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Case Name Jackson v. Hendrick JC-PA-0010
Docket / Court 767 C.D. 1997 ( State Court )
State/Territory Pennsylvania
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Attorney Organization Kairys, Rudovsky, Messing & Feinberg, LLP
Case Summary
In 1973, inmates of the Philadelphia Prison System, represented by private counsel, filed a class action suit in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia against prison officials. Plaintiffs alleged that due to overcrowding, the conditions of confinement in the Philadelphia prison system ... read more >
In 1973, inmates of the Philadelphia Prison System, represented by private counsel, filed a class action suit in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia against prison officials. Plaintiffs alleged that due to overcrowding, the conditions of confinement in the Philadelphia prison system constituted a violation of the Eighth Amendment.

Following an evidentiary hearing, the District Court (Judge Donald Jamieson) issued an order decreeing that the prison system as presently operated was in violation of the Eighth Amendment prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. Judge Jamieson appointed a master to review the conditions and to file a report and recommendation to assist the court in framing its final decree. Defendants appealed.

On appeal, the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania (Judge Bowman) affirmed in part and reversed and remanded in part. The court held that current conditions did constitute cruel and unusual punishment, but also held that the lower court erred by appointing a master. Hendrick v. Jackson, 309 A.2d 187 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 1973).

In 1976, the court issued a remedial decree specifically designed to maintain the prison population at an acceptable level. The decree was modified in 1980 and 1981. In 1982, litigation continued over a provision of the decree that allowed for certain violent prisoners to be released after posting bail. The District Attorney of Philadelphia sought leave to intervene, but was denied by the court. The district attorney appealed to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, but the court affirmed the lower court ruling finding that the district attorney's petition was not timely. Jackson v. Hendrick, 446 A.2d 226 (Pa. 1982).

Because this is a state case, we don't have the docket for this case, and therefore our information ends with the most recent decision, dated May 25, 1982.

Eoghan Keenan - 06/10/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
General
Totality of conditions
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Philadelphia Prison System
Plaintiff Description inmates of the Philadelphia Prison System
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Kairys, Rudovsky, Messing & Feinberg, LLP
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1973 - n/a
Filing Year 1976
Case Ongoing No reason to think so
Case Listing JC-PA-0001 : Harris v. City of Philadelphia (E.D. Pa.)
JC-PA-0020 : Bowers v. City of Philadelphia (E.D. Pa.)
Additional Resources
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  Officials Agree To Cap Population at D.C. Jail
https://www.prisonlegalnews.org/news/2009/feb/15/officials-agree-to-cap-population-at-dc-jail/
Date: February 2009
By: Michael Rigby (Prison Legal News)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Litigating Prison Conditions in Philadelphia
Date: Apr. 1, 1985
By: David Rudovsky (University of Pennsylvania Law School Faculty)
Citation: 65 Prison J. 64 (1985)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Reported Opinion (309 A.2d 187)
JC-PA-0010-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/31/1973
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion of the Court (321 A.2d 603)
JC-PA-0010-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/01/1974
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion of the Court (446 A.2d 226)
JC-PA-0010-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/25/1982
Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion (456 A.2d 229)
JC-PA-0010-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/14/1983
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (503 A.2d 400)
JC-PA-0010-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/16/1986
Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion (710 A.2d 102)
JC-PA-0010-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/27/1998
Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion (737 A.2d 745)
JC-PA-0010-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/24/1999
Opinion Announcing the Judgment of the Court (746 A.2d 574)
JC-PA-0010-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/22/2000
Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion (764 A.2d 1139)
JC-PA-0010-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/08/2000
Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion (782 A.2d 550)
JC-PA-0010-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/17/2001
show all people docs
Judges Bowman, James S. (State Trial Court) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0001
Doyle, Joseph T. (State Trial Court) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0004
Flaherty, John P. Jr. (State Supreme Court) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0007
Friedman, Rochelle [Shelly] S. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0006
Friedman, Daniel Mortimer (Fed. Circuit, ) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0008
Nix, Robert N.C. Jr. (State Supreme Court) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Roberts, Samuel J. (State Supreme Court) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0003
Plaintiff's Lawyers Beck, John A. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0004
Bronstein, Donald S. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0004 | JC-PA-0010-0005
Endy, Bruce E. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0001 | JC-PA-0010-0003
Kairys, David (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0003
Wenk, Joseph (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Berman, Marcia (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0007 | JC-PA-0010-0008
Biondo, Dennis R. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Clark, Tama (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0004 | JC-PA-0010-0004
Donaldson, Matthew S. Jr. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Feder, Richard (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0006 | JC-PA-0010-0007
Franklin-Suber, Stephanie L. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0007
Gallant, Kenneth S. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0002
Gold, Richard J. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Halsted, John S. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Henson, Eric B. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0004 | JC-PA-0010-0005
Mather, Barbara W. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Mattioni, John (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0001 | JC-PA-0010-0003
McNamara, James M. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Myers, John M. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0004
Neuhauser, Gregory R. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Panarella, Nicholas Jr. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0003
Penny, James M. Jr. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0003
Rendell, Edward G. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0004
Rudovsky, David (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0001 | JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0003 | JC-PA-0010-0004 | JC-PA-0010-0005 | JC-PA-0010-0006 | JC-PA-0010-0007 | JC-PA-0010-0008
Sellitto, August V. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Sklar, S. Jay (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0001
Stubbs, Jonathan K. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0004
Vilim, Guy (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Weinberg, Martin (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0003
Wentz, Frederick M. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0005
Other Lawyers Tate, Mercer D. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
JC-PA-0010-0003

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