University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name 2002 DOJ Investigation of Cleveland Division of Police PN-OH-0003
Docket / Court No Court Case ( No Court )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Policing
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
In 2000, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) opened an investigation pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §14141 of the Cleveland Division of Police (CDP) into allegations of a pattern or practice of unconstitutional conduct. After a two year investigation, which included the review of CDP use of deadly force ... read more >
In 2000, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) opened an investigation pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §14141 of the Cleveland Division of Police (CDP) into allegations of a pattern or practice of unconstitutional conduct. After a two year investigation, which included the review of CDP use of deadly force and use of non-deadly force investigations from 1998-2000, the DOJ issued a formal technical assistance letter dated July 23, 2002. The letter identified recommended reforms in the following areas: the use of force, misconduct complaint investigations, risk management, traffic stop procedures, and training.

The scope of the DOJ investigation was subsequently expanded to include conditions of confinement at the Central Prison Unit and district police station holding facilities. On June 4, 2003, the DOJ issued a technical assistance letter which set forth its recommendations to correct conditions faced by police detainees, including: suicide prevention, medical care, fire safety, security and administration practices, and environmental health and safety.

On February 9, 2004, the DOJ and the CDP reached a formal agreement to conclude the DOJ's investigation of the CDP's use of deadly force. The agreement was set to terminate one year after the effective date provided that compliance was achieved as to all provisions.

On May 12, 2004, the parties entered into a Memorandum of Agreement regarding the CDP holding-cell facilities. The duration of the agreement was three years, during which time the DOJ would oversee and monitor the implementation of the reforms as specified by the agreement.

A spreadsheet describing all of the DOJ 14141 investigations shows this case as closed as of March 15, 2005. When the DOJ opened a new investigation into policing in Cleveland (See U.S. v. Cleveland, PN-OH-0008>/a> in this Clearinghouse), the "background" section of its report doesn't mention this one. We conclude that it closed.

Dan Dalton - 01/17/2007
Jessica Kincaid - 03/29/2015
Saeeda Joseph-Charles - 11/17/2016


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Unreasonable search and seizure
Content of Injunction
Monitoring
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Law-enforcement
General
Conditions of confinement
Excessive force
Failure to train
Inadequate citizen complaint investigations and procedures
Pattern or Practice
Racial profiling
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Special Case Type
Out-of-court
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 14141
Defendant(s) Cleveland Division of Police
Plaintiff Description Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Private Settlement Agreement
Order Duration 2004 - 2007
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing PN-OH-0008 : United States v. City of Cleveland (N.D. Ohio)
Additional Resources
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  New York City to Pay Up to $75 Million Over Dismissed Summonses
New York Times
Date: Jan 23, 2017
By: Benjamin Weiser (New York Times)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  The Civil Rights Division’s Pattern and Practice Police Reform Work: 1994-Present
https://www.justice.gov/
Date: Jan 4, 2017
By: U.S. Department of Justice (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  An Interactive Guide to the Civil Rights Division’s Police Reforms
https://www.justice.gov/
Date: Jan 4, 2017
By: U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  What Happens When Police Are Forced to Reform?
Date: Nov 13, 2015
By: Kimbriell Kelly, Sarah Childress and Steven Rich (Frontline/Post)
Citation: Washington Post (Nov. 13, 2015)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Federal Enforcement of Police Reform
Date: 2014
By: Stephen Rushin (University of Illinois College of Law, University of California, Berkeley - Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program )
Citation: 82 Fordham Law Review 3189 (2014)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Bravo v. Board of Commissioners of Dona Ana County
http://www.bazelon.org/
Date: 2017
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Re: Investigation of the Cleveland Division of Police
PN-OH-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/23/2002
Re: Investigation of Cleveland Division of Police Central Prison Unit and Holding Cell Facilities
PN-OH-0003-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/04/2003
Agreement to Conclude DOJ’s Investigation of the Cleveland Division of Police’s Use of Deadly Force
PN-OH-0003-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/09/2004
Memorandum of Agreement Between the United States Department of Justice and the City of Cleveland Regarding Holding Cell Facilities Operated by the Cleveland Division of Police
PN-OH-0003-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/12/2004
Joint Motion and Memorandum for Entry of Consent Decree
PN-OH-0003-0005.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 05/26/2015
Plaintiff's Lawyers Acosta, R. Alexander (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0004
Brown Cutlar, Shanetta Y. (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0002 | PN-OH-0003-0003 | PN-OH-0003-0004
Gunston, Emily A. (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0005
Henderson, John A. (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0004
Heyer, Michelle L (Ohio)
PN-OH-0003-0005
Masling, Mark S. (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0004
Morse, Thomas Jackson (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0005
Ogletree, Rashida J (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0005
Preston, Judith C. (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0005
Rendon, Carole S. (Ohio)
PN-OH-0003-0005
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0001
Schlozman, Bradley (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0004
Sweeney, Emily M. (Ohio)
PN-OH-0003-0001
Volosin, Heather Tonsing (Ohio)
PN-OH-0003-0005
Weiss, Daniel H. (District of Columbia)
PN-OH-0003-0004
White, Gregory A. (Ohio)
PN-OH-0003-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Chandra, Subodh (Ohio)
PN-OH-0003-0001 | PN-OH-0003-0002 | PN-OH-0003-0003 | PN-OH-0003-0004
Langhenry, Barabara A. (Ohio)
PN-OH-0003-0005
Scott, Joseph F. (Ohio)
PN-OH-0003-0005
Singletary, Gary S. (Ohio)
PN-OH-0003-0005

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