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Case Name Stockton v. Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children JI-AL-0004
Docket / Court 2834N ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Case Summary
On January 23, 1969, African-American juveniles brought a class action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, challenging the conditions of confinement at the Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children. Plaintiffs alleged equal protection and ... read more >
On January 23, 1969, African-American juveniles brought a class action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, challenging the conditions of confinement at the Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children. Plaintiffs alleged equal protection and due process violations and sought declaratory and injunctive relief. The U.S. Department of Justice [DOJ] intervened in the action as a party plaintiff on November 11, 1969.

Following discovery, the parties resolved the case by way of a Consent Decree. The Decree, entered July 23, 1971 by District Judge Johnson, called for the Alabama Industrial School (formerly known as the Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children) was ordered to accept male juvenile delinquents between the ages of I5 and 18, without regard to race. The Decree also called for reforms in the areas of education and rehabilitation, vocational programs, staffing levels and qualifications, corporal punishment, discipline and medical and health care. It also set maximum capacity levels.

The District Court ordered the file administratively closed on October 5, 1972.

On December 6, 1975, defendants filed a motion to modify the Court's decree of July 23, 1971. By order of the District Court dated January 6, 1976, the 1971 Decree was modified, so as to allow defendants to place committed students in training schools on the basis of need and not restrict such placements to sex and age.

We have no further information on this case.

Dan Dalton - 02/26/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Assault/abuse by residents/inmates/students
Disciplinary procedures
Education
Racial segregation
Rehabilitation
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Totality of conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, unspecified
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Alabama Industrial School (f/k/a Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children)
Plaintiff Description All juveniles detained at the Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children.
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Unknown
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Unknown
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1970 - 1976
Case Closing Year 1976
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
2834 (M.D. Ala.)
JI-AL-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/06/1976
General Documents
Complaint
JI-AL-0004-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/23/1969
Complaint in Intervention
JI-AL-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/06/1969
Verified Proposed Finding of Fact of the United States
JI-AL-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/19/1971
Decree (M.D. Ala.)
JI-AL-0004-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/23/1971
Order (M.D. Ala.)
JI-AL-0004-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/23/1971
Order (M.D. Ala.)
JI-AL-0004-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/05/1972
United States' Proposed Conclusions of Law
JI-AL-0004-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/19/1974
Order (M.D. Ala.)
JI-AL-0004-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/06/1976
Correspondence
JI-AL-0004-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/15/1977
Notice of Closing File
JI-AL-0004-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/21/1979
Correspondence
JI-AL-0004-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/30/1997
Judges Johnson, Frank Minis Jr. (Fifth Circuit, M.D. Ala., Eleventh Circuit)
JI-AL-0004-0004 | JI-AL-0004-0006 | JI-AL-0004-0011
Plaintiff's Lawyers DeMent, Ira (Alabama)
JI-AL-0004-0001 | JI-AL-0004-0002 | JI-AL-0004-0009 | JI-AL-0004-0010 | JI-AL-0004-9000
Lawrence, Paul S. (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0007
Leonard, Jerris (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0001
Mitchell, John N. (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0001
Rosenberg, John M. (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0001
Stoiber, Carlton R. (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0002 | JI-AL-0004-0010
Thrasher, Louis M. (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0012
Defendant's Lawyers Lavender, Claud W. Jr. (Alabama)
JI-AL-0004-9000

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