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Case Name McClendon v. City of Albuquerque JC-NM-0002
Docket / Court 6:95-cv-00024-JAP-KBM ( D.N.M. )
State/Territory New Mexico
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Special Collection Post-PLRA enforceable consent decrees
Attorney Organization NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Case Summary
On January 10, 1995, inmates at the Bernalillo County Detention Center (BCDC) in Albuquerque, New Mexico filed this class action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of New Mexico. The plaintiffs sued the BCDC under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleged that the gross overcrowding at ... read more >
On January 10, 1995, inmates at the Bernalillo County Detention Center (BCDC) in Albuquerque, New Mexico filed this class action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of New Mexico. The plaintiffs sued the BCDC under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleged that the gross overcrowding at BRDC was a violation of the Eighth Amendment. The plaintiffs sought injunctive and declaratory relief. On February 16, 1995, the plaintiffs also moved for a preliminary injunction enjoining the operation of the BCDC in its present condition.

The parties engaged in abbreviated discovery related to overcrowding in preparation for a hearing on the preliminary injunction. A day before the hearing, U.S. District Judge Martha Vazquez made an unannounced visit to the jail. On August 23, 1995, Judge Vazquez granted the plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction to reduce the population at the BCDC. From the start, the defendants had conceded that crowding was a problem, and the preliminary injunction largely adopted the defendants’ own population reduction proposal. The injunction included a schedule of decreasing population caps for the BCDC and detailed conditions concerning daily operation of the facility. The order also required that inmates with psychological impairments be housed separately from the general population of the jail until a qualified mental health professional issued a written report stating a resident with a psychological impairment could safely live in general population.

On September 7, 1995, the parties entered into a settlement agreement, which the district court approved. The agreement converted the preliminary injunction to a permanent injunction and, among other things, required defendants to comply with their existing policies regarding medical, dental and psychological services and access to a reasonably current law library. The district court retained jurisdiction to enforce or modify the injunction, but expressly reserved any ruling on whether conditions at the BCDC were unconstitutional.

On September 6, 1995 (the day before entry of the settlement), lawyers working for the New Mexico Protection & Advocacy System and the American Civil Liberties Union moved to intervene on behalf of a proposed subclass of all present and future residents of BCDC with mental and/or developmental disabilities. On October 26, 1995, the district court granted "limited intervention" to the plaintiff-intervenors. Intervention was limited to matters “before the court by virtue of the original Plaintiffs' Complaint.”

On November 22, 1995, the plaintiff-intervenors filed an amended complaint in intervention on behalf of the proposed subclass. It alleged discrimination by defendants against people with mental and/or developmental disabilities in violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act, § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, and the Constitution; violations of female subclass members' right to Equal Protection; and violations of procedural due process, access to the courts, and the Eighth Amendment.

The case has been ongoing for over 20 years now. On March 22, 2016, the court granted preliminary approval of a settlement agreement which lays out a process for improving conditions at the Metropolitan Detention Center (MDC), a second prison added to the suit, and attempting to bring the lawsuit to a close. On May 25, 2016, the court held a hearing on final approval of the agreement. On June 27, 2016, the court overruled objections to the agreement and issued final approval.

At a hearing on July 19, 2016, the Court granted the plaintiff-intervenors’ request to conduct limited discovery. On November 9, 2016, the court ordered to schedule a hearing once all the authorized discovery is completed, to consider whether the defendants are in compliance with the provision in 2001 Supplemental Order that sought to enforce population limits at the BCDC facility.

On November 30, 2016, plaintiffs and plaintiffs-intervenors filed a joint motion for order to show cause and for further remedial relief: Plaintiffs sought to mandate orders requiring employees of BCDC unit for medical conditions or medical disabilities to complete a specialized competency-based training, to transfer out the employees that do not demonstrate specialized skills necessary to work in such a unit, and for relief of costs incurred in bringing this motion. The motion has not been decided and the parties are scheduled for a motion hearing in April 2017 regarding this motion.

Separately, on December 21, 2016, parties filed a joint status report and provisional discovery plan, which included information about the possibility of settlement through alternative dispute resolution. On January 17, 2017, the parties informed the Chief Magistrate Judge Karen B. Molzen on the scheduled mediation with Judge Torgerson on February 8, 2017. On February 27, 2017, the Chief Magistrate Judge Karen B. Molzen suspended the discovery deadlines pursuant to the agreement of the parties and to facilitate mediation efforts.

As of March 2017, mediation is ongoing.

Michael Abrams - 10/19/2016
MJ Koo - 03/15/2017


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Content of Injunction
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Preliminary relief granted
Reporting
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Pre-PLRA Population Cap
Defendant-type
Corrections
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Conditions of confinement
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Mail
Pepper/OC spray
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Sex w/ staff; sexual harassment by staff
Medical/Mental Health
Intellectual disability/mental illness dual diagnosis
Mental health care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Defendant(s) Bernalillo County Detention Center
Plaintiff Description Inmates with mental or developmental disabilities at the Bernalillo County Detention Center in Albuquerque, New Mexico
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1995 - n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Docket(s)
95-24 (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/28/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint Class Action [ECF# 1]
JC-NM-0002-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/10/1995
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 106] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/23/1995
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement [ECF# 115]
JC-NM-0002-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/07/1995
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (79 F.3d 1014)
JC-NM-0002-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/02/1996
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order (29 F.Supp.2d 1267) (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/29/1996
Source: Google Scholar
Order Regarding the Prison Litigation Reform Act [ECF# 255] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/05/1996
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [re. settlement of plaintiff-intervenors] [ECF# 256] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/05/1996
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Certifying a Class [ECF# 257] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/05/1996
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (100 F.3d 863)
JC-NM-0002-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/15/1996
Source: Google Scholar
Order Approving Compromise & Settlement Agreement & Final Judgment of Dismissal with Prejudice [ECF# 288] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/07/1997
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0014.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/22/2000
Source: District Court
Supplemental Order to Enforce Previously Ordered Population Limits at the BCDC Main Facility [ECF# 319] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/27/2001
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulated Agreement
JC-NM-0002-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/31/2002
Memorandum Opinion and Order (272 F.Supp.2d 1250) (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/11/2003
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 459] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/23/2004
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulated Settlement Agreement Between Plaintiffs and Defendants [ECF# 480]
JC-NM-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/28/2004
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulated Settlement Agreement Between Plaintiff Intervenors and Defendants [ECF# 481]
JC-NM-0002-0031.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/28/2004
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulated Settlement Agreement Between Plaintiff Intervenors and Defendants [ECF# 514]
JC-NM-0002-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/30/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulated Settlement Agreement Between Plaintiffs and Defendants [ECF# 515]
JC-NM-0002-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/30/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 699] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0033.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/31/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 718] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/15/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
USCA Opinion [Ct. of App. ECF# 828-1] (630 F.3d 1288)
JC-NM-0002-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/12/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order Overruling Objection to Magistrate Judge's Order [ECF# 1009] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/25/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Resolving Two Motions and Order to Show Cause [ECF# 1147] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/12/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Order Resolving Two Motions and Order to Show Cause [Motions: Plaintiffs & Plaintiff-Intervenors' Joint Motion for a TRO and for Injunctive Relief [Doc. 1133] and (2) County Defendant's Motion to Terminate under the PLRA] [ECF# 1161] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0036.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/19/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [by District Judge] [ECF# 1167] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/23/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Instructing Court-Appointed Mental Health Expert Jeffrey Metzner, M.D. to Evaluate Mental Health Services at the Bernalillo County Metropolitan Detention Center [ECF# 1169] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/23/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Order [by District Judge James A. Parker] [ECF# 1187] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/30/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion [for Order to Show Cause and for Further Remedial Relief] [ECF# 1191]
JC-NM-0002-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/17/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Response [in opposition re 1191 motion] [ECF# 1195]
JC-NM-0002-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/31/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Reply [to Response to Motion re 1191 Motion] [ECF# 1203]
JC-NM-0002-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/28/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order and Opinion [ECF# 1207] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/13/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulated Order Preliminarily Approving Settlement, Requiring Notice to Class and Subclass Members, and Settlement Fairness Hearing [ECF# 1213] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/22/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement [ECF# 1213]
JC-NM-0002-0035.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/22/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order Granting Approval of Settlement Agreement [ECF# 1225] (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0037.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/27/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' and Plaintiff-Interveners' Joint Motion for Order to Show Cause and for Further Remedial Relief
JC-NM-0002-0038.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/30/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Status Report and Provisional Discovery Plan
JC-NM-0002-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/16/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Gorsuch, Neil M. (Tenth Circuit, SCOTUS)
JC-NM-0002-0006
Kelly, Paul Joseph Jr. (Tenth Circuit)
JC-NM-0002-0008
Molzen, Karen Ballard (D.N.M.) [Magistrate]
JC-NM-0002-9000
Parker, James Aubrey (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0007 | JC-NM-0002-0013 | JC-NM-0002-0020 | JC-NM-0002-0021 | JC-NM-0002-0022 | JC-NM-0002-0023 | JC-NM-0002-0034 | JC-NM-0002-0035 | JC-NM-0002-0036 | JC-NM-0002-0037 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Seymour, Stephanie Kulp (Tenth Circuit)
JC-NM-0002-0011
Torgerson, Alan C. (D.N.M.) [Magistrate]
JC-NM-0002-0034 | JC-NM-0002-0035 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Vazquez, Martha Alicia (D.N.M.)
JC-NM-0002-0002 | JC-NM-0002-0003 | JC-NM-0002-0004 | JC-NM-0002-0005 | JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-0010 | JC-NM-0002-0012 | JC-NM-0002-0014 | JC-NM-0002-0015 | JC-NM-0002-0024 | JC-NM-0002-0025 | JC-NM-0002-0026 | JC-NM-0002-0028 | JC-NM-0002-0030 | JC-NM-0002-0031 | JC-NM-0002-0032 | JC-NM-0002-0033
Plaintiff's Lawyers Ayala, Anthony J. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0008 | JC-NM-0002-0011 | JC-NM-0002-0027 | JC-NM-0002-0029 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Bach, George (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Baker, Mark T. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0035 | JC-NM-0002-0038 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Coberly, Todd A (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Cubra, Peter (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0002 | JC-NM-0002-0008 | JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-0010 | JC-NM-0002-0011 | JC-NM-0002-0015 | JC-NM-0002-0016 | JC-NM-0002-0018 | JC-NM-0002-0024 | JC-NM-0002-0025 | JC-NM-0002-0026 | JC-NM-0002-0030 | JC-NM-0002-0031 | JC-NM-0002-0032 | JC-NM-0002-0034 | JC-NM-0002-0035 | JC-NM-0002-0036 | JC-NM-0002-0038 | JC-NM-0002-0039 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Davis, Philip B. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Dickson, Claire (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0002 | JC-NM-0002-0026 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Donatelli, Mark H. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0035 | JC-NM-0002-0036 | JC-NM-0002-0038 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Duncan, Theresa M (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Han, Mary Y.C. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-0015 | JC-NM-0002-0025 | JC-NM-0002-0030 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Ives, Zach A (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0034 | JC-NM-0002-0035 | JC-NM-0002-0036 | JC-NM-0002-0038 | JC-NM-0002-0039 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Kennedy, Joseph P. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-0015 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Kennedy, Shannon L. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Khalsa, Kirtan K (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0036 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Koenigsberg, Nancy (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-0011 | JC-NM-0002-0015 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Lowry, Marc M (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0004 | JC-NM-0002-0012 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Meilleur, David (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Oliver, Shannon L. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-0015
Pori, Brian A. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0002 | JC-NM-0002-0004 | JC-NM-0002-0010 | JC-NM-0002-0012 | JC-NM-0002-0026 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Schatz-Vance, Lisa Y (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Schmidt-Nowara, Mary (Molly) E (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Schoenburg, Peter (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0002 | JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-0010 | JC-NM-0002-0026 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Simmons, Nancy (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0016 | JC-NM-0002-0018 | JC-NM-0002-0035 | JC-NM-0002-0036 | JC-NM-0002-0038 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Simpson, Elizabeth E. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0002 | JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-0011 | JC-NM-0002-0015 | JC-NM-0002-0026 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Smith, Alexandra Freedman (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Sylvest, Flynn Evelyn (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Vallejos, Andrew (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0026 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Vanzi, Linda M (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Waterfall, Kelly K (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0016 | JC-NM-0002-0018 | JC-NM-0002-0038 | JC-NM-0002-0039 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Winterbottom, Richard A. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Autio, Randy (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0035 | JC-NM-0002-0036
Baker, Jeffrey L. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0002 | JC-NM-0002-0004 | JC-NM-0002-0008 | JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-0010 | JC-NM-0002-0011 | JC-NM-0002-0012 | JC-NM-0002-0015 | JC-NM-0002-0025 | JC-NM-0002-0029 | JC-NM-0002-0030 | JC-NM-0002-0031 | JC-NM-0002-0032 | JC-NM-0002-0035 | JC-NM-0002-0036 | JC-NM-0002-9000
DuBois, John E. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Levy, Kathryn (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Macke, Daniel J (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-9000
Moulton, Debra J (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0017 | JC-NM-0002-0039 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Rael, Marcus J Jr. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0036 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Ritchie, Carol Jean (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0009 | JC-NM-0002-9000
Robles, Luis E. (New Mexico)
JC-NM-0002-0034 | JC-NM-0002-0035 | JC-NM-0002-0036 | JC-NM-0002-9000

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