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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name LaMarca v. Turner PC-FL-0007
Docket / Court 82-8196 ( S.D. Fla. )
State/Territory Florida
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On May 14, 1982, an inmate at the Glades Correctional Institution in Florida filed a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against representatives of the prison in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida. Nine other inmates of the prison were eventually added onto the lawsuit, ... read more >
On May 14, 1982, an inmate at the Glades Correctional Institution in Florida filed a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against representatives of the prison in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida. Nine other inmates of the prison were eventually added onto the lawsuit, which became a class action, and they were later represented by Florida Rural Legal Services. The inmates asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as damages, alleging that their constitutional rights had been violated by the conditions of their confinement, including failure to protect them from physical and sexual assault by fellow inmates, inadequate ventilation, poor lighting, inadequate exercise, only three showers per week, no canteen privileges, and only limited use of the law library.

On June 4, 1987, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida (Judge James Carriger Paine) granted declaratory, injunctive, and monetary relief to the plaintiffs. LaMarca v. Turner, 662 F.Supp. 647 (S.D.Fla. 1987). The defendants appealed. On October 18, 1988, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit dismissed the appeal without opinion. LaMarca v. Turner, 861 F.2d 724 (11th Cir. 1988). The district court issued further injunctive relief, and the defendants appealed.

On July 7, 1993, the Eleventh Circuit (Judge Gerald Bard Tjoflat) partially affirmed and partially vacated the district court's injunction, holding that the court had applied the wrong test in finding liability. The court held that the overall grant of injunctive relief was proper, but that portions of it unnecessarily interfered with the operation of the prison. LaMarca v. Turner, 995 F.2d 1526 (11th Cir. 1993). The parties continued to litigate regarding attorneys fees.

On June 6, 2000, the case was closed by the district court.

Kristen Sagar - 10/17/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Assault/abuse by residents/inmates/students
Bathing and hygiene
Law library access
Personal injury
Recreation / Exercise
Sexual abuse by residents/inmates
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Glades Correctional Institution
Plaintiff Description inmates at the Glades Correctional Institution in Florida
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 1987 - n/a
Case Closing Year 2000
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  Cruel Confinement: Abuse, Discrimination and Death Within Alabama's Prisons
Date: Jun. 4, 2014
(Southern Poverty Law Center )
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
Date: May 2006
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Rethinking the Use of Class Actions to Combat Inmate-on-Inmate Sexual Assault: A Case Study of LaMarca v. Turner
Date: May 18, 2004
By: Karen Y. Paik (Washington University)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
Date: Jan. 1, 1998
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
82-8196 (S.D. Fla.)
PC-FL-0007-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/20/2000
82-8196 (S.D. Fla.)
PC-FL-0007-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/20/2000
General Documents
Third Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief and for Damages
PC-FL-0007-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/07/1985
Trial transcript
PC-FL-0007-0040.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/13/1985
Amended Response of Defendants, Including Objections, to Magistrate's Report and Recommendations
PC-FL-0007-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/18/1986
Plaintiffs' Reply Memorandum to Defendants' Response and Objection to Magistrate's Report
PC-FL-0007-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/02/1986
Order on Report and Recommendation of Magistrate (662 F.Supp. 647) (S.D. Fla.)
PC-FL-0007-0042.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/04/1987
Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion (861 F.2d 724)
PC-FL-0007-0043.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/18/1988
Trial Transcript Volume 1
PC-FL-0007-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/08/1990
Trial Transcript Volume 2
PC-FL-0007-0031.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/09/1990
Trial Transcript Volume 3
PC-FL-0007-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/10/1990
Trial Transcript Volume 4
PC-FL-0007-0033.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/11/1990
Trial Transcript Volume 5
PC-FL-0007-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/12/1990
Final Judgment (S.D. Fla.)
PC-FL-0007-0035.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/30/1990
Opinion (995 F.2d 1526)
PC-FL-0007-0041.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/07/1993
Source: Google Scholar
Ruling on Petition for Writ of Certiorari (510 U.S. 1164)
PC-FL-0007-0044.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/28/1994
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law Regarding the Three non-jury plaintiffs (S.D. Fla.)
PC-FL-0007-0036.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/16/1995
Final Judgment (S.D. Fla.)
PC-FL-0007-0037.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/16/1995
Reported Opinion (113 F.3d 1250)
PC-FL-0007-0045.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/14/1997
Record Excerpts
PC-FL-0007-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/17/2006
Judges Nimkoff, Peter (S.D. Fla.)
PC-FL-0007-0042
Paine, James Carriger (S.D. Fla.)
PC-FL-0007-0030 | PC-FL-0007-0031 | PC-FL-0007-0032 | PC-FL-0007-0033 | PC-FL-0007-0034 | PC-FL-0007-0035 | PC-FL-0007-0036 | PC-FL-0007-0037 | PC-FL-0007-0040 | PC-FL-0007-0042 | PC-FL-0007-9000
Seltzer, Barry S. (S.D. Fla.) [Magistrate]
PC-FL-0007-9000 | PC-FL-0007-9001
Tjoflat, Gerald Bard (Fifth Circuit, Eleventh Circuit, M.D. Fla.)
PC-FL-0007-0041
Plaintiff's Lawyers Amlong, William Robert (Florida)
PC-FL-0007-0001 | PC-FL-0007-0027 | PC-FL-0007-0028 | PC-FL-0007-0030 | PC-FL-0007-0031 | PC-FL-0007-0032 | PC-FL-0007-0033 | PC-FL-0007-0034 | PC-FL-0007-0035 | PC-FL-0007-0041 | PC-FL-0007-0042 | PC-FL-0007-9000 | PC-FL-0007-9001
Hanlon, Stephen F (District of Columbia)
PC-FL-0007-9000
Hartz, Steven E. (Florida)
PC-FL-0007-9001
Lipman, David Michael (Florida)
PC-FL-0007-0001 | PC-FL-0007-0027 | PC-FL-0007-0028 | PC-FL-0007-0030 | PC-FL-0007-0031 | PC-FL-0007-0032 | PC-FL-0007-0033 | PC-FL-0007-0034 | PC-FL-0007-0035 | PC-FL-0007-0041 | PC-FL-0007-0042 | PC-FL-0007-9000 | PC-FL-0007-9001
Tucker, James A. (Florida)
PC-FL-0007-0035 | PC-FL-0007-0041 | PC-FL-0007-9001
Weisberg, Robert E. (Florida)
PC-FL-0007-0001 | PC-FL-0007-0028 | PC-FL-0007-0042
Defendant's Lawyers Butterworth, Robert A. (Florida)
PC-FL-0007-0039
Davis, Michael B. (Florida)
PC-FL-0007-0001 | PC-FL-0007-0027 | PC-FL-0007-0028 | PC-FL-0007-0030 | PC-FL-0007-0031 | PC-FL-0007-0032 | PC-FL-0007-0033 | PC-FL-0007-0034 | PC-FL-0007-0035 | PC-FL-0007-0039 | PC-FL-0007-0041 | PC-FL-0007-0042 | PC-FL-0007-9001
Johnson, Kelly Overstreet (Florida)
PC-FL-0007-9001
Meginniss, Walter M. (Florida)
PC-FL-0007-0001 | PC-FL-0007-0027 | PC-FL-0007-0028 | PC-FL-0007-0030 | PC-FL-0007-0031 | PC-FL-0007-0032 | PC-FL-0007-0033 | PC-FL-0007-0034 | PC-FL-0007-0035 | PC-FL-0007-0039 | PC-FL-0007-0041 | PC-FL-0007-0042 | PC-FL-0007-9001

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