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Case Name Benjamin v. Horn JC-NY-0002
Docket / Court 1:75-cv-03073 ( S.D.N.Y. )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Attorney Organization Legal Services/Legal Aid
Case Summary
This case was consolidated for enforcement purposes with Ambrose v. Malcolm; Detainees of Queens House of Detention v. Malcolm; Detainees of Brooklyn House of Detention for Men v. Malcolm; Maldonado v. Ciuros; Forts v. Malcolm; and Rosenthal v. Malcolm. The summary below includes all of these in ... read more >
This case was consolidated for enforcement purposes with Ambrose v. Malcolm; Detainees of Queens House of Detention v. Malcolm; Detainees of Brooklyn House of Detention for Men v. Malcolm; Maldonado v. Ciuros; Forts v. Malcolm; and Rosenthal v. Malcolm. The summary below includes all of these in the consolidated form, but more information about each individual case is included in the "Related Cases" section.

On June 24, 1975, a group of pretrial detainees at Rikers Island Detention Center for Men filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiffs sued New York City officials under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, claiming that the conditions under which they were held were unconstitutional. They were represented by the Legal Aid Society of New York. Their specific claims addressed a number of issues, such as attorney visits, library access, methods of restraint, temperature control, overcrowding, bathing facilities, disciplinary procedures, food service, and fire safety. A class was certified on September 26, 1975.

The court (Judge Morris Lasker) entered several orders during the next two years enjoining the defendants from continuing certain unconstitutional practices related to visitation, correspondence, and double-celling. In 1978, the parties requested that the court withhold determination of the issues until settlement negotiations were held. Judge Lasker approved a Partial Final Judgment by Consent in 1979 that addressed food service, cleanliness, and access to legal materials. The parties also entered into a Stipulation which allowed the court to enter judgment if Rikers Island did not come under the control of state authorities by December 1, 1979. This did not occur, and the district court (Judge Lasker) ordered that the population of the facility be reduced to 1200 on August 27, 1980.

The district court joined the state as a third-party defendant on March 17, 1986, and ordered it to help alleviate the overcrowding by accepting persons who were ready for state prison within 48 hours. The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (Judges Mansfield, Pierce, and Pratt) affirmed on September 25, 1986. In 1990, the defendants were held in contempt for housing detainees in non-housing areas of the faculty. Over the next several years, several motions were filed to enforce various provisions of the consent decrees.

On September 23, 1996, the court (Judge Harold Baer Jr.) vacated the consent decree following the passage of the Prison Litigation Reform Act, but the Second Circuit (Judges Calabresi, Oakes, and Haight) partially reversed on August 26, 1997. On June 6, 2000, the court (Judge Baer) partially granted and partially denied another motion to terminate the decree. The portions of the decree regulating restrictive housing, correspondence, and law libraries were terminated but those regulating restraint policy and attorney visitation were not.

On December 21, 2000, the court (Judge Baer) terminated the portions of the consent decree regulating contact visitation, overcrowding, and medical services. Additionally, on January 9, 2001, the court (Judge Baer) terminated provisions of the consent decree dealing with plumbing, vermin control, food service, hygiene, and laundry, but found ongoing violations in the areas of ventilation, temperature control, sanitation in non-medical areas, and lighting. On October 2, 2001, the Second Circuit (Judges Cardamore, Katzmann, and Leval) affirmed the District Court's decision to terminate various portions of the decree. The court (Judge Baer) terminated the portion of the consent decree dealing with attorney visitation on August 10, 2006.

On August 28, 2008, the court (Judge Baer) terminated the portions of the decree dealing with mattresses and food storage containers. The court also terminated portions of the Environmental Order on October 7, 2008. On January 28, 2009, the court (Judge Baer) ordered an assessment of all existing ventilation equipment in the areas covered by the decree and specified that the defendants would repair units and replace parts as necessary. Litigation has continued as various portions of the consent decree were vacated and appeals were made.

On March 5, 2015, the court (Judge Loretta A. Preska) denied the motion to enforce judgment as premature, subject to reinstatement in light of the parties' good faith ongoing settlement talks.

After this order, the docket shows a number of sealed documents. On May 23, 2018, the court ordered that the defendants no longer needed to provide monthly reports on ventilation projects to the court. The court issued another order on December 17, 2018 requiring defendants to submit timesheets and productivity logs and approving the re-hiring of the former Deputy Director.

In light of the COVID-19 public health crisis, Judge Preska temporarily suspended the environmental inspections on March 24, 2020. The order required the defendants to conduct their own inspections and to let plaintiffs' counsel and the Office of Compliance Consultants know when it was safe to resume the regular inspection schedule.

Based on the documents that are publicly available, it appears that the consent decree remains in effect. The court continues to monitor various provisions of the consent decree and receive progress reports as of April 11, 2020.

Michael Perry - 04/11/2011
Priyah Kaul - 02/02/2015
Jessica Kincaid - 04/02/2016
Elizabeth Heise - 10/21/2018
Alex Moody - 04/11/2020


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Male
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Content of Injunction
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Pre-PLRA Population Cap
Defendant-type
Corrections
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Bathing and hygiene
Classification / placement
Disciplinary procedures
Disciplinary segregation
Fire safety
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Gay/lesbian/transgender
Law library access
Mail
Phone
Religious programs / policies
Restraints : physical
Sanitation / living conditions
Strip search policy
Totality of conditions
Visiting
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) New York City
New York State
Plaintiff Description Pre-trial detainees at Rikers Island Detention Center for Men.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Legal Services/Legal Aid
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1979 - n/a
Filed 06/24/1975
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing JI-NY-0008 : Maldonado v. Ciuros (S.D.N.Y.)
JC-NY-0022 : Detainees of Brooklyn House of Detention for Men v. Malcolm (E.D.N.Y.)
JC-NY-0068 : Ambrose v. Malcolm (S.D.N.Y.)
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Jail Strip-Search Cases: Patterns and Participants
http://law.duke.edu/journals/lcp
Date: Spring 2008
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University in St. Louis Faculty)
Citation: 71 Law & Contemp. Problems 65 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
S.D.N.Y.
03/26/2021
75-03073-HB
JC-NY-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
S.D.N.Y.
11/29/1978
Stipulation for Entry of Partial Final Judgment
JC-NY-0002-0011.pdf | Detail
S.D.N.Y.
08/27/1980
Opinion (Partially granting plaintiffs' motion regarding population levels in New York City jails) (495 F.Supp. 1357)
JC-NY-0002-0017.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
11/19/1980
Opinion (Denying the motion of the city of New York to join the state as defendants in a proceeding concerning overcrowding) (88 F.R.D. 333)
JC-NY-0002-0037.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
05/28/1981
Opinion(Denying motion to intervene by the union representing correctional facility employees) (90 F.R.D. 386)
JC-NY-0002-0038.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
12/22/1981
Opinion (Denying defendant's motion to modify a court order concerning transfer procedures) (528 F.Supp. 925)
JC-NY-0002-0019.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
08/23/1982
Stipulation and Proposed Order (Concerning body cavity search policy)
JC-NY-0002-0012.pdf | Detail
S.D.N.Y.
05/19/1983
Opinion (Denying defendant's motion to modify the decrees concerning population limits) (564 F.Supp. 668)
JC-NY-0002-0020.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
09/30/1985
Memorandum Concerning Consent Judgment Supervision
JC-NY-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
S.D.N.Y.
01/30/1986
Opinion (Vacating an order requiring New York State to accept inmates from overcrowded New York City jails) (626 F.Supp. 1264)
JC-NY-0002-0021.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
03/17/1986
Opinion (Granting New York City's motion to join the state as defendants and enter a preliminary injunction requiring the state to accept prisoners from the city) (629 F.Supp. 713)
JC-NY-0002-0022.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
U.S. Court of Appeals
09/25/1986
Opinion (Affirming the district court's ruling that joined New York State as a third part defendant) (803 F.2d 46)
JC-NY-0002-0030.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
11/10/1986
Opinion (Allowing for temporary modifications to the population provisions of the decree) (646 F.Supp. 1550)
JC-NY-0002-0033.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
05/20/1987
Opinion (Granting the defendant temporary relief from a court order regarding the size and population of jail dormatories) (659 F.Supp. 1006)
JC-NY-0002-0031.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
04/07/1989
Opinion (Denying defenant's motion for termporary modification of the population portions of the decrees) (710 F.Supp. 91)
JC-NY-0002-0024.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
05/05/1989
Opinion(Denying plaitiffs' motion to hold the defendant in contempt) (1989 WL 52365 / 1989 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 4890)
JC-NY-0002-0040.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
11/30/1990
Opinion (Finding the defendant in contempt and imposing sanctions to be applied if conditions are not improved) (752 F.Supp. 140)
JC-NY-0002-0025.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
12/14/1990
Opinion(Denying defendant's motion to modify sanctions) (1990 WL 212911 / 1990 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 17020)
JC-NY-0002-0041.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
06/03/1991
New York City Department of Corrections Search and Contraband Directive
JC-NY-0002-0010.pdf | Detail
S.D.N.Y.
07/22/1994
Opinion(Denying defendant's motion for modification to the food plan portions of the consent decree and granting plaintiffs' motion for sanctions) (156 F.R.D. 561)
JC-NY-0002-0039.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
04/25/1995
Memorandum and Order (Permitting the city of New York to evaluate less expensive ways to meet food service needs at its prisons) (884 F.Supp. 122)
JC-NY-0002-0026.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
06/26/1995
Opinion and Order (Modifying the Inmate Jewelry portion of the consent decree) (1995 WL 378529 / 1995 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 8717)
JC-NY-0002-0042.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
08/01/1995
Memorandum and Order (Declining to impose sanctions in regards to the transfer of one inmate) (1995 WL 453470 / 1995 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 10703)
JC-NY-0002-0043.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
10/02/1995
Supplental Order Re: Food Service (1995 WL 681297)
JC-NY-0002-0044.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
02/07/1996
Opinion and Order (Upholding award of damages to two prisoners) (1996 WL 51194 / 1996 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 1262)
JC-NY-0002-0045.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
04/15/1996
Opinion and Order (Granting defendants' motion for termporary suspension of the consent decree) (923 F.Supp. 517)
JC-NY-0002-0028.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
07/23/1996
Opinion and Order (Vacating the consent decree) (935 F.Supp. 332)
JC-NY-0002-0029.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
08/01/1996
Supplemental Memorandum of Law of the United States of America with Respect to Certain Provisions of the Prison Litigation Reform Act
JC-NY-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
U.S. Court of Appeals
08/27/1996
Motion for Stay Pending Appeal
JC-NY-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
S.D.N.Y.
01/07/1997
Memorandum and Order (Ruling that the Office of Compliance Consultants would continue to operate) (1997 WL 5910 / 1997 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 55)
JC-NY-0002-0047.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
04/15/1997
Opinion and Order (Ruling that the defendants must provide the Office of Compliance Consultats with a Fire Safety Master Plan) (1997 WL 187351 / 1997 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 4941)
JC-NY-0002-0048.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
08/26/1997
Opinion (Affirming in part and reversing in part the district court order vacating the consent decree) (124 F.3d 162)
JC-NY-0002-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | External Link | Detail
S.D.N.Y.
11/13/1998
Decision and Order (Granting plaintiffs' motion to require defendants to improve fire safety) (1998 WL 799161 / 1998 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 18036)
JC-NY-0002-0049.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
04/14/1999
Amended Memorandum and Order (Denying plaintiff's motion to find the defendant in contempt) (1999 WL 221113)
JC-NY-0002-0051.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
12/21/1999
Memorandum and Order (Holding that the court could suspend the automatic stay provision of the PLRA until rulings could be made on the termination of the consent decree) (1999 WL 1225264 / 1999 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 19694)
JC-NY-0002-0046.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
03/14/2000
Memorandum and Order (Denying defendant's motion to prevent the testimony of a plaintiffs' witness) (2000 WL 278085 / 2000 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 3036)
JC-NY-0002-0052.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
06/06/2000
Opinion and Order (Granting in part and denying in part defendants' motion to terminate portions of the consent decree). (102 F.Supp.2d 157)
JC-NY-0002-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
08/03/2000
"Order re: RED ID Status and Restraint Status Due Process" and "Order" (Addressing reforms to attorney visits)
JC-NY-0002-0007.pdf | Detail
S.D.N.Y.
01/09/2001
Opinion and Order(Granting in part and denying in part defendant's motion to terminate the decrees) (161 F.Supp.2d 151)
JC-NY-0002-0034.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
03/22/2001
Opinion and Order (Granting in part and denying in part cross motions for reconsideration of an order granting in part and denying part defendant's motion for the termination of the consent decree) (2001 WL 282705 / 2001 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 3173)
JC-NY-0002-0053.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
04/26/2001
Order on: Environmental Conditions
JC-NY-0002-0009.pdf | Detail
S.D.N.Y.
07/11/2001
Supplemental Opinion & Order (Granting in part and denying in part defendant's motion to reconsider ruling on motion to terminate the consent decree) (156 F.Supp.2d 333)
JC-NY-0002-0027.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
U.S. Court of Appeals
09/05/2001
Opinion (Affirming the District Court) (264 F.3d 175)
JC-NY-0002-0023.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
01/25/2002
Opinion & Order (Denying defendants' motion to vacate portions of a previous order and inviting the plaitiffs to seek remedy) (2002 WL 109610 / 2002 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 1228)
JC-NY-0002-0054.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
09/27/2002
Opinion & Order (Finding the defendants in contempt but allowing the continuation of the policy of rear handcuffing) (2002 WL 31163801 / 2002 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 18342)
JC-NY-0002-0055.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
S.D.N.Y.
12/16/2002
Amended Opinion & Order (Finding the defendants in contempt and imposing sanctions) (2002 WL 31845111)
JC-NY-0002-0050.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
09/02/2003
Opinion (Affirming in part and vacating and remanding in part district court orders regarding the termination of the consent decrees) (343 F.3d 35)
JC-NY-0002-0032.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
S.D.N.Y.
08/28/2008
Order Re: Mattresses and Food Storage Containers [ECF# 499]
JC-NY-0002-0013.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
S.D.N.Y.
10/07/2008
Opinion and Order (Denying plaintiffs' motion for additional relief and granting defendants' motion to terminate portions of the environmental order) [ECF# 510] (2008 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 78005)
JC-NY-0002-0014.pdf | LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
S.D.N.Y.
01/29/2009
Supplementary Order Re: Repair and Renovation of Ventilation Systems [ECF# 514]
JC-NY-0002-0015.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
S.D.N.Y.
10/26/2009
Opinion and Order (Granting defendants' motion to terminate the Heat Provisions of the consent decree) (2009 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 99331)
JC-NY-0002-0056.pdf | LEXIS | Detail
Source: LexisNexis
U.S. Court of Appeals
11/12/2009
Summary Order (Vacating a district court order terminating certain portion of the consent decree and remanding) (353 Fed.Appx. 473)
JC-NY-0002-0035.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
U.S. Court of Appeals
02/22/2010
Summary Order (Affirming a district court order requiring the defendants to comply with provisions of the consent decree relating to ventilation) (370 Fed.Appx. 168)
JC-NY-0002-0036.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
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Judges Baer, Harold Jr. (S.D.N.Y.) show/hide docs
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Calabresi, Guido (Second Circuit) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0016
Cardamone, Richard J. (Second Circuit) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0023
Haight, Charles Sherman Jr. (S.D.N.Y.) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0016
Hall, Peter W. (Second Circuit) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0036
Katzmann, Robert A. (Second Circuit) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0023
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JC-NY-0002-9000
Raggi, Reena (E.D.N.Y., Second Circuit) show/hide docs
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JC-NY-0002-9000
Banks, Steven (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-9000
Beck, John A. (New York) show/hide docs
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deLone, Madeline H. (New York) show/hide docs
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Kerr, Sarah (New York) show/hide docs
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Defendant's Lawyers Abrams, Robert W. (New York) show/hide docs
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Bergdall, Thomas (New York) show/hide docs
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Bromley, Tarquin Jay (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0030
Buch, June R. (New York) show/hide docs
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Butler, Barbara B. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0021 | JC-NY-0002-0022 | JC-NY-0002-0030
Cardozo, Michael A. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0032
Carey, Charles Edward (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-9000
Chamberlain, Laura A. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0028 | JC-NY-0002-0029
Coughlin, Thomas F. III (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0019
Crotty, Paul Austin (New York) show/hide docs
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Freedman, Elizabeth I. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0023 | JC-NY-0002-0032
Goodman, Lorna B. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0018 | JC-NY-0002-0028 | JC-NY-0002-0029
Hall, Christopher W. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0030
Hess, Michael D. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0018 | JC-NY-0002-0034
Janosek Doyle, Eleanor (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0019
Koerner, Leonard J. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0012 | JC-NY-0002-0017 | JC-NY-0002-0019 | JC-NY-0002-0020 | JC-NY-0002-0021 | JC-NY-0002-0022 | JC-NY-0002-0023 | JC-NY-0002-0024 | JC-NY-0002-0025 | JC-NY-0002-0030 | JC-NY-0002-0031 | JC-NY-0002-0032 | JC-NY-0002-0033 | JC-NY-0002-0037 | JC-NY-0002-0038 | JC-NY-0002-0039 | JC-NY-0002-0041
Kovner, Victor A. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0025 | JC-NY-0002-0041
Krist, Brian Joseph (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-9000
McCray, Daniel (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0018
Milbauer, Paul E. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0037
Orsland, Chlarens (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-9000
Rephen, Paul T. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0017 | JC-NY-0002-0019 | JC-NY-0002-0020 | JC-NY-0002-0021 | JC-NY-0002-0025 | JC-NY-0002-0030 | JC-NY-0002-0031 | JC-NY-0002-0033 | JC-NY-0002-0038 | JC-NY-0002-0039 | JC-NY-0002-0041
Schall, Ellen (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0019
Schwartz, Allen G. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0011 | JC-NY-0002-0012 | JC-NY-0002-0017 | JC-NY-0002-0019 | JC-NY-0002-0020 | JC-NY-0002-0021 | JC-NY-0002-0022 | JC-NY-0002-0030 | JC-NY-0002-0033 | JC-NY-0002-0037 | JC-NY-0002-0038
Sherwood, O. Peter (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0030
Tuffaha, Omar Hani (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-9000
Ward, Benjamin (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0019
Zimroth, Peter L. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0024 | JC-NY-0002-0031
Zwickel, Howard L. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0030
Other Lawyers Cott, James (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0003
Hunter, Florence A. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0018 | JC-NY-0002-0023 | JC-NY-0002-0028 | JC-NY-0002-0029 | JC-NY-0002-0032 | JC-NY-0002-0034 | JC-NY-0002-9000
O'Donnell, Brian (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0038
Shudofsky, Sara L. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0029
Walsh, Mark T. (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0038
White, Mary Jo (New York) show/hide docs
JC-NY-0002-0003 | JC-NY-0002-0029

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