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Case Name Anthony C. v. Pima County JI-AZ-0001
Docket / Court CIV-82-501-TUC-ACM ( D. Ariz. )
State/Territory Arizona
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Juvenile Institution
Attorney Organization Youth Law Center
Case Summary
On August 10, 1982, detainees in the Pima County Juvenile Detention Center in Tucson filed this class action lawsuit, on behalf of themselves and others similarly situated, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona against Pima County. The plaintiffs sued Pima County, the Juvenile ... read more >
On August 10, 1982, detainees in the Pima County Juvenile Detention Center in Tucson filed this class action lawsuit, on behalf of themselves and others similarly situated, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona against Pima County. The plaintiffs sued Pima County, the Juvenile Division of the Superior Court of Pima County, the Pima County Court Center, Pima County Detentional Center, and Pima County Board of Supervisors under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, 28 U.S.C. § § 2201 and 2202, 20 U.S.C. §1401, 20 U.S.C. §1401, Section 504 of the Rehabilitative persons Act, the Juvenile Justice Act, and the Education of All Handicapped Children Act. Represented by the Southern Arizona Legal Aid and the National Youth Law Center, the plaintiffs sued for declaratory and injunctive relief, and punitive damages.

Specifically, plaintiffs sued for violations of their First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments rights, alleging cruel and unusual punishment; insufficient staffing, unsanitary, unsafe, and illegal conditions of confinement, including: use of leather restraints, inadequate treatment programs, mail censorship, restrictions on visitation, overcrowding, and failure to provide 24-hour detention hearings; intentionally interfering with the plaintiff's right of access to court and counsel; and violation of due process rights, equal protection rights, right to privacy, right to counsel, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to receive treatment under the least restrictive settings.

In January 1985, the parties entered into a settlement agreement. Developed during protracted negotiations, the consent decree provided for increased protection for juveniles in every area under dispute, settling issues including population, meals, clean bedding, towels, clothing, security cells, medical and psychological screening, attorney visitation, telephone calls, other visitation, mail, physical restraints, psychiatric care, recreation, strip searches, medical care, education, hardbound books, and hearings. The settlement agreement outlined conditions that were to be maintained, and specific policies that were to be implemented in the juvenile detention center. The agreement required that the population of the facility not exceed its design capacity, that the detainees be offered a shower daily, that the detainees be granted unlimited attorney visitation, that physical restraints only be used to prevent detainees from hurting themselves or others, and that each detainee be provided a bed. Additionally, it required that a nurse practitioner or doctor be advised of every complaint that a detainee makes and determine whether to see and treat the detainee, and that strip searches only occur under certain circumstances, among other things. The settlement agreement also provided that the district court would retain jurisdiction over the parties for two years, then dismiss the action with prejudice, and officials agreed to limit the number of juveniles detained in the facility to eliminate overcrowding.

A digitized docket sheet is not available, but presumably the case ended in the 1980s.

Kristen Sagar - 10/27/2007
Lakshmi Gopal - 05/15/2016

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Due Process
Equal Protection
Freedom of speech/association
Unreasonable search and seizure
Content of Injunction
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Pre-PLRA Population Cap
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Conditions of confinement
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Parents (visitation, involvement)
Recreation / Exercise
Religious programs / policies
Sanitation / living conditions
Strip search policy
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental health care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. § 552
Indv. w/ Disab. Educ. Act (IDEA), Educ. of All Handcpd. Children Act , 20 U.S.C. § 1400
Juvenile Justice Act, 42 U.S.C. § 5672
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Defendant(s) Pima County Juvenile Detention Center
Plaintiff Description Youth at the Pima County Juvenile Detention Center, in Tucson.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Youth Law Center
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status outcome Granted
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1985 - 1987
Filed 08/10/1982
Case Ongoing No reason to think so
Additional Resources
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  Jail Strip-Search Cases: Patterns and Participants
Date: Spring 2008
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University in St. Louis Faculty)
Citation: 71 Law & Contemp. Problems 65 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
D. Ariz.
Amended Complaint (Class Action)
JI-AZ-0001-0002.pdf | External Link | Detail
Source: Plaintiffs' counsel
D. Ariz.
Stipulation and Agreement
JI-AZ-0001-0001.pdf | External Link | Detail
Source: Plaintiffs' counsel
show all people docs
Judges Fahringer, Phillip (State Trial Court) show/hide docs
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bell, James (Arizona) show/hide docs
JI-AZ-0001-0001 | JI-AZ-0001-0002
Morris, William Eric (Arizona) show/hide docs
JI-AZ-0001-0001 | JI-AZ-0001-0002
Rabe, Suzanne (Arizona) show/hide docs
JI-AZ-0001-0001 | JI-AZ-0001-0002
Soler, Mark I. (California) show/hide docs
Defendant's Lawyers Collins, Raner Christercunean (Arizona) show/hide docs
JI-AZ-0001-0001 | JI-AZ-0001-0002

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