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Case Name Cuban American Bar Ass'n., Inc. v. Christopher IM-FL-0003
Docket / Court 94-2183-CV-CCA ( S.D. Fla. )
State/Territory Florida
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Case Summary
On October 23, 1994, the Cuban American Bar Association, Inc., Cuban Legal Alliance, Inc., and Due Process, Inc. and several Cuban detainees being held at the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay under a grant of safe haven, filed a class action complaint the United States District Court for the ... read more >
On October 23, 1994, the Cuban American Bar Association, Inc., Cuban Legal Alliance, Inc., and Due Process, Inc. and several Cuban detainees being held at the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay under a grant of safe haven, filed a class action complaint the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida, challenging the detainees' denial of access to attorneys. Plaintiff sought an injunction to prevent the government from denying Cuban rights organizations reasonable access to their Guantanamo Bay clients and from "encouraging or coercing, directly or indirectly, the repatriation to Cuba of, and repatriating, any [Cuban migrant] currently being detained by the United States Government."

The Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. filed a similar lawsuit on behalf of Haitians detained at Guantanamo Bay under a grant of safe haven. Both cases were assigned to District Court Judge C. Clyde Atkins.

The District Court (Judge Atkins) entered a series of preliminary injunctions, granting attorneys for Cuban and Haitian migrants access to their clients and setting limitations on other government activity. The Court also required the government to release names of all detained migrants to the humanitarian organizational plaintiffs. The government appealed and the cases were consolidated by the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals.

The Court of Appeals (Judge Birch) dissolved the preliminary injunctions issued by the District Court and remanded the cases. The Court held that the Cuban and Haitian migrants that were detained in safe haven outside of the physical borders of the United States did not have any cognizable statutory or constitutional rights and that the plaintiff humanitarian organizations did not have a First Amendment right to associate with the detainees. Cuban American Bar Ass'n, Inc. v. Christopher, 43 F.3d 1412 (11th Cir. 1995).

Dan Dalton - 11/13/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Conditions of confinement
Immigration/Border
Asylum - criteria
Asylum - procedure
Constitutional rights
Immigration lawyers
Refugees
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Ex Parte Young (Federal) or Bivens
Defendant(s) Immigration and Naturalization Service
U.S. Department of Justice
Plaintiff Description Cuban and Haitian refugees detained at the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay under a grant of safe haven.
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Unknown
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Source of Relief Litigation
Filing Year 1994
Case Closing Year 1995
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Opinion (43 F.3d 1412)
IM-FL-0003-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/18/1995
Source: Google Scholar
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Judges Birch, Stanley F. Jr. (Eleventh Circuit) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Carnes, Edward Earl (Eleventh Circuit) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Kravitch, Phyllis A. (Fifth Circuit, Eleventh Circuit) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Baruch, Douglas W. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Boyer, Robert L. (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Castillo, Carlos B. (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Dorta, Martias (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Garcia-Pedrosa, Jose (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Jimenez, Marcos Daniel (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Juceam, Robert E. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Kadre, Manuel (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Koh, Harold H. (Connecticut) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Kurzban, Ira J. (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Levin, Oscar (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Martinez, Roberto (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Ochoa, Leopold (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Scherker, Elliot H. (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Tetzeil, Helena (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Kanter, William (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Kessler, Elizabeth A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Kneedler, Edwin S. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Loeb, Robert Mark (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Mollin, Alfred (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Raab, Michael S. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Singer, Michael Jay (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Other Lawyers Coradin, Ahpaly J. G. (New York) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Guttentag, Lucas (New York) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Mariner, Joanne (New York) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
McNary, Gene (Missouri) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Rees, Grover Joseph (Louisiana) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001
Vasquez, Carlos Manuel (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-FL-0003-0001

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