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Case Name Reynolds v. City of Valley Park, Missouri IM-MO-0001
Docket / Court 06-CC-3802 ( State Court )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Immigration
Attorney Organization MALDEF
Case Summary
On September 22, 2006, plaintiffs (landlords and employers in Valley Park Missouri, and the non-profit Equal Housing Opportunity Council) brought suit in state court, represented by a large group of lawyers from advocacy organizations, law school clinics, and several St. Louis law firms. ... read more >
On September 22, 2006, plaintiffs (landlords and employers in Valley Park Missouri, and the non-profit Equal Housing Opportunity Council) brought suit in state court, represented by a large group of lawyers from advocacy organizations, law school clinics, and several St. Louis law firms. Plaintiffs sought a declaration that the City of Valley Park's Ordinance 1708 was unlawful, under both state and federal law. The Ordinance made it illegal to employ or house an "illegal alien" (the term was undefined).

The Court (Judge Barbara Wallace) granted a temporary restraining order on September 25, 2006. Valley Park immediately amended the ordinance, substituting Ordinance 1715. After a hearing, Judge Wallace promptly enjoined its operation as well. The parties began discovery.

At this point, Valley Park removed the case to federal court, where it proceeded before Judge Richard Webber of the Eastern District of Missouri. Once the parties agreed to the continued suspension of the Ordinance's implementation until a later hearing on its merits, discovery proceeded while the plaintiffs sought remand to state court.

On November 15, 2006, the District Court (Judge Webber) remanded the case to state court, on plaintiffs' motion. The case was set for trial. Just before the scheduled trial, the city again amended the ordinance, passing two replacements. One had to do with housing, the other with employment. On March 12, 2007, the state court (Judge Wallace) held that the new ordinances did not moot the case, and entered a permanent injunction against operation of Ordinances 1708 and 1715. The Court held the Ordinances went beyond Valley Park's authority as a 4th Class muncipality, and found that the housing provisions conflicted with state landlord tenant law. This order was later appealed by both parties, but the appellate court dismissed the appeal for mootness, and plaintiff was not awarded attorney's fees (Reynolds v. City of Valley Park, 254 SW 3d 264, 266 (2008)).

After the court's order was issued, the City Council decided to try to repeal the new versions of the housing ordinance. The vote to do so was vetoed by the Mayor, however, and an override was unsuccessful. The status of the employment ordinance was less clear; its effective date language stated that it would not come into effect until the preliminary injunction in this case was lifted, but that injunction had been made a permanent one by the court's decision.

Most of the plaintiffs in the case filed a new case challenging the housing ordinance (Reynolds II: same caption, different docket number). The court in that case (Judge Whittington) promptly granted a temporary restraining order, on April 5, 2007. By the parties' agreement on April 25, that restraining order was extended until briefing and resolution of dispositive motions.

At about the same time, one of the plaintiffs in Reynolds I filed her own challenge, Gray v. City of Valley Park. When she moved for a preliminary injunction, the City removed that case to federal district court. Details are available at IM-MO-2.

Next, in July 2007, the City amended the housing ordinance to eliminate the parts referring to immigration. The city then filed a motion to dismiss this case as moot, which Judge Barbara Ann Crancer granted on August 4, 2007.

In August 2007, however, the City amended the employment ordinance to make it effective even without the lifting of the injunction in the first state court case. The plaintiffs filed a motion for contempt on August 16, 2007, arguing that this violated the court order in the first state-court case. Judge Wallace denied that motion on October 16, 2007 without comment.

At the time of the summary, there was no information about any further challenges under the permanent injunction.

Elizabeth Daligga - 07/16/2012


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Federalism
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Local / state enforcement of immigration laws (duplicate)
Undocumented immigrants - state and local regulation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action State law
Defendant(s) Valley Park
Plaintiff Description Landlord/owners of rental properties in Valley Park, Missouri. and fair housing agency.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations MALDEF
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 2006 - n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing IM-MO-0002 : Gray v. City of Valley Park (E.D. Mo.)
Docket(s)
06-CC-3802 (State Trial Court)
IM-MO-0001-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/10/2006
4:06-cv-01487-ERW (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/12/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Valley Park Ordinance 1708
IM-MO-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/17/2006
Prosecuting Attorney Form Letter
IM-MO-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/14/2006
Petition for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief
IM-MO-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/22/2006
Motion for Temporary Restraining Order
IM-MO-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/22/2006
Temporary Restraining Order
IM-MO-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/25/2006
Valley Park Ordinance 1715 (substituting for Ordinance 1708)
IM-MO-0001-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/26/2006
Amended Petition
IM-MO-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/27/2006
Motion for Amended Temporary Restraining Order
IM-MO-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/27/2006
Affidavit of Stephen Legomsky
IM-MO-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/27/2006
Amended Temporary Restraining Order
IM-MO-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/27/2006
Orders Enlarging Discovery Time
IM-MO-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/06/2006
Notice of Removal
IM-MO-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/10/2006
Memorandum and Order [on Remand] [ECF# 32] (2006 WL 3331082) (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 11/15/2006
Ordinance 1721 and Amendment
IM-MO-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/14/2007
Ordindance 1722 and Amendment
IM-MO-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/14/2007
Plaintiffs' Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings and Supporting Memorandum
IM-MO-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/20/2007
Plaintiffs' Trial Brief
IM-MO-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/22/2007
Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law, Order & Judgment (2007 WL 857320)
IM-MO-0001-0017.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 03/12/2007
Documents Required to Apply for a Valley Park Occupancy Permit
IM-MO-0001-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/04/2007
Petition for Declaratory Relief and a Temporary, Preliminary and Permanent Injunction
IM-MO-0001-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/04/2007
Plaintiffs' Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order
IM-MO-0001-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/04/2007
Temporary Restraining Order (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/05/2007
Affidavit of Jerry Lee
IM-MO-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/29/2007
Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment and Memorandum of Law in Support
IM-MO-0001-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/31/2007
Motion of Defendants to Dismiss Plaintiff's Petition for Declaratory Relief and Temporary, Preliminary, and Permanent Injunction
IM-MO-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/19/2007
Plaintiffs' Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss
IM-MO-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/25/2007
Order and Judgment [ECF# 50]
IM-MO-0001-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/03/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Ordinance 1736: An Ordinance Amending Ordinance 1722
IM-MO-0001-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2007
Plaintiffs' Motion for Reconsideration of Dismissal or . . .
IM-MO-0001-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/10/2007
Plaintiffs' Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt
IM-MO-0001-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/16/2007
Plaintiffs Windhover, Inc.’s and Jacqueline Gray's Memorandum in Support of Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt
IM-MO-0001-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/19/2007
Plaintiffs Windhover, Inc.'s and Jacqueline Gray's Memorandum in Support of Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt
IM-MO-0001-0037.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/19/2007
Plaintiffs' Memorandum in Support of Motion for Contempt
IM-MO-0001-0031.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/20/2007
Motion of Defendants' to Dismiss Plaintiffs' Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt
IM-MO-0001-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/20/2007
Memorandum in Support of Motion of Defendants' to Dismiss Plaintiffs' Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt
IM-MO-0001-0033.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/20/2007
Defendants' Supplemental Memorandum in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt
IM-MO-0001-0035.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/12/2007
Order [Denying Plaintiff's Motion to Show Cause/Contempt]
IM-MO-0001-0036.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/16/2007
An Ordinance Amending the Effective Date of Ordinance No. 1736 [ECF# 125]
IM-MO-0001-0038.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/29/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Reply Brief of Appellants
IM-MO-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/18/2008
Brief of Appellants with regard to Respondents' Cross-Appeal on the issue of Attorney's Fees
IM-MO-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/18/2008
Opinion, Missouri Court of Appeals, Eastern District (254 S.W.3d 264)
IM-MO-0001-0041.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | External Link | Detail
Date: 06/03/2008
Source: State Court Website
Judges Cohen, Patricia L. Court not on record
IM-MO-0001-0039
Crancer, Barbara Ann (State Trial Court)
IM-MO-0001-0027 | IM-MO-0001-0039
Draper, George W. III (State Appellate Court)
IM-MO-0001-0041
Wallace, Barbara W. (State Trial Court)
IM-MO-0001-0005 | IM-MO-0001-0010 | IM-MO-0001-0017 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0036 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Webber, E. Richard Court not on record
IM-MO-0001-0013 | IM-MO-0001-0039
Whittington, Carolyn (State Trial Court)
IM-MO-0001-0022 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Ammann, John J. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Bagenstos, Samuel R. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-9000
Bermudez, Fernando (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Carver, Elizabeth C. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0041
Chang, Jennifer (California)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037
Ferrick, Elizabeth (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000
Fuentes, Gabriel A. (Illinois)
IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035
Gelernt, Lee (New York)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018
Hurtado, Daniel J. (Illinois)
IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041
Ituarte, Jesus (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Jadwat, Omar C. (New York)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037
Kenyon, Marie A. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Martinez, Linda (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
McGraugh, Susan (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Meza, Ricardo (Illinois)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037
Nagda, Jennifer (Illinois)
IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037
Ramirez, Anthony B. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Rothert, Anthony [Tony] E. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Schlanger, Margo (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Sharp, Rhiana (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Tokarz, Karen (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Wisniewski, Kathy A. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Young, John F. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Baker, Randall P. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-0041
Kobach, Kris W. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040
Leonatti, Louis J. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040
Martin, Eric M. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0011 | IM-MO-0001-0012 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0025 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Other Lawyers Baker, Alan (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035

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