University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name U.S. v. Wyandotte County JC-KS-0001
Docket / Court KC-3163 ( D. Kan. )
State/Territory Kansas
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
The Attorney General of the United States filed a lawsuit on June 5, 1970, under Sections 301(a) and (b) of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000b, in the United States District Court for the District of Kansas. The Attorney General was seeking an injunction against the Wyandotte County ... read more >
The Attorney General of the United States filed a lawsuit on June 5, 1970, under Sections 301(a) and (b) of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000b, in the United States District Court for the District of Kansas. The Attorney General was seeking an injunction against the Wyandotte County Jail regarding an alleged policy of racial segregation within the jail. On May 9, 1972, the district court (Chief Judge Wesley E. Brown) found that there was segregation within the jail but dismissed the complaint and denied relief because it found that the segregation was not intentional and was part of an effort to protect inmates. United States v. Wyandotte County, 343 F.Supp. 1189 (D. Kan. 1972). On appeal, the Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit (per curiam) reversed and remanded for further proceedings because conditions in the jail did not warrant segregation. United States v. Wyandotte County, 480 F.2d 969 (10th Cir. 1973). The court stated that segregation is permissible for the protection of inmates in situations of unusual stress but that the record in this case did not justify segregation in Wyandotte County. The case was remanded for further proceedings.

On January 29, 1974, Judge Brown ordered the defendants permanently enjoined from discriminating against any prisoner in the operation of the Wyandotte County Jail or any other penal facility. He ordered the defendants to implement a standard system of prisoner classification not related to race, religion, or national origin and required defendants to submit a report to the court within thirty days of the complete desegregation of the Wyandotte County Jail. The court retained jurisdiction of the case.

Angela Heverling - 04/10/2006

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Race discrimination
Racial segregation
Causes of Action None on record
Defendant(s) Wyandotte County Jail
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1974 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
KC-3163 (D. Kan.) 08/01/1997
JC-KS-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
General Documents
Resolution of the Ad Hoc Committee of Citizens for the Improvement of the County Jail 10/16/1968
JC-KS-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Proposed Title III Litigation Against Wyandotte County, Kansas Regarding the Segregated Wyandotte County Jail 04/24/1970
JC-KS-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Complaint 06/05/1970
JC-KS-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Correspondence to Attorney General 06/25/1970
JC-KS-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Legal Memo on Caselaw Relative to Prisoners' Rights 07/15/1970
JC-KS-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Correspondence 07/16/1970
JC-KS-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Correspondence 11/27/1970
JC-KS-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
DOJ File Memorandum 02/26/1971
JC-KS-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
LEAA Assistance with Respect to Pending Suit Against Wyandotte County, Kansas, Jail 04/12/1971
JC-KS-0001-0009.pdf | Detail
Pre-Trial Memorandum of the United States 04/30/1971
JC-KS-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Correspondence re: U.S. v. Wyandotte County 05/19/1971
JC-KS-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Memo re: U.S. v. Wyandotte County 06/11/1971
JC-KS-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Request to Testify 07/01/1971
JC-KS-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Pre-Trial Order 07/14/1971 (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Correspondence re: U.S. v. Wyandotte County 09/30/1971
JC-KS-0001-0013.pdf | Detail
Memorandum for the Attorney General Re: U.S. v. Wyandotte County 10/22/1971
JC-KS-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Appearance as Witness 10/27/1971
JC-KS-0001-0017.pdf | Detail
Report of Steven H. Heubeck 10/30/1971
JC-KS-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
FBI Memo re: U.S. v. Wyandotte County 11/02/1971
JC-KS-0001-0019.pdf | Detail
Letter from Howard Birrell 01/01/1972
JC-KS-0001-0020.pdf | Detail
Re: Letter from Howard M. Birrell 03/02/1972
JC-KS-0001-0021.pdf | Detail
Memorandum Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law 05/09/1972 (343 F.Supp. 1189) (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0028.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
FBI Report of Harold E. Duncan 05/10/1972
JC-KS-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
Memorandum for the Solicitor General 07/05/1972
JC-KS-0001-0023.pdf | Detail
Opinion 06/21/1973 (480 F.2d 969)
JC-KS-0001-0027.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Proposed Order 10/29/1973 (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
Opinion [denying petition for writ of certiorari] 12/03/1973 (414 U.S. 1068)
JC-KS-0001-0029.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Final Order 01/29/1974 (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
Judgment on Decision by the Court 01/29/1974 (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
Judges Barrett, James Emmett (FISCR, Tenth Circuit)
Brown, Wesley Ernest (D. Kan.)
JC-KS-0001-0025 | JC-KS-0001-0026 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Lewis, David Thomas (Tenth Circuit)
Smith, Talbot (E.D. Mich.)
Theis, Frank Gordon (D. Kan.)
Monitors/Masters Duncan, Harold E. (Oklahoma)
Heubeck, Steven H. (Kansas)
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bourne, Richard W. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0003 | JC-KS-0001-0008 | JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0016 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Jones, Gerald W. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0002 | JC-KS-0001-0003 | JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0014 | JC-KS-0001-0016 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Leonard, Jerris (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0002 | JC-KS-0001-0003 | JC-KS-0001-0009 | JC-KS-0001-0015 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Mitchell, John N. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0003 | JC-KS-0001-0005 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Norman, David L. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0010 | JC-KS-0001-0013 | JC-KS-0001-0014 | JC-KS-0001-0021 | JC-KS-0001-0023
Queen, Jesse H. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0024 | JC-KS-0001-0025 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Roth, Robert J. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0003 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Turner, James P. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0004 | JC-KS-0001-0006 | JC-KS-0001-0007 | JC-KS-0001-0009 | JC-KS-0001-0011 | JC-KS-0001-0015 | JC-KS-0001-0027
Weinberg, Barry H. (District of Columbia)
JC-KS-0001-0004 | JC-KS-0001-0006
Defendant's Lawyers Foster, Robert J. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0027 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Joyce, Thomas E. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Mahoney, J. W. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Menghini, Frank D. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0012 | JC-KS-0001-0014 | JC-KS-0001-0028 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Tomasic, Nick A. (Kansas)
JC-KS-0001-0025 | JC-KS-0001-0027 | JC-KS-0001-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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