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Case Name Hendrix v. Farley PC-IN-0007
Docket / Court S 76-187 ( N.D. Ind. )
State/Territory Indiana
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
Plaintiffs brought this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana, claiming unconstitutional conditions of confinement at the Indiana state prison at Michigan Cit (ISP). Plaintiffs specifically challenged the adequacy of ... read more >
Plaintiffs brought this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana, claiming unconstitutional conditions of confinement at the Indiana state prison at Michigan Cit (ISP). Plaintiffs specifically challenged the adequacy of medical care, physical plant conditions, violence and security, the amount of time prisoners must spend locked down in cells and the totality of the prison conditions. The case consisted of three consolidated actions (cause numbers S 76-187, S 77-35 and S 79-32), wherein the plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief on behalf of all inmates at ISP and individual damages.

The District Court (Judge Sharp) certified the matter as a class action. Following a bench trial, Judge Sharp issued a lengthy Memorandum Opinion, Findings of Fact, Conclusions Of Law, and Order on October 21, 1981, wherein he details the testimony an evidence presented at trial. The Court found unconstitutional overcrowding, which subjected inmates in inadequately sized cells to inadequate recreation time out of cells. The Court, however, did not find that the totality of the conditions at the prison or the general level of health care provided to inmates violated the Eighth Amendment. Several individual plaintiffs were awarded money damages, in amounts of $500 and $1000 dollars. Hendrix v. Faulkner, 525 F.Supp. 435 (1981). The inmates appealed. Prison official cross-appealed the damage award.

On August 9, 1983, the U.S. Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit (Circuit Judge Cudahy) affirmed in part, and vacated and remanded in part the District Court's order. The Appeals Court found that (1) medical care at prison was constitutionally inadequate; and (2) prison was unconstitutionally overcrowded. It vacated the monetary damage award and remanded the case for consideration of whether the plaintiffs established at trial the requisite personal liability of defendants. The District Court's denial of damages to plaintiffs who did not establish the personal liability of defendants was affirmed. Wellman v. Falkner, 715 F.2d 269 (1983).

The Inmates' Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit was denied. Hendrix v. Faulkner, 104 S.Ct. 3587 (1984).

We have no further information on this case.

Dan Dalton - 03/01/2007

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Affected Gender
Crowding / caseload
Recreation / Exercise
Totality of conditions
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Indiana State Prison
Plaintiff Description Inmates confined at Indiana State Prison at Michigan City.
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se Unknown
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 1981 - 1983
Filed 1976
Case Closing Year 1983
Case Ongoing No reason to think so
Additional Resources
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  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
Date: May 2006
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University Faculty)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
Date: Jan. 1, 1998
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

76-187 (N.D. Ind.)
PC-IN-0007-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/10/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion, Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law, and Order (525 F.Supp. 435) (N.D. Ind.)
PC-IN-0007-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/21/1981
Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinon (715 F.2d 269)
PC-IN-0007-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/09/1983
Source: Google Scholar
Table (720 F.2d 682)
PC-IN-0007-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/28/1983
Table (738 F.2d 442)
PC-IN-0007-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/20/1984
Decision on Writ of Certiorari (468 U.S. 1217)
PC-IN-0007-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/05/1984
Ruling on Petition for Writ of Certiorari (469 U.S. 1113)
PC-IN-0007-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/07/1985
Source: Westlaw
show all people docs
Judges Bauer, William Joseph (N.D. Ill., Seventh Circuit) show/hide docs
Cudahy, Richard Dickson (Seventh Circuit) show/hide docs
Sharp, Allen (N.D. Ind.) show/hide docs
PC-IN-0007-0001 | PC-IN-0007-9000
Weick, Paul Charles (N.D. Ohio, Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
Plaintiff's Lawyers Balaban, Eric G. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
Brown, Patricia (Indiana) show/hide docs
Falk, Kenneth J. (Indiana) show/hide docs
Kashani, Hamid R. (Indiana) show/hide docs
Marsh, William E. (Indiana) show/hide docs
PC-IN-0007-0001 | PC-IN-0007-0002
Milsap, Michael (Indiana) show/hide docs
Shatz, Marsha (Indiana) show/hide docs
Volk, Edward L. (Indiana) show/hide docs
Defendant's Lawyers Arthur, David A. (Indiana) show/hide docs
PC-IN-0007-0001 | PC-IN-0007-0002 | PC-IN-0007-9000
Kamplain, Bruce L. (Indiana) show/hide docs
Pearson, Linley E. (Indiana) show/hide docs
Volk, Martha Schatz (Indiana) show/hide docs
Weliever, Sabra A. (Indiana) show/hide docs

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