University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name U.S. v. District of Columbia NH-DC-0001
Docket / Court 95-0948 ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Nursing Home Conditions
Case Summary
On August 19, 1991, the United States Department of Justice [DOJ] issued its findings letter to the mayor of Washington, DC providing details of its investigation of the Village Nursing Home (DC Village) conducted pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA). DC Village ... read more >
On August 19, 1991, the United States Department of Justice [DOJ] issued its findings letter to the mayor of Washington, DC providing details of its investigation of the Village Nursing Home (DC Village) conducted pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA). DC Village was licensed as a long-term-care nursing home for geriatric patients but overflow from other institutions was causing additional residents to be placed in the facility. These residents included adults with intellectual and severe physical disabilities along with mentally ill children and adults. The investigation determined that DC Village was not providing proper care to residents who were mentally ill or had intellectual disabilities. The conditions that caused constitutional violations included failure to provide adequate training to staff, inadequate psychiatric care, insufficient staff, and inadequate record keeping. The DOJ suggested remedial measures to bring the institution into compliance with constitutional standards.

The DOJ conducted follow-up investigations in 1992 and 1994 and found that the conditions had not improved. Additional problems at the facility included inadequate medical care resulting in the death of many residents. In a letter dated October 11, 1994, the DOJ suggested additional remedial measures to cure the constitutional violations.

On May 19, 1995, the United States filed a lawsuit against the District of Columbia in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. The complaint alleged violations of the Constitution, the Americans with Disabilities Act, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, and Titles XIX and XVIII of the Social Security Act. The District of Columbia Long-Term Care Ombudsman intervened in the action. The United States and the Ombudsman moved for preliminary injunction. On July 5, 1995 a hearing was held regarding the preliminary injunction and the parties entered into a stipulated order. The District of Columbia agreed to implement a number of remedies, including changing specific medical practices related to the treatment of ulcers and incontinence. It agreed to provide adequate nursing staff, remedy shortages in food and other supplies, to place patients with intellectual disabilities into community-based or residential programs, and to pay vendors providing services to the facility. Court monitor Harriet Fields provided reports regarding the District's compliance.

In August of 1995, the District decided to close the facility and failed to provide a plan for the transfer of residents to other facilities. It failed to follow the terms of the previous stipulation and began transferring patients without supervision by the court. On December 20, 1995, the district court (Judge Thomas F. Hogan) granted the United States' motion for contempt due to the District's non-compliance with the stipulated order. On February 23, 1996, Judge Hogan ordered the suspension of the outplacement of DC Village's residents until it complied with previous court orders by creating a transition team to ensure that placement decisions were made on an individualized basis.

The Court Monitor's reports indicated that the District was also not compliant in paying its vendors and Judge Hogan entered several orders regarding this issue.

A letter from the Court Monitor on June 28, 1996 noted that all patients at DC Village had been outplaced but that the District was refusing to provide payment to the Georgetown University Child Development Center (GUCDC) for the services it provided in the outplacement process. On July 15, 1996, Judge Hogan ordered the District to pay GUCDC. Judge Hogan denied a motion to dismiss the monitor in order to evaluate the former resident's placements and determine whether they were appropriate.

The Court Monitor provided a final report on January 21, 1997, which included testimonials of former residents and indicated that they were in appropriate placements. Judge Hogan entered an Order on May 12, 1997, closing the case and ordering the District to pay $100 to each former resident and $50,000 to the Ombudsman.

Angela Heverling - 05/21/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Deinstitutionalization/decarceration
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Record-keeping
Restraints : physical
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental health care, general
Mental Disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Social Security (Title XX), 42 U.S.C. § 1397 et seq.
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) D.C. Village Nursing Home
District of Columbia
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1995 - 1997
Case Closing Year 1997
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
95-948 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/23/1997
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of D.C. Village Nursing Home, District of Columbia
NH-DC-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/19/1991
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of D.C. Village Nursing Home, District of Columbia
NH-DC-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/11/1994
Complaint
NH-DC-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/08/1995
Memorandum in Support of the United States' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction to Enjoin Dangerous and Life-Threatening Practices and to Ensure Basic Care, Services and Treatment
NH-DC-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/19/1995
Declarations of Parties
NH-DC-0001-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/15/1995
United States' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction to Enjoin Dangerous and Life-Threatening Practices and to Ensure Basic Care, Services and Treatment
NH-DC-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/19/1995
Stipulated Order to Remedy the United States' and the Ombudsman's Motions for a Preliminary Injunction (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/06/1995
Re: Stipulated Order enter on July 6, 1995
NH-DC-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/06/1995
Preliminary Status Report
NH-DC-0001-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/04/1995
Re: Civ. No. 95-948 TFH, D.C. Village Nursing Home
NH-DC-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/21/1995
First Status Report of the Court Monitor
NH-DC-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/16/1995
Order Modifying Stipulated Order of July 6, 1995 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/07/1995
Second Status Report of the Court Monitor
NH-DC-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/30/1995
Re: November 7, Order Modifying Stipulated Order of July 6, 1995
NH-DC-0001-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/10/1995
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/22/1995
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/22/1995
January Status Report
NH-DC-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/17/1996
Appendices to the January Status Report
NH-DC-0001-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/17/1996
Re: U.S. v. District of Columbia
NH-DC-0001-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/01/1996
Re: D.C. Village
NH-DC-0001-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/01/1996
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/23/1996
Re: U.S. v. District of Columbia
NH-DC-0001-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/03/1996
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/17/1996
Monitor Update on Outplacement of DCV Residents to New Homes
NH-DC-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/25/1996
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/26/1996
Monitor Update on Outplacement of DCV Residents to New Homes
NH-DC-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/09/1996
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/09/1996
Monitor Update on Outplacement of DCV Residents to New Homes
NH-DC-0001-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/22/1996
Re: Off-site Day Programs Recommended for Residents with Mental Retardation
NH-DC-0001-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/06/1996
Monitor Update on Outplacement of DCV Residents to New Homes
NH-DC-0001-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/16/1996
Re: U.S. v. District of Columbia
NH-DC-0001-0031.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/28/1996
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/15/1996
Re: U.S. v. District of Columbia
NH-DC-0001-0033.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/11/1996
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/22/1996
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0035.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/22/1996
Final Report
NH-DC-0001-0036.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/21/1997
Consent Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0037.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/21/1997
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0038.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/14/1997
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/14/1997
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/23/1997
Order (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0041.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/23/1997
Judges Hogan, Thomas Francis (FISC, D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0006 | NH-DC-0001-0008 | NH-DC-0001-0010 | NH-DC-0001-0011 | NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0013 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0022 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0027 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030 | NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-0032 | NH-DC-0001-0033 | NH-DC-0001-0034 | NH-DC-0001-0035 | NH-DC-0001-0036 | NH-DC-0001-0037 | NH-DC-0001-0038 | NH-DC-0001-0039 | NH-DC-0001-0040 | NH-DC-0001-0041 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Monitors/Masters Fields, Harriet A. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0013 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0021 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030
Plaintiff's Lawyers Deutsch, David (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0003 | NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0007 | NH-DC-0001-0008 | NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0021 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0027 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030 | NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Dunne, John R. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0001
Farano, Richard J. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0006 | NH-DC-0001-0007 | NH-DC-0001-0008 | NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0021 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0027 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030 | NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-0037 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Frohboese, Robinsue (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0007
Holder, Eric H. Jr. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0003 | NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0007
Isaacson, William A. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0027 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030 | NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-0037 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0002 | NH-DC-0001-0003 | NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0007
Peabody, Arthur E. Jr. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0003 | NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0007
Reno, Janet (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0003
Schiller, Jonathan D. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0027
Scholer, Kaye (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030
Schuster, Michael Robert (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Bolden, Melvin W. Jr. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0008
Earle, William J. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-9000
Mann, Barbara J. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0027 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030 | NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-0037 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Pinkston, Garland Jr. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-9000

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