University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name U.S. v. Tennessee ID-TN-0003
Docket / Court 2:92-cv-02062-BBD ( W.D. Tenn. )
State/Territory Tennessee
Case Type(s) Intellectual Disability (Facility)
Case Summary
In December of 1990, the United States Department of Justice, pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et al, investigated the Arlington Developmental Center (ADC) in Tennessee. The investigation revealed that conditions in the facility seriously ... read more >
In December of 1990, the United States Department of Justice, pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et al, investigated the Arlington Developmental Center (ADC) in Tennessee. The investigation revealed that conditions in the facility seriously threatened the health and safety of its developmentally delayed residents. The Department of Justice found that residents were subject to abuse and neglect, inadequate medical care, an unsafe physical environment, and lack of educational services.

On January 21, 1992, the United States Department of Justice filed a lawsuit against the State of Tennessee pursuant to CRIPA in the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee, alleging that the state had failed to provide humane conditions and adequate treatment at Arlington Developmental Center. The case was styled United States v. Tennessee, Civ. No. 92-2062. (W.D.Tenn.1992)(''the United States case").

The case followed a similar action that was filed against the ADC by private plaintiffs, styled People First of Tennessee v. Arlington Developmental Ctr., No. 92-2213 (W.D.Tenn.1992)(''People First case'') (See ID-TN-1 of this collection).

On August 7, 1992, the District Court (Judge Jon Phipps McCalla) denied the state's motion for summary judgment in the United States case. U.S. v. Tennessee, 798 F.Supp.483 (W.D. Tenn. 1992).

A lengthy trial in the United States case began on August 30, 1993 and continued through October 1993. On November 22, 1993, the Court (Judge McCalla) made issued an oral ruling against the defendants, finding that the conditions at ADC violated the due process rights of the residents. Written findings of fact were issued by the Court on February 18, 1994. On September 2, 1994 entered a detailed remedial order to correct the violations the Court found. The order called for the appointment of a monitor. Linda R. O'Neall, Ph.D. was subsequently appointed to that position.

On June 30, 1995, Judge McCalla issued an emergency order after the monitor reported that a state of medical emergency existed at the facility. After the state failed to comply with the emergency order, the court entered a preliminary injunction on July 21, 1995 required the center to hire a Developmental Medicine Physician, additional physicians for overnight coverage, additional nurses, and a full-time psychiatrist. On August 9, 1995, Judge McCalla found the state in contempt for failure to comply. In a reported opinion dated November 6, 1995, the court described the state's history of noncompliance in this matter and approved appropriate sanctions. United States v. Tennessee, 925 F.Supp. 1292 (W.D. Tenn. 1995).

On September 27, 1995, the Plaintiffs and the Intervenor in the People First case (ID-TN-1) were named as Intervenors in the United States case.

Defendants remained in contempt and on June 26, 1996 the court entered a stipulation and order whereby, in lieu of sanctions for contempt, the defendants agreed to develop three comprehensive plans addressing compliance with previous orders, downsizing the facility, and community placement of residents.

The court approved the State's proposed community placement plan on August 21, 1997. On June 28, 1999, the court ordered the creation of workgroups to facilitate implementation of the plan but later suspended the workgroups. The parties appealed the order suspending the workgroups and submitted a mediation settlement agreement. The District Court (Judge Bernice Bouie Donald) denied a motion to approve the settlement agreement on February 24, 2003. U.S. v. Tennessee, 256 F.Supp. 2d 768 (W.D. Tenn. 2003). The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (Judge Boyce F. Martin Jr.) vacated and remanded the decision of the district court on June 23, 2005. United States v. Tennessee, 143 Fed. Appx. 656 (6th Cir. 2005).

After the case was remanded in 2005, .

Angela Heverling - 04/08/2007

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Least restrictive environment
Assault/abuse by staff
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Neglect by staff
Restraints : physical
Special education
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental Disability
Developmental disability without intellectual disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Causes of Action Indv. w/ Disab. Educ. Act (IDEA), Educ. of All Handcpd. Children Act , 20 U.S.C. § 1400
Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Arlington Developmental Center
State of Tennessee
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1994 - 2013
Case Closing Year 2014
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing ID-TN-0001 : People First of Tenn. v. Arlington Developmental Center (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0002 : People First of Tenn. v. Clover Bottom Devel. Center (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0004 : U.S. v. Tennessee (M.D. Tenn.)
92-2062 (W.D. Tenn.) 02/18/1999
ID-TN-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum: Recommendation for Investigation of Arlington Developmental Center 06/18/1990
ID-TN-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Memorandum re: Arlington Developmental Center Proposed S.10 Investigation 06/18/1990
ID-TN-0003-0002.pdf | Detail
Notice Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Arlington Developmental Center, Arlington, Tennessee 07/11/1990
ID-TN-0003-0003.pdf | Detail
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Arlington Developmental Center, Arlington, Tennessee 03/12/1991
ID-TN-0003-0004.pdf | Detail
Complaint 01/21/1992
ID-TN-0003-0005.pdf | Detail
Order Denying Motion to Dismiss or in the Alternative Summary Judgment 08/07/1992 (798 F.Supp. 483) (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0017.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion of the Court 11/22/1993 (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0006.pdf | Detail
Supplemental Findings of Fact 02/18/1994 (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0007.pdf | Detail
Remedial Order 09/02/1994 (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0008.pdf | Detail
Order on Contempt Petition 03/31/1995 (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0009.pdf | Detail
Emergency Order 07/03/1995 (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0010.pdf | Detail
Order 07/21/1995 (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0011.pdf | Detail
Contempt Order 08/24/1995 (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0012.pdf | Detail
Order on Defendants' Compliance with Emergency Provisions and on Defendants' Motions to Find Partial Compliance and Lift Sanctions 11/06/1995 (925 F.Supp. 1292) (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0014.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Stipulation and Order 06/26/1996 (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0013.pdf | Detail
Opinion 10/01/2001 (260 F.3d 587)
ID-TN-0003-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 10/01/2001 (2001 U.S.App.LEXIS 29309)
ID-TN-0003-0019.pdf | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Order Denying the Approval of Mediation Settlement Agreement 02/21/2003 (256 F.Supp.2d 768) (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0015.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 06/23/2005 (143 Fed.Appx. 656)
ID-TN-0003-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Batchelder, Alice Moore (N.D. Ohio, Sixth Circuit)
ID-TN-0003-0016 | ID-TN-0003-0019
Donald, Bernice Bouie (W.D. Tenn., Sixth Circuit)
ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Feikens, John (E.D. Mich.)
ID-TN-0003-0016 | ID-TN-0003-0019
Martin, Boyce Ficklen Jr. (Sixth Circuit)
McCalla, Jon Phipps (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003-0007 | ID-TN-0003-0008 | ID-TN-0003-0009 | ID-TN-0003-0010 | ID-TN-0003-0011 | ID-TN-0003-0012 | ID-TN-0003-0013 | ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-0017
McKinley, Joseph H. Jr. (W.D. Ky.)
Nelson, David Aldrich (Sixth Circuit)
ID-TN-0003-0016 | ID-TN-0003-0019
Rogers, John M. (Sixth Circuit)
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barr, William P. (District of Columbia)
Bell, Aileen M. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Bowers, Susan (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0005 | ID-TN-0003-0017 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Bowman, Robert C. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-0017 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Bryant, Edward G. (Tennessee)
Deerinwater, Verlin Hughes (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Donehey, Darcey Kathleen (District of Columbia)
Dunne, John R. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0001 | ID-TN-0003-0002 | ID-TN-0003-0003 | ID-TN-0003-0004 | ID-TN-0003-0005 | ID-TN-0003-0017
Dycus, Joe A. (Tennessee)
Frohboese, Robinsue (District of Columbia)
Geissler, R. Jonas (District of Columbia)
Harris, Terrell L. (Tennessee)
Maddox, William G. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0005 | ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-0017 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
Peabody, Arthur E. Jr. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0001 | ID-TN-0003-0002 | ID-TN-0003-0005 | ID-TN-0003-0008 | ID-TN-0003-0017
Picciotti-Bayer, Andrea (District of Columbia)
Porter, Nicole (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Rocah, David R. (District of Columbia)
Schneider, Todd J. (District of Columbia)
Schoen, Benjamin P. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0005 | ID-TN-0003-0017
Scott, Janine (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Stevens, Karen L. (District of Columbia)
Todd, Gordon Dwyer (District of Columbia)
Urban, Thomas F. II (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Weinstein, Laurie J. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0008 | ID-TN-0003-0013 | ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Bearman, Leo Maurice Jr. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Burson, Charles W. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0008 | ID-TN-0003-0017
Dean, Kimberly Jennings (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0013 | ID-TN-0003-0014
Dimond, Douglas Earl (Tennessee)
Dycus, Dianne Stanley (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-0016 | ID-TN-0003-0018 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Edwards, Lisa Wilson (District of Columbia)
Franklin, Mary Beth (Tennessee)
Gross, Mark L. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0003-0016 | ID-TN-0003-0018
Hayden-Wood, Pamela A. (Tennessee)
Lakey, Jonathan P. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Maloy, Kathleen A. (Tennessee)
Oxford, Judy A. (Tennessee)
Ransom, Barbara E. (Pennsylvania)
Ross, Linda A. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0008 | ID-TN-0003-0017 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Russell, Kevin K. (District of Columbia)
Selby, Sharon S. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0017 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Other Lawyers Barrick, William M. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0016 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Connette, Edward G. III (North Carolina)
ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Derryberry, Jack W. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-0016 | ID-TN-0003-0018 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Gran, Judith A. (Pennsylvania)
ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-0016 | ID-TN-0003-0018 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Headrick, S. Russell (Tennessee)
Houseal, John I. Jr. (Tennessee)
Hubbard, William B. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0016 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Klein, Buffey (Tennessee)
Laski, Frank J. (Pennsylvania)
ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Likens, Steven W. (Tennessee)
Manus, Roger (North Carolina)
Mullins, Kimbrough Brown (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0018 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Prewitt, Thomas R. Jr. (Tennessee)
Schwarz, Earle J. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-0018 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Sherman, William F. (Arkansas)
ID-TN-0003-0014 | ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-0018 | ID-TN-0003-9000
Spears, Diane C. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0003-0015 | ID-TN-0003-9000

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