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Case Name Coreas v. Bounds IM-MD-0016
Docket / Court 8:20-cv-00780 ( D. Md. )
State/Territory Maryland
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Special Collection COVID-19 (novel coronavirus)
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU Immigrants' Rights Project
ACLU National Prison Project
National Immigration Project of the NLG
Case Summary
COVID-19 Summary: This is a habeas action filed by immigration detainees in ICE facilities in Maryland, seeking release from detention. The detainees claimed their underlying medical conditions made them particularly vulnerable to serious illness or death from COVID-19. The court granted ... read more >
COVID-19 Summary: This is a habeas action filed by immigration detainees in ICE facilities in Maryland, seeking release from detention. The detainees claimed their underlying medical conditions made them particularly vulnerable to serious illness or death from COVID-19. The court granted preliminary injunctions on April 30 and May 7, ordering the release of several detainees.

On March 24, 2020, immigration detainees detained in Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities in Maryland brought this action in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland. Represented by the National Immigration Project of the National Lawyers Guild, Capital Area Immigrants' Rights Coalition, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Maryland, and the ACLU's National Prison Project and Immigrants' Rights Project, the detainees brought this action against ICE, the ICE Baltimore Field Office, the Worcester County Detention Center, and the Howard County Department of Corrections. Suing under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 (the federal habeas statute), and the Rehabilitation Act, 29 U.S.C. § 701 et seq, the plaintiffs alleged violations of their Fifth Amendment rights. Specifically, they alleged that because they had underlying medical conditions, their continued detention was unconstitutional and in violation of the Rehabilitation Act because it put them at a higher risk of serious illness or death from COVID-19. The plaintiffs sought declaratory relief and release from detention. The case was assigned to Judge Theodore D. Chuang.

The detainees simultaneously filed a motion for temporary restraining order, seeking their immediate release from custody. The motion was denied on April 3, 2020, stating that the detainees could renew their motion in the event that a detainee or staff member at the Howard County Detention Center (HCDC) or Worcester County Detention Center (WCDC) tested positive for COVID-19, or if the defendants failed to file a Testing Certification by April 8. 2020 WL 1663133.

The detainees filed an amended complaint and a second emergency motion for temporary restraining order on April 26, seeking release for detainees in HCDC and WCDC. The court denied the temporary restraining order on April 27 for mainly procedural reasons, stating the current case management plan only allowed for a renewed motion for relief as to HCDC, and that relief for detainees in WCDC would require the detainees to file a notice of intent first.

That same day the detainees filed a motion for a preliminary injunction to release the named plaintiff from HCDC, and on April 28, the detainees from WCDC filed a separate motion for preliminary injunction. The court granted the motion as to the HCDC plaintiff on April 30. 2020 WL 2201850. On May 7, the court granted another preliminary injunction, releasing several detainees from WCDC.

The detainees filed an amended complaint on May 29, adding additional named plaintiffs, then on June 19, they filed a motion to certify the class. The defendants appealed the preliminary injunction as to the detainee from HCDC on June 26, and they appealed the preliminary injunction as to the WCDC detainees on July 6.

The case remains ongoing.

Caitlin Kierum - 07/08/2020


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Due Process: Substantive Due Process
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Disability
disability, unspecified
General
Bathing and hygiene
Conditions of confinement
Reasonable Accommodations
Immigration/Border
Constitutional rights
Detention - conditions
Medical/Mental Health
COVID-19 Release Granted
COVID-19 Release Requested
Medical care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Special Case Type
Habeas
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Habeas Corpus, 28 U.S.C. §§ 2241-2253; 2254; 2255
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Defendant(s) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Plaintiff Description ICE detainees in Maryland
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU Immigrants' Rights Project
ACLU National Prison Project
National Immigration Project of the NLG
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Pending
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
None
Source of Relief Litigation
None yet
Filed 03/24/2020
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Coreas v. Bounds: COVID19 Habeas Petition
National Immigration Project
Date: 2020
By: National Immigration Project
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Coreas v. Bounds
American Civil Liberties Union
Date: Mar. 27, 2020
By: American Civil Liberties Union
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
8:20-cv-00780 (D. Md.)
IM-MD-0016-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/06/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus and Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief [ECF# 1]
IM-MD-0016-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/24/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion For a Temporary Restraining Order [ECF# 2-1]
IM-MD-0016-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/24/2020
Source: ACLU
Memorandum Opinion [ECF# 56] (2020 WL 1663133) (D. Md.)
IM-MD-0016-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/03/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 57] (D. Md.)
IM-MD-0016-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/03/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 74] (D. Md.)
IM-MD-0016-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/27/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Petitioner-Plaintiff Coreas's Memorandum of Law in Support of His Motion for a Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 76-1]
IM-MD-0016-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/27/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus and Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief [ECF# 78]
IM-MD-0016-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/27/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order [ECF# 87] (2020 WL 2201850) (D. Md.)
IM-MD-0016-0001.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/30/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 91] (D. Md.)
IM-MD-0016-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/04/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion [ECF# 93] (2020 WL 2292747) (D. Md.)
IM-MD-0016-0002.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 05/07/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 94] (D. Md.)
IM-MD-0016-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/07/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Chuang, Theodore David (D. Mass., D. Md.) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0001 | IM-MD-0016-0002 | IM-MD-0016-0003 | IM-MD-0016-0009 | IM-MD-0016-0010 | IM-MD-0016-0011 | IM-MD-0016-0012 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Appelbaum, Adina Bassim (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0004 | IM-MD-0016-0005 | IM-MD-0016-0006 | IM-MD-0016-0007 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Cho, Eunice (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0004 | IM-MD-0016-0005 | IM-MD-0016-0006 | IM-MD-0016-0007 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Fathi, David Cyrus (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0004 | IM-MD-0016-0005 | IM-MD-0016-0006 | IM-MD-0016-0007 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Green, Brian Scott (California) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-9001
Hoidra, Sharareh Borhani (Maryland) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-9001
Jadwat, Omar C. (New York) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0004 | IM-MD-0016-0005 | IM-MD-0016-0006 | IM-MD-0016-0007 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Kang, Stephen B. (California) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0004 | IM-MD-0016-0005 | IM-MD-0016-0006 | IM-MD-0016-0007 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Qureshi, Amber (Maryland) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0004 | IM-MD-0016-0005 | IM-MD-0016-0006 | IM-MD-0016-0007 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Shebaya, Sirine (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0004 | IM-MD-0016-0005 | IM-MD-0016-0006 | IM-MD-0016-0007 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Steiner, Nicholas Taichi (Maryland) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0004 | IM-MD-0016-0005 | IM-MD-0016-0006 | IM-MD-0016-0007 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Tan, Michael K. T. (New York) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0004 | IM-MD-0016-0005 | IM-MD-0016-0006 | IM-MD-0016-0007 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Vogel, Matthew Scott (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-0004 | IM-MD-0016-0005 | IM-MD-0016-0006 | IM-MD-0016-0007 | IM-MD-0016-9001
Defendant's Lawyers LeDuc, Vickie (Maryland) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-9001
Vaccarella, Vincent J (Maryland) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-9001
Other Lawyers Buergel, Susanna M. (New York) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-9001
Johnson, Darren W. (New York) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-9001
Kimball-Stanley, David C. (New York) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-9001
Sweeney, Maureen A. (Maryland) show/hide docs
IM-MD-0016-9001

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