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Case Name Inmates of Boys' Training School v. Lindgren JI-RI-0001
Docket / Court 1:71-cv-04529-L-LDA ( D.R.I. )
State/Territory Rhode Island
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Attorney Organization ACLU National Prison Project
Case Summary
In 1971, a group of juvenile inmates filed suit in the United States District Court, in the District of Rhode Island pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 to challenge conditions of their confinement at the Rhode Island's Boys' Training School. The plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief, as ... read more >
In 1971, a group of juvenile inmates filed suit in the United States District Court, in the District of Rhode Island pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 to challenge conditions of their confinement at the Rhode Island's Boys' Training School. The plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as class certification.

In 1972, a temporary restraining order was entered by Judge Raymond Pettine and the matter was certified as a class action. On July 28, 1972, Judge Pettine issued an order finding that various practices at the institution violated the juveniles' due process rights. The court ordered reforms in the following areas: solitary confinement, minimal conditions of confinement, rehabilitative treatment, vocational training, psychiatric counseling and drug rehabilitation. 346 F.Supp. 1354 (D.R.I. 1972).

In 1973, the parties entered into a consent decree to resolve the disputed issues of overcrowding, a deteriorated and inadequate physical plant, insufficient staffing, and inadequate academic, vocational and physical education programs. The plaintiffs were identified as the prevailing party and attorneys' fees were awarded pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1988. A Special Master was appointed by Judge Pettine to oversee compliance with the consent decree.

A modification order was entered on August 9, 1977 after the defendants failed to comply with the decree provisions. 76 F.R.D. 115 (D.R.I. 1977).

We do not have information on case proceedings for the period of 1978 to 1997.

In 2000, attorneys for the ACLU and its National Prison Project entered the case on behalf of the plaintiffs.

On June 22, 2000, the district court (Senior Judge Ronald R. Lagueux) issued an Order (by consent of the parties) that modified and superseded all Consent Orders and modifications that had been previously entered by the court. The order specified continued reforms in the areas of mail, basic entitlements, religious observance, prison transfers, disciplinary procedures, classification, education and exercise. The order also identified four specific requirements to be achieved by the defendants for full compliance: (1) completion of the construction of a new juvenile facility; (2) full accreditation of the Rhode Island Training School for Youth by the American Correctional Association; (3) development and full implementation of a revised Policy and Procedures Manual; and (4) full continuous implementation of the administrative grievance procedure. The court also ordered Michael Keating, Jr. to continue in his appointment as Special Master.

Monitoring continued. The defendants refused to pay the ACLU's request for attorneys' fees and the ALCU filed a motion to intervene and a moved for payment of its attorneys' fees. On December 6, 2006, Senior Judge Ronald R. Lagueux granted the ACLU plaintiffs' motion to intervene, as well as the motion for approval of the payment and disbursement of attorneys' fees and costs. On July 11, 2007, Judge Lagueux ordered the defendants to pay $34,582.50 to the ACLU in legal fees as a result of the ACLU's work to secure the previously unpaid legal fees, rather than advocacy on behalf of the plaintiffs.

In 2014, the parties jointly moved to modify the existing consent decree in this case. On June 18, 2014, Judge Lagueux held that the parties had met the legal standard for the modification of the consent decree. The parties sought to modify the provision of the decree that stated that the Training School would secure full accreditation by the American Correctional Association. The parties claim that in the years since the provision was enacted the best practices in juvenile justice have changed dramatically, and they proposed to adopt another set of standards based on the Annie E. Casey Foundation's Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI) standards, which represented current best practices. The actual standards the parties proposed to adopt were referred to as "JDAI+ standards" because of additions and modifications to the original JDAI standards that were made to incorporate requirements of the consent decree.

Judge Lagueux also held that the parties' experts from the Center for Children's Law and Policy (CCLP) would determine whether or not the Training School was in substantial compliance with the JDAI+ standards. To do so CCLP would receive access to records from the Rhode Island Training School and the Rhode Island Department of Children, Youth and Families and be able to interview staff and youth at the facility.

On April 14, 2014, the Special Master had reported to the Court that three of the four elements of the consent decree had been substantially complied with. These elements were completion of construction of a new facility, development and full implementation of a revised Policies and Procedures Manual, and full continuous implementation of the administrative grievance procedure. The remaining element is the provision that had been modified under the June 18, 2014 order. The court held that once the defendants have reached substantial compliance with this new provision of the consent decree the mastership will be terminated and at that point the parties will jointly move to dismiss the case.

On June 16, 2016, the case was reassigned to Judge William E. Smith. A status conference was scheduled for May 22, 2017.

On June 30, 2017, the Special Master, Michael Lewis, filed a report recommending the Mastership be terminated because the defendants had successfully demonstrated compliance by: (1) building two new institutions; (2) achieving substantial compliance with the JDAI+ standards; (3) developing, implementing, and maintaining a Policies and Procedures Manual; (4) Implementing and maintaining a grievance procedure.

On July 19, 2017, the parties jointly filed to dismiss the case per their agreement after the Special Master found the defendants had complied with the consent decree. On July 24, 2017, Judge Smith dismissed the case with prejudice finding the parties had followed their agreement.

Dan Dalton - 02/24/2007
Anna Jones - 04/03/2016
Abigail DeHart - 11/04/2016
Taylor Brook - 02/14/2018

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Affected Gender
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Classification / placement
Disciplinary procedures
Library (non-law) access
Recreation / Exercise
Religious programs / policies
Totality of conditions
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Boys' Training School for Youth
Plaintiff Description All inmates detained at the Rhode Island's Boys' Training School.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU National Prison Project
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1972 - 2017
Filing Year 1971
Case Closing Year 2017
Case Ongoing No
71-4529 (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/24/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion (346 F.Supp. 1354) (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/28/1972
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (76 F.R.D. 115) (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/09/1977
Source: Google Scholar
Federal Court Order Concerning Terms and Conditions of Confinement for the Inmates of the RI Training School for Youth (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/15/1979
Order (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/22/2000
Decision and Order [ECF# 38] (465 F.Supp.2d 131) (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/05/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 39] (2007 WL 2031536) (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0004.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 01/10/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order [motion by plaintiff granted] [ECF# 48] (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/11/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [motion granted] [ECF# 49] (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/11/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion to Amend [ECF# 66]
JI-RI-0001-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/13/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [granting motion to modify the consent decree] [ECF# 67] (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/18/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation [regarding access to plaintiff's protected information] [ECF# 68] (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/18/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Final Report of the Special Master [ECF# 69]
JI-RI-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/30/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Almond, Lincoln D. (D.R.I.) [Magistrate]
Lagueux, Ronald Rene (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0002 | JI-RI-0001-0003 | JI-RI-0001-0004 | JI-RI-0001-0007 | JI-RI-0001-0008 | JI-RI-0001-0010 | JI-RI-0001-0011
Pettine, Raymond James (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0001 | JI-RI-0001-0005 | JI-RI-0001-0006
Smith, William E. (D.R.I.)
Monitors/Masters Keating , Joseph (Rhode Island)
Lewis, Michael P. (District of Columbia)
JI-RI-0001-0012 | JI-RI-0001-9001
Lopes, Matthew (Rhode Island)
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barton, Robert L. (Rhode Island)
Coen, Cary J. (Rhode Island)
D'Addario, Richard P. (Rhode Island)
Davidson, Michael (New York)
Dineen, John William (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0009 | JI-RI-0001-9001
Fathi, David Cyrus (District of Columbia)
Fettig, Amy (District of Columbia)
JI-RI-0001-0009 | JI-RI-0001-9001
Fisher, Barry A. (Rhode Island)
Freel, Mark W (Rhode Island)
Hanson, Ellen C. (Missouri)
Jones, Mohamedu F. (District of Columbia)
King, Donald (Missouri)
Krause, Harold Jr. (Rhode Island)
Lee, Donna Hae Kyun (District of Columbia)
MacIver, Kenneth F. Jr. (Rhode Island)
McGinn, V. Paul (Rhode Island)
Musiker, Jean A (Massachusetts)
Vogel, Barry (Rhode Island)
Wagner, Ann (New York)
Wood, Jennifer Louise (Rhode Island)
Defendant's Lawyers Aucoin, Kevin J. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0009 | JI-RI-0001-9001
Avila, Forrest L. (Rhode Island)
Bohan, Thomas (Rhode Island)
Gallo, Bennett R. (Rhode Island)
Israel, Richard J. (Rhode Island)
Lombardi, Valentino D. (Rhode Island)
Partington, Rebecca Tedford (Rhode Island)
Ryan, Donald P. (Rhode Island)

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