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Case Name EEOC v. Les Schwab Tire Centers EE-WA-0044
Docket / Court 2:06-cv-00045 ( W.D. Wash. )
State/Territory Washington
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection EEOC Study -- in sample
Private Employment Class Actions
Attorney Organization EEOC
Case Summary
On May 31, 2006, two women brought suit against their former employer, Les Schwab Tire Centers of Washington, and other related corporations, alleging discrimination on the basis of their sex in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Washington Law Against Discrimination ... read more >
On May 31, 2006, two women brought suit against their former employer, Les Schwab Tire Centers of Washington, and other related corporations, alleging discrimination on the basis of their sex in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Washington Law Against Discrimination. The plaintiff's’ complaint, filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Western Washington (Judge Ricardo Martinez), alleged that the plaintiffs and a class of similarly situated individuals employed by the defendant were denied promotions, training, and other employment opportunities because of their sex. The plaintiffs sought relief in the form of monetary damages.

On July 7, 2006, this matter was consolidated with a lawsuit by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which received a filed discrimination charge by the named plaintiffs, alleging similar claims of a pattern and practice of sex-based employment discrimination.

On July 18, 2006, the plaintiffs filed an amended complaint that provided additional factual detail and further clarified the plaintiffs’ allegations of discrimination on the basis of gender with respect to the defendants’ policies and practices that emphasized subjective gender based and/or arbitrary criteria in employment decisions, excluding women from management positions through the use of relocation requirements, and retaliating against female employees who complained of unequal treatment. The complaint alleged both disparate treatment and disparate impact theories.

On August 1, 2006, the EEOC filed a complaint against the defendants also alleging the defendants violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act by failing to train and promote the plaintiff and a class of women similarly situated for management positions and for discriminatory hiring practices based on the plaintiff’s charge filed with the EEOC.

Around that time, the parties engaged in discovery and a protective order was ordered on December 11, 2006.

The court denied the plaintiffs’ motion to certify a class on August 8, 2008 because the court found the plaintiffs failed to show that there were common questions of fact.

On November 10, 2008, the court granted the EEOC’s motion to bifurcate the trial and discovery and severed the individual plaintiff’s claims from the EEOC’s claims.

One of the defendants, Les Schwab Warehouse Center, moved for partial summary judgment because it was not included as an employer that could be liable under Title VII. On January 21, 2009, the court granted the motion in part, agreeing that it is not liable under Title VII, but denied it in part, finding that the entity could still be liable under the Washington Law Against Discrimination.

Between May and June 2009, the defendants filed five motions for summary judgment on various claims brought by the plaintiff. On September 3, 2009, the court granted the defendants’ motion for partial summary judgment on the promotion claim, finding that the plaintiffs did not meet their burden in providing direct evidence to support the claim. On September 8, the court denied the remaining two motions for summary judgment, finding that there remained disputed issues of fact for a jury to determine on the plaintiffs’ remaining claims.

Trial was held from November 3 to November 6, 2009 for the named individuals’ claims. On November 9, the jury returned a special verdict in favor of the plaintiffs and awarded them $85,200 ($42,600 each) for past and future emotional distress and punitive damages totaling $200,000 ($100,000 each). The court entered judgment for the plaintiffs on November 13, 2009. On January 8, 2010, the court denied the defendant’s motion for a new trial. On June 1, 2010, the court ordered the defendant to pay the individual plaintiffs $583,930 in attorney’s fees and $47,218 in expenses.

Regarding the EEOC’s remaining claims, the court denied defendant’s motions for summary judgement on January 11 and 12, 2010 and set a date for trial in March 2010 following mediation.

On the eve of trial, the EEOC and the defendants filed a notice of a proposed settlement and consent decree. The court approved the consent decree on March 10, 2010. The consent decree required the defendants to provide $2,000,000 to establish a settlement class fund, as well as injunctive relief in the form of a training program and policy changes regarding the defendant’s recruitment efforts and hiring, and annual reporting requirements for a four-year period.

Kevin Wilemon - 08/21/2008
Sean Mulloy - 02/11/2018


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Content of Injunction
Develop anti-discrimination policy
Discrimination Prohibition
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Provide antidiscrimination training
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Training
Discrimination-area
Hiring
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Promotion
Training
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
EEOC-centric
Direct Suit on Merits
Private Suit Related / Consolidated with EEOC Suit
General
Disparate Impact
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Retaliation
Plaintiff Type
EEOC Plaintiff
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action State Anti-Discrimination Law
Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Defendant(s) Les Schwab Tire Centers of Oregon Inc
Les Schwab Tire Centers of Portland Inc
Les Schwab Tire Centers Washington Inc
Les Schwab Tire Centers Washington Inc.
Plaintiff Description Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and female employees of Les Schwab Tire Centers
Indexed Lawyer Organizations EEOC
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2010 - 2014
Case Closing Year 2010
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing EE-WA-0122 : Strange et al v. Les Schwab Tire Centers of Oregon Inc et al (W.D. Wash.)
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
  Microsoft Gender Discrimination Class Action Lawsuit
Date: Oct. 14, 2016
By: Outten & Golden
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Age Discrimination Class Action seeks Fair Employment for Older PwC Applicants
http://www.pwcagecase.com/
Date: Apr. 27, 2016
By: Outten & Golden
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Smith Barney Gender Discrimination
https://www.lieffcabraser.com/employment/smith-barney/
Date: August 2008
By: Outten & Golden
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Date: Mar. 1, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law Faculty)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
Date: Apr. 1, 2001
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School Faculty)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:06-cv-00761-RSM (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/11/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
EEOC Press Release: "Les Schwab Tire Centers Exclude Women from Management, EEOC Charges in Sex Suit"
EE-WA-0044-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/31/2006
Complaint [ECF# 1-1]
EE-WA-0044-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/31/2006
Order on Stipulation to Consolidate Cases [ECF# 18] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/14/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Complaint [ECF# 20]
EE-WA-0044-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/18/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Les Schwab Tire Centers of Washington [ECF# 24]
EE-WA-0044-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/01/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Protective Order [ECF# 33] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/11/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff EEOC's First Amended Complaint [ECF# 36]
EE-WA-0044-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/15/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Second Motion for Class Certification [ECF# 71] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/08/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff EEOC's Motion to Bifurcate Trial and Discovery [ECF# 73]
EE-WA-0044-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/25/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant Les Schwab Warehouse Center Inc.'s Motion for Partial Summary Judgment [ECF# 98]
EE-WA-0044-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/06/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Pending Motions [ECF# 106] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/10/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Les Schwab Defendants' Answer to Second Amended Complaint [ECF# 120]
EE-WA-0044-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/03/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Motion for Partial Summary Judgment [ECF# 122] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/21/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Motion for Separate Trial [ECF# 313] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/03/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Motions for Partial Summary Judgment [ECF# 314] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/08/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Special Verdict Form [ECF# 354]
EE-WA-0044-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/09/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment in a Civil Case [ECF# 356] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/13/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 383] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/08/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Motion for Partial Summary Judgment on Punitive Damages Claim [ECF# 384] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/11/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Motion for Partial Summary Judgment on Hiring Claim [ECF# 385] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/12/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree [ECF# 449]
EE-WA-0044-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/09/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree [ECF# 449]
EE-WA-0044-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/09/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Approving Consent Decree [ECF# 450] (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/10/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Martinez, Ricardo S. (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0044-0011 | EE-WA-0044-0014 | EE-WA-0044-0017 | EE-WA-0044-0019 | EE-WA-0044-0021 | EE-WA-0044-0022 | EE-WA-0044-0023 | EE-WA-0044-0026 | EE-WA-0044-0027 | EE-WA-0044-0028
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bannon, Jeffrey C. (District of Columbia)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0020 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Beck, James Walter (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-9000
Che, May (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Cheung, Raymond T. (California)
EE-WA-0044-9000
Cooper, Ronald S. (District of Columbia)
EE-WA-0044-0018 | EE-WA-0044-0020
Cox, Lisa Ann (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0018 | EE-WA-0044-0020 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Ellsworth, Lewis Lynn (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0015 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Flores, Carmen (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-9000
Healy, Teri L. (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Katahira, Wesley (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0016 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Kucuk, Molly P. (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0016
Lee, James L. (District of Columbia)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0018 | EE-WA-0044-0020 | EE-WA-0044-0029
Lee, Damien A. (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0016 | EE-WA-0044-0020 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Martin, Warren E. (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-9000
Powell, Mary Brye (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-9000
Reams, Gwendolyn Young (District of Columbia)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0016 | EE-WA-0044-0018 | EE-WA-0044-0020 | EE-WA-0044-0029
Stanley, John F. (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0016 | EE-WA-0044-0018 | EE-WA-0044-0020 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Tamayo, William Robert (California)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0016 | EE-WA-0044-0018 | EE-WA-0044-0020 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Diamond, Kenneth J. (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0012 | EE-WA-0044-0013 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Eberhardt, Charles N. (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0012 | EE-WA-0044-0013 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Hollingsworth, Jeffrey Alan (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0012 | EE-WA-0044-0013 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Petersen, Chelsea D. (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000
Stafford, William B (Washington)
EE-WA-0044-0010 | EE-WA-0044-0029 | EE-WA-0044-9000

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