University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name U.S. v. Columbus Consolidated City/County Government (Muscogee County) JC-GA-0003
Docket / Court 4:99-cv-00132-HL ( M.D. Ga. )
State/Territory Georgia
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
In 1994, the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice notified Muscogee County, Georgia that it intended to investigate conditions in the county jail. In 1995, following the investigation, the DOJ notified the Chairman of the Muscogee County Commission of its findings and made ... read more >
In 1994, the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice notified Muscogee County, Georgia that it intended to investigate conditions in the county jail. In 1995, following the investigation, the DOJ notified the Chairman of the Muscogee County Commission of its findings and made recommendations regarding staffing and supervision, grievance system, exercise, access to reading materials, medical and mental healthcare, dental care, suicide prevention, general sanitation, fire safety, plumbing, ventilation, overcrowding, food services, lighting, pest control, and construction of a new jail. Apparently after negotiation, the Attorney General on 9/23/1999 simultaneously filed an action under the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C section 1997 et seq., against the jail and a motion for conditional dismissal. A week later, the District Court for the Middle District of Georgia approved the conditional dismissal, which laid out steps the county must take to improve issues discussed in the DOJ letter of findings and recommendations. In addition, the county agreed not to seek to terminate the agreement until after January 1, 2000.

Lauren Cutson - 05/25/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Administrative segregation
Classification / placement
Counseling
Disciplinary procedures
Fire safety
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Law library access
Library (non-law) access
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Suicide prevention
Medical/Mental Health
Dental care
Medical care, general
Mental health care, general
Suicide prevention
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. ยง 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Muscogee County Jail
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Conditional Dismissal
Order Duration 1999 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1999
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  Bravo v. Board of Commissioners of Dona Ana County
http://www.bazelon.org/
Date: 2017
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  An Analysis of CRIPA Findings Letters Issued to Jails for Constitutional Violations by the Department of Justice
Date: Apr 15, 2016
By: Jeff Mellow, Bryce E. Peterson & Mijin Kim (John Jay College of Criminal Justice)
Citation: Am. J. Crim. Just. (April 2016)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
4:99-cv-00132-HL (M.D. Ga.)
JC-GA-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/01/1999
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Muscogee County Jail
JC-GA-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/01/1995
Complaint
JC-GA-0003-0002.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/23/1999
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Settlement Agreement
JC-GA-0003-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/23/1999
Memorandum of Agreement Between the United States Department of Justice and the Consolidated Government of Columbus, Georgia Regarding the Muscogee County Jail
JC-GA-0003-0004.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 01/16/2015
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Mental Health Monitoring Report
JC-GA-0003-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/26/2015
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Mental Health Monitoring Report November 2015 Tour
JC-GA-0003-0006.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 03/02/2016
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Mental Health Monitoring Report April 2016 Tour
JC-GA-0003-0007.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 05/16/2016
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Judges Lawson, Hugh Court not on record
JC-GA-0003-9000
Monitors/Masters Stellman, Roberta E. M.D., DABPN, CCHP, DFAPA (New Mexico)
JC-GA-0003-0005 | JC-GA-0003-0006 | JC-GA-0003-0007
Plaintiff's Lawyers Abbate, Julie K. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0004
Cheng, Christopher N. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0002 | JC-GA-0003-0003 | JC-GA-0003-9000
Deutsch, David (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0002 | JC-GA-0003-0003
Gupta, Vanita (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0004
Holder, Eric H. Jr. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0004
Kappelhoff, Mark (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0004
Lee, Bill Lann (California)
JC-GA-0003-0002 | JC-GA-0003-0003
Martin, Beverly Baldwin (Georgia)
JC-GA-0003-0002 | JC-GA-0003-0003 | JC-GA-0003-9000
Myrthil, Marlysha (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0004
Nelson, Mellie H. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0002 | JC-GA-0003-0003
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0001
Reno, Janet (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0002
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0002 | JC-GA-0003-0003
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0003-0004
Defendant's Lawyers Fay, Clifton C. (Georgia)
JC-GA-0003-0004
Polleys, E. H. (Georgia)
JC-GA-0003-0003 | JC-GA-0003-9000

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