University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name U.S. v. Solomon ID-MD-0004
Docket / Court N-74-181 ( D. Md. )
State/Territory Maryland
Case Type(s) Intellectual Disability (Facility)
Case Summary
On February 21, 1974, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a lawsuit against the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland. The plaintiff asked the district court for declaratory and injunctive relief, alleging that the defendants had ... read more >
On February 21, 1974, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a lawsuit against the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland. The plaintiff asked the district court for declaratory and injunctive relief, alleging that the defendants had violated the constitutional rights of patients at the Rosewood State Hospital (RSH) in Owings Mill, Maryland. RSH was a facility where citizens with intellectual disabilities were confined for the purpose of treatment, and the plaintiff alleged that the defendants had unconstitutionally failed to provide such treatment. The complaint also alleged that the RSH patients were unconstitutionally subjected to insufficient staffing, lack of security (which allowed residents to inflict physical harm on themselves or each other), lack of care for personal hygiene, use of isolation rooms, insufficient sleeping space, lack of sanitation in living/sleeping areas, unpleasant odors, and unsanitary kitchen and laundry facilities.

The defendants made no reply to the plaintiff's complaint, but on April 27, 1976, the defendants asked the district court to dismiss the complaint. On July 8, 1976, the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland (Judge Edward Skottowe Northrop) dismissed the case, holding that the plaintiff had no authority to bring the lawsuit. U.S. v. Solomon, 419 F.Supp. 358 (D.Md. 1976). The plaintiff appealed.

On October 12, 1977, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit (Judge Harrison Lee Winter) affirmed the district court's decision to dismiss the case, holding that the plaintiff had no authority to bring the lawsuit. U.S. v. Solomon, 563 F.2d 1121 (4th Cir. 1977).

Kristen Sagar - 07/21/2006


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
General
Aggressive behavior
Bathing and hygiene
Confinement/isolation
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Medical/Mental Health
Intellectual disability/mental illness dual diagnosis
Mental health care, general
Suicide prevention
Mental Disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Defendant(s) Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Filing Year 1974
Case Closing Year 1977
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
United States' First Interrogatories from U.S. v. Solomon
ID-MD-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/02/1974
Reported Opinion (419 F.Supp. 358) (D. Md.)
ID-MD-0004-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/08/1976
Source: Google Scholar
Brief for the United States
ID-MD-0004-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/01/1976
Brief of Defendants-Appellees
ID-MD-0004-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/29/1976
Brief for the Comonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of Connecticut as Amici Curiae
ID-MD-0004-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/30/1976
Reply Brief for Plaintiff
ID-MD-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/19/1977
Reported Opinion (563 F.2d 1121)
ID-MD-0004-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/12/1977
Source: Google Scholar
show all people docs
Judges Northrop, Edward Skottowe (D. Md., FISCR) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006
Winter, Harrison Lee (Fourth Circuit, D. Md.) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0007
Plaintiff's Lawyers Allen, Frank D. Jr. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0002 | ID-MD-0004-0004 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Finney, Jervis (Maryland) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0002 | ID-MD-0004-0004 | ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Landsberg, Brian K. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0002 | ID-MD-0004-0004 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Lentz, Susan (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006
Levi, Edward H. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006
Lottman, Michael S. (New York) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006
Pottinger, J. Stanley (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0002 | ID-MD-0004-0004 | ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Queen, Jesse H. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006
Steiman, Mickey A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006
Thrasher, Louis M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0002 | ID-MD-0004-0004 | ID-MD-0004-0006
Defendant's Lawyers Burch, Francis B. (Maryland) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0003 | ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Sfekas, Stephen J. (Maryland) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0003 | ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Sykes, Judith K. (Maryland) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0003 | ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Vettori, Paul M. (Maryland) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006
Walter, Paul (Maryland) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0003 | ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Other Lawyers Ajello, Carl R. (Connecticut) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0005 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Blewitt, J. Justin (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0005 | ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Choate, Thomas W. (Texas) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Cooper, Jeffrey (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0005 | ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Hill, John L. (Texas) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Kane, Robert P. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0005 | ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Kendall, David M. Jr. (Texas) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Rivers, Richel W. (Texas) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007
Watkins, Norman J. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-MD-0004-0005 | ID-MD-0004-0006 | ID-MD-0004-0007

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -