certiorari] (414 U.S. 1068)
JC-KS-0001-0029.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/03/1973
Source: Westlaw
Final Order (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/29/1974
Judgment on Decision by the Court (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/29/1974
Judges Barrett, James Emmett (FISCR, Tenth Circuit)
Brown, Wesley Ernest (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0025 | JC-KS-0001-0026 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Lewis, David Thomas (Tenth Circuit)
Smith, Talbot (E.D. Mich.)
Theis, Frank Gordon (D. Kan.)
Monitors/Masters Duncan, Harold E. (Oklahoma)
Heubeck, Steven H. (Kansas)
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bourne, Richard W. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0003 | JC-KS-0001-0008 | JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0016 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Jones, Gerald W. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0002 | JC-KS-0001-0003 | JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0014 | JC-KS-0001-0016 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Leonard, Jerris (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0002 | JC-KS-0001-0003 | JC-KS-0001-0009 | JC-KS-0001-0015 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Mitchell, John N. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0003 | JC-KS-0001-0005 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Norman, David L. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0010 | JC-KS-0001-0013 | JC-KS-0001-0014 | JC-KS-0001-0021 | JC-KS-0001-0023
Queen, Jesse H. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0024 | JC-KS-0001-0025 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Roth, Robert J. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0003 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Turner, James P. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0004 | JC-KS-0001-0006 | JC-KS-0001-0007 | JC-KS-0001-0009 | JC-KS-0001-0011 | JC-KS-0001-0015 | JC-KS-0001-0027
Weinberg, Barry H. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0004 | JC-KS-0001-0006
Defendant's Lawyers Foster, Robert J. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0027 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Joyce, Thomas E. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Mahoney, J. W. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Menghini, Frank D. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0014 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Tomasic, Nick A. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0025 | JC-KS-0001-0027 | JC-KS-0001-9000

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