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Case Name Pack v. Beyer PC-NJ-0003
Docket / Court 3:91-cv-03709-AET ( D.N.J. )
State/Territory New Jersey
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On August 20, 1991, an inmate in the New Jersey State Prison [NJSP] filed this pro se civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C.A. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey, alleging that he and other African American inmates had been unlawfully placed in the Management ... read more >
On August 20, 1991, an inmate in the New Jersey State Prison [NJSP] filed this pro se civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C.A. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey, alleging that he and other African American inmates had been unlawfully placed in the Management Control Unit [MCU] of the NJSP solely because of their race and their affiliation with the Afrikan National Ujamma, an alleged terrorist organization. Numerous similar pro se lawsuits followed. The District Court consolidated all of the cases on October 1, 1993 with the lead case Pack v. Beyer, Civil Docket No. 91-3709 (GEB). Counsel was appointed to represent the plaintiffs. Plaintiffs sought injunctive and declaratory relief.

The parties engaged in somewhat contentious discovery, which resulted in several hearings and court rulings. See Pack v. Beyer, 157 F.R.D. 219 (D.N.J.1993) and Pack v. Beyer, 157 F.R.D. 226 (D.N.J.1994) for a recitation of the various discovery issues. After several years of discovery, the parties engaged in settlement negotiations and reached a proposed agreement to resolve all issues.

Following a settlement hearing, held on July 14, 1995, the parties consented to the jurisdiction of the Magistrate Judge. On September 25, 1995, (U.S. Magistrate Judge John J. Hughes) certified the class and set the case for an approval hearing. On December 15, 1995, Magistrate Judge Hughes approved the Settlement Agreement and adopted its terms as an order of the Court Judge Hughes also awarded attorneys fees of $150,000 to Plaintiffs' counsel and ordered the appointment of a Special Master. Pack v. Beyer, 1995 WL 775360 (D.N.J. Dec. 22, 1995).

The Court appointed Matthew P. Boylan as the Special Master.

The Settlement Agreement contained policies and procedures to be implemented by the New Jersey DOC regarding the circumstances and placement of any plaintiff inmate in the MCU. Those new policies and procedures included a review process whereby the Special Master would hear appeals of the Management Control Unit Review Committee [MCURC] decisions to place plaintiff class members into the MCU. The Agreement specified its duration at 2 ½ years.

Magistrate Judge Hughes entered several orders (dated 10/13/1999, 4/19/2000, 10/23/2000, 6/22/2001, 12/17/2001 and 2/19/2002) extending the duration of the Settlement Agreement, the last of which extended the duration to February 28, 2002.

Following approval of the Settlement Agreement, inmates filed various motions to enforce the Settlement Agreement and requesting other relief. Most of those motions were denied on their merits or as moot.

On May 2, 2002, the Court (Magistrate Judge Hughes) issued an order dissolving the Settlement Agreement and closing the entire case. Several pro se inmate appeals followed. According to the PACER docket, those appeals were dismissed for failure to prosecute. See also Pack v. Beyer, 65 Fed.Appx. 874 (3rd Cir. Table 2003) and Pack v. Beyer, 80 Fed.Appx. 287 (3rd Cir. Table 2003).

No further case activity was noted on the docket.

Dan Dalton - 03/12/2007

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Affected Gender
Race discrimination
Administrative segregation
Racial segregation
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Management Control Unit at NJ State Prison
New Jersey Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description All African American inmates who had been confined to or recommended for confinement to the Management Control Unit ("MCU") of New Jersey State Prison ("NJSP") at any time since August 29, 1990.
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1995 - 2002
Filed 08/20/1991
Case Closing Year 2004
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
Date: May 2006
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University Faculty)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
Date: Jan. 1, 1998
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

91-3709 (D.N.J.)
PC-NJ-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/15/2004
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum and Order (157 F.R.D. 219) (D.N.J.)
PC-NJ-0003-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/03/1993
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum and Order (157 F.R.D. 226) (D.N.J.)
PC-NJ-0003-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/05/1994
Source: Google Scholar
Settlement Agreement
PC-NJ-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/14/1995
Memorandum Opinion (1995 WL 775360 / 1995 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 19542) (D.N.J.)
PC-NJ-0003-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/22/1995
Opinion (65 Fed.Appx. 874)
PC-NJ-0003-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/11/2003
Source: Google Scholar
Appeal Dismissed without Opinion (80 Fed.Appx. 287)
PC-NJ-0003-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/30/2003
Source: Google Scholar
show all people docs
Judges Hughes, John J. (D.N.J.) show/hide docs
PC-NJ-0003-0004 | PC-NJ-0003-0005 | PC-NJ-0003-0006
Thompson, Anne Elise (D.N.J.) show/hide docs
Monitors/Masters Boylan, Matthew P. (New Jersey) show/hide docs
Plaintiff's Lawyers Jacobi, John V. (New Jersey) show/hide docs
PC-NJ-0003-0001 | PC-NJ-0003-0004 | PC-NJ-0003-0005 | PC-NJ-0003-0006 | PC-NJ-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Berk, Deborah (New Jersey) show/hide docs
PC-NJ-0003-0005 | PC-NJ-0003-9000
Gnatt, Deborah (New Jersey) show/hide docs
McCoach, Howard J. (New Jersey) show/hide docs
Moratti, Dianne M. (New Jersey) show/hide docs
PC-NJ-0003-0001 | PC-NJ-0003-0004 | PC-NJ-0003-0005 | PC-NJ-0003-0006 | PC-NJ-0003-9000
Roth, Allan C. (New Jersey) show/hide docs

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