University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name Singleton v. Board of Commissioners JI-FL-0001
Docket / Court Civ. Action No. 963 ( N.D. Fla. )
State/Territory Florida
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Case Summary
Black inmates of the Florida state reform schools filed a class-action lawsuit against the Board of Commissioners of the schools in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida in November of 1963. Plaintiffs were seeking to enjoin racial segregation in the schools and to ... read more >
Black inmates of the Florida state reform schools filed a class-action lawsuit against the Board of Commissioners of the schools in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida in November of 1963. Plaintiffs were seeking to enjoin racial segregation in the schools and to have the practice declared unconstitutional.

The plaintiffs were juveniles who were detained in the segregated system after being arrested and charged with trespass for sitting in a segregated restaurant. Plaintiffs were represented by private attorneys.

The case was subsequently transferred to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida, were the official residences of the Board and other named defendants were located. The district court dismissed the case, holding that the plaintiffs lacked standing because they were no longer inmates.

On February 15, 1966, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (Judge Wisdom) reversed the decision of the district court, holding that the plaintiffs' probationary status gave them standing. Singleton v. Board of Comm'rs, 356 F.2d 771 (5th Cir. 1966). The Court of Appeals remanded the case.

On October 5, 1966, the district court (Judge G. Harrold Carswell) ordered the Board of Commissioners to present a desegregation plan to the court by December 5, 1966. The Board presented a detailed plan on that date. The plan was approved and on September 6, 1967, the district court (Judge Carswell) ordered the Board to file progress reports with the court. In October of 1969, the Board moved for final judgment holding that it had complied with the September 1967 order and that there were no further judiciable issues present in the case. The district court took the motion under advisement pending further progress reports. On March 5, 1971, the district court (Judge David L. Middlebrooks) dismissed the case.

Angela Heverling - 06/06/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Racial segregation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Board of Commissioners of State Institutions
Plaintiff Description Black inmates of the Florida state reform schools.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement Confession of Judgment
Order Duration 1967 - 1971
Case Closing Year 1971
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
63-963 (U.S. Court of Appeals)
JI-FL-0001-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/24/1964
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint
JI-FL-0001-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/12/1963
Motion to Transfer Venue
JI-FL-0001-0033.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/29/1963
Motion for Preliminary Injunction
JI-FL-0001-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/23/1963
Order Transferring Cause to Northern District of Florida (M.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0035.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/08/1964
Petition for Release of Juveniles Willie Carl Singleton, Samuel White, Audrey Nell Edwards and Joann Anderson
JI-FL-0001-0036.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/14/1964
Request to Enter Default
JI-FL-0001-0037.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/11/1964
Motion to Dismiss
JI-FL-0001-0038.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/14/1964
Motion for Default Judgment
JI-FL-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/11/1964
Order (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/09/1964
Petition for Reconsideration
JI-FL-0001-0041.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/21/1964
Order (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0042.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/21/1964
Plaintiffs' Memorandum in Opposition to Defendants' Petition for Reconsideration
JI-FL-0001-0043.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/15/1964
Response to Plaintiffs' Memorandum in Opposition to Defendants' Petition for Reconsideration
JI-FL-0001-0044.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/22/1964
Reply to Defendants' Response to Plaintiffs' Memorandum
JI-FL-0001-0045.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/27/1964
Re: Willie Carl Singleton et al., vs. Board of Commissioners of State Institutions
JI-FL-0001-0046.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/17/1964
Order (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0047.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/07/1964
Notice of Appeal
JI-FL-0001-0048.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/13/1964
Plan of Desegregation (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/01/1966
Exhibits A-D
JI-FL-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/01/1966
Opinion (356 F.2d 771)
JI-FL-0001-0058.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/15/1966
Source: Google Scholar
Judgment
JI-FL-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/17/1966
Answer
JI-FL-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/18/1966
Interrogatories
JI-FL-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/01/1966
Supplemental Interrogatories
JI-FL-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/09/1966
Notice of Hearing
JI-FL-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/09/1966
Objection to Interrogatories
JI-FL-0001-0053.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/09/1966
Additional Supplemental Interrogatories
JI-FL-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/15/1966
Notice of Hearing
JI-FL-0001-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/16/1966
Objection to Supplemental Interrogatories; Objection to Additional Supplemental Interrogatories
JI-FL-0001-0054.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/16/1966
Pre-Trial Order (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/06/1966
Proposed Plan
JI-FL-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/05/1966
Notice of Appearance
JI-FL-0001-0056.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/14/1966
Objections to Defendants' Desegregation Plan
JI-FL-0001-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/10/1967
Interrogatories
JI-FL-0001-0055.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/10/1967
Objections to Interrogatories
JI-FL-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/17/1967
Exhibit 1: Senate Bill No. 65
JI-FL-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/16/1967
Motion for an Order in Accordance with this Court's Ruling from the Bench on February 6th, 1967
JI-FL-0001-0057.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/14/1967
Order (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/06/1967
Progress Report
JI-FL-0001-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/21/1969
Notice of Appearance
JI-FL-0001-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/11/1969
Motion for Final Judgment
JI-FL-0001-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/09/1969
Memorandum of Law to Accompany Motion for Final Judgment
JI-FL-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/09/1969
Supplemental Memorandum of Law
JI-FL-0001-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/29/1970
Order (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/03/1970
Memorandum re: Integration Compliance
JI-FL-0001-0050.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/19/1970
Distribution of Population for Junior and Senior Campuses
JI-FL-0001-0051.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/20/1970
Report on Integration Compliance
JI-FL-0001-0052.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/20/1970
Plaintiffs' Objections to Defendants' Desegregation Plan
JI-FL-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/04/1970
Progress Report
JI-FL-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/25/1970
Reply to Plaintiff's Obejections Pursuant to Court Order
JI-FL-0001-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/27/1970
Amended Reply to Plaintiff's objections Pursuant to Court Order
JI-FL-0001-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/02/1970
Order & Compliance Reports (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/06/1970
Progress Report
JI-FL-0001-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/12/1971
Order (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0031.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/05/1971
Judges Carswell, George Harrold (Fifth Circuit, N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0011 | JI-FL-0001-0017 | JI-FL-0001-0040 | JI-FL-0001-0042 | JI-FL-0001-0046 | JI-FL-0001-0047
Middlebrooks, David Lycurgus Jr. (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0024 | JI-FL-0001-0029 | JI-FL-0001-0031
Phillips, Orie Leon (Tenth Circuit, D.N.M.)
JI-FL-0001-0003
Tuttle, Arthur J. (E.D. Mich.)
JI-FL-0001-0003
Wisdom, John Minor (Fifth Circuit)
JI-FL-0001-0003 | JI-FL-0001-0058
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Clark, Leroy D. (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0007 | JI-FL-0001-0008 | JI-FL-0001-0009 | JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0012 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0019 | JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028 | JI-FL-0001-0030 | JI-FL-0001-0048 | JI-FL-0001-0053 | JI-FL-0001-0054 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0057 | JI-FL-0001-0058
Drew, Sylvia (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0025
Greenberg, Jack (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0007 | JI-FL-0001-0008 | JI-FL-0001-0009 | JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0012 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0019 | JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0025 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028 | JI-FL-0001-0030 | JI-FL-0001-0032 | JI-FL-0001-0039 | JI-FL-0001-0045 | JI-FL-0001-0048 | JI-FL-0001-0053 | JI-FL-0001-0054 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0057 | JI-FL-0001-0058 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Johnson, Earl M. (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0007 | JI-FL-0001-0008 | JI-FL-0001-0009 | JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0012 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0019 | JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0023 | JI-FL-0001-0025 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028 | JI-FL-0001-0030 | JI-FL-0001-0032 | JI-FL-0001-0034 | JI-FL-0001-0035 | JI-FL-0001-0036 | JI-FL-0001-0037 | JI-FL-0001-0039 | JI-FL-0001-0043 | JI-FL-0001-0045 | JI-FL-0001-0047 | JI-FL-0001-0048 | JI-FL-0001-0053 | JI-FL-0001-0054 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0057 | JI-FL-0001-0058 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Marshall, Reese (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0023
Motley, Constance Baker (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0032 | JI-FL-0001-0039 | JI-FL-0001-0045 | JI-FL-0001-0048 | JI-FL-0001-0058 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Nabrit, James M. III (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0025
Rush, Sheila (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0019 | JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028 | JI-FL-0001-0030 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0056
White, Franklin E. (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0057
Defendant's Lawyers Ervin, Richard W. (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0033 | JI-FL-0001-0034 | JI-FL-0001-0035 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Faircloth, Earl (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0005 | JI-FL-0001-0006 | JI-FL-0001-0007 | JI-FL-0001-0008 | JI-FL-0001-0009 | JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0012 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0019 | JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0021 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0023 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028 | JI-FL-0001-0053 | JI-FL-0001-0054 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0057
Kynes, James W. (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0038 | JI-FL-0001-0041 | JI-FL-0001-0043 | JI-FL-0001-0044 | JI-FL-0001-0046 | JI-FL-0001-0056 | JI-FL-0001-0058 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Mager, Gerald (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0005 | JI-FL-0001-0006 | JI-FL-0001-0007 | JI-FL-0001-0008 | JI-FL-0001-0009 | JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0012 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0033 | JI-FL-0001-0034 | JI-FL-0001-0038 | JI-FL-0001-0041 | JI-FL-0001-0043 | JI-FL-0001-0044 | JI-FL-0001-0046 | JI-FL-0001-0047 | JI-FL-0001-0053 | JI-FL-0001-0054 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0056 | JI-FL-0001-0058 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Maxwell, S. Strome (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0030
Pacyna, P. A. (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0021 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0023 | JI-FL-0001-0025 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028
Schwartz, Michael (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0019
Shevin, Robert L. (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0030
Other Lawyers None on record

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