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Case Name Homeward Bound v. Hissom Memorial Center ID-OK-0002
Docket / Court 85-C-437 ( N.D. Okla. )
State/Territory Oklahoma
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Intellectual Disability (Facility)
Case Summary
On May 2, 1985, Homeward Bound, Inc. filed a class-action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma against the Hissom Memorial Center and various state agencies. The lawsuit was brought on behalf of 600 individuals with intellectual disabilities, most of ... read more >
On May 2, 1985, Homeward Bound, Inc. filed a class-action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma against the Hissom Memorial Center and various state agencies. The lawsuit was brought on behalf of 600 individuals with intellectual disabilities, most of whom were children, who were incarcerated in Hissom Memorial in Sand Springs, Oklahoma. Homeward Bound was represented by private attorneys and attorneys from the Public Interest Law Center of Philadelphia and the University of Oklahoma School of Law. The complaint alleged that that the plaintiffs were subject to abuse, neglect, injury, and unnecessary physical and chemical restraints and were denied adequate medical care, clothing, food, and habilitation services. It alleged violations of the Rehabilitation Act, the Social Security Act, the Education of Handicapped Children Act, Due Process, Equal Protection, and the constitutional rights of expression, association, privacy, and family integrity. The complaint alleged that the residents would be better served in community-based placements.

On July 24, 1987, after consultation with experts, the District Court (Judge James Ellison) entered Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law and a Court Plan and Order of Deinstitutionalization. Homeward Bound, Inc. v. Hissom Memorial Center, Inc., 1987 WL 27104 (N.D. Okla.). The order gave defendants four years to move plaintiffs to community-based alternative placements and provided guidelines for accomplishing that goal.

Litigation continued regarding attorneys' fees and costs. After being awarded attorneys' fees, the plaintiffs requested an enhancement and the district court denied that request. On May 8, 1992, the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit (Judge Bobby Ray Baldock) affirmed. Homeward Bound, Inc. v. Hissom Memorial Center, Inc., 963 F.2d 1352 (10th Cir. 1992).

In 1989, the parties entered into a Consent Decree which was approved by the court. The Decree outlined a procedure for moving plaintiffs into the community and would terminate upon substantial compliance. The PACER docket does not provide any information about proceedings between 1987 and 1998. Progress reports were provided to the court. On February 1, 2005, Judge Ellison entered an Amended Permanent Injunction, terminating the case and finding that the Consent Decree imposed a permanent obligation on the defendants to provide individual community services and support to the plaintiffs. On January 24, 2007, the parties entered into a Final Stipulation closing the case and resolving issues of attorneys' fees. A Second Amended Permanent Injunction dated February 6, 2007 and signed by Judge Terence Kern ordered defendants to continue utilizing community based treatment under the previous orders and to seek waivers for those individuals with intellectual disabilities who required institutional-based treatment.

The PACER docket indicates that on February 6, 2007, the case was reassigned to Judge Gregory K. Frizzell. At the time of the writing of this summary, there has been no further activity.

Angela Heverling - 05/23/2007

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Freedom of speech/association
Assault/abuse by staff
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Neglect by staff
Restraints : chemical
Restraints : physical
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental Disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Type of Facility
Causes of Action Medicaid, 42 U.S.C §1396 (Title XIX of the Social Security Act)
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Indv. w/ Disab. Educ. Act (IDEA), Educ. of All Handcpd. Children Act , 20 U.S.C. § 1400
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Oklahama Health Care Authority and Department of Human Services
Plaintiff Description 600 Mentally Retarded Individuals at Hissom Memorial Center
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1987 - 2007
Filed 05/02/1985
Case Closing Year 2007
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  See this case at (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Settlement Ends Four-Year Fight To Close Hissom
Date: 1989
By: Ed Godfrey (News OK)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

85-C-437 (N.D. Okla.)
ID-OK-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/07/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Class Action Complaint
ID-OK-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/02/1985
Court Plan and Order of Deinstitutionalization (N.D. Okla.)
ID-OK-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/24/1987
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law (1987 WL 27104 / 1987 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 16866) (N.D. Okla.)
ID-OK-0002-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/24/1987
Consent Decree (N.D. Okla.)
ID-OK-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/01/1989
Source: Univ. of Michigan Law Library
Opinion (963 F.2d 1352)
ID-OK-0002-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/08/1992
Source: Google Scholar
Amended Permanent Injunction [ECF# 1466] (N.D. Okla.)
ID-OK-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/01/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order and Judgment [ECF# 1496] (N.D. Okla.)
ID-OK-0002-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/05/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Final Stipulation [ECF# 1506]
ID-OK-0002-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/24/2007
Second Amended Permanent Injunction [ECF# 1507] (N.D. Okla.)
ID-OK-0002-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/06/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Baldock, Bobby Ray (FISCR, D.N.M., Tenth Circuit) show/hide docs
Ellison, James O. (N.D. Okla.) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0003 | ID-OK-0002-0005 | ID-OK-0002-0010
Joyner, Sam A. (N.D. Okla.) show/hide docs
Kern, Terence C. (N.D. Okla.) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0006 | ID-OK-0002-0007 | ID-OK-0002-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Blakemore, Robert Murray (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0007 | ID-OK-0002-9000
Bullock, Patricia Whittaker (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0007 | ID-OK-0002-0008 | ID-OK-0002-0009 | ID-OK-0002-9000
Bullock, Louis Werner (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0001 | ID-OK-0002-0007 | ID-OK-0002-0008 | ID-OK-0002-0009 | ID-OK-0002-0010 | ID-OK-0002-9000
Cook, Timothy M. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0001 | ID-OK-0002-0010
Gilhool, Thomas K. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0001 | ID-OK-0002-0007 | ID-OK-0002-0010
Gran, Judith A. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0001 | ID-OK-0002-0007 | ID-OK-0002-0010
Laski, Frank J. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0001 | ID-OK-0002-0010 | ID-OK-0002-9000
Lissau, Michael Joseph (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Mitchell, Allen (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0001 | ID-OK-0002-0010
Yasser, Raymond (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0001 | ID-OK-0002-0010
Defendant's Lawyers Andrew, Stephen Lawrence (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0010 | ID-OK-0002-9000
Casus, Mary Ann (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Cotter, David A. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Curnutte, Mark W. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Freeman, Richard Weldon Jr. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Hardwick, Pamela Thedford (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Harness, Gordon (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Holland, Robert John (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Holmes, Richard K. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Hurst, Guy Lee (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0007 | ID-OK-0002-9000
Ikenberry, Kevin (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Jones, Kindanne C. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Jones, Mark Lawton (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Langley, A. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Lowry, Dick (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
McCormick, Joseph Arthur (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0010 | ID-OK-0002-9000
Miller, Charles A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
Moak, Grant E. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Nance, Robert A. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Pallotta, Howard J. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Rambo-Jones, Lynn Susan (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0007 | ID-OK-0002-0008 | ID-OK-0002-9000
Russo, Carol J. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Sagona, William (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Sidak, J. Gregory (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
Snider, Jerry (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Stuart, Roger (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0009 | ID-OK-0002-0010
Tucker, Thomas H. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Turpen, Michael C. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Waters, Charles Lee (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
ID-OK-0002-0009 | ID-OK-0002-0010
Watson, Chuck (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Wear, Pat (Kentucky) show/hide docs
Other Lawyers Atencio, Delores S. (Colorado) show/hide docs
Barringer, Marilyn D. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Bradshaw, Scott W. (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Coyle, John W. III (Oklahoma) show/hide docs
Feiger, Lynn D. (Colorado) show/hide docs
Roman, Gilbert M. (Colorado) show/hide docs
Salem, Micheal (Oklahoma) show/hide docs

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