University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Parrent v. Angus ID-UT-0001
Docket / Court 89-0907653-CV ( State Court )
State/Territory Utah
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Intellectual Disability (Facility)
Attorney Organization NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Case Summary
On December 21, 1989, attorneys for the Legal Center for People with Disabilities, and the Association for Retarded Citizens for Utah filed suit on behalf of residents of the Utah State Developmental Center in the Third Judicial District Court, Salt Lake County, Utah, challenging the treatment, ... read more >
On December 21, 1989, attorneys for the Legal Center for People with Disabilities, and the Association for Retarded Citizens for Utah filed suit on behalf of residents of the Utah State Developmental Center in the Third Judicial District Court, Salt Lake County, Utah, challenging the treatment, care, training and services being provided to the residents. The defendants included officials of Utah State Department of Human Services and other state agencies. The plaintiffs made claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, Title XIX of the Social Security Act, § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, 29 U.S.C. § 794 and Utah state law. The plaintiffs sought injunctive and declaratory relief, as well as class action status.

After the plaintiffs initiated the action, the Court certified the plaintiff class in May 1990, which consisted of all current residents of the Utah State Developmental Center.

Later that year, in response to the plaintiffs’ motion for partial summary judgment, defendants filed a motion to dismiss the case in October 1990. The court granted the defendants’ motion to dismiss one cause of action in December 1990, but also gave the plaintiffs leave to amend the complaint.

The plaintiffs filed the First Amended Complaint on January 4, 1991.

After much back and forth, the parties entered a stipulation in May 1991 dismissing another of the plaintiffs’ cause of action. Additionally, the court granted the defendants’ motion to dismiss an additional cause of action one month later in June 1991.

A Second Amended Complaint was filed on March 26, 1993. It outlined deficiencies at the Utah State Developmental Center which included the failure to individualize program plans and provide adequate habilitation services to residents. It also chronicled the testimony from the Utah Legislative Fiscal Analyst regarding budgeting and spending at the Utah State Developmental Center in the fiscal years of 1989 and 1990.

On June 7, 1993, the parties entered into a Settlement Agreement and submitted it to the Court (Judge Timothy R. Hanson) for approval. The stated goal of the Settlement Agreement was for the State of Utah to continue to promote residential environments and surroundings which allow class members the opportunity to live a life as normal as possible, and to associate with people who are both disabled and not disabled.

The Agreement provided that within four (4) years all residents of Utah State Developmental Center would receive an evaluation by an Interdisciplinary Team which would determine the services and support that would best meet that class member's needs. Each evaluation was to consider the principles of personal growth, individualization, and integration of the individual into a community-based setting.

The plaintiffs' attorneys monitored the implementation of the Settlement Agreement provisions. As of 1997, plaintiffs' attorneys noted that three legitimate barriers to outplacement of class members existed: (1) insufficient community provider capacity, (2) outpatient mental health treatment for people with intellectual disabilities and mental illness, and (3) inadequate neurological support. The defendants were said to have been working towards addressing those issues.

In November 2000, the state moved to dismiss the case, and after a few months, the plaintiffs stipulated to that dismissal, which occurred, with prejudice, on Feb. 20, 2001. The dismissal seems to have ended the case--although, oddly, the docket shows the assignment of a new judge, Kate Toomey, in April 2007, and then another new judge, Todd Shaughnessy, in May 2015.

Dan Dalton - 03/20/2007
Richa Bijlani - 04/01/2020


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Reasonable Accommodation
Reporting
Training
Disability
Integrated setting
Least restrictive environment
Discrimination-area
Accommodation / Leave
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Deinstitutionalization/decarceration
Education
Funding
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Individualized planning
Reassessment and care planning
Special education
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Totality of conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Intellectual disability/mental illness dual diagnosis
Mental health care, general
Mental Disability
Developmental disability without intellectual disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Social Security (Title XX), 42 U.S.C. § 1397 et seq.
State law
Defendant(s) Utah State Developmental Center
Plaintiff Description All current residents of the Utah State Developmental Center.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1993 - 2001
Filed 12/21/1989
Case Closing Year 2001
Case Ongoing No reason to think so
Docket(s)
890907653 (Civil) (State Trial Court)
ID-UT-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/22/2015
General Documents
Second Amended Class Action Complaint
ID-UT-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/11/1993
Settlement Agreement
ID-UT-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/07/1993
Correspondence
ID-UT-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/29/1995
Correspondence
ID-UT-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/21/1997
show all people docs
Judges Hanson, Timothy R. Court not on record show/hide docs
ID-UT-0001-0001 | ID-UT-0001-0002 | ID-UT-0001-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Denton, Robert B. (Utah) show/hide docs
ID-UT-0001-0001 | ID-UT-0001-0002 | ID-UT-0001-0003 | ID-UT-0001-0004 | ID-UT-0001-9000
Rudolph, Mary A. (Utah) show/hide docs
ID-UT-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Luinstra-Baldwin, Linda (Utah) show/hide docs
ID-UT-0001-0002
Verdoia, Carol (Utah) show/hide docs
ID-UT-0001-9000

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