University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name California v. Trump IM-CA-0169
Docket / Court 3:20-cv-05169-EMC ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Election/Voting Rights
Immigration and/or the Border
Public Benefits / Government Services
Case Summary
In March 2018, Secretary Ross and the Department of Commerce announced that a citizenship question would be added to the 2020 Census, because of a request from the Department of Justice for data to enforce the Voting Rights Act. A number of lawsuits followed, culminating in the Supreme Court ... read more >
In March 2018, Secretary Ross and the Department of Commerce announced that a citizenship question would be added to the 2020 Census, because of a request from the Department of Justice for data to enforce the Voting Rights Act. A number of lawsuits followed, culminating in the Supreme Court affirming that the asserted reason for including the citizenship question — to aid in Voting Rights Act enforcement — was pretextual. Subsequently, President Trump, in a continued effort to attempt to exclude immigrants from the 2020 Census count, issued a Presidential Memorandum on July 21, 2020 entitled “Excluding Illegal Aliens From the Apportionment Base Following the 2020 Census." This memorandum essentially sought to accomplish the same ends as the 2018 action by the Department of Commerce. Although no citizenship question appeared in the 2020 Census, the President asserted plans to exclude "aliens who are not in a lawful immigration status under the Immigration and Nationality Act" for the reapportionment following the Census.

On July 28, 2020 the State of California, the City of Los Angeles, the City of Long Beach, the City of Oakland, and the Los Angeles Unified School District filed this lawsuit for declaratory and injunction relief in the Northern District of California. Specifically, the plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief to prevent its implementation under the Administrative Procedure Act. The plaintiffs alleged that President Trump’s July 21 Memorandum violates the constitutional mandates for the census (actual enumeration and apportionment) and the separation of powers under U.S. Const. art. I § 1 and U.S. Const. art. II § 3, as well as violating the Census Act. In addition, the plaintiffs alleged that the defendants would not be able to accurately exclude undocumented immigrants from the apportionment count given the "'lack of accurate estimates of the resident undocumented population' on a state-by-state basis."

The case was initially assigned to Magistrate Judge Jacqueline Scott Corley, but was reassigned twice – first to Edward M. Chen, then to Lucy H. Koh. Per the request of Judge Koh, on August 20, 2020, Chief Judge Sidney R. Thomas of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued an order designating a three-judge court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2284, a federal statute that requires convening a three-judge court in cases that challenge the constitutionality of the apportionment of congressional districts. Following this order, Judge Richard R. Clifton of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals and Judge Edward M. Chen of the Northern District of California were assigned to this case along with Judge Koh.

On August 21, 2020, Judge Lucy Koh issued an order relating this case with National Urban League v. Ross, and City of San Jose v. Trump.

On August 24, 2020, the plaintiffs filed an amended complaint. The complaint added the County of Los Angeles as a plaintiff and added an allegation of an additional violation of the Census Act.

On September 10, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss and for partial summary judgment.

The case is ongoing as of October 9, 2020.

Rachel Kreager - 09/28/2020


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Constitutional Clause
Enumerations Clause
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Discrimination-basis
National origin discrimination
General
Voting
Plaintiff Type
City/County Plaintiff
State Plaintiff
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) Donald J. Trump
U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Department of Commerce
Plaintiff Description State of California, City of Los Angeles, City of Long Beach, City of Oakland, Los Angeles Unified School District
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Filed 07/28/2020
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing PB-CA-0056 : National Urban League v. Ross (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0168 : City of San Jose v. Trump (N.D. Cal.)
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  California v. Trump
Brennan Center for Justice at NYU Law
Date: Jul. 31, 2020
By: Brennan Center for Justice
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  2020 Census Litigation
(The Brennan Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
5:20-cv-05169-LHK-RRC-EMC (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0169-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/10/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 1]
IM-CA-0169-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/28/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 28]
IM-CA-0169-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/24/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Chen, Edward Milton (N.D. Cal.) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Clifton, Richard R. (Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Cousins, Nathanael M. (N.D. Cal.) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Koh, Lucy Haeran (N.D. Cal.) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Becerra, Xavier (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002
Bee, Maria (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002 | IM-CA-0169-9000
Boutin, Gabrielle Downey (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002 | IM-CA-0169-9000
Dundas, Michael Joseph (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002 | IM-CA-0169-9000
Evans, Sue Ann Salmon (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002 | IM-CA-0169-9000
Feuer, Michael Nelson (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002
Flores, Valerie L. (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002 | IM-CA-0169-9000
Hakl, Anthony R. III (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002
Harvey, Jaqueline N (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0002
Holtzman, David Ilan (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0002 | IM-CA-0169-9000
Kappes, Daniel P (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0002
Kenealy, Kathleen Alice (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Kilaita, Monica J (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
McPherson, Malia (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002
Parker, Barbara J (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002
Parkin, Charles (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002
Patterson, Thomas S. (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002
Wise, R Matthew (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002 | IM-CA-0169-9000
Yeomans, Keith Alexander (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-0001 | IM-CA-0169-0002 | IM-CA-0169-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Mauler, Daniel (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Rosenberg, Brad P. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Other Lawyers Altman, Jennifer G (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Chase-Woods, Dustin James (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Clary, Richard W, (New York) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Devitt, Tamara Irene (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Green, Blaine I (California) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Letter, Douglas (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Pisko, Michael John (New York) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Rivaux, Shani (Florida) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Trachtenberg, Mark R (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000
Wydra, Elizabeth B. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-CA-0169-9000

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -