University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Bradley v. Haley PC-AL-0013
Docket / Court 2:92-cv-00070-WHA-CSC ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Attorney Organization Southern Poverty Law Center
Case Summary
On January 15, 1992, a group of prisoners incarcerated in the Alabama Department of Corrections brought suit in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama under 42 U.S.C. §1983 challenging the adequacy of mental health treatment provided by state prison officials. The plaintiffs, ... read more >
On January 15, 1992, a group of prisoners incarcerated in the Alabama Department of Corrections brought suit in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama under 42 U.S.C. §1983 challenging the adequacy of mental health treatment provided by state prison officials. The plaintiffs, mentally ill prisoners, were represented by several private attorneys and the Southern Poverty Law Center. They were granted class certification on September 15, 1993. The case was later referred to mediation.

The District Court (Judge W. Harold Albritton III) approved a settlement agreement on September 28, 2000. The settlement agreement established a schedule for implementing various improvements for mental health treatment. James Quigley, Alabama DOC Settles Mental Health Class Action, Prison Legal News, July 2003, at 29. The improvements included comprehensive mental health policies, procedures and program manuals; bed space increases and mental health facility renovations, staff increases and training; and a requirement of National Commission on Correctional Health Care (NCCHC) accreditation by April 2002. The agreement also appointed Jane Haddad to facilitate the implementation of the agreement and to oversee its compliance. The case was closed on June 27, 2001.

Tom Madison - 03/27/2006

compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Crowding / caseload
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Medical/Mental Health
Intellectual disability/mental illness dual diagnosis
Mental health care, general
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Alabama Department of Corrections
Kilby Correctional Center
Plaintiff Description All acutely and severely mentally ill inmates who are presently incarcerated at the Kilby Correctional Facility or who will be incarcerated there in the future
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Southern Poverty Law Center
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2000 - 2005
Case Closing Year 2003
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
  From Hospitals to Prisons: A New Explanation
Date: 2017
By: Fredrick E. Vars & Shelby B. Calambokidis (Cornell Law Review)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Cruel Confinement: Abuse, Discrimination and Death Within Alabama's Prisons
Date: Jun. 4, 2014
(Southern Poverty Law Center )
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
Date: May 2006
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
Date: Jan. 1, 1998
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

92-70 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0013-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/21/2003
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Expert Report Mental Health Care in the Alabama Department of Corrections Bradley v. Hightower
PC-AL-0013-0002.pdf | Detail
Order [Re: Class Certification] (151 F.R.D. 422) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0013-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/15/1993
Source: Google Scholar
Settlement Agreement
PC-AL-0013-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/28/2000
Joint Modification to Settlement Agreement
PC-AL-0013-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/21/2003
Alabama Department of Corrections Improvements in Mental Health Services for Inmates
PC-AL-0013-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/12/2003
Judges Albritton, William Harold III (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0013-0005 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Coody, Charles S. (M.D. Ala.)
Monitors/Masters Haddad, Jane (Virginia)
PC-AL-0013-0001 | PC-AL-0013-0002
Plaintiff's Lawyers Brownstein, Rhonda C. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0003 | PC-AL-0013-0004 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Cohen, J. Richard (Alabama)
Dawson, William Monroe Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0005 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Gear, Gayle H. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0004 | PC-AL-0013-0005 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Harrington, Kathryn Sumrall (Alabama)
Hosp, Edward Andrew (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0004 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Hubertz, Elizabeth J. (Illinois)
James, Jennifer R. (Alabama)
Kleinberg, Elizabeth A. (Alabama)
North, William Richard (Alabama)
Sumners, Pamela Lauren (Illinois)
Defendant's Lawyers Boswell, Alice Ann (Alabama)
Byrne, Alice Ann (Alabama)
Byrne, David Bryson Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0005 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Davenport, Ronald G. (Alabama)
Huffaker, R. Austin Jr. (Alabama)
Kellum, Julia Elizabeth (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0005 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Leonard, Ellen Ruth (Alabama)
Lyles, Harry A. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0005 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Northcutt, Robert F. (Alabama)
Pryor, William Holcombe Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0004 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Redd, Andrew Weldon (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0003 | PC-AL-0013-0004 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Trawick, Gary R. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0005 | PC-AL-0013-9000
Westry, Milton J. (Alabama)
Wilson, James Eldon (Alabama)
PC-AL-0013-0004 | PC-AL-0013-9000

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -