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Case Name U.S. v. City of Philadelphia NH-PA-0002
Docket / Court 2:98-cv-04253 ( E.D. Pa. )
State/Territory Pennsylvania
Case Type(s) Nursing Home Conditions
Case Summary
The United States Department of Justice investigated conditions at the Philadelphia Nursing Home (PNH) in 1996 pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA). In a December 19, 1996 letter to the mayor of Philadelphia, the Department of Justice described the unconstitutional ... read more >
The United States Department of Justice investigated conditions at the Philadelphia Nursing Home (PNH) in 1996 pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA). In a December 19, 1996 letter to the mayor of Philadelphia, the Department of Justice described the unconstitutional conditions in the facility. The facility failed to ensure the safety of or provide the most basic care to its residents. Staff neglected residents and allowed them to reside in unsanitary conditions. In 1994, the city had privatized the facility, turning its management over to Episcopal Long Term Care, and a previous investigation by the Pennsylvania Department of Health found chaotic conditions in the facility.

The Department of Justice filed a complaint on August 13, 1998 against the City of Philadelphia and Episcopal Long Term Care in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. The complaint sought to enjoin the defendant from violating the constitutional rights of PNH residents. It alleged that the defendants had also violated the Nursing Home Reform Act, CRIPA, and the False Claims Act, and were unjustly enriched by funds received from the federal government.

The parties reached a settlement agreement, which was filed contemporaneously with the complaint. The City of Philadelphia and Episcopal Long Term Care agreed to do the following:

• ensure that residents were free from mistreatment and neglect;

• provide adequate psychiatric, medical, and nursing care;

• limit the use of restraints;

• allow a federal monitor to implement the agreement;

• pay $50,000 for violating the False Claims Act; and,

• create a $15,000 fund to improve the lives of residents.

On August 14, 1998, the district court (Judge Stewart Dalzell) approved the settlement agreement and closed the case.

Angela Heverling - 05/21/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Neglect by staff
Restraints : physical
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Totality of conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Bed care (including sores)
Medical care, general
Mental health care, general
Wound care
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
False Claims Act, 31 U.S.C. § 3729
Nursing Care Reform Act of 1987/ Omnibus Reconciliation Act
Defendant(s) City of Philadelphia
Philadelphia Nursing Home
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Class action status sought No
Class action status outcome Not sought
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1998 - 1998
Filed 08/13/1998
Case Closing Year 1998
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Review of the Use of Monitors in Civil Settlement Agreements and Consent Decrees Involving State and Local Government Entities
U.S. Department of Justice
Date: 9/13/2021
By: Attorney General Merrick Garland and Assoc. AG Vanita Gupta (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  An Analysis of CRIPA Findings Letters Issued to Jails for Constitutional Violations by the Department of Justice
Date: Apr. 15, 2016
By: Jeff Mellow, Bryce E. Peterson & Mijin Kim (John Jay College of Criminal Justice Faculty)
Citation: Am. J. Crim. Just. (April 2016)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
E.D. Pa.
11/07/2001
Civil 98-4253
NH-PA-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
E.D. Pa.
Settlement Agreement Exhibits
NH-PA-0002-0006.pdf | Detail
not recorded
07/14/1995
Notice for Medicare Termination
NH-PA-0002-0009.pdf | Detail
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
not recorded
07/20/1995
Memo to Deva L. Patrick Re: Philadelphia Nursing Home
NH-PA-0002-0007.pdf | Detail
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
not recorded
07/20/1995
Inspectors' June Visit to City Nursing Home Found 'Total Chaos'
NH-PA-0002-0010.pdf | Detail
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
not recorded
07/28/1995
Re: Investigation of the Philadelphia Nursing Home
NH-PA-0002-0011.pdf | Detail
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
not recorded
12/19/1996
Re: Investigation of the Philadelphia Nursing Home
NH-PA-0002-0008.pdf | Detail
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
E.D. Pa.
08/12/1998
Settlement Agreement
NH-PA-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
not recorded
08/13/1998
Federal Government Reaches Settlement to Improve Conditions at Philadelphia Nursing Home
NH-PA-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
E.D. Pa.
08/13/1998
Complaint [ECF# 1]
NH-PA-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
E.D. Pa.
08/13/1998
United States' Uncontested Motion to Enter Settlement Agreement [ECF# 2]
NH-PA-0002-0002.pdf | Detail
E.D. Pa.
08/14/1998
Order [ECF# 4]
NH-PA-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
show all people docs
Judges Dalzell, Stewart R. (E.D. Pa.) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0003 | NH-PA-0002-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Farano, Richard J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0002 | NH-PA-0002-0004 | NH-PA-0002-0005 | NH-PA-0002-0007 | NH-PA-0002-9000
Frohboese, Robinsue (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0004 | NH-PA-0002-0005 | NH-PA-0002-9000
Hoffman, David R. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0002 | NH-PA-0002-0004 | NH-PA-0002-0005 | NH-PA-0002-0007 | NH-PA-0002-9000
King, Loretta (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0011
Lee, Bill Lann (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0004 | NH-PA-0002-0005 | NH-PA-0002-9000
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0007 | NH-PA-0002-0008
Reno, Janet (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0004 | NH-PA-0002-9000
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0004 | NH-PA-0002-0005 | NH-PA-0002-9000
Sheehan, James G. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0004 | NH-PA-0002-0005 | NH-PA-0002-0007 | NH-PA-0002-9000
Stiles, Michael R. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0004 | NH-PA-0002-0005 | NH-PA-0002-0007 | NH-PA-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Franklin-Suber, Stephanie L. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0005
Gallant, Mark H. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-0005 | NH-PA-0002-9000
Thompson, William R. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
NH-PA-0002-9000

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