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Case Name Roe v. Crawford PC-MO-0011
Docket / Court 2:05-cv-04333-DW ( W.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On October 12, 2005, plaintiff filed this lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri against the Missouri Department of Corrections [DOC], challenging the DOC's refusal to transport plaintiff to an off-site medical clinic so that she could ... read more >
On October 12, 2005, plaintiff filed this lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri against the Missouri Department of Corrections [DOC], challenging the DOC's refusal to transport plaintiff to an off-site medical clinic so that she could receive a nontherapeutic abortion. The complaint alleged that that the prison's policy that female prisoners would not be sent out of their institutions for abortions that were not medically necessary deprived plaintiff of her Fourteenth Amendment right to reproductive choice. The complaint further alleged that by forcing her to carry her an unwanted pregnancy to term, the prison was deliberately indifferent to her serious medical needs in violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. Plaintiff, represented by the ACLU, sought declaratory and injunctive relief. An emergency motion for a TRO was filed simultaneously with the complaint.

On October 13, 2005, the District Court (Judge Dean Whipple) granted Plaintiff's motion for TRO and ordered Defendant to transport Plaintiff to Reproductive Health Services of Planned Parenthood of St. Louis (RHS) in St. Louis, Missouri to receive medical services to terminate her pregnancy. Defendant filed a notice of appeal and moved for a stay of the TRO pending appeal. The Court denied the request on October 14, 2005 and entered an Order and Modified Judgment of Preliminary Injunction. Roe v. Crawford, 396 F.Supp.2d 1041 (W.D.Mo. 2005).

On October 14, 2005, the U.S. Supreme Court ordered that the Modified Judgment of October 14, 2005 be stayed pending further order by Justice Thomas. On October 17, 2005, U.S. Supreme Court vacated the temporary stay entered on October 14, 2005 and denied the application for stay. Crawford v. Roe, 126 S.Ct. 477 (U.S. 2005). The District Court then entered another Modified Judgment of Preliminary Injunction, again ordering the DOC to transport Plaintiff to an outside facility for the purpose of receiving medical services to terminate her pregnancy. The DOC complied with the order and Plaintiff was so transported on October 20, 2005.

Plaintiff amended her complaint on October 19, 2005 and moved to certify the action as a class action. On November 28, 2005, the District Court certified a class defined as "All pregnant women who are seeking or may in the future seek non-therapeutic abortions
and who are in the custody of Defendants at the time Plaintiff Roe filed her Verified
Complaint in this case or who will be placed in the custody of Defendants in the future
and may while in the custody of Defendants seek a non-therapeutic abortion."

The parties then filed cross-motions for summary judgment. On July 18, 20016, Judge Whipple granted plaintiff's motion for summary judgment and denied defendants' motion, finding that the DOC policy prohibiting transportation of female inmates for abortion procedures violated both the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. Roe v. Crawford, 439 F.Supp.2d 942 (W.D.Mo. 2006). On November 29, the court awarded the Plaintiffs $87,908.00 for attorneys fees and $7,379.05 for costs to the Plaintiffs.

On November 29, 2006, the Court granted Defendants' unopposed motion to amend the judgment and stay payment of fees and costs pending resolution of Defendants' appeal.

On January 22, 2008, Judge William J. Riley, writing for the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals, affirmed the judgment. Although he found that the District Court erred in its finding that the DOC policy was invalid under the Eighth Amendment, he determined that the DOC policy could not be maintained under the Fourteenth Amendment in light of Turner v. Safley, 482 U.S. 78, 89-91 (1987). The Eight Circuit denied the Defendant's motion to rehear the case en banc.

The U.S. Supreme Court denied certiorari on November 17, 2008, ending the case.

Dan Dalton - 07/19/2012

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Affected Gender
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Missouri Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description All pregnant women who are seeking or may in the future seek nontherapeutic abortions, who need transport to the abortion appointment, and who are in the custody of Defendants (MDOC).
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 2005 - n/a
Filing Year 2005
Case Closing Year 2008
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
Date: May 2006
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University Faculty)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
Date: Jan. 1, 1998
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

2:05-cv-04333-DW (W.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0011-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/17/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Verified Complaint for Emergency Temporary Restraining Order and/or Preliminary Injunctive Relief
PC-MO-0011-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/12/2005
Order and Judgment of Preliminary Injunction (W.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0011-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/13/2005
Order and Modified Judgment of Preliminary Injunction (396 F.Supp.2d 1041) (W.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0011-0015.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/14/2005
Source: Google Scholar
Modified Judgment of Preliminary Injunction (W.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0011-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/17/2005
Order (546 U.S. 959)
PC-MO-0011-0017.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/17/2005
Source: Westlaw
Supplemental Amended Complaint For Declaratory and Injunctive Relief
PC-MO-0011-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/19/2005
Order (W.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0011-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/28/2005
Order (439 F.Supp.2d 942) (W.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0011-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/18/2006
Source: Google Scholar
Brief of Appellants
PC-MO-0011-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/13/2006
Order (W.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0011-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/29/2006
Brief of Plaintiffs-Appellees
PC-MO-0011-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/30/2006
Reply Brief of Appellants
PC-MO-0011-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/01/2006
Brief for Chicago Legal Advocacy for Incarcerated Mothers, et al. as Amici Curiae in Support of Plaintiff-Appellee and Affirmance
PC-MO-0011-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/11/2006
Brief for Amici Curiae the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the American Medical Women’s Association, and the American Public Health Association in Support of Plaintiffs-Appellees
PC-MO-0011-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/11/2006
Opinion (8th Circuit) (514 F.3d 789)
PC-MO-0011-0014.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/22/2008
Judges Hansen, David Rasmussen (N.D. Iowa, Eighth Circuit)
Hays, Sarah W. (W.D. Mo.) [Magistrate]
Riley, William Jay (Eighth Circuit)
Thomas, Clarence (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS)
Whipple, Dean (W.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0011-0003 | PC-MO-0011-0004 | PC-MO-0011-0006 | PC-MO-0011-0008 | PC-MO-0011-0015 | PC-MO-0011-0016 | PC-MO-0011-9000
Wollman, Roger Leland (Eighth Circuit)
Plaintiff's Lawyers Blumenthal, Thomas Michael (Missouri)
PC-MO-0011-0001 | PC-MO-0011-0002 | PC-MO-0011-0010 | PC-MO-0011-9000
Camp, Susan Talcott (New York)
PC-MO-0011-0002 | PC-MO-0011-0010 | PC-MO-0011-9000
Chandrasekhar, Charua A. (New York)
Felakos, James G. (Missouri)
PC-MO-0011-0001 | PC-MO-0011-0002 | PC-MO-0011-0010 | PC-MO-0011-9000
Kasdan, Diana (New York)
PC-MO-0011-0002 | PC-MO-0011-0010 | PC-MO-0011-9000
Nevins, Jennifer (New York)
PC-MO-0011-0002 | PC-MO-0011-9000
Patel, Chakshu (New York)
PC-MO-0011-0002 | PC-MO-0011-9000
Rothert, Anthony [Tony] E. (Missouri)
Defendant's Lawyers Pritchett, Michael (Missouri)
PC-MO-0011-0009 | PC-MO-0011-0011 | PC-MO-0011-9000
Other Lawyers Micarelli, Carl (New York)
Mikkor, Alison (New York)
Muenzen, Terrianne (New York)
Parker, Kimberly (District of Columbia)
Waters, Jessica L. (District of Columbia)

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