University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Gray v. City of Valley Park IM-MO-0002
Docket / Court 4:07-cv-00881-ERW ( E.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Attorney Organization ACLU Immigrants' Rights Project
MALDEF
Case Summary
This lawsuit was filed in state court in March 2007 by a landlord in Valley Park, Missouri, to challenge the City's anti-immigration ordinances, which reached both housing and employment issues. The plaintiff was one of several parties to an earlier case, in which the court had ruled prior ... read more >
This lawsuit was filed in state court in March 2007 by a landlord in Valley Park, Missouri, to challenge the City's anti-immigration ordinances, which reached both housing and employment issues. The plaintiff was one of several parties to an earlier case, in which the court had ruled prior versions of the ordinances unlawful under state law. Reynolds v. City of Valley Park, IM-MO-1. The City then passed amended versions, which are the subject of this lawsuit, and also of a new iteration of the Reynolds case ("Reynolds II"). In Reynolds II, the plaintiffs won a temporary restraining order in April, which was then continued by consent of the parties until final resolution. See IM-MO-1 for more details on the ordinances and both Reynolds litigations.

The plaintiff in this case filed a petition for a preliminary injunction, and the case was then removed by defendants to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, before Judge E. Richard Webber.

In July 2007, the City repealed the immigration-related components of the housing ordinance. Accordingly, on August 9, 2007, the parties in this case agreed to dismiss the housing-related causes of action. The employment matters remained in issue; the plaintiffs argued that the employment ordinance was inoperative, because its enacting language stated that it came into effect only on the end of the injunction in Reynolds v. Valley Park, and that injunction had become permanent. After the filing of the dismissal, the City enacted legislation which made the employment ordinance effective immediately. Plaintiffs filed a motion seeking a declaration that the employment ordinance was invalid and unenforceable and moved to amend their complaint. Both parties then filed cross-motions for summary judgment.

On October 5, 2007, Judge Webber issued an order granting plaintiffs leave to take nine additional discovery depositions. Plaintiff's request to depose the City Attorney was, however, denied. The depositions were completed on October 19, 2007, and the parties supplemented their summary judgment briefs to address the additional factual information gleamed from the depositions.

On January 31, 2008, Judge Webber issued his Memorandum and Order in which he held that the Ordinance at issue was not preempted by federal law, nor did plaintiffs prove that the Ordinance violated equal protection, due process or Missouri state law. Accordingly, the Court denied plaintiffs' request for injunctive relief and entered judgment in favor of the City.

Following plaintiff's appeal, the U.S. Court of Appeals, 8th Circuit, affirmed the lower court's order on June 5, 2009. At the time this summary was written, there have been no further appeals.

Elizabeth Daligga - 07/16/2012


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Constitutional Clause
Federalism (including 10th Amendment)
Immigration/Border
Constitutional rights
Local / state enforcement of immigration laws (duplicate)
Undocumented immigrants - state and local regulation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action State law
Defendant(s) City of Valley Park
Plaintiff Description Landlord/owner of rental property in Valley Park, Missouri.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Immigrants' Rights Project
MALDEF
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted Not sought
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Filed 04/12/2007
Case Closing Year 2009
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing IM-MO-0001 : Reynolds v. City of Valley Park, Missouri (E.D. Mo.)
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Gray v. City of Valley Park, Missouri
Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund
Date: Mar. 13, 2007
By: MALDEF
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
E.D. Mo.
10/05/2007
4:07-cv-00881-ERW
IM-MO-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
E.D. Mo.
03/14/2007
Petition for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief
IM-MO-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
State Trial Court
04/12/2007
Amended Petition for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief
IM-MO-0002-0002.pdf | Detail
State Trial Court
04/19/2007
Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction
IM-MO-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
06/01/2007
Memorandum in Response to Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 29]
IM-MO-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
06/14/2007
Motion for an Order Consolidating Trial on the Merits with Hearing on Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 38]
IM-MO-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
06/14/2007
Reply Memorandum In Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 40-1]
IM-MO-0002-0006.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
08/08/2007
Memorandum and Order [ECF# 49] (2007 WL 2303952)
IM-MO-0002-0007.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
not recorded
08/09/2007
Ordinance 1736: An Ordinance Amending Ordinance 1722
IM-MO-0002-0011.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
08/09/2007
Plaintiffs’ Motion and Supporting Memorandum for a Declaration that Valley Park Ordinance No. 1722 is Inoperative [ECF# 50]
IM-MO-0002-0008.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
08/09/2007
Stipulation of Partial Voluntary Dismissal under Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1) [ECF# 51]
IM-MO-0002-0009.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
08/09/2007
Stipulation of Partial Voluntary Dismissal Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(a)(1) [ECF# 58]
IM-MO-0002-0012.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
08/10/2007
Summary Judgment papers (Motion, Memo, Exhibits, Statement) [ECF# 53]
IM-MO-0002-0010.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
08/20/2007
Plainitiffs' Reply Memorandum in Support of Motion for Declaration that Valley Park Ordinance No. 1722 is Inoperative [ECF# 64]
IM-MO-0002-0013.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
08/21/2007
Plaintiffs’ Amended Reply Memorandum in Support Of Motion for Declaration that Valley Park Ordinance No. 1722 is Inoperative [ECF# 66]
IM-MO-0002-0014.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
08/27/2007
Plaintiffs’ Memorandum in Support of Motion for Leave to File Second Amended Complaint [ECF# 72]
IM-MO-0002-0015.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
08/29/2007
Plaintiffs’ Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF# 73]
IM-MO-0002-0017.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
08/29/2007
Memorandum in Support of Plaintiffs’ Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF# 74]
IM-MO-0002-0019.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
08/29/2007
Plaintiffs’ Statement of Uncontroverted Material Facts [ECF# 75]
IM-MO-0002-0018.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
09/04/2007
Second Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 78]
IM-MO-0002-0016.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
09/06/2007
Memorandum in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF# 79-1]
IM-MO-0002-0020.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
09/06/2007
Defendant's Statement of Controverted Material Facts [ECF# 80]
IM-MO-0002-0021.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
09/13/2007
Plaintiffs' Response Memorandum in Opposition to Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF# 83]
IM-MO-0002-0023.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
09/27/2007
Reply Memorandum in Support of Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF# 101-1]
IM-MO-0002-0022.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
09/27/2007
Reply Memorandum in Support of Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF# 101-1]
IM-MO-0002-0025.pdf | Detail
E.D. Mo.
10/05/2007
Memorandum and Order [ECF# 110]
IM-MO-0002-0024.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
10/26/2007
Plaintiffs’ Supplemental Memorandum In Opposition To Defendant’s Motion For Summary Judgment [ECF# 115]
IM-MO-0002-0026.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
10/26/2007
Defendant’s Supplemental Memorandum On The Pending Motions For Summary Judgment Reflecting Depositions Of The Mayor And Board Of Aldermen Of Valley Park, Missouri [ECF# 116]
IM-MO-0002-0027.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
State Trial Court
11/19/2007
An Ordinance Amending the Effective Date of Ordinance No. 1736 [ECF# 125]
IM-MO-0002-0028.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Mo.
01/31/2008
Memorandum and Order [ECF# 129] (2008 WL 294294)
IM-MO-0002-0029.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
06/05/2009
[Opinion] (567 F.3d 976)
IM-MO-0002-0030.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: U.S. Court of Appeals website
show all people docs
Judges Arnold, Morris Sheppard (W.D. Ark., Eighth Circuit) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0030
Beam, Clarence Arlen (D. Neb., Eighth Circuit) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0030
Loken, James B. (Eighth Circuit) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0030
Webber, E. Richard (E.D. Mo.) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0007 | IM-MO-0002-0012 | IM-MO-0002-0024 | IM-MO-0002-0029 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bermudez, Fernando (Missouri) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0001 | IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Chang, Jennifer (California) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Fuentes, Gabriel A. (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Gelernt, Lee (New York) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0001
Hurtado, Daniel J. (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0009 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0012 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Jadwat, Omar C. (New York) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0001 | IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Meza, Ricardo (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0001 | IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Nagda, Jennifer (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0001 | IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Rothert, Anthony [Tony] E. (Missouri) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0001 | IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Hethmon, Michael M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0025 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Kobach, Kris W. (Missouri) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0009 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0012 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0025 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Martin, Eric M. (Missouri) show/hide docs
IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0025 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -