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Case Name People First of Tenn. v. Clover Bottom Devel. Center ID-TN-0002
Docket / Court 3:95-cv-01227 ( M.D. Tenn. )
State/Territory Tennessee
Case Type(s) Intellectual Disability (Facility)
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Case Summary
On December 22, 1995, People First of Tennessee filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee against the State of Tennessee on behalf of residents of the Clover Bottom Developmental Center, Greene Valley Developmental Center, and Winston Developmental ... read more >
On December 22, 1995, People First of Tennessee filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee against the State of Tennessee on behalf of residents of the Clover Bottom Developmental Center, Greene Valley Developmental Center, and Winston Developmental Center. The plaintiffs were represented by the Public Interest Law Center of Philadelphia and private attorneys. The complaint alleged that a Department of Justice CRIPA investigation of the facilities in 1994 found a pattern of injury, abuse, and neglect, deficient medical care, a lack of activities, and a failure to provide educations to school-age children as required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. It also alleged the use of unnecessary restraints, inadequate discharge planning, and failure to provide habilitation and training.

On November 15, 1996, the United States Department of Justice also filed a lawsuit in the Middle District of Tennessee against the state, alleging similar violations. That case was styled U.S. v. Tennessee Civ. No. 96-cv-01056 (M.D.Tenn.) ("United States case") (See ID-TN-4).

On December 2, 1996, the district court (Judge Robert L. Echnols) granted a motion to consolidate the People First case with the United States case.

People First, the Department of Justice, and the State of Tennessee entered into a settlement agreement, which was approved by Judge Echnols on November 27, 1996. According to the settlement, the state agreed to a number of changes, including the following:

• Create person-centered evaluation of citizens in need of services

• Develop community programs and resources

• Increase staffing and staff training

• Improve living conditions in the centers

• Provide education for school-age residents

On the same date, the court granted plaintiff People First of Tennessee's motion to amend their complaint.

According to the PACER docket, litigation continued after the settlement regarding defendants' compliance with the settlement agreement, the Parent-Guardian Association's intervention in the action, and attorneys' fees.

Community Rehabilitation Agencies of Tennessee (CMRA), an association of agencies providing services to individuals with intellectual disabilities, moved to intervene in both of the lawsuits. The court (Judge Jon McCallas) denied the motions for each case. On August 8, 2001, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals (District Judge John Feikens, Eastern District of Michigan, sitting by designation) affirmed the denials. U.S. v. Tennessee, 260 F.3d 587 (6th Cir. 2001).

The PACER docket provides no case information after 2001.

Angela Heverling - 04/01/2007

compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Assault/abuse by staff
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Individualized planning
Neglect by staff
Recreation / Exercise
Restraints : physical
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Mental Disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Indv. w/ Disab. Educ. Act (IDEA), Educ. of All Handcpd. Children Act , 20 U.S.C. § 1400
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Title XIX of the Social Security (Medicaid) Act, 42 U.S.C §1396
Defendant(s) Clover Bottom Developmental Center
Greene Valley Developmental Center
Winston Developmental Center
Plaintiff Description Residents of the Clover Bottom Developmental Center, Greene Valley Developmental Center, and Winston Developmental Center
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing ID-TN-0004 : U.S. v. Tennessee (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0001 : People First of Tenn. v. Arlington Developmental Center (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003 : U.S. v. Tennessee (W.D. Tenn.)
95-1227 (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/24/2001
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
96-1056 (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0002-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/23/2004
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
First Amended Complaint Class Action
ID-TN-0002-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/01/1995
Settlement Agreement Between People First, the United States, and the State of Tennessee
ID-TN-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/15/1996
Order to Amend Plaintiff's Complaint (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/27/1996
Order Approving Settlement Agreement (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0002-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/27/1996
Order Granting Class Certification (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/02/1996
Opinion (260 F.3d 587)
ID-TN-0002-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/01/2001
Source: Google Scholar
Judges Echols, Robert L. (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0002-0002 | ID-TN-0002-0003 | ID-TN-0002-0004 | ID-TN-0002-0005 | ID-TN-0002-0006 | ID-TN-0002-9000 | ID-TN-0002-9001
Feikens, John (E.D. Mich.)
Haynes, William Joseph Jr. (M.D. Tenn.)
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bell, Aileen M. (District of Columbia)
Bowman, Robert C. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0002-0003 | ID-TN-0002-9001
Connette, Edward G. III (North Carolina)
ID-TN-0002-0002 | ID-TN-0002-9000
Derryberry, Jack W. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0002-0002 | ID-TN-0002-0003 | ID-TN-0002-0007 | ID-TN-0002-9000
Donehey, Darcey Kathleen (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0002-9000 | ID-TN-0002-9001
Edwards, Lisa Wilson (District of Columbia)
Frohboese, Robinsue (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0002-0003 | ID-TN-0002-9000 | ID-TN-0002-9001
Geissler, R. Jonas (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0002-9000 | ID-TN-0002-9001
Goggin, Wendy Hildreth (Tennessee)
Gran, Judith A. (Pennsylvania)
ID-TN-0002-0002 | ID-TN-0002-0007 | ID-TN-0002-9000
Gross, Mark L. (District of Columbia)
Jackson, Shelley (District of Columbia)
Lowenthal, Jessica R. (Pennsylvania)
Manus, Roger (North Carolina)
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0002-0003 | ID-TN-0002-9000 | ID-TN-0002-9001
Picciotti-Bayer, Andrea (District of Columbia)
Porter, Nicole (District of Columbia)
Rocah, David R. (District of Columbia)
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0002-9000 | ID-TN-0002-9001
Russell, Kevin K. (District of Columbia)
Schneider, Todd J. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0002-9000 | ID-TN-0002-9001
Schwarz, Earle J. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0002-0002 | ID-TN-0002-9000
Scott, Janine (District of Columbia)
Watson, Robert C. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0002-0003 | ID-TN-0002-9000 | ID-TN-0002-9001
Weinstein, Laurie J. (District of Columbia)
Defendant's Lawyers Barrick, William M. (Tennessee)
Dycus, Dianne Stanley (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0002-0003 | ID-TN-0002-0007 | ID-TN-0002-9000
Ferguson, Randall Chadwell (Tennessee)
Floyd, John F. (Tennessee)
Hollabaugh, Lewis Berkley (Tennessee)
Lakey, Jonathan P. (Tennessee)
Maloy, Kathleen A. (Tennessee)
Other Lawyers Hardin, Hal D. (Tennessee)
Howser, Hugh C. Jr. (Tennessee)
Hubbard, William B. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0002-0007 | ID-TN-0002-9000
Schaffner, Mary Martin (Tennessee)
West, Dudley Mack (Tennessee)

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