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Case Name Duran v. Martinez PC-NM-0001
Docket / Court 1:77-cv-00721 ( D.N.M. )
State/Territory New Mexico
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Attorney Organization ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU National Prison Project
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Affected Gender
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Freedom of speech/association
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
Crowding / caseload
Post-PLRA Population Cap
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Administrative segregation
Assault/abuse by residents/inmates/students
Classification / placement
Disciplinary procedures
Disciplinary segregation
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Library (non-law) access
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Totality of conditions
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) State Correctional Facilities
Plaintiff Description Inmates of the Penitentiary of New Mexico
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU National Prison Project
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se Unknown
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1979 - n/a
Filing Year 1977
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
Date: May 2006
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University Faculty)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  The Duran Consent Decree: Analysis of Judicial Intervention on the State of New Mexico
Date: 1999
By: Judith Ann Driscoll (University of New Mexico Student)
Citation: (1999) (unpublished Masters thesis, University of New Mexico)
[ Detail ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
Date: Jan. 1, 1998
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

77-cv-721 (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/19/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Termination Plan-Part I & II
PC-NM-0001-0046.pdf | Detail
First Amended Complaint
PC-NM-0001-0059.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/06/1978
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/18/1979
Consent Decree (Agreement; Joint Request; Order)
PC-NM-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/18/1979
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/21/1979
Joint Request for Partial Consent Decree
PC-NM-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/07/1979
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/07/1979
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/14/1980
PC-NM-0001-0050.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/14/1980
PC-NM-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/01/1983
Order of Reference (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/03/1983
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/15/1984
Stipulation Concerning Closing of Dormitories at the Penitentiary of New Mexico
PC-NM-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/20/1984
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/20/1984
Correspondence re: Proposed Modification of Maximum Security Policy Statement
PC-NM-0001-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/26/1985
Motion to Modify the Inmate Discipline Policy Statement of the Consent Decree
PC-NM-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/27/1985
Memorandum in Support of Defendants' Motion to Modify the Maximum Security Policy Statement of the Consent Decree (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/11/1985
Defendants' Motion to Modify the Maximum Security Policy Statement of the Consent Decree
PC-NM-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/11/1985
Memorandum Opinion (642 F.Supp. 510) (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0053.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/27/1986
Source: Google Scholar
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/03/1986
Reported Opinion (678 F.Supp. 839) (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0052.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/11/1988
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0058.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/11/1988
Memorandum Decision (486 U.S. 1046)
PC-NM-0001-0056.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/06/1988
Source: Westlaw
Appendix to Petition for a Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit
PC-NM-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/15/1989
Reported Opinion (885 F.2d 1485)
PC-NM-0001-0051.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/15/1989
Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion (885 F.2d 1492)
PC-NM-0001-0054.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/15/1989
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Decision (493 U.S. 1056)
PC-NM-0001-0055.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/22/1990
Source: Westlaw
Settlement Agreement
PC-NM-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/10/1991
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/19/1991
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/20/1991
Stipulation Between the Parties
PC-NM-0001-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/29/1993
Order to Vacate Modified Decree at Central, Western and Southern New Mexico Correctional Facilities (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/29/1993
Stipulation Regarding Fire Safety
PC-NM-0001-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/16/1993
Order Approving Stipulation and Approving Employment of Expert (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/16/1993
Order to Vacate Modified Decree, as to Inmate Activity, at the Central New Mexico Correctional Facility (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0031.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/21/1993
First Stipulation on Inmate Activity
PC-NM-0001-0033.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/24/1994
Order Approving First Stipulation on Inmate Activity (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/25/1994
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0035.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/02/1994
Second Stipulation on Inmate Activity
PC-NM-0001-0036.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/11/1994
Stipulation as to Penitentiary of New Mexico
PC-NM-0001-0037.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/02/1995
Unopposed Order Approving Stipulation and Dismissing Plaintiffs' Motion to Dismiss Motion for a Show Cause Order and for Further Remedial Orders (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0038.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/14/1995
Motion for Temporary Restraining Order
PC-NM-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/29/1996
Memorandum in Support of Plaintiff's Request for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction.
PC-NM-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/29/1996
PC-NM-0001-0045.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/29/1996
Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0041.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/31/1996
Amended Stipulation
PC-NM-0001-0042.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/11/1997
Order Approving Amended Stipulation and Suggesting Modification of Three-Judge Court's April 3, 1997 Order (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0043.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/11/1997
Settlement Agreement [ECF# 2769]
PC-NM-0001-0057.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/31/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 2819] (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0060.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/17/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Burciaga, Juan Guerrero (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0008 | PC-NM-0001-0009 | PC-NM-0001-0010 | PC-NM-0001-0012 | PC-NM-0001-0018 | PC-NM-0001-0025 | PC-NM-0001-0026 | PC-NM-0001-0028 | PC-NM-0001-0030 | PC-NM-0001-0031 | PC-NM-0001-0033 | PC-NM-0001-0034 | PC-NM-0001-0035 | PC-NM-0001-0038 | PC-NM-0001-0052 | PC-NM-0001-0053 | PC-NM-0001-0058
Campos, Santiago E. (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0002 | PC-NM-0001-0004 | PC-NM-0001-0006 | PC-NM-0001-0007 | PC-NM-0001-0024 | PC-NM-0001-0050
Conway, John Edwards (FISC, D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0041 | PC-NM-0001-0043
Gonzales, Kenneth John (D.N.M.)
PC-NM-0001-0057 | PC-NM-0001-0060 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Khalsa, Kirtan K Court not on record [Magistrate]
McWilliams, Robert Hugh Jr. (Tenth Circuit)
PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0054
Monitors/Masters Nathan, Vincent M. (Ohio)
PC-NM-0001-0039 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Alexander, Elizabeth R. (District of Columbia)
PC-NM-0001-0024 | PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0052 | PC-NM-0001-0054 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Bailey, Rothstein (New Mexico)
Bronstein, Alvin J. (District of Columbia)
PC-NM-0001-0024 | PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0052 | PC-NM-0001-0054 | PC-NM-0001-0059 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Cubra, Peter (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0024 | PC-NM-0001-0057 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Davis, Nicholas T. (New Mexico)
Davis, Philip B. (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0054 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Deaton, William W. Jr. (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0011 | PC-NM-0001-0012 | PC-NM-0001-0013
Donatelli, Mark H. (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0024 | PC-NM-0001-0027 | PC-NM-0001-0029 | PC-NM-0001-0033 | PC-NM-0001-0034 | PC-NM-0001-0036 | PC-NM-0001-0037 | PC-NM-0001-0039 | PC-NM-0001-0040 | PC-NM-0001-0042 | PC-NM-0001-0045 | PC-NM-0001-0046 | PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0052 | PC-NM-0001-0057 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Fathi, David Cyrus (District of Columbia)
Gonzales, Dan (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0027 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Kitts, W. F. (New Mexico)
Knowles, Ralph I. Jr. (Georgia)
PC-NM-0001-0003 | PC-NM-0001-0059
Loewe, Katherine (New Mexico)
Lopez, Mark J. (District of Columbia)
PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0052 | PC-NM-0001-0054 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Macy, Edwin (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0003 | PC-NM-0001-0050 | PC-NM-0001-0059
Smith, Alexandra Freedman (New Mexico)
Twohig, R. Raymond Jr. (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0008 | PC-NM-0001-0024 | PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0052 | PC-NM-0001-0053 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Winterbottom, Richard A. (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0027 | PC-NM-0001-0039 | PC-NM-0001-0040 | PC-NM-0001-0045 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Amada, M. Victoria (New Mexico)
Becker, Robert W. (New Mexico)
Bieg, James (New Mexico)
Biernoff, Ari (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0057 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Bigelow, John (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0008 | PC-NM-0001-0011 | PC-NM-0001-0012 | PC-NM-0001-0013 | PC-NM-0001-0014 | PC-NM-0001-0015 | PC-NM-0001-0016 | PC-NM-0001-0053
Bohnhoff, Henry M. (New Mexico)
Booms, Robert Tabor (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0024 | PC-NM-0001-0027 | PC-NM-0001-0029 | PC-NM-0001-0033 | PC-NM-0001-0034 | PC-NM-0001-0036 | PC-NM-0001-0037 | PC-NM-0001-0039 | PC-NM-0001-0042 | PC-NM-0001-0045 | PC-NM-0001-0046 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Branch, Rebecca C. (New Mexico)
Byers, Frederick (Ohio)
Childress, Randall W. (New Mexico)
Cohen, Saul (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0054
Cohn, Bennett S. (New Mexico)
Hoffman, Robyn B. (New Mexico)
Kaser, Martha J. (New Mexico)
Kelly, Martha A. (New Mexico)
Klein, Joel I. (District of Columbia)
PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0054 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Mederios, Anthony F. (New Mexico)
Peifer, Charles R. (New Mexico)
Roybal, Randall D. (New Mexico)
Ryanczak, Regina (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0057 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Smith, Paul M. (District of Columbia)
PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0054
Stratton, Hal (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0054
Thayer, Norman S. (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0052 | PC-NM-0001-0054 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Udall, Tom (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0024 | PC-NM-0001-0033 | PC-NM-0001-0034 | PC-NM-0001-0045
W., David Arnold (Ohio)
Williams, Timothy J. (New Mexico)
Wilson, Stephany S. (New Mexico)
PC-NM-0001-0051 | PC-NM-0001-0054 | PC-NM-0001-9001
Other Lawyers Eikenberry, Kenneth O. (Washington)
Farley, Paul (Colorado)
Frohnmayer, David B. (Oregon)
Meyer, Joseph B. (Wyoming)
Michaels, Steven S. (Hawaii)
Price, Warren III (Hawaii)
Stephan, Robert T. (Kansas)
Wilkinson, David L. (Utah)

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