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Case Name Epps v. Martin PC-NC-0002
Docket / Court 86-162 ( W.D.N.C. )
State/Territory North Carolina
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
In 1986, inmates at Craggy Prison in Asheville, North Carolina, filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the North Carolina Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of North Carolina. The plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief, ... read more >
In 1986, inmates at Craggy Prison in Asheville, North Carolina, filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the North Carolina Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of North Carolina. The plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief, alleging that their constitutional rights had been violated by the conditions of their confinement.

On August 28, 1987, the parties entered into a settlement agreement, which provided for lowering of the inmate population, elimination of triple bunking of inmates, improved medical services, dietary changes in accord with medical needs of inmates, mental health services, fire safety, CPR training for staff, kitchen sanitation, ventilation, heating, library access, clean clothing, new blankets and mattresses, window and door screens, and improved disciplinary procedures. We have been unable to locate a docket for this lawsuit, and therefore have no further information on the proceedings in this case.

We do know, however, that as a result of the settlement, the state closed the old prison, which had opened in the 1930s, and built a new 312-bed facility; this cost $8.4 million, part of a $28.5 million Emergency Prison Facilities Development program. The new prison opened in May 1989. See "https://www.ncdps.gov/Adult-Corrections/Prisons/Prison-Facilities/Craggy-Correctional-Center">the state's description of this history.

Presumably the case is done.

Kristen Sagar - 02/14/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Disciplinary procedures
Fire safety
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Library (non-law) access
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental health care, general
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Craggy Prison
Plaintiff Description inmates at Craggy Prison in Asheville, North Carolina
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Unknown
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1987 - n/a
Case Ongoing No reason to think so
Additional Resources
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  Cruel Confinement: Abuse, Discrimination and Death Within Alabama's Prisons
Date: Jun. 4, 2014
(Southern Poverty Law Center )
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
Date: May 2006
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
Date: Jan. 1, 1998
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Settlement Agreement
PC-NC-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/28/1987
Plaintiff's Lawyers Lawrence, Melinda (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0002-0001
Lesesne, Louis L. Jr. (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0002-0001
Sparrow, Marvin (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0002-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Capone, Lucien III (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0002-0001
Smiley, Tiare Bowe (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0002-0001
Thornburg, Lacy Herman (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0002-0001

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