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Case Name Brad H. v. City of New York JC-NY-0017
Docket / Court 117882/99 ( State Court )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Special Collection Post-PLRA enforceable consent decrees
Case Summary
On August 24, 1999, inmates at Rikers Island in New York filed this putative class action lawsuit in the Supreme Court of New York County, New York (the trial court in New York state court) against jail officials. The plaintiffs alleged that the jail officials had violated their rights guaranteed ... read more >
On August 24, 1999, inmates at Rikers Island in New York filed this putative class action lawsuit in the Supreme Court of New York County, New York (the trial court in New York state court) against jail officials. The plaintiffs alleged that the jail officials had violated their rights guaranteed by the state constitution and state mental health statutes. The inmates proposed defining the class as themselves and all other current and future inmates confined in the City Jails for more than 24 hours, who during their confinement receive treatment for mental illness. The inmates moved for a preliminary injunction requiring the defendants to provide the class with adequate discharge planning in compliance with the state constitution and statutes.

On July 12, 2000, Judge Richard Braun held that the inmates could be certified as a class, but that the definition of the class was to be narrowed to only include those who would be entitled to treatment under state law. Brad H. v. City of New York, 712 N.Y.S.2d 336 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2000). Judge Braun also held that the inmate class was entitled to the preliminary injunction, and he enjoined the defendants to provide adequate discharge planning in accordance with state law. The defendants appealed, and on October 31, 2000, the Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division (Judge P.J. Sullivan) affirmed the decision of the lower court. Brad H. v City of New York, 716 N.Y.S.2d 852 (N.Y. App. Div. 2000). On March 1, 2001, the Appellate Division denied the defendants' leave to appeal to the Court of Appeals.

Subsequently, on May 17, 2001, the inmates filed a motion for contempt, alleging that the officials failed to comply with the preliminary injunction. In connection with the motion for contempt, the inmates filed a motion for various items of discovery including medical records of inmates. On June 26, 2001, Judge Braun ordered that the records be turned over to the court by July 9, 2001. Brad H. v. City of New York, 729 N.Y.S2d 348 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2001).

Eventually, on January 8, 2003, the parties settled, and the court approved the settlement agreement on April 2, 2003. The settlement required the defendants to provide certain specified forms of discharge planning for inmates who receive treatment for mental illness while incarcerated in the City Jails, and provided for two compliance monitors to monitor the defendants’ provision of those services. Specifically, the defendants had to provide discharge planning that included an individualized assessment of each inmate’s need for continuing mental health treatment, public benefits, appropriate housing, and transportation, and the defendants had to assist each inmate in obtaining those needs. The terms of the settlement agreement were to be implemented on June 3, 2003, and terminated at the end of five years after monitoring by the compliance monitors began. The two compliance monitors were appointed by the trial court on May 6, 2003.

On October 7, 2004, the defendants moved for an order declaring that the monitors were not permitted to assess their performance with regards to inmates in the forensic units at state mental hospitals because the defendants alleged that those inmates were not covered by the settlement agreement. However, on April 18, 2005, Judge Braun denied the motion. Brad H. v. City of New York, 801 N.Y.S.2d 230 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2005). He held that the settlement was not ambiguous and clearly covered the inmates in the forensic units at the mental hospitals. Judge Braun noted that these inmates “are probably the most in need of discharge planning due to their serious functional impairments,” and that to interpret the settlement agreement otherwise would be inconsistent with the overall purpose of the settlement.

On May 22, 2009, the plaintiffs, who had previously notified the court that the defendants had failed to comply with the settlement agreement, moved for a preliminary injunction requiring the defendants to abide by its duties under the settlement agreement. The defendants cross-moved to dismiss, claiming that the plaintiffs’ motion was untimely because the settlement had expired in April 2009: according to the defendants, the settlement commenced not on the implementation date of June 3, 2003, but on May 6, 2003, when the compliance monitors were appointed. On July 10, 2009, Judge Marilyn Shafer granted the plaintiffs’ motion for a preliminary injunction and denied the defendants’ cross motion, finding that monitoring began on the implementation date of June 3, 2003 and that the expiration date occurred on May 25 or 26, 2009 (depending on observation of Memorial Day on May 25, and 2009 because the parties had previously agreed to a 365 day extension), thereby rendering the plaintiffs’ motion timely. On August 10, 2010, the Appellate Division (the intermediate court in New York state court) reversed Judge Shafer, finding that the monitoring began on either May 19, 2003, when the monitors “began to engage in some limited reviews of draft policies and procedures,” or May 28, 2003, when the monitors observed a training session, and that on either date, the plaintiffs’ motion was untimely. However, on June 28, 2011, the Court of Appeals of New York (New York’s highest state court) reinstated Judge Shafer’s decision, finding that the implementation date of June 3, 2003 was when monitoring functions began. Pursuant to an earlier stipulation entered into by the parties, the monitoring continued throughout the pendency of all appeals.

On August 12, 2011, the plaintiffs filed a supplemental enforcement motion, requesting a two-year extension of the settlement agreement. On April 18, 2014, Judge Geoffrey Wright granted the motion, ordering extended enforcement of the settlement for an additional two years. He also required the defendants to improve the quality of its services to comply with the settlement.

In June 18, 2017, the parties reached an agreement to amend the settlement and to extend its terms to July 31, 2020.

Kristen Sagar - 05/02/2009
Lisa Limb - 03/30/2019


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Preliminary relief granted
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Required disclosure
Defendant-type
Corrections
Medical/Mental Health
Mental health care, general
Mental health care, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
State law
Defendant(s) New York City
Plaintiff Description Current and future inmates confined at Rikers Island for more than 24 hours, entitled to treatment for mental illness under state law.
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2000 - 2020
Filing Year 1999
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  Brad H. v. City of New York
https://mhp.urbanjustice.org/
Date: Oct. 6, 2016
By: Urban Justice Center
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
117882/1999 (State Trial Court)
JC-NY-0017-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/25/2014
Source: Westlaw
General Documents
Complaint
JC-NY-0017-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/24/1999
Reported Opinion (712 N.Y.S.2d 336)
JC-NY-0017-0022.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/12/2000
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (276 A.D.2d 440)
JC-NY-0017-0023.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/31/2000
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (729 N.Y.S.2d 348)
JC-NY-0017-0024.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/26/2001
Source: Westlaw
Stipulation of Settlement
JC-NY-0017-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/08/2003
[Order]
JC-NY-0017-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/05/2003
Source: State Court Website
Opinion (2003 WL 22721558 / 2003 N.Y.Misc.LEXIS 1446)
JC-NY-0017-0021.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/12/2003
Special Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/17/2003
Second Quarterly Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/08/2003
Third Quarterly Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/08/2004
Fourth Quarterly Report: Appendix 2- Opinion
JC-NY-0017-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/22/2004
Fourth Quarterly Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/07/2004
Fourth Quarterly Report: Appendix 1- Summary of Prior Recommendations
JC-NY-0017-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/07/2004
Fourth Quarterly Report: Appendix 3- Performance Measures
JC-NY-0017-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/07/2004
Fourth Quarterly Report: Appendix 4- Performance Measure and Data Worksheet
JC-NY-0017-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/07/2004
Fourth Quarterly Report: Appendix 6- Summary of Current Recommendations
JC-NY-0017-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/07/2004
Fifth Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/13/2004
Fifth Regular Report: Appendix 4- Summary of Performance
JC-NY-0017-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/13/2004
Sixth Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/07/2005
Opinion (7 Misc.3d 1015)
JC-NY-0017-0025.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/18/2005
Source: Westlaw
Seventh Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/06/2005
Eighth Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/06/2005
Ninth Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/06/2006
Appellate Opinion (822 N.Y.S.2d 245)
JC-NY-0017-0026.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/03/2006
Source: Westlaw
Eleventh Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/06/2006
Twelfth Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors
JC-NY-0017-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/06/2007
Opinion (Trial court re: Settlement Expiration Date) (2009 WL 2198263)
JC-NY-0017-0029.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 07/10/2009
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (Appellate Division re: Settlement Expiration Date) (77 A.D.3d 103)
JC-NY-0017-0030.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/10/2010
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (Court of Appeals re: Settlement Expiration Date) (951 N.E.2d 743)
JC-NY-0017-0031.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/28/2011
Source: Westlaw
Stipulation and Order (Amended Stipulation)
JC-NY-0017-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/18/2017
Stipulation of Settlement (Amended Settlement Agreement)
JC-NY-0017-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/18/2018
show all people docs
Judges Andrias, Richard T. Court not on record show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0030
Braun, Richard F. (State Trial Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0008 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0020 | JC-NY-0017-0021 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0023 | JC-NY-0017-0024 | JC-NY-0017-0025 | JC-NY-0017-9000
Buckley, John T. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0026
Ciparick, Carmen Beauchamp (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0031
Edwards, Erika M. Court not on record show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0027
Gonzalez, Luis A. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0026
Graffeo, Victoria A. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0031
Jones, Theodore T. Court not on record show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0031
Lippman, Jonathan (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0031
Manzanet-Daniels, Sallie (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0030
McGuire, James M. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0026 | JC-NY-0017-0030
Nardelli, Eugene L. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0026
Pigott, Eugene F. Jr. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0031
Rakower, Eileen A. (State Trial Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0019
Read, Susan P. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0031
Saxe, David B. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0030
Shafer, Marilyn Court not on record show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0029
Smith, Robert S. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0031
Tom, Peter (State Supreme Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0030
Williams, Milton L. (State Appellate Court) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0026
Monitors/Masters Dlugacz, Henry (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0005 | JC-NY-0017-0006 | JC-NY-0017-0012 | JC-NY-0017-0014 | JC-NY-0017-0015 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0017 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019
Roskes, Erik (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0005 | JC-NY-0017-0006 | JC-NY-0017-0012 | JC-NY-0017-0014 | JC-NY-0017-0015 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0017 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barr, Heather (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024 | JC-NY-0017-0028
Beaglehole, John (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022
Brescia, Raymond H. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Corley, Patricia G. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003
Devlin, Faune P. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Greshan, John A. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024 | JC-NY-0017-0028
Lasdon, Douglas (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Leinhard, William (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019
Luckenbach, Caroline H. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0024
Parish, Jennifer J. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0027
Powell, Jeffrey K. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022
Sauer, Kristen K. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Slater, Emily O’Neill (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0026
Sullivan, Eileen E. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022
Tahbaz, Christopher K. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024 | JC-NY-0017-0027 | JC-NY-0017-0028
Velez, Melanie (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Crane, Thomas (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0028
Dantowitz, Jeffrey S. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024 | JC-NY-0017-0027 | JC-NY-0017-9000
Hess, Michael D. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Kalkstein, Julian L. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0026
Other Lawyers Andreasian, Karen Gomes (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0017-0023

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