University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Langford v. Racicot PC-MT-0001
Docket / Court 6:92-cv-00013-JCL ( D. Mont. )
State/Territory Montana
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Prison Conditions
Attorney Organization ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU National Prison Project
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Due Process
Freedom of speech/association
Unreasonable search and seizure
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
Classification / placement
Fire safety
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Medical/Mental Health
Dental care
Medical care, general
Mental health care, general
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Montana Department of Corrections
Montana State Prison
Plaintiff Description inmates at the Montana State Penitentiary
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU National Prison Project
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se Yes
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1994 - n/a
Filing Year 1992
Case Ongoing No reason to think so
Additional Resources
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  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
Date: May 2006
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University Faculty)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
Date: Jan. 1, 1998
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

92-13 (D. Mont.)
PC-MT-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/19/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Fifth Amended Complaint
PC-MT-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/30/1993
Settlement Agreement
PC-MT-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/26/1994
Notice of Settlement
PC-MT-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/29/1994
Order [approving Settlement Agreement]
PC-MT-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/29/1994
Joint Stipulation Regarding Medical Care
PC-MT-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/26/1996
Order (D. Mont.)
PC-MT-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/26/1996
Order to Dismiss Portions of Complaint in Accordance with Parties' Settlement Agreement of October 1994 (D. Mont.)
PC-MT-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/01/1997
Second Joint Stipulation Regarding Medical Care
PC-MT-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/26/1998
Order (1999 WL 33208662) (D. Mont.)
PC-MT-0001-0009.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 09/30/1999
Joint Motion to Approve Stipulation [ECF# 333]
PC-MT-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/12/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Submission of Revised Settlement Agreement [ECF# 354]
PC-MT-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/23/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 355] (D. Mont.)
PC-MT-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/27/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order and Judgment [ECF# 371] (D. Mont.)
PC-MT-0001-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/19/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Erickson, Leif B. (D. Mont.)
PC-MT-0001-0001 | PC-MT-0001-0002 | PC-MT-0001-0003 | PC-MT-0001-0004 | PC-MT-0001-0005 | PC-MT-0001-0006 | PC-MT-0001-0007 | PC-MT-0001-0008 | PC-MT-0001-0009
Lynch, Jeremiah C Court not on record [Magistrate]
PC-MT-0001-0012 | PC-MT-0001-0013
Plaintiff's Lawyers Balaban, Eric G. (District of Columbia)
PC-MT-0001-0005 | PC-MT-0001-0007 | PC-MT-0001-0010 | PC-MT-0001-0011 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Brenneman, Beth (Montana)
Conley, Anna (Montana)
Ellingson, Jon (Montana)
PC-MT-0001-0011 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Kashani, Hamid R. (Indiana)
Koren, Edward I. (District of Columbia)
PC-MT-0001-0001 | PC-MT-0001-0005 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Lopez, Mark J. (District of Columbia)
PC-MT-0001-0001 | PC-MT-0001-0002 | PC-MT-0001-0003 | PC-MT-0001-0005 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Quereshi, Ajmel (District of Columbia)
Rate, Alexander H. (Montana)
PC-MT-0001-0011 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Robertson, Amy Farr (Colorado)
PC-MT-0001-0011 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Sheehy, Edmund F. Jr. (Montana)
PC-MT-0001-0001 | PC-MT-0001-0005 | PC-MT-0001-0007 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Winter, Margaret (District of Columbia)
PC-MT-0001-0005 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Wurster, Scott C. (Montana)
PC-MT-0001-0001 | PC-MT-0001-0005 | PC-MT-0001-0007 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Ambrose, Colleen E (Montana)
PC-MT-0001-0011 | PC-MT-0001-9000
French, Rebekah (Montana)
Keller, P. Keith (Montana)
PC-MT-0001-0001 | PC-MT-0001-0002 | PC-MT-0001-0005 | PC-MT-0001-0007 | PC-MT-0001-0008 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Koch, Diana (Montana)
Kradolfer, Kimberly A. (Montana)
McCarthy, McKenzie V. (Montana)
PC-MT-0001-0010 | PC-MT-0001-9000
Ohler, David L. (Montana)
PC-MT-0001-0001 | PC-MT-0001-0002 | PC-MT-0001-0003 | PC-MT-0001-0005 | PC-MT-0001-0007 | PC-MT-0001-0008 | PC-MT-0001-9000
White, Colleen Graham (Montana)

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